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RRY'NOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLEC FfON 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 03153 3166 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 
in 2012 



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YEAR BOOK 



OF 



American Clan Gregor Society 



CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTEENTH 
ANNUAL GATHERING, 1922. 



EGBERT WATSON MAGRUDER 

EDITOR 



Mkmcers Are Earnestxy Requested To Send Notice Of Change Of 

Address To The Scribe, Mr. J. B. Ferneyhougii, Forest Hile, 

Richmond, Virginia, And To Mr, John E. Muncaster, 

RockvieeE, Md. 



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OFFICERS. 

HEREDITARY CHIEF, 

Sir Mai,coi.m MacGregor of MacGrEcor, Bart., 

Balquhidder, Scotland. 

OFFICERS ELECTED— 1922 

Dr. Edwapd May Maguudkr Chieftain 

Cai,Eb Clarke Magruder Ranking Deputy Chieftain 

John Bowie Ferneyhougii Scribe 

Mrs. Roberta Juija Magruder Bukey Registrar 

Miss Mary ThErEsE Hii.e Historian 

John Edwin Muncaster Treasurer 

Egbert Watson Magruder Ilditor 

Rev. James MitchEeIv Magruder, D. D Chaplain 

AeexandivR Muncaster Chancellor 

Mrs. Anne Wade Wood Shfjeiff Deputy Scribe 

Dr. Steuart Brown Muncasticr Surgeon 

COUNCILMEN— APPOINTED 1922 

William Newman Dorseit. 

Mrs. Laura Cook Higgins. 

Horatio Erskine Magruder. 

Mrs. Caroline Hill Marshall. 

Dr. R. F, Ferneyhough. 

Miss Helen Woods MacGregor Gantt. 

Herbert Thomas Magrudei^. 

Oliver Barron Magruder. 

Henry Barnett McDonnell. 

Clement William Sheriff. 



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DEPUTY CHIEFTAINS— APPOINTED ANNUALLY. 

Maj. Ed. M. TuTwaER Alabama 

LiLBUKN D. Magruder H Aricona 

Mrs. Annie M. McCormick Arkansas 

AijJKRT S. Hii.iv.... California 

Dr. Alex. C. Magrudf.r Colorado 

Mrs. Jessie W. G. Myers District of Columbia 

George A, Af agruder Florida 

Robert L. Magruder Gcorfiin 

Mrs. SteiJvA P. Lyees Illinois 

Graham O. Stout Kentucky 

Thos. M. Wade Louisiana 

CaevErt Magruder Massaclmscits 

Aevira W. Gregory A/cn';/.' 

Wn.EiAM P. Magruder Maryland 

WaeTER M. liiGGiNS Micliifian 

Miss Nannie H. Magruder Afississi/'f^i 

Miss Gertrude O. PendeETon Missouri 

Mrs, Fannie Ewi^e Wieson Montana 

Mrs, Virginia M. Cearke Nebraska 

Mrs. Harriet C, Jones New Jersey 

Donaed D. Magruder New York 

Cai'T, Vesaeius S, Magruder .^ Ohio 

George Corbin Washington A'IagrudEr Oklahoma 

Richard B, Magruder Oregon 

Mrs. EeizabETii P. Simpson Pennsylvania 

Miss Carrie O. Pearman South Carolina 

Miss Eeizabeth M. Davis Tennessee 

James Tayi.ok M agrui)i;i< Texas 

Henry Magruder Tayeor ..! J'irgi)iia 

Mrs. Eeizabeth H, Sniveey IVashington 

Gray SievEr IVest Virginia 

Mrs. Nancy Graham Simmons Wisconsin 

COMMITTEE ON MEMBERSHIP 

John BowiE Ferneyhough, Scribe Forest Hill, Richmond, Va 

Dr. Edward May Magruder, Chieftain Charlottesinllc, Va. 

AIiss Mary ThErivsE Hile, Histt)rian R. F. I.)., handover, Md. 

Mrs. Roberta Jueia (Magruder) Bukey, Registrar Vienna, Va. 



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SPECIAL COMMITTKKS— APPOINTED 1922 

I. CoMMirrivi': AT Large:. 
Dr. William Edward Magruder, Jr. 

11. Committive; on Program. 
Dr. E. M. Magruder. 

III. Committee on Pine. 
Caleb Clarke Magruder. 

IV. Committee on Music. 

Miss Helen Woods MacGregor Gantt, Chairman; John Francis Mac- 
Gregor Bowie; Mrs. J. F. MacGregor Bowie; Mrs. Jessie Waring Gantt 
Alycrs; William Newman Dorsett ; Miss Susie Mitchell Dorsett; Mrs. A. 
W. W. SiierifT; R. B. GrilTm ; Miss Frances F. Grimn ; Miss Rebecca Mac- 
Gregor. 

V. COMMITI^EE ON HOTEE ARRANGEMENTS. 

Clement William Sheriff, 

VI. Committee on Decoration of Haee. 

Miss Mary Therese Hill; Mrs. Julia (Alagruder) AicDonnell ; Mrs. 
Phillip Sheriff. 

VII. CoMMirrEE ON Registration. 
Oliver Barron Magruder. 

VIII. Committee on Honor Role. 

Dr. E. M. Magruder, Chairman; Mrs. R. J. M. Bukey; Mrs. L. C. Hig- 
gins; Rev. J. M, Magruder; C. C. Magruder, Jr. 



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6 American Clan Grfxor Socikty 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE GATHERING OF 1922. 

Thursday, NovKMnr.R 9th. 
3 P. M. 

MUSIC— "Hail to the Chief," as the officers enter the hall, preceded 
by bearer of the American Flag and the Service Flag 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by Chieftain. 

INVOCATION by Chaplain. 

MUSIC — "The Star Spangled Banner", Chorus ; Miss Helen Woods 
Gantt, Accompanist. 

REPORT of the Scribe. 

REPORT of the Registrar. 

REPORT of the Historian. 

MUSIC— "The Braes of Bakjuhiddcr" ; Solo, Miss Jean Camplxill. 

REPORT of the Treasurer. 

REPORT of the Editor. 

PAPER— "A Boy Soldier of 1861-65", Part Second, by Horatio Erskine 
Mag ruder, Va. 

MUSIC— "Carry Me Back to Old Virginia"; Violin Solo, Aliss Geneva 
Powell, Helen de Mott, Accompanist. 

ADJOURNMENT until <S P. AI. 

8 P. M. 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by Chieftain. 

MUSIC — "MacGrcgor's (latherino-" ; Solo, Mrs. John Francis MacGregor 
Bowie, George Wilson, Accompanist. 

PAPER — "The Proscription and Restoration of a Name", Chai)ter First. 
Annual Address by Chieftain, Dr. Ed. Afay I^fagruder, Va. 

I^IUSIC— "The Sweetest Flower That Blows"; solo, Mrs. John F. M. 
Bowie, George Wilson, Accompanist. 

"CENTENNIAL ODE" (1822-1922)— Lieutenant John Bailey Nicklin, 
Jr., Tenn. 

MUSIC — Solo, Mrs. John Francis MacGregor Bowie, Mr. George Wilson, 
Accompanist. 

PAPER — "Dr. Thomas Baldwin Magruder", by Thomas Magruder 
Wade, La. 

MUSIC — Duet, Mrs. John Francis MacGregor Bowie and Miss Richie 
McLean, Mr. George Wilson, Accompanist. 

ADJOURNMENT until 3 P. M. Friday. 



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Proceedings of Thiktkivnth Annual Gathering 7 

Friday, November IOth. 
3 P. M. — Regular Session 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by Chieftain. 

MUSIC — "In the Woods" — Ilclk-r — Piano vSolo, Louise Turner. 

PAPER — "Lawson William Magrudcr". by Admiral Thomas Pickclt 
Magruder, U. S. N., Mississippi. 

MUSIC — "Scotch Fantasy"; Violin Solo, Leah Pattison. 

PAPER— Dr. Jesse Ewell, by Mrs. Mary Ish (Ewell) Hundley. 
UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

NEW BUSINESS. 

ADJOURNMENT until 8 T'. M. 

S P. M. 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by Chieftain. 

SOLO — "MacGregor's Gathering"; Airs. John Francis MacGrcgor Bowie, 
George Wilson, Accompanist. 

PAPER — "Magruder Students at Leading Educational Institutions of 
the United States (concluded) by Caleb Clarke Magruder, Jr. 

PIANO, VIOLIN, CELLO— Miss Frances Fenwick Griffin; Mr. Robert 
B Griffm ; Mr. Louis E. Bradford. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

SOLO — "All Things Come Home at Eventide", by Mrs. John F. M 
Bowie, George Wilson, Accompanist. 

VIOLIN SOLO— Rol>crt B. Griffin. 

DUET— "Coming Through th.e Rye"; Misses Leah Pattison and Mil- 
dred Koons. 

PIANO SOLO— Miss Frances Fenwick Griffin. 

SCOTTISH Rf:h:L— Misses Leah Pattison, Mildred Koons; Miss Helen 
Woods AlacGregor Gantt, Accomi)anist. ^ 

SOLO — Aliss Ritchie McLean, George Wilson, Accompanist. 

CELLO SOLO— Louis E. Bradford. 

DUET— Miss Richie McLean and Mrs. John F. M. Bowie, George Wil- 
son, Accompanist. 

ANNOUNCEAIENT BY THE CHIEFTAIN OF APPOINTIVE OF- 
FICERS AND COMMITTEES. 

PIANO, VIOLIN, CELLO— Miss Frances Fenwick Griffin. Mr. Rob- 
ert B. Griffin, Mr. Louis E. Bradford. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

SONG — "The Star Spangled Banner", by the whole Gathering. 

final adjournment. 
gfni-:ral reception. 






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Amivrican Cr.AN Grkcor Society 



SYNOPvSIS OF THE MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL 

GATHERING OF THE AMICRICAN CLAN 

GR]\(;OR SOCn^TV. 

November 9th and IOth, 1922. 

The Thirteenth Annual Gathering of the American Clan Gregor Society- 
met in the New Ebbett Hotel, Washington, D. C., November 9th and lOlh, 
1922. The Society was called to order by the Chieftain, Dr. E. M. Ma- 
gruder, at 3 P. Al., on November 9th, and the i)roccedings were carried out 
essentially as given on Pages 6 and 7. 

A vote of thanks was extended Miss Alargarette Muncaster for the able 
manner in which she had assisted the Treasurer in collecting dues. 

l^y unanimous vote, the Gathering extended its sincere sympathy to Mr. 
J. F. M. Bowie, who was then sick. 

The afternoon of the 10th was the time for the election of officers, but 
on motion of xMr. Alexander Muncaster, duly seconded, the election was 
postponed until the evening gathering. At the evening session the elective 
officers as given on page 3 were unanimously elected. The Chieftain an- 
nounced the appointive Councilmcn as given on page 3, the Deputy Chief- 
tains as given on page 4, and the Special Committees as given on page 5. 

The report of the Historian showed the following memljers to have died: 

Mrs. Maria Julia (Turner) Strang 1880-1922 

Mr. Wm. E. Muncaster 1839-1922 

Mrs. Elizabeth Rice (Nalle) Magruder 1842-1922 

Mrs. Adelina Magruder (Wyatt) Davis 1846-1921 

' Mrs. Carolina (Mayne) Pollock 1842-1921 

The Rev. James Mitchell Alagruder exhibited a miniature of Thomas 
Magruder, the father of General John Bankhead IMagruder. This miniature 
is in the possession of Miss Mary Amelia Fisher, of Planover, Pa., a mem- 
ber of the society. 

A vote of thanks was extended to the Management of the Hotel Ebbett 
for the courtesies extended the members of the Society during the 
gathering. 

A vote of thank's was also extended to all of the Committees who had 
done such excellent work in making the gathering such a success. 

Adjournment. 



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421.38 
Balance on hand at last Gathering $133.45 

Total $554 83 



PkOCKIvDINCS of TllIRTlClvNTII Ann'UAU GaTIU'RIXG 



REP(3RT OF TKICASURICR OK 'J^Ifl^ CLAN GREGOR 
vSOClETY. 

NovivMHER 9tii, 1922. 

Sonic years ago there was a (h-ive among sonic of tlie colored folks to 
build a new church. It was being done in st\ Ic, with teams and committees, 
and the town was nicely divided off in sections with a captain in charge of 
each. Meetings were held every now and then and calls were made on the 
captains for reports. 

Brother Hall reports, $226 as the work of his section for the week, 
Brother Slappey, $95, Brother Snowden, $172, and so on. Brother Johnson, 
being called, says, "Brother Johnson repotes progress." Every week it 
was the same. Brother Johnson "repoting" progress. After a couple of 
months there was a meeting and Brother Johnson was absent. Inquiry 
from his nearest neighbor brought out the report, "Brother Johnson done 
built his self a house." 

Your treasurer can "repote progress" but it is not within the realms of the 

i keenest imagination that he can build "his self a house." 

^■ 

! We are in a little better financial condition than last year, owing largely 

j to the activity of my eldest girl, who was home for the summer and needed ' 

[ practice in mailing envelojics. Slie was really busy for al)0ut a month, and 

j raised the bank account from $2 to about $200. All the Treasurer did was 1 

' to see that the checks were endorsed and that suited him to the ground. ■ 

i I have the honor to report as follows : 

1 i 

■ Receipts from dues of 1918 $ 12.00 i 

1919 38.00 I 

1920 78.00 j 

1921 245.00 i 

1922 36.00 I 

from sale of year books 10 25 

interest on Liberty bond 2.13 



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10 Amkrican Ci.an GrivCok Society 

Paid Out— 

For printing year book of 1920 $234.50 

Programs 1921 8.50 

Treasurer's Receipt hooks 6.00 

Stationery 16.09 

Badges 3.00 

Ofiicers exjjcnses 6.00 

Postage, Editor 25.04 

Scrit)e 2.50 

Treasurer 5.75 

Kngraving Year liook 1920 14.87 

1921 6.25 328.50 



Balance in bank 226.13 

Out of tiiis the year book and engraving of 1921 still have to be paid as 
well as the expenses connected with the Gathering, but members have done 
better this year than last. 

John H. Muncaster, Treasurer. 



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I Proceedings of Thirteenth Annum. Gathering 11 

ANNUAL ADDRKSS. 
i THE PROSCJ>llPTION AND RlCSTORATION OF A NAME. 

i Part I. 

By Dr. Kiavard May AIAgruder, Chieftain. 

t Only once in the history of man has the name of a family of human 

' beings been proscribed or prohibited by law. 

Only once in the history of mankind has a law-making body attempt- 
ed to legislate the name of a family out of existence. 
! But so it was and "MacGregor" of vScotland was the name, the name 

I , that we, members of The American Clan Gregor Society, claim as the 

I name of our forefathers who trod the heather of Scotland's wilds soon 

after the light of civilization departed with the Roman Eagles from the 
\ British Isles in the 5th century, A. D. 

I Now why was this rare, this unicpie, distinction connected with the 

1 name of one of the ancient families of Scotland? Why should the gov- 

i ernment of a nation concern itself with the i)roscription of the name of 

I one of its families? The answer is not far to seek though the stor}' is 

I a lengthy one. 

Among the Scottish Highland Clans a iiainc frequently carried with 
it great weight and influence. Es])ecially was this the case with ihe 
* Clan Gregor, the prestige of whose name was so widebi)reu(l and a 

source of such pride and reverence with its members, that the name 
I alone of MacGregor served as a rallying point and a bond of union that 

I kept the Clan united and added tenfold to its strength. In the words of 

■ an Act of Parliament, 

I • 

I "The bare and simi)le name of MacGregor made that whole 

Clan to presume of their power, force, and strength, 

and did encourage them, without reference of the law 

or fear of punishment, to go forward in their iniquities," 

> Therefore, as a means of inilicting punishment and of destroying their 

pride, power, and prestige, it was decided to abolish by law the name of 
MacGregor (also Gregor). This was done and it is our purpose here 
tonight to explain the proscription of the name of MacGregor and to 
celebrate the one hundreth anniversary of its restoration (1822-1922). 

The coming of the Romans Into Britain. 
50 A. D. 

The Romans, during the reign of the Emperor Claudius, made a per- 
manent landing in Britain in the year 50 A. D., under the generalship of 
Vespasian, who was afterwards emperor of Rome; this landing was 96 



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12 Amkiucan Ci.an GrivCor Society 

years after Caesar's two temporary invasions of 55 and 54 B. C. They 
found the island inhabited throughout by many tribes of Celts, the same 
race of pcoi)le as the Gauls of France, the Iberians of Spain, the 
Helvetians, and the people of western JCurope generally. 

The Island of Brilian was divided by the Romans into North and 
Soutli Britain by means of the Wall of Antoninus about 35 miles long, 
erected between the rivers Forth and Clyde, whose purpose was to hold 
in check the barbarians of the north, who kept making inroads into the 
conciuered, Romanized, portion of the island. 

Later, this defensive work proving inadequate, it was abandoned, and 
the Wall of Hadrian and Severns, about 70 or 80 miles long, was built 
80 miles farther soutli between the rivers Solway and Tyne, for the 
same purpose. The Romans thus abandoned North Britain in the 5th 
century, A. D. (Robertson says in 410 A. D. and lirown says in 446 
A. D.) 

The inhabitants of North Britain, which was called Caledonia, were 
composed of 21 diilerent tribes, all of the same Celtic race and speak- 
ing the same language, but having different names and being independ- 
ent of each other. At a later period they were included under the gen- 
eral name of Caledonians and then Picts. 

Celtic South Britain was in due time reduced to the state of a Roman 
province, but the Romans were never able to subdue the barbarous Picts 
of the north, who offered a stronger resistance than any the world-con- 
querors had ever encountered. 

Sometime later in the Sth century (Robertson says in 418 A. D.) the 
Romans were compelled by the increasing pressure of the Teutonic 
Ivaces of Germany to permanently withdraw from South Britain also. 

Tug Coming of The Anglo-Saxons Into Britain. 
449 A. D. 

Upon the permanent withdrawal of the Romans from vSouth Britain 
in 418 A. D., this province was si)eedily overrun by the Teutonic 
Races of Germany, beginning about 449 A. D., and included un- 
der the general term of Anglo-Saxons who, in the course of time, 
drove the Romanized Celtic Britons into the mountains of Wales, 
and Cornwall and then advanced into North Britain, which they occu- 
pied as far as the Grampian Mountains that form the dividing line be- 
tween the Highlands on the north and the Lozdands on the south. 

As the South Briton, who was a Celt, and the Anglo-Saxon, who was 
a Teuton, were entirely different in race, there was no amalgamation 
between them but rather a war of attempted extermination in which the 
Briton was forced up into the mountainous regions of Wales, Cornwall, 
and Strathclyde, where the Celtic race was preserved in more or less 



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ProcivIvDings ok TiiJKTKivNTii Annuai, Gathi-^ring 13 

purity. Strathclyde was a kingdom of Celtic Britons established in the 
southwest corner of the Scottish Lowlands after the incoming of the 
Anglo-Saxons. 

Tiiij Coming of thi-: Scots into Britain, 

503 or 506 A. D. 

Meanwhile, about 503 or 506 A. D., soon after the fnial departure of the 
Romans from the whole Island of Jiritain, there appeared upon the west 
coast of North Britain the Scots or Dalriads, a Celtic or Gaelic people of 
the north of Ireland, which was then known as Scotia or the land of the 
Scots, who made permanent settlements in the Western Highlands 
where they came into conflict with the Caledonians or Picts, and for 
centuries the fortunes of war varied between them, "Picti" means 
painted. 

The leaders of the Scots were three brothers, Fergus, Lorn, and An- 
gus, whose descendants formed the Scoto-Iri^h Dynasty of kings who 
ruled over the Scots al)Ove mentioned. They brought only 150 men 
at hrst. 

The last king of this dynasty was Ali)in, whose father was the vScot- 
tish King Hocha IV and whose mother was Urgusia, daughter of Ur- 
guis, king of the Picts. 
j. Alpin was crowned in 833 A. D. and fell in the battle in Ayrshire, 

! in 836, leaving three sons, Kenneth, Dounghea, and Gregor. 

[ The Uniom of Scots and Picts. 

' 843 A. D. 

I Kenneth MacAlpin (Kenneth Son of Alpin) succeeded his father, 

^ Kiug Alpin, as king of the Scots in 836 and in 8-13, through the rights of 

I his Pietisii grandmother, Urgusia, also obtained the Pictish crown, thus 

uniting the two peoples, the Picts and the Scots. About 1020 A. D. 
i the name Scotia (Scotland) was transferred from Ireland to North 

1 Britain and the people of the latter began to be called Scots; the word 

"Picts," meaning "painted," disappeared about the same time. 
I North Britain was first called Alban by the (^acl Picts, then Caledonia 

: by the Komans in 78 A. D., then Pictavia in 296 A. D., and then Scotia 

by the Latin writers in 1020 A. D. 

^ Racial Comi-ositjon of Highi^anders and Lowi^andkrs. 

f 

! Coming down then to the time in which we arc chiefly interested, to 

the time when society began to be organized in our motherland, to the 

; period in which Clans probably originated, we find that the Scottish High- 

landers and Lowlanders were quite dilfercnt in race. 






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14 American Clan Grkgor Society 

The Highlanders were made up of Picts and Scots, both Celtic, in fact 
one race, the Picts being aborigines and the Scots immigrants from 
Ireland. 

The Lozvlanders were a mixed race composed of: 

Picts, who were Celtic aborigines ; 

Romans, who were conquerors from Italy ; 

Angles, Saxons, Danes, Norwegians, and Normans, who were all Teu- 
tonic conquerors from Germany, Denmark, Norway, and France ; 

Frisians and fleinings, who were peaceable Teutonic immigrants from 
Holland or the Netherlands. 

We find, then, to state it briefly, that the Highlands are mainly Celtic 
or Gaelic in race, and the Lowlands chiefly Teutonic. 

This difference in race, together with tiie fact that the Highland Celts 
had once owned the fertile Lowlands and had been dispossessed by the over- 
whelming numbers of the Teutons, gave rise to the racial feud that existed 
for so many years between Highlanders and Lowlanders. 

The Clan and Its Origin. 

Clan was an organization peculiar to the Scottish Highlands where the 
whole population was divided into separate Clans, with separate names, 
badges, colors, customs, coats of arms, etc. 
Webster says : 

**A Clan is a social group comprising a number of households the heads 
of which claim descent from a common ancestor, bear a common sur- 
name, and acknowledge the paramountcy of a Chief who bears this 
name as a distinct title, as "The MacGregor," "The Chisholm", "The 
MacLaughlan", Etc. Besides Clansmen of the blood the Clan may in- 
clude bondsmen and adoted foreigners all of whom, however, must take 
the common surname of the Clan," 

"Daughters, after marriage outside of their own Clan, forfeit member- 
ship and, with their children, become members of the Clan of their 
husbands." 

In the Celtic or Gaelic Language the word "Clan" means children and 
"Mac" means son, the prefix "Mac" being handed down to children, grand 
children great grandchildren, and so on ad infinitum. 

The terms "Tribe and "Clan" are almost synonymous and have nearly 
the same meaning, though Clan seems to convey the idea of closer relation- 
ship and greater intimacy and to be more exclusive. In each the memlx^rs 
are supposed to descend from a common ancestor — in the case of Tribe in 
both male and female lines, while in the case of Clan descent is supposed to 
be in the male line only and all its members are supposed to have the same 
surname or family name; thus, those of the Clan Gregor are called 
MacGregor. The subdivisions of a Clan are called Septs. 



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ProcivIvDincs of ThirtivRnth Annuai, Gatttkrin(; 15 

When Kenneth MacAlpin, upon assuming the double crown of the Picts 
and the Scots in 843 A. D., changed the seat of government from Inver- 
lochy, the capital of the Scots in the Western Highlands, to Abernethy, the 
Pictish capital in the Eastern Highlands, which was followed by the re- 
moval of the marble chair or stone (upon which, for ages the Scottish 
Kings had been crowned) from Dunstaffnage in the West to Scone in the 
East, these changes caused no detriment to the Gaelic population of the 
Highlands. 

But when, in 1066, Malcolm HI, called Ceanmore The Big Head, 
transferred the seat of government from Abernethy in the Eastern High- 
lands to the Lowland city of Dunfermline, just north of the Firth of Forth, 
which also became, in place of lona, the Sepulchre of the Kings, the 
people of the Highlands sufifcred great damage, as it took from their midst 
the protecting, civilizing, and refining, influence of the Court, and the High- 

; landers, never very remote from barbarism, were left to their own devices 

I and resources in the administration of the laws. 

i In tne words of the historian Browne: 

i 

R "The rays of royal bounty, which had hitherto diffused its protect- 

L ing and benign influence over the inhabitants of the Highlands, 

I were withdrawn and left them a prey to anarchy and poverty. 

The people, now beyond the reach of laws, became turbulent and 
fierce, revenging in person those wrongs for which the adminis- 
\ trators of the laws were too distant and too feeble to redress." 

I "Thence arose the institution of Chiefs who became judges and ar- 

f biters in the quarrels of their clansmen and followers, and who 

I were surrounded by men devoted to the defence of their rights, 

f their property, and their power; accordingly the Chiefs established 

|i within their own territories a jurisdiction almost independent of 

1 their liege Lord, the King." 

! The Clan System then probabl}' originated in need for protection, 

[. and si)rang into existence during "The Dark Ages" (between the Fall 

r of The Western Roman Empire in 476 A. D. and the beginning of The 

j Reformation in the early part of the 16th century), a time of extreme 

i lawlessness, when "Might Made Right" and questions were decided by 

I "The simple plan, 

1 That he should take who has the power 

• And he should keep who can." 

Thus mutual need of protection kept sons, grand sons, and great grand 
sons, under the parental roof. 

As their numbers increased, larger communities in the shape of vil- 
lages, etc., sprang up, necessitating the acquirement of more land, 
which was procured by purchase, marriage, spoliation, etc.; but in all 
cases the underlying principle, the essence of Clanship, was similarity 
i or community of name. 



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16 Amkkican Clan Ghf-x'.or Socirty 

Retainers, both those of the blood and those by adoption, were ex- 
pected to render to the Clan or to their chief certain services, either of 
a military or industrial nature, in return for sheher, sustenance and 
protection. 

Officers of a Clan 

(Of Three Varieties). 

1. Chief. At the head of each Clan was The Chief who was generally a 
a lineal descendant of the founder of the Clan, whose name he bore 
with the prefix Mac. His word was law with the Clan members and 
the oflice was hereditary, belonging to the representative of the main 
stem; but a Chief might be ek-cted in case of extinction of the original 
stem. A man of special abiiit}', courage, wealtli, and popularity might 
attract not only his own killi and kin but foreigners also who, by 
simple change of name to that ol tlie Clan ancestor, might become 
members of the organization. 

2. Chieftains. In the case of a large or numerous Clan as the Macgregors, 
when their "numbers became too great for the domain they occu- 
pied", there vv'cre frequent migrations to other districts, where other 
patronymics or names were often emplo}ed, as Grant, MacNab, Mac- 
Kay, liic. Over these subdivisions, called Septs, there were Chief- 
tains who exerted the authority of a Chief over their Septs and 
had much influence with the Chief. 

3. Captain. The Captain was an ofiicer who led the Clan in war and might 
be the Chief or not according to circumstances. When the Chief 
was deficient in capacity, some one else of unusual capacity or abil- 
ity was chosen to lead in military operations, whether he was in the 
male line of the founder or. not. ICven when there were both Chief 
and Captain in a Clan a part of the Clan adhered anyhow to the 
Chief as military leader. 

\ 
Loyalty to Cuii'.f and Clan. 

Loyalty to Chief and Clan was very strong. It is related that after 
the suppression of the last Stuart rebellion of 1745, which was sup- 
ported almost entirely by Highlanders (MacDonalds), those of the 
Highland Chiefs who were not captured (led to Europe and their 
Clansmen at home, after i)aying the regular tax to the general gov- 
ernment, voluntarily taxed themselves a second time for the sui)port 
of the exiled Chiefs who would otherwise have starved and who, it is 
sad to relate, were not always deserving of such devotion and loyalty. 

As a companion verse to the Biblical quotation it may with truth 
be said: 



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Proceedings ok Thikteentii Annuai^ Gathering 17 

Greater love hath no man than this 
That a man should lay open his purse 
To his friend. 

AiioijTioN OF THE Cean System. 

The Clan system was abolished by the British Parliament in 1747, 
on account of the political troubles to which it gave rise. The bold 
Highlander was more loyal to Chief and Clan than to King and Gov- 
ernment, and when there was conflict between the General Govern- 
ment and Clan Organization he gave the preference to his Clan. Man 
cannot serve two masters, hence the Clan, which was the weaker, 
had to go; but the sentiment still survives, and while the Clan has 
now no political influence nor significance the old Clans are still rep- 
resented by Societies that take the places of the Clans. Thus there 
are the Clan Gregor Society, The Clan Cameron Society, Etc. 

I The Ci.an Gregor. 

Origin and Antiquity of the Cean GrEvGor. 

The MacGregors claim royal origin, the common belief being that 
the founder of the Clan was Gregor, the youngest son of King Alpin 
MacAchaia, who reigned from 833 to 836 over that race of Celts that 
came from Ireland to Scotland in 503 or 506 A. D. This is the most 
popular belief. 

A later belief and the opinion advanced by Miss Murray MacGregor 
of MacGregor, great aunt of the present Chief, is that the founder was 
Grig, Girig, or Gregory the Great, who was king of all Scotland from 
878 to 889 A. D. (Robertson) or from 882 to 893 A. D. (Browne) and 
who associated with himself in the government a grandson of Kenneth 
MacAlpin named l^ocha. These two associate kings were forced to 
abdicate in 889 or 893 after a reign of 11 years. 

The AlacGregors were, therefore, of pure Celtic stock and of royal 
origin either way. 

With regard to the antiquity of our Clan there is an Ancient Chron- 
icle in the Celtic Laguage relating to the genealogy of the Clan Ar- 
thur which says, 

"There is none older excepting tlie rivers, the 
hills, and the Clan (}regor." 

(See "Sketch of Clan Gregor", by Major E. M. Tutwiler, Year Book 
1909-10). 

NOTE. It may be added that the original Patronymic of the Clan 
Gregor was MacAlpin and they were frequently termed the Clan Al- 
pin, an individual tribe of them still retaining the latter name (Scott). 



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18 Ami'Rican Clan Grkoou S(x:iiCtv 

Home and Possessions of Tiie Cean GrivGOR. 

(See "vSketch of Clan GrcRor", by K. M. Tutwilcr, Year Book 1909-10). 
The original home of the Clan Gregor was Glen Orchy, in Western 
Scotland, where they were located dnring the reign of Malcolm Can- 
more, 1057-1093. Hugh of Glen Orchy was the first of their 
chiefs so styled. Their chief Malcolm fought for Bruce at Ban- 
nockhurn in 1314. Later they occui)ied a wide tract of land uu 
the boundary lines of Argyle and Perth Shires around Loch Katrine 
and the north end of Loch Lomond. As the Clan increased in 
numbers they acquired extensive possessions in other parts as 
Glenstrae, Glenlyon, Glengyle, Glen Dochart, and the vicinities of 
Lochs Lomond, Katrine, Erne, Rannock, and others. Unfortunately 
they lost all through the intrigue, treachery, and misrepresentation, of 
their enemy neighbors, the Dukes of Argyle, Brcadalbane, and Athole, 
leaders and Chiefs of the Campbells, as will be shown later. 

Character of the MacGrex^ors. 

In addition to the general qualities possessed by most Highlanders, 
some good and some bad, as loyalty, pride, devotion, ferocity, desire 
for revenge, and high sense of honor, the MacGregors were especially 
noted for Respect for the pliyJited ivord, which not even fear of death 
could destroy. 

They were likewise considered the bravest and most warlike Clan 
in Scotland and, with the exception of the MacDonalds, the largest 
and most powerful, as they were without doubt the oldest, of all the 
Clans. 
• The Clan Gregor were classed among the wild, untutored, Clans. 

"Their passions were eager and with a little management on the part 
of some of their most powerful neighbors they could easily be 'hounded 
out' to commit violence of which the wily instigators took the ad- 
vantage and left the ignorant Mac('iregors an undivided portion of 
blame and punishment" (Scott). 

In many instances the MacGregors were but too willing tools, though 
less deserving of blame than their more civilized instigators. 

In the course of time most of the irregularities committed in the 
vicinity of the MacGregors was credited to them and their name be- 
came synonymous with thieves, robbers, and murderers, against whom 
was turned the hand of every one. 

Then followed royal confiscations and proclamations, Acts of Privy 
Council and Parliament, with letters and commissions of "("ire and 
sword", against the MacGregors, who were hunted like wild animals, 
their goods taken, and dwellings burned. 



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Puocivi'DiKCs OK Thirteenth Annum. Gathering 19 

I 

On The Losing Side Generally. I 

1 

In the various contests for the throne of Scotland, as those between i 

Bahol and Bruce, and between James III and James IV, and hiter for i 

the throne of Great Britain between the houses of Stuart and Hanover, j 

the MacGregors had the misfortune to espouse the losing" side in i 
each case. 

They were especially loyal to the house of Stuart, notwithstanding . 

the fact that tlieir most cruel and persistent persecutors, James VI | 

and Charles I, were found in that house. Only one royal Stuart in all ' 
history befriended the Clan and that was Charles II. 

The misfortune of always being on the losing side in politics and ' 

the claim of royal descent could not fail to excite the enmity and jeal- j 

ousy of the reigning house as well as of the great nobles and barons > 

around about and add fuel to the flame already kindled against them. .i 

The Clan Campbell. j 

The Clan Campbell, with the Earl of Argyle at their head as Chief, ' 

were the immediate neighbors of the MacGregors and their inveterate 

enemies. •, 

i 
On the Winning Side Generally. | 

The Campbells, naturally crafty and cunning, somehow managed i 

always to be on the winning side politically and prospered accordingly, j 

thus wielding at tlie capital large political influence, which they did not • 

scruple to use against those whom they regarded with disfavor. 

The extensive possessions of the MacGregors and the power and 
consequence they had acquired excited the envy and hate of the Camp- 
bells, led by the Earls of Argyle and Breadalbane, who, trusting more ■ 
to craft and intrigue than to martial prowess, took advantage of their j 
|. ignorance in matters of law and jurisprudence and proceeded to have I 
1 the MacGregor lands, to which the natural owners had no recorded 

deeds, patented and the deeds recorded in the names of the Campbells, j 

and then endeavored to oust them from the lands they had been oc- ' 

cupying from time immemorial. 

The MacGregors naturally resisted seizure of their property and im- 
prudently attempted to hold it by "The right of the sword" (Coir a . 
glaive), 

"This conduct was represented at the capital as arising from an un- 
tanieal)le and innate ferocity which nothing, it was said, could remedy ' 

save cutting olT the tribe of Macgregor root and branch" (Scott). '. 

The Campbells then brought down upon them the might of the 
national government against which a mere Clan was powerless. 



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20 American Clan Grixor Society 

Hundreds of MacGrcgors perished in their struggle against over- 
whelming odds in open fight and on the scaffold; other hundreds, driven 
from home, perished from exposure and starvation, while they were 
hunted with bloodhounds with a price on their heads. 

They were thus rendered landless and homeless and without the 
means of making a living. 

Many took refuge among neighboring Clans with whom they lived 
as renters, laborers, and retainers, while others sought the wildest fast- 
nesses where they lived a savage life depending for subsistence upon 
hunting and fishing as well as upon the pillage and plunder of those 
who had robbed them. 

Then followed more royal proclamations with "Letters of Fire and 
Sword" and Acts of Privy Council and Parliament, all directed against 
the Clan Gregor. 

"Notwithstanding these severe denunciations some of the Clan still 
possessed property and continued to exercise much authority by the 
'Right of the strongest,' (Coir a glaive) in the vicinity of Loch Lo- 
mond" (Scott). 

TifE Battee of Geenfkuin. 

Feb. 7, 1603. 

(See Introduction to "Rob Roy", by Sir Walter Scott.) 

But the crowning offence of the MacGregors was their defeat of 
the combined forces of the Calquhouns, Grahams, Buchanans, and 
some of the citizens of Duinbartt)n, in the Battle of Gleiifruin, I'Y'b. 
7, 1603, just southwest of I^och Lomond in the Southwestern High- 
lands. Writers differ in their statements of the numbers engaged on 
each side. 

According to one writer, the MacGregors, under their Chief, Al- 
lastcr or Alexander MacGregor, of Glenstrae, numbering 200, fought 
in self-defence, gained a brilliant victory and, with the loss of only 
two men slew 200 of their opponents who numbered 800, Scott gives, 
MacGregors 300 or 400, their opponents double that number, Mac- 
Gregors slain two, opponents slain 200 or 300. 

"In the report of the battle to King James VI, the facts were dis- 
torted to the discredit of the MacGregors who were without friends at 
court to explain the circumstances and defend the Clan; and the fact 
that the victors, in the pursuit, slew such a large number (200) and 
lost so few (only two) was represented to the king as unjustifiable 
severity. In order that the king might appreciate the extent of the 
slaughter the widows of the slain, to the number of eleven score, in 
deep mourning, mounted on white palfreys, and each bearing her hus- 
band's bloody shirt on a si^ear, appeared at Sterling in the presence of 
the monarcli to demand vengeance for the death of their husbands" 
(Scott). 






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Proceedings of Thirteenth Annual Gathering 21 

Consequences of the Battle of GlEnfruin. 

Though the MacGregors were victorious in this battle, "The Babe 
unborn had reason to repent it", so dreadful to the Clan were the con- 
sequences of that victory. Deprivation of name (April 3, 1603), robbery, 
starvation, bloodhounds, torture, "fire and sword," ruin and death, followed 
for centuries — all legalized under the title of, Royal Proclamations, Com- 
missions of Fire and Sword, Acts of Parliament and Privy Council, Etc., Etc. 

No race except one of supreme stamina could have survived the 
horrors perpetrated, under the name of Law and Justice, upon this 
devoted Clan. 

Protective Names, 

When deprived of their name they took for protection the names of 
those among whom they were living and in whose employment they 
were. 

In some instances their patrons and employers suffered them to 
live on as before under the protection of their names; but in other 
cases, especially when the MacGregors had prospered and had amassed 
property, their patrons yielded to the desire for gain and betrayed them 
to their persecutors and even joined in the chase. 

The family of the Chief assumed the protective name of Murray while 
others took the names of Stewart, Drummond, Grant, Graham, Mac- 
Nab, MacKay, Buchanan, and even Campbell. 

Rob Roy, whose birth is variously given as occurring in 1660, 1666, 
and 1671, in compliment to his mother, Margaret Campbell of Glen- 
falloch, assumed the name of Campbell. His wife Mary was a daughter 
of the Laird of Glenfalloch also a Campbell, the prevailing though erro- 
neous belief being that her name was Helen. 

Exi'X'uTioN OF These Acts. 

"The execution of the severe Acts of Parliament and Privy Council 
against the Clan Gregor was entrusted in the west to the Earl of Ar- 
gyle and the Clan Campbell and in the east to the Earl of Athole and 
liis followers" (Scott). 

"The MacGregors resisted with determined courage, sometimes ob- 
taining transient advantages, and always sold their lives dearly" (Scott). 

"Finally the pride of Allaster MacGregor, of Glenstrae, the (ihief of 
the Clan Gregor, who was a brave and active man, was so much low- 
ered by the sufferings of his people that he resolved to surrender him- 
self with his principal followers to the Earl of Argyle on condition that 
they should be sent out of Scotland, his idea being to go to London 
and plead his cause before the king in person, and to this Argyle 
agreed" (Scott). 

"MacGregor had more reasons than one for expecting some favor 
from the Earl, who had in secret advised and encouraged him to many 
of the desperate actions for which he was now called to account" 
(Scott). 



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22 American Ci.an GriCGor Society 

But Argylc was as treacherous and (lishonoral)lc as the wild Chief 
was honest and true. "MacGregor was sent under a strong guard just 
across the frontier into Knghmd, and being thus, in the literal sense, 
'sent out of Scotland', Argyle was judged to have kept faith with him, 
though the same guard which took him there brought him inick to 
Edinburgh in custody" where he was tried January 20, 1()04, found 
guilty, and immediately hanged along with several of his followers. 

"The Karl of Argyle was rewarded for his treachery in the surrender and 
execution of AfacGregor and his chief clansmen by a grant of the lands of 
Kintyre" (Scott). 

Persecution of the Ci.an Gregor 

Chronoeogicaei^y Arranged, 

(See, "Acts of Parliament Directed Against Clan Gregor," by Dr. 
Ernest Pendleton Magruder, in Year Book 1911-12; Introduction to 
"Rob Roy", by Sir Walter Scott; "The MacGregors", by Eyrc-Todd, 
in Scottish Field 1913). 

First Enactment of Penae Laws Against The MacGregors. 

/;{ The first Three Quarters of The Fourteenth Century, under Kings 
Robert I. and David II. Bruce, of Scotland, the MacGregors suf- 
fered property confiscations: 

First, Because a portion of the Clan supported Baliol against Bruce 
for the Scottish Crown ; and 

Second, Because the MacGregors claimed royal descent, which excited 
the jealousy of the Bruces. 

In l-IJO under James I. of Scotland the Km'}j;ht of Eochow, a Campbell, 
stirred up the MacNabs against the MacGregors, which led to the 
Battle of Crianlarick in which the MacGregors nearly wiped out 
the MacNabs. The Knight of Eochow then, under pretence of 
keeping the king's peace, procured "Letters of Fire and Sword" 
against both, burning the dwellings and annexing the lands of the 
Mac(jregors. In this way Sir Colin Campbell, second son of the 
Knight of Eochow, became Laird of (^ilenurchy in 1432, and by 
1504 the ancient patrimony of the Clan Gregor, Glendochart, 
Glenlyon, Balloch, Etc., had passed to the Campbells. 

On October 17, IISS, under James IV. of Scotland the earliest Act of 
the Scottish Parliament against the MacGregors was passed, which 
"gave to the lyords powers to take and punish all trespassers guilty 
of theft, reft, and other enormities." 






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PkOCl'KUlNGS t)F TlllKTl-KNTH Ann'uai, G atii krinc 23 

On Scptcuibcr 22, 1563, under Mary Queen of Scots, Acts of Scottish ' 

i^rivy Council granted commission to Nobles and Chiefs to pursue ' 

Clan Gregor with "Fire and Sword" and "Discharges the lieges to • 

receive or assist them with meat, drink, or clothes". j 

In 1587, under James VI. Act of Scottish Parliament, called "The General I 
Bond", was passed holding the Chiefs of Clans responsible for 
the deeds of their Clansmen. I 

On July, 13, 1590, under James VI. Act of Scottish Privy Council directed i 

another crusade against "The Wicked Clan Gregor, so long con- : 
tinuing in blood, slaughter, theft, and robbery", in which "Letters 

of fire and sword" were denounced against them for three years, ' 

following the murder of l.)rummond-ernoch in 1589. j 

On March 30. 1596. James VI. wrote a letter at lloUyrood in which he 
siiowed great ill will against the Clan Gregor. 

On March 3, 1601, under James VI. a Commission of Lieutenancy over the 
Clan was granted to the Karl of Argyle, which placed the Karl 
in control of the Clan. 

Here Comes in The Batti^e of GeEnfruin, Feb. 7, 1603, and Its Con- 

SKgUENCES, WHICH SIvE, BACK. ; 

On April 3, 1603, under James V"I. Act of Scottish Privy Council proscribed 
or prohibited by law the names Gregor and MacGregor and pro- 
hibited those MacGregors who were present at the Battle of Glen- 
fruin (Feb. 7, 1603) and on other raids from carrying weapons 
except a blunt pointed knife, both prohibitions being under penalty 
of death. This Act was passed on the Sunday on which James VI. 
bade farewell to the i)eople of ICdinburgh in the Church of St. 
Giles to go and reside in l^ngland. This, it will be observed, was i 
just after the Battle of Glenfruin. j 

Abou't this time, the MacGregors were being hunted with blood hounds ! 
and there were sundry messages to "Raise the Shout and Fray" ^ 
upon them. ] 

In 1607, under James VI., the Karl of Argyle demanded the gift of the 

lands of Kintyre as reward for his services against the Clan ; 
Gregor. j 

About this time also, there was a royal proclamation prohibiting the own- j 
ers of boats from taking any MacGregors across the Lochs when 
they were fleeing for safety. * 

In 1610, under James VI. "Commissions of Fire and Sword" were issued 
against the Clan Gregor. 



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24 ' American Clan Oregor Society 

In January, 1611, under James VI. the MacGregors were besieged on an 
island in Loch Katrine, where they had taken refuge and shut 
themselves up, and an attempt was made to annihilate them; but 
the seige failed. 

On January 31, 1611, under James VI. pardon was offered by the govern- 
ment (probably by the Scottish Parliament or Privy Council) to 
any MacGregor who might slay or betray another MacGrcgor. 

In May, 1611, under James VI. a proclamation was issued that the wives 
and children of the Clan Gregor should be rendered up to the 
Lieutenant (Earl of Argyle) and that the wives should be "marked 
upon the face with a (redhot) iron key" as a means of identification. 

On June 24, 1613, under James VI. Act of Scottish Privy Council prohib- 
ited the assembling of more than four MacGregors at any one time 
in any one place, under penalty of death. 

On June 28, 1617 , under James VI. Act of Scottisli Parliament, during King 
James' only visit to Scotland after he left it in 1603, ratified and 
approved all the above Acts, because many MacGregor Children 
were approaching majority and, if allowed to bear the old name, 
they would make the Clan as large and strong as before. 

On May 12, 1627, under Charles I., remission was granted to Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurchy, son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow 
or Black Duncan with the Cowl, for services against the Mac- 
Gregors. 

On June 2S, 1633, under Charles I. Act of Scottish Parliament ratified and 
approved all the Acts of Privy Council and Parliament made and 
granted heretofore against the Clan Gregor and required all of that 
Clan at the age of 1() years to give security for future good 
behavior, and likewise prohibited all ministers and preachers from 
baptizing or christening any male child with the name Gregor or 
MacGregor "under penalty of deprivation" of office. 

On June 19, 1634, under Charles I. a proclamation was issued against the 
Clan Gregor. 

On December 23, 1640, under Charles I., a commission against the Clan 
Gregor was granted to William, Earl of Monteith, President of His 
Majesty's Council and Lord Chief Justice of the Kingdom. 

In addition to the foregoing Acts of persecution against the Mac- 
Gregors, a price was put on their heads at so much a head when 
brought in to the magistrates, as if they were wolves or other beasts 
of prey, and every effort was made to exterminate the Clan. But these 
attempts all failed and the Clan survived to earn honorable distinction. 



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ProcivRdings of Thirtkivnth Annual Gathering 25 

1st Repeal of Prnal Laws Against The MacGregors. 

Oh April 26, 1661, under Charles II. Act of Scottish Parliament an- 
nulled and repealed all the various Acts against the Clan Gregor 
and restored to them the full use of their family name because, in 
the language of that Monarch, 

"They had conducted themselves with such loyalty and affection to 
His Majesty as might justly wipe off all memory of former mis- 
carriages and take away all marks of reproach for the same." 

Second Enactment of Penae Laws Against The MacGregors. 

On June 15, 1693, under William and Mary Act of Scottish Parliament 
annulled and repealed Act of 1661 and revived Act of 1633 and 
thus again proscribed the name of MacGregor and Gregor and 
renewed the former Acts of persecution. There are no reasons 
given why these penal Acts should have been renewed nor is it 
alleged that the Clan had been guilty of late irregularities, but it 
is said that an influence the same with that which dictated the 
"Massacre of Glencoe" (MacDonalds) occasioned the re-enaction 
of the penal statutes against the MacGregors. 
It does not, however, appear that after the Revolution (i. e. the ac- 
cession of William and Mary to the throne) the Acts against the 
Clan were severely enforced; and in the latter half of the 18th 
century they were not enforced at all. 

2nd and Last Repeat, of Penae Laws Against The MacGregors. 

On Novcvibcr 29, 1774, under George III. Act of British Parliament (viz. 
of the United Kingdom) repealed Acts of 1633 and 1693 and re- 
vived Act of 1661, and thus restored for all time the use of the 
names Gregor and MacGregor with all the rights and privileges 
of loyal citizens. This was done upon the initiative of Gregor 
Drummond, a Cadet of the Clan, who personally bore all the ex- 
penses of the Act. 

In 1820, John Smith Magruder of Prince Georges County, Maryland, 
had the names of his five sons, viz., Mortimer, Nathanial, Roder- 
ick, Henry, and Alaric, changed from Magruder to MacGregor, 
by the Legislature of Maryland. For some reason not given the 
Clan did not as a whole resume their old name of MacGregor 
until 1822, though in some few individual instances they did. 

In 1822, under George IV. and upon his initiative Act of Parliament 
granted to Sir l£van John Murray License to resume his family 
name of MacGregor, and immediately 826 of his Clansmen resumed 
their old name and subscribed a deed recognizing liim as the lineal 
hereditary Chief of the Clan Gregor and the descendant and heir 












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26 



Amkrican Clan Grkgor Socmkty 



of the MacGrcgors of Glcnstrae. lie had been Lieutenant Col- 
onel in the service of the East India Company and Auditor Gen- 
eral of India (in Benj^al). During the persecution of his Clan the 
family of the Chief had adopted the protective name of Murray. 
He was created Baronet with the title of "Sir" in 1795 and was the 
first Baronet of the Clan. 



Duration of Tmc Persfxution ok Thf, MacGrfgors. 

First Period of Pcrsccuiion, from bcginm"ng of 14th century — say 
about 1301 — in reign of Robert Bruce — to 1661 in reign 
of Charles II 360 years. 

First Period of Amnesty, from 1661 in reign of Charles II. to 

1693 in reign of William and Mary 32 years. 

Second Period of Persecution, from 1693 in reign of William and 

Mary to 1774 in reign of George III 81 years. 

Second Period of Amnesty, from 1774, in reign of George III. to 

present time, 1922 148 years. 

The Persecution of the MacGregors lasted in all, 360 ])lus 81 years, 
i. e., 441 years. 

In the language of Sir Walter Scott, 

"The MacGregors showed no inclination to be blotted out of the roll 
of Clanship. They submitted to the law as far as to take the 
names of the neighboring families among whom ihey hapi)ened 
to live, Drumnioiid, (irahani, liuchanan, Stewart, Grant, MacXah, 
MacKay, and even Campbell; Init to all intents and purposes of com- 
bination and mutual attachment they remained the Clan (iregor, united 
together for right or wrong, and menacing with the general vengeance 
of their race whomsoever committed aggressions against any indi- 
vidual of their number. They continued to take and give ofTence 
with as little hesitation as before" (Scott). 

Thus in all the time of persecution the Clan clung together in secret 
and in secret taught their children to cherish the memory of a name 
that evoked feelings of fear wherever spoken and that, in the years to 
come, however associated with violence and bloodshed, was to stand 
for courage, loyalty, constancy, devotion, honor, and truth. 

The distinguished Antiquarian, the late Dr. Joseph Anderson, says 
that "Since the repeal of the penal laws against them, there is no clan 
name which has earned more honorable distinction than that of Mac- 
(uegor." 









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Pkockkdings of TiiikTKKNTfi Annuai, Catiikking 27 

Rkcokd of Ovf.rsfas i\f acGkf,cors in TiiK Woi:i,i) War. 

True to their martial and i)atriutic nature and instinct when the 
mailed fist of the Teutonic Demon threatened the liberties of the world, i 
from the uttermost parts of tlic earth the children of Gregor responded 
to the call of the "Fiery Cross" until the Kaiser fell to rise no more. i 

In the service of the British I£mpire during the World War we have I 
the following record of this name: 

Killed and died of wounds 366 j 

Wounded 889 : 

Missing and not heard from 150 | 

Prisoners of war 25-31 J 

Total Casualties of the MacGregors 1430-1436 \ 

Honors and Distinctions won (as medals, crosses, mention 

in dispatches, etc.) 99 

Victoria Crosses (the highest military distinction 2 

one having been won by an officer in a Canadian con- 
tingent and one by a bank clerk from Edinboro. ; 

The only other Victoria Cross won by a MacGregor was 
in the Crimean War of 1855, by a private, R. Mac- 
Gregor, of the 2nd Bat., Rifle Brigade. (See Year 
Book 1910, page 17.) 

i 
(At the Gathering of 1923, Deo Volentc, I hope to deal with The 

American Descendants of the Clan Gregor.) \ 



"THE OFFICIAL SPRIG OF PINE" 



J "The Official Sprig of Pine" worn at the 1920 Gathering of the Ameri- 

I can Clan Gregor Society was supi^lied by Mr. C. C. Alagruder, Jr.. and 

f came from "Headake," property owned by Sarah Magruder, first, and 

{ devised by her to her daughter, Eleanor Wade and grand-daughter, Sarah 

! Clagett. 



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28 Amkrican Clan r.RiiGOR SocniTY j 

1 

CENTENNIAL ODE. 

(Tiiiv Clan GrivGor.) 

1822-1922. ! 

(To C. C. M, Jr.) j 

By j. B. Nickun, Jr. j 

■I 

1 
King Alpin lived and reigned and met his death j 

A thousand years ago amid the Scot ! 

And there in ambush, yielding up his breath, 

He fell and, falling, left a bitter blot I 

Upon the Pictish nation for his woes. ; 

And soon they paid in full, for Kenneth cried i 

Aloud for vengeance on his father's foes. 

And with "Bas Alpin" gathered to his side i 

His comrades who desired no rest or peace 

Till Alban's foemen should their lives release. 

With filial love he honored there those men 

Who brought his father's head from off the pike 

Where deep, barbaric hate had placed it then 

Among the Picts, and next his arm did strike 

Swift blows when all was ready for the fray. 

How horrid was the vengeance Kenneth took, 

How many were his foes that fell that day 

When Drusken with his bravest men must look 

Upon the vengeance of the monarch's son, 

Who spared not age nor rank, but even slew 

Until a glorious victory was won 

And all his foemen from his warriors flew. 

The Pictish lands in anger laid he waste, 

The foes themselves remaining fled away, 

And Kenneth changed the names that they had placed 

So that the Gothic traces would decay. 

His kingdom prospered from the peace that came 

With union of the nations in his day, 

And still we hail the splendor of his name. 

O glory of our noble Clan, 

So long as mind and memory can 

Control the heart and life of man, 









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Proceedings of Thirteenth Annual Gathering 29 

So long our greatness thrives. 
And thus till end of time and race 
We hold the glory of our place; 
In joy our line we proudly trace 
To those of bravest lives. 

Then Donald to his brother's throne secure 

Ascended with deceit, 

His people thought his worth and wit were meet 

But soon his end was sure: 

His nobles saw he could but heed the call 

Of Pleasure when it offered of its lure, 

Usurped his regal sway and robbed of all 

His pow'r and thus his fall. 

In prison was he cast to lose his ways 

Where, fearful, he himself did end his days. 

Such was his lonely end. 

While Kenneth's son did mount the throne, 

And wise his ways did wend. 

He governed well his land six years and ten, ! 

And then he bade adieu to crown and Scone 

To pass away from every mortal ken. I 

i 

n. I 

I 

And so the centuries passed and many traced j 

Their line to Kenneth's youngest son whose name | 

Was Gregor, he whose life has ever placed | 

Our Clan among the most renowned to fame. I 

But war was ever rami)ant in the land 

And warriors formed a band I 

To plunder without fear I 

The hamlets far and near 

Till hatred all among the clans was fanned. j 

But honor was forever dear to those ! 

Of royal Gregor's line; 

Their plighted word did ever brightly shine 

With either friends or foes: 

Nor pain nor fear of death could e'er annoy 

Nor could the pow'r of rival clans destroy 

This honor which was both of pride and joy. 

To Gregor, son of vScotland's King, 
Whose praises still we stand to sing, 



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30 Amkrican Clan (iREgor Society 

Our loyal fealty now wc briii^ 
As in the days of yore; 
To others who have known of joy 
And sorrow's ever dread alloy, 
But most of all, our own Rob Roy, 
Wc render homage more. 

Thus still we love this honor that they knew 

In. older days when friends and hearts were true. 

III. 

O brave and warlike Clan, the best of all, 

The oldest, and most powerful, save one, 

How falsely swore thy foes to cause thy fall. 

How cruel were the wronj^s that oft were done! 

With "fire and sword," with Privy Council oft, 

With Acts of Parliament, thy ruin came, 

For Argyle sought with lies and tales so soft 

To sully e'en the glory of thy name. 

And Fate conspired to join thy arms alway 

Unto the losing side in many a fray, 

Till Bruce and Stewart both 

Were never slow nor loath 

To listen to thy foes amid their day. 

And so the Argyle pow'r prevailed until 

The greatness of thy Clan was scattered far 

And like the waning of some mighty star 

Seemed wholly crushed and so forever still. 

By "root and branch" the British James desired 

To kill thee with the whole of all his might. 

How dark was then the length of this thy night 

Till evil fortunes for a time retired. 

Forbidden was thy ancient name and banned 

Throughout the wide extent of each fair land. 

The Second Charles alone of Banquo's line 

Was gracious, so a little peace was thine; 

13ut Orange, joined with Stewart, then renewed 

The persecutions of the horrid past 

And four score years with bitterness were strewed 

Till George the Third aside the stigma cast. 

MacAlpin! How each heart awakes 
With throbs of pride that ne'er forsakes 



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PkocivIvdings of Thirtekntii Annuai. Gathivring 



31 



A Scot who evermore partakes 
His share of Grcgor's hue. 
We gather now to pledge anew 
Once more our love and honor true, 
Forsaking never aught of due, 
MacAlpin, that is thine! 



No longer was the name of Gregor laid 
Beneath a curse that exiles of them made. 



IV. 



And then the next succeeding George designed 
An Act to grant permission to resume 
The old, forbidden name. No more the doom 
Of death o'ershadowed him who knew behind 
Him lay a line of noljlest birth, and dared 
Retain his name in spite of king and foe 
Through fear and famine even when he shared 
The bitter hardships of an exile's woe. 
Tis now an hundred years since was restored 
The cherished name of Scotland's eldest Clan, 
Preserved through ages, e'en through fire and sword, 
To show the great fidelity of man: 
Not all the pow'r of foes or kings or state 
Or persecutions could for one brief day 
Destroy the glory of that name, though Fate 
So seldom showed a lighl upon their way. 
l>ut faithful even unto death, at last 
The days of sulTering forever passed 
And peace again did bless 
With beauteous happiness 
The pathway oft in depths of sorrow cast. 



O glorious Clan, of noble name, 
None other is so linked to fame, 
Through countless sufferings that came, 
MacAlpin, as is thine: 
We love thee, for our hearts unite 
In praising thee that saw the light 
Amid the darkness of that night, 
And now in peace doth shine! 



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32 American Clan Gregor Society 

DR. THOMAS BALDWIN MAGRUDER. 
By Thomas Magruder Wade. 

Dr. Thomas Baldwin Magruder was born September 25, 1800, at the 
ancient family mansion, near Upper Marlboro, Prince Georges County, 
Maryland, and had he lived one month and two days longer would 
have reached the age of eighty-five years. 

After graduating in medicine from the leading medical school of 
Baltimore, Maryland on April 2, 1821, Dr. Magruder determined to 
venture out to the then sparsely populated Southern States, and in 
September, 1822, rode on horsct^ack from his native country to this 
region through the wild, unsettled intervening country, and at the end 
of a journey of two months reached Port Gibson, Mississippi, which 
city and vicinity continued to be his home, save for a year or two in 
the early fifties, when he returned to his old home in Maryland, until 
his death. 

He entered at once upon a successful professional career after se- 
curing his license to practice medicine in the State of Mississippi on 
April 12, 1824, which license was duly filed and recorded by Mr. P. A. 
Vandhorn in his office on July 13, 1827, and he it was who established 
the first drug store in the town of Port Gibson, Mississippi. 

A year or two after his arrival in the county he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizabeth Plarrington, December 23, 1823, and this union 
was blessed with three sons, Samuel Calvert; Honorable William 
Thomas, and the late gallant. Captain Joseph Moore Magruder, who 
fell in defense of the "Lost Cause" and the land of his nativity at the 
battle of Corinth. 

Mrs. Magruder died on the 5th of July, 1844, at the age of fifty-six 
after having lived a useful and truly Christian life. 

In her day it was the custom of the Choctaw Indians, who then in- 
habited Claiborne County, Mississii)pi, in great numbers, to camp at 
"Gruders", as they pronounced the name, and they were always kindly 
treated by the "Mistress of Cabin Wood." 

At her death large numbers of them attended her funeral and ex- 
pressed the deepest sorrow for the loss of the friend whose kindness 
to them and consideration never wavered or knew diminution. 

Many years after the Choctaws left Claiborne County and moved to 
the Northeast counties of Mississippi they made annual visits to the 
home of "Gruders" as they truly loved him and his family; and this 
custom continued for several years after the Civil War. 

On April 22, 1845, Dr. Magruder wedded his second wife, Mrs. Sarah 
Olivia Dunbar West, daugliter of the late Isaac Dunbar of Adams 
County, Mississippi. This union was blessed with teti children: Mary, 



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liuKN, 1800; Dii'j), 18S5. 



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Proceedings of Tiiikteknth Annual Gathering 33 

Jennie, Charles, who died in early youth or infancy, Anna Thomas 
(Magrudcr) Wade, died June 14, 1918; and those living: Isaac Dunbar, 
Robert Walter, Plerbert Stalcy, Alice (Magruder) MacDougall, and Kosa. 

Mrs, Magruder was a wonderful home builder as she showed good 
taste, rcfniement and culture in all the appointments of her home and 
its surroundings. She was an active and consistent member of the 
Episcopal Church, After indiflerent health for several years Mrs. 
Alagruder died December 28, 1864. 

Dr. Magruder was an active participant in public affairs for more 
than sixty years, and scarcely a public gathering was held in which 
he did not figure conspicuously and always in a useful way. He pos- 
sessed an excellent memory, and tiie reminiscences of his career would 
fill a volume. 

There was not one of the old homes in Claiborne County which he 
had not visited in his professional capacity, nor a square mile over which he 
had not travelled. Very often in his early life he was called upon to act as 
arbiter in personal difficulties, and although of a quick temper and of great 
personal courage he always advocated peaceable a(ljuhtn:eiits as the best way 
to settle difficulties. 

He was for many years the only survivor of those who were partic- 
ipants in the Ross-Gibbs duel in 1826, being present in the capacity of 
surgeon and attended upon each of the participants when the affair 
was over. 

In 1839 Dr. Magruder was elected to the Lower House of the Mis- 
sissii)[)i Legislature as a Whig, of which jiarty he was an earnest ad- 
vocate and leader, and in 1842 was re-elected to the position. 

In the following year he was his parly's candidate for the State Sen- 
ate against General Permenas Briscoe, but was defeated by one vote. 
In 1860 he was brought out by his adherents and admirers as a candi- 
date for the State Constitutional Convention, which passed the ordi- 
nances oi Secession, but as he was a Union man in sentiment he was 
not a strong supporter of the measure but advocated a convention of 
all Southern States to secure united co-operation before adopting the J 

measure. j 

As the "Secession" measure had found great favor with the masses 
and owing to the great ability and popularity of his competitor, Hon. 
Henry T. Ellett, he was defeated. 

After the war he became an active, prominent and trusted Demo- | 

crat, and as a testimonial of his worth he was elected to the Alississippi ] 

Legislature in 1881 at the age of four score years. He was very active 
and earnest in his desire to do himself and his friends justice, and not- 
withstanding his advanced age he made an able and intelligent Legis- j 
lator and during his entire term of service he was never absent from 
his seat. 

Although he was reared in the Episcopal faith he became connected 



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34 American Clan Gri'gor Society 

with the Methodist church after going to Mississippi, but upon the 
establishment of an Episcopal church he at once transferred his mem- 
bership, and with it remained connected until his death. Its impres- 
sive and solemn burial service being read at his funeral and over his 
grave. He was also buried with Masonic Honors, for of that order he 
had been a member from 1825, holding membership in Washington 
Lodge No. 3. 

He was a man of refinement and was most sociable and his hospital- 
ity was enjoyed by his numerous friends. Although he had his ups 
and downs in business life he always maintained the strictest integrity 
and always managed to surround iiis family with many comforts, and 
gave his children good educational advantages. During his last illness 
his physician, children and grand-children were in constant attendance, 
and his every want was anticipated with tenderness and affection. 

Dr. Magruder died on Sunday evening, August 23, 1885, and was 
buried Monday afternoon from Saint James Episcopal church, Port 
Gibson, the Reverend Newell Logan officiating. Of him it may be 
said, "Mark the perfect man and behold the upright for the end of that 
man is peace." 

He was a son of Thomas Magruder and ALary Clarke, grand-son of 
Lsaac Magruder and Sophia Baldwin, great-grand-son of Nathan Ma- 
gruder and Rebecca Beall, great-great-grand-son of John Magruder 
and Susanna Smith, great-great-great-grand-son of Samuel Alagruder 
and Sarah Beall, great-great-great-great-grand-son of Alexander Ma- 
gruder and ALirgaret Braithwaite. 



CORRECTION. 

In the Year Book of 1920, the name of Mrs. Matilda Beall (James C.) 
Lewis was by mistake put among the Deceased Meml^crs. It is with mucli 
pleasure that this mistake is corrected for Mrs. Lewis is very much alive 
and lives at 1632 Franklin Street, Denver, Col., and takes a deep and 
active interest in the Clan. 



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Proceedings of Thirteenth Annum. Gathering 35 

WILLIAM EDWIN MUNCAvSTER. 
By His Son, John Edwin Muncaster. 

HE subject of this short sketch was born in Baltimore, Md., June 12th, 
1839, and spent the early years of his life through teething and 
} measles in that city. He then was sent to the home of his Grand- 

; mother Aluncaster as he has told the Society in the sketches read by him at 

I the Gatherings of the past. His Father, Edwin Magruder Muncaster, was 

[ born in Montgomery County Md., and lived on the farm of his father 

through most of his school days. He entered West Point, and was a class- 
mate of Robert Edward Lee, but after two years at the academy, he was 
i compelled to resign on account of an affection of his eyes which forbade 

y further studies. He returned to Montgomery County and after a few years 

'; married Rachel Robertson, also a native of the county. They moved to bal- 

\ timore city where he engaged in the dry goods business for a number of 

!' years. The failure of his wife's health was followed by a return to the 

[ country, where she owned the farm of about 700 acres at Flower Hill, and 

i 350 acres at Afilton. The return was in 1851. She died in 1859, and he re- 

[ mained alone at the old place till his death in 1880, He was the only grand- 

[ father I ever knew and he certainly was not fond of children. I remember 

I him as an active old gentleman, who always rode horseback, and never had 

I a riding horse. He spent alternate Sundays at Milton, the home of my 

I father, and at Wavcland, the home of his elder daughter Harriet, always 

i bringing a littie package of candy for the cliildren, aiid staying till the 

clock struck four. When the last stroke was still ringing on the air he 
I would be about out of the door, on his way home. The rooms at Flower 

[ Plill are only about twenty five feet square and in his time were heated with 

[ fire places, so there is not much wonder he felt crowded when the children 

!■ got around him, so they did not surround him very much. 

William Edwin Muncaster has told all about his early days up to the end 
of his college days. On his return from Roanoke in 1859, T^lilton Farm, 
with enough slaves to work it was given him by his mother, and he became 
a farmer in 1860. He continued active control of the place until 1895, when 
he retired ostensibly to take life easy. About that time the heirs of John 
Willson Magruder lost the head of the family, Zadok Magruder, 4th, and 
he took charge of the estate, so had about as much to do as when managing 
his own farm. 19.30268 ' 

The emancipation soon cleaned out his free labor, annas Afilton had been 
rented for many years, it had become a series of Ix^autiful glades sep- 
arated by tree lined gullies, and of the 350 acres, only about 150 was under 
cultivation. The clearing up of this land, with labor no longer free was a 
task that would not be undertaken at the present time, but in about twenty 
years another hundred acres was added to the plow land but the boss's bank 



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36 Amltkican Clan Ckegor Society 

account still remained very low. During the war between the states, the 
place was raided by both Union and Confederates, all the horses being taken 
by both, ^ly father followed Gen. Early, I think it was, after one raid and 
got back several worn-out plugs from something like forty miles away. 
With these he kept at work, and some of his tales of experiences were as 
laughable as any he has told to the Society. He was in Washington the 
night that Lincoln was shot and spent eight or nine hours getting a pass to 
return home, as everyone was held in the town for a couple of days. 

Oct. fifteenth, liS67, he married Hannah Smith Alagrudcr, daughter of 
John Willson Magruder, and Caroline Minerva Bradley, at "the Ridge", the 
old home of John Magruder, and Col. Zadok Magruder. There were three 
children born to them, Julia Bradley, who lived only eleven days, but long 
enough to get registered on the old family Bible as "Born Oct. 23rd, 186P, 
John Edwin, Born September 29th, 1869, and Luther McCauley, Born, Feb- 
ruary 4th, 187L The latter died May 18th, 1917. 

William Edwin Muncaster, never held any place under either state or county 
government, and so far as I can remember, never went to a political meeting 
of any kind, though he was much in the public eye as a prominent citizen. 
As one member of the clan Politic said when some question affecting the 
district was being agitated, "We must look after William Aluncaster, he 
controls more land than any man in the two districts." And he did. With 
the Magruder estate and his own, he more than doubled the acreage of any 
other taxpayer. 

He was a progressive farmer and always tried new things in a small way 
at first, making larger investments if he found them successful. He was a 
breeder of Jersey cattle of some prominence, and of Berkshire hogs, serv- 
ing as vice president of the American Berkshire Association for many years. 
He was a large exhibitor at the County Fair from along in 1850, and was a 
member of the board of Directors from 1882 to 1892, serving as president of 
the Agricultural Society in 1886-87. He was instrumental in having a great 
many improvements made to the grounds and buildings and gave personal 
supervision to most of them. Fie served as a director in the Savings Insti- 
tution of Sandy Springs, a little bank which has the unique distinction of 
having over a million dollars in deposits, with the building situated in a town 
of not more than twenty houses. It is managed entirely by farmers, and 
pays depositors four per cent always, and five per cent about every five 
years. 

He was a director of the Mutual Insurance Company of Sandy Spring 
another farmer owned and managed institution, but he resigned from both 
institutions some months before his death, because he said he could not 
hear what was being said and was becoming a nuisance to the other mem- 
bers. His judgment of markets in his later years was almost infallible, and 
the dealers to whom he sold farm produce used to say that they always 
made a quick sale of any crop he sold them as the price was sure to drop in 
a few days, when let to go. 






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WlUJAiM 1M)\VIN MUNCASTI'.R. 
liokN, 1S>^9; 1)1 i;n, V)22. 



Pkockicdings of Tiiirti'Knth Annual Gathicring 



?>7 



He was a staunch Presbyterian, and attended the church at Rockville for 
seventy years scarcely ever missing" a Sunday. For many years the superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school, he held tlie position of treasurer of the 
church, and at his death was an elder, and member of the lx)ard of Trust- 
ees. His pastor, the reverend John Henderson, said, in his funeral sermon, 

" 'Thou shalt come to thy grave in full age, 
Like as a shock of grain cometh in its season.' " 

Job 5 :26. 

This word of God seems appropriate to this memorial service for one who 
exemplified the dignity of farming, the fundamental calling of mankind. 

This harvesting of his earthly life-work brings into our possession for 
use and enjoyment many golden grains of life-nourishing power. 

Of these I can only barely mention three or four : 1st — Our friend's life yields 
us a Christian appreciation of one's forelx-^ars. He was a finely bred typical 
christian Alarylandcr. He drew his being from far reaching ancestral lines. 
He recognized the failings, shunned the faults, but greatly prized and 
honored tiie virtues of Maryland life under the old regime. As a mother 
hands down her heirlooms to her daughters, so in the graphic, graceful 
pen pictures of this cultured man we have things to cherish and admire. 
No one L>etter than William Muncaster could take us to the spring heads of 
our country's life and dignity. No one with true sympathy and appreciation 
could pilot you to family homesteads; to seats of learning, from forgotten 
Tusculum to modern Rockville, and above all to the sites of ancient churches 
which have l)cen the well springs of piety and of moral leadership in the 
county's life. 

2nd — Appreciative of our debt to the past, grateful for our rich inher- 
itance, William Jvluncaster was very practically progressive. 

Ivecall bow helpfully he w<4s at work in societies and organizations for 
promoting the business and social welfare of the county. You will notice 
in this week's paper his name among the regular contributors to the support 
of the benevolent work of the Social Service League. I note this because 
his progressive spirit was as systematic, painstaking, and persistent in 
altruistic forms of benevolences as it was in organizing business agencies. 
In the high tension of the late war years, William Muncaster gave an 
intelligent and self-denying support to the agencies for the relief of 
suffering. 

3rd — The most positive and most helpful force in his life was his personal 
union to God in Christ and his loyal and devoted agency in the maintenance 
and spread of the Church of God. Here as elsewhere the cardinal char- 
acteristics of his life were exemplified. His careful, diligent at- 
tention to details, his steadfast attendance upon ami participation 
in worship, his self-denying generosity, his self-control in co-operating 
with others, his courtesy and fine thoughtfulness of others, characterized 
him as a Christian Gentleman. 






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38 Amekican Clan C.regor Society 

Thy gentleness hath made a truly great soul!" 

No man in this Society was ni(jre energetic in securing memlx^rs, and he 
would go to any amount of trouble to connect up lines of members, who 
were not quite sure, sometimes making several trips to the city of Wash- 
ington, or to Rockville, to hunt over old records that no one else would 
think of. 

He was never of very robust health, and always had to take care not to 
overdo. In later years he was always independent of all help anrl always 
hitched up his own horse when going on his many trips even a couple of 
weeks Ix^fore his death. Along in 1909 or 1910, he suffered a stroke of 
paralysis, which rendered him incapable of speech for a week or so 
and it was difhcult for him to talk for a long time afterwards. He 
practically recovered all his faculties in a few months though, and while 
he always "kept his house in order" in exi)ectation of another it never came. 
He died on January 4tli, 1922, after an illness of only a few days, and 
was buried in Union Cemetery near Rockville, Md. 

William Edward Muncaster, was the son of Edwin Magruder Mun- 
caster, and Rachel Robertson, grandson of Zachariah Muncaster and 
Harriet Magruder, great grandson of Walter Magruder and Alargaret 
Orme, great-great grandson of Nathaniel Magruder and Elizabeth, 
great-great-great grandson of Capt. Alexander Magruder and Ann 
Wade, great-great-great-great grandson of Samuel Magruder and Sarah 
Beall, great-great--great-great-great grandson of Alexander Magruder, 
the Emigrant. 

Or take the line of his mother, he was grandson of William Rob- 
ertson and Harriet Cooke, gr^at grandson of Nathan Cooke and Rachel 
Magruder, great-great grandson of Col. Zadok Magruder and Rachel 
Pttinger Bowie, great-great-great grandsou' of John Magruder and 
Susanna Smith, great-great-great-great grandson of vSaniuel Magruder 
and Sarah luall, etc. 



AMONG THE MEMBERS. 

Cunningham, Mrs. John C. (Jennie Aforton), of Shelly ville, Ky., and 
Mr. William Iv Dale, of Louisville, Ky., were married Ai)ril 4th, 1923, 
in Florida. They will make their home in Florida. 

Miss Suzanne Helen Pollock, daughter of Air. and Mrs. Tom S. Pollock, 
was born in Denver, Colorado, February 16th, 1923. 



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Procickdings of TiiiKTKKN'fH Annual Gatiikking 39 

JOSEPH MOOl^K MAGRUDER. 

Copied from record of Confederate Soldiers of Claiborne County, by 
Frank Foote. 

JOSEPH MOORE MAGRUDKR was a member of the Claiborne 
Guards, the second company organized in Claiborne County; mus- 
tered into Confederate Service April 29, 1861; appointed Corporal; 
was a part of the army of Northern Virginia under General Lee; took 
part in the battle of Seven Pines and in all the principal battles; was 
promoted Captain in 1862 and commissioned by the President (Davis) 
to return to Claiborne County and raise a Cavalry Company; organ- 
ized a Cavalry Company in Alay 1862 known as Magruder Partisans; 
mustered into Confederate service June 14, 1862. This company tak- 
ing part in the campaigns around L*ort Gibson and Vicksburg, Miss- 
issippi and Port Hudson, Louisiana. He was mortally wounded in 
1863 and died in 1863. 

Frank Foote. 



JOvSEPlI MOOI^^F: IVIAGRUDI'.K. 
By Mrs. Nannik Hughks Magrudicr. 

Citizen and Soldier — Fitting exordium for these lines tendered in 
lovino- memory of one who made the supreme sacrifice in those dark 
days when North and South \yarred against each other in the bitter 
struggle for supremacy. The memory of those days, hushed now in 
the mists of history, comes always freighted and fragrant with many 
an unforgolten name tiiat embalmed Southern valor in the eternal 
glory of the world's proudest records. A Claiborne writer (D. George 
Flumphreys) says of 1861 — Magruder, Martin, Buck, three high- 
souled men as old Claiborne, mother of soldiers and statesmen, ever 
sent to battle. These were our leaders. Company C, 4th Mississippi 
Cavalry, successively commanded by Captains Magruder and Alartin 
who both paid the penalty of their zeal to the Bars and Stars of the 
South with their lives. But a Confederate soldier and one of our 
state's ablest lawyers, Mr. John McC. Martin, although having 
suffered recently a severe surgical operation on his eyes, has kindly 
written his recollections of him and owing to this fact the record was 
dictated. But the thrill of those soldier days remained with him and 
he has given in detail many interesting facts of the war record of 
Captain Mai;ru(Ier of Company C, 4th Mississippi Cavalry. 

Captain Magruder was educated in the schools of Port (iibson and 



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40 



American Clan Griccor Society 



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was graduated from Oakland College. His tastes were literary, hav- 
ing contributed both prose and poetr3'' to various periodicals. 
That he loved life is best expressed in his own words from a poem 
published by the Port Gibson Herald of 1850: 

And art thou happy, that each year but brings 
Thee nearer to the time thou'lt leave these things? 
Forbid the thought — we are of earth not tired, 
We love the scenes which you so much admired. 
But, oh too well, we know, our sighs and tears 
Can never stop the course of onward years: 
F'or onward ever, in spite of human will, 
Old Time advances, ever onward still. 

In Youth and Manhood, nature appealed to him. The lure of the 
great out-of-doors, birds, trees and flowers, and in the Port Gibson 
Herald of 1849 a stanza reads — 

I love to tread the valleys sweet, 
With bounding heart and careless feet 

And none but Heaven to see. 
To mark the skies' unclouded dome; 
To feel that here 1 am at home 

Among the old Oaks free. 

"Anna Marye", a song written by him, became popular. No 
doubt this innate love of nature and freedom of the out-of-doors 
wielded an influence in choosing the vocation of planting and his 
plantation, Lodi, numbering about one thousand acres, still remains 
in the family. Endowed with mental tiualities above the average 
togetlicr with a winning personality, he was a social favorite and on 
I'Vbruary 12, 1SS2, he married Amanda Louise AlcCray, of Vickshurg, 
Warren County, Mississippi. The ceremony was performed b}^ the 
Rev. John Lane of tlie Methodist l£piscopal Church. Miss McCray 
was a descendant of the family for which the city of Vicksburg is 
named and a portrait of her in our possession shows her to have been 
a woman of both beauty and intelligence and we are told that to 
these were added all the attributes of a lovely Christian character. 
At her death lie was left with one (laughter. He was a devoted hus- 
band and a fond father. In beautiful Greenwood Cemetery, he sleej)s 
among those he loved and close to the child of his adoration. In- 
scribed on the marker is: 

Joseph Moore Maorudicr 

vSivi'TivMiuvR 28, 1830 

March 19, 1863 

Joseph Moore Magrudcr was the third son of Thomas Baldwin 



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ProcivI'Dincs of TiiiKTi'KNTii Annuai< Gatiikking 



41 



Magrudcr and Elizabeth Harrington, grandson of Thomas Magruder 
and Mary Clarke, great grandson of Isaac Magrudcr and Sophia 
Baldwin, great-great grandson of Nathan Magruder and Rebecca 
Beall, great-great-great grandson of John Magruder and vSusanna 
Smith, great-great-great-great grandson of Samuel Magruder and 
Sarah Beall, great-great-great-great-great grandson of Alexander 
Magruder (Immigrant) and Margaret Braithwaite. 



RECOLLECTIONS OF JOSEPH MOORE MAGRUDER, 

CAPTAIN OF COMPANY C, 4TH MISSISSIPPI 

CAVALRY. 



By John McC. Martin. 

The first troops which enlisted in the service of the Confederate 
States enlisted only for twelve months. The term of enlisting expired 
so far as the Twelfth Mississippi Infantry Regiment was concerned at 
Yorktown, Virginia. The Clail)orne (^luards, afterwards known as 
Company K, Twelfth Mississipi)i Ixegimenl, was among the tnsl to en- 
ter the service of the Confederate States from Claiborne County and 
Joseph Moore Magruder was a private in this company. The Miss- 
ississippi Rifles, however, commanded by McKiever, preceded the 
Claiborne Guards. At the reorganization of the Twelth Mississippi 
Regiment, a number of the Claiborne Guards determined to return 
home and reorganize into another Company. Among the number who 
returned was Colonel Henry Hughes and Joseph Moore Magruder, 
the latter having just been, commissioned Captain. A full list of the 
Claiborne Ciuards prepared by Mr, Fraidc Foote, and now owned by 
the County of Claiborne, is on file with the Chancery Clerk. There is 
also on file all the commands that left Claiborne County for service 
in the Confederate Army as well as all former citizens of Claiborne 
County who enlisted outside of the County in other commands. 

As soon as Colonel Hughes returned from Virginia, he commenced 
raising a regiment to be known as Hughes' Rangers. Captain A'a- 
gruder actively engaged in reorganizing a Company as one of the num- 
ber of the above named regiment. He soon succeeded in forming a 
full Company, which afterwards became the famous Company C of 
the Fourth Mississippi Cavalry Regiment. Colonel Hughes' command 
was partly reorganized as Rangers when the first approach of the 
United States gun boats was made at Grand Gulf. This ])artly re- 
organized battalion with all of Company C that was then ready to 
go into camp was concentrated behind Geter's Hill at Grand Gulf, 
and was later stationed in a fortification fronting the Mississippi 



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42 American Clan (IrivGor Socikty 

River near old Grand Gulf Cemetery; within this fortification was 
Hoskin's battery of three guns. 'J'his battery opened on the Federal 
Fleet and immediately a terrific cannonade began first directed at 
the Fort and afterwards at the buildings in the old town of Grand 
Gulf, and still later, to the Public Road leading from Grand Gulf to- 
ward the Whitney residence. The Fort was considerably battered 
and Hoskin's guns compelled to fall back in the direction of the 
Whitney residence. Hughes' Rangers were withdrawn to their old 
I)Osition beliind Geter's Hill. Tlie cannonade lasted about four hours, 
shells, grape shots and cannonister being thrown into the town and 
along the road to the Whitney residence. The whole town was 
soon in a blaze. Not a house escaped the flames; women with di- 
sheveled hair and some with babies in their arms fled from their 
homes toward the Whitney residence and screams were mingled 
with the bursting shells, and the marvel is that not a single one of 
tlie fleeing residents of the burning town was hurt but all were taken 
into the homes of people in the Second District of the County and some 
Avere taken into homes in Port Gibson. 

Soon after this occurrence Hughes' Battalion was completed 
and assembled at what is known as old Benjamin Hollow. There it 
remained in camp for about a week. From there it went to Oaken 
Grove one of the places now owned by the descendants of Captain 
Magruder's brother but at that time owned, as the writer remembers, 
by a branch of the Archer family. 

The Command remained at Oaken Grove about a week and was 
then ordered to join Colonel Powers' Brigade in the vicinity of 
Port Pludson. Three or four da\'s later it went into action at 
what is called Fluker's Field where it captured a wagon train loaded 
with all sorts of commissary supi)lies and burned nearly one hun- 
dred wagons, the team being tal<i'n charge of by the C\)mmand. 
Captain Magruder K'd his Company in this engagement and in 
fact led the entire regiment. In tlie Fluker's Field action he at- 
tacked and dispersed the escorting troops of the train, himself at 
the very forefront. Just before the Fluker's Field action three 
battalions known as Stockdale's, Norman's and Hughes' Battalion, 
merged into a regiment which became the famous Fourth Aliss- 
issipi)i Cavalry Regiment. 

Some short time before the Fluker's Field engagement Company C 
commanded by Captain Magruder was ordered to proceed to and 
enter the city of Baton Rouge to feel out the position of the Union 
forces. It approached the city of Baton Rouge by what is known, 
as the writer remend)ers, as the Monticini Road. The advance was 
stopped at a bridge, a fight ensued and the enemy retreated but 
soon reappeared largely reinforced. The Cumpany was then with- 






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Proceedings of Thiktef.ntii Annual Gatukking 



43 



drawn. Aleaiuvhile the seigc of Vicksburg was under way and 
the siege of Port Hudson liad commenced. Tlie enemy was making 
daily raids in the country surrounding Port Iludson, Jackson, and 
Chnton, Louisiana, also in the vicinity of JUiyou Sara. Ahnost daily 
the Fourth Mississippi Cavalry Regiment, now connnanded by 
C. C. Wilburn, as Colonel Hughes had died at his home in or near 
Port Gibson, engaged in daily combats with these raiding parties. 
Captain Magruder \vas most active in this service and his Company 
rendered these attempts at raids costly to the enemy, in prisoners 
captured and wagons destroyed as well as in killed and wounded. 

While the siege of Port Hudson was in full swing troops, constantly 
concentrated through the transport service, engaged in closing every 
avenue of the Ixisieged town. Colonel Frank Powers commanding the 
Brigade of which the Fourth Mississipi)i Regiment was one, planned an 
attack at Harrisburg to destroy the supi)lies that were concentrated at 
that point for Banks' army. In tiiis attack the Fourth Mississippi Regi- 
ment and Comi)any C, Cai)tain Magruder commanding, played a con- 
spicuous part, as the enemy was taken by surprise, the outposts cajjlured, 
camp broken up, and disorganized bands of the enemy's troops thrown 
back from the landing. A large number of transports were set on 
fire, and arsenals blown up and a tremendous quantity of army sup- 
plies burned. The enemy, however, finally rallied and broup-lit up 
large reinforcements and forced Powers' Brigade to retreat in the 
direction of Clinton, Louisiana, Very soon afterwards an en- 
gagement took place on the Mississipi)i River between an iron-clad 
gunl)oat Hying the Confederate Hag and a large Federal gunboat or ship. 
The iron-clad sunk the enemy's ship but was soon afterwards blown up 
b}' its own men. 

When Port 1 hulson surrenden-d, Poweis' Brigade was put under 
the coniinaiKl oi an Arkansas Colonel, named Ma>bry, who became 
noted for his dash, courage and activity. lie attacked the Union 
forces in position outside the College at Jackson. Louisiana, and 
utterly destroyed them, taking a number of negro troops prisoners 
and capturing a battery. A number of dead bodies were found in 
the rooms of the College along with some wounded men who had 
been firing on the Confederates from the windows. In this en- 
e:agenn'nt. Captain Magruder's command was among the first to 
reach the position of the enemy and to work up to the entrance of 
the College building. The wdiole brigade had been dismounted and 
were fighting as infantry. 

Not long after this, the command was ordered to Jackson, Miss- 
issippi to meet the famous Sherman Raid moving by way of Jackson 
through Chunky vStation on to Meridian. As Sherman advanced, 
Maybry's Brigade, fighting every inch of the ground, retreated to- 






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44 American Ci^an Grixor SocrF/rv 

ward Chunky Station and while crossing Chunky Creek, which was 
ahiiost swinnning, the enemy opened lire on Company C which 
succeeded, however, in reaching high ground East, forming with 
the regiment to repel the attack. Between this point and Meridian, 
Sherman's Army began its retreat and was hotly followed by May- 
bry's Brigade and rear-guard actions were fought day and night. 
Just about four o'clock one evening, the rear guard of the retreating 
Union forces was struck near Canton, Mississippi, and a fierce 
charge was made by Company C headed by Captain Magruder. The 
command ran into the enemy in an ambush behind an osage orange 
hedge connected at one end with an old rail fence. After the first 
shock from the ambuscading enemy, Captain Magruder ordered a 
charge, and while leading the charge fell mortally wounded. He 
was taken to camp and thence to the home of a planter in the 
neighborhood where he was attended by his half-brother, Mr. Isaac 
Magruder and other meml)ers of the Company, After lingering for 
a short time he died and an escort bore his remains home. Cap- 
tain Magruder was an exceptional man in every way. He was cool, 
self-possessed, capable, brave, but not reckless. He led his Com- 
pany in every engagement not indulging in the cheering that broke 
from the lips of the commands while charging, but looking care- 
fully for every opportunity to achieve victory and taking care never 
to lose command of himself. On the morning of the day that 
he was mortally wounded, he apijcared at the head of his Company 
in full dress uniform with new trappings placed on his horse and 
said, "I will be killed today and I intend to die in full dress uniform." 
'JMiese are the last words that tiie writer remembers as being ut- 
tered by him except when he gave the final command to charge the 
enemy that had ambuscaded us and which ended so fatally for him. 
This imi)erfcct sketch is given rather hastily and from the mem- 
ory of one who was but a boy at that time, but in whose mind is 
a vivid picture of all that has been above repeated, though in some 
respects as to detail, it may be slightly inaccurate, but in the main, 
it tells what the writer knew of Captain Josei)h Magruder com- 
manding Company C, Fmirth Mississippi Regiment. 



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PkociciCdings of TiiiRTKKN'Tn Annuai. Gathkring 45 



MRS. AMANDA LOUISE MAGRUDER McLEAN. 



\ 

jv, By Nannii-: IIuGiiics Magrudkr. 

i 

AMANDA LOUISE MACxRUDER McLEAN was born at Oak 
Grove plantation, Claiborne County, Mississippi, February 11th, 
in the year 1853 — died at Touro Infirmary, New Orleans, Louis- 
iana, April the 17th, 1908. She was the childless widow of William 
Brant McLean. Her father was a true and brave officer in the Confed- 
erate Army, and was wounded (and died later) leadin;^^ his com- j 
pany in a victorious charge at Canton, Mississippi. Her mother, nee j 
Amanda McCray of Vicksburg, Mississippi, was a descendant of the 
family for which that city is named. On both sides she came of most 
honorable lineage and in her own person and character exemplified 1 
all that this implies. Of finest training and education — intellectual, j 
modest, reserved, long-sufifering, of crudest physical pain, cheerful { 
and hopeful to the end, she leaves a memory fragrant and precious | 
to those who loved her. Left early an orphan she was christened as i 
a beloved daughter, of her uncle, tlie late Hon, William Thomas | 
Magruder, and his wife. It was to the members of this family, her j 
cousins, that she clung with sisterly devotion. | 

She was educated at Port Gibson Collegiate Academy under the j 

tutelage of Professors Ricketts and Wright, but later sent to a fin- ' 

ishing school at Nazareth, Kentucky, where aside from the other 
studies, she indulged her love for music, painting and the womanly | 

art of embroidery. 

Returning home she was warmly welcomed into the vSocial Co- 
terie of the town, also of New Orleans, to which city she made fre- 
quent visits. But her most enjoyable reminiscence was a delightful 
trii) to Washington, D, C, with her grandfather. Dr. Thomas Bald- 
win Magruder. There she met quite a number of Magruder rel- 
atives in and around Washington (some of the younger generation 
being Clan Members). I think they must have combined to make 
her stay among them so pleasant that the memory of their bountiful 
hospitality remained ever with her. 

Of her marriage on September 28, 1876, to William Brant Mc- 
Lean which took place at the Presbyterian Church in Port Gibson, 
the Editor of the Port Gibson Reveille speaks of as a brilliant social 
event — the nuptials of two of old Claiborne's choicest children, Will 
McLean and Teenie Magruder, or as the license read William Brant 
McLean and Amanda Louise Magruder. He dwelt on the pop- 
ularity of the couple and how that at precisely half past eight o'clock 
while the organ, under the exquisite touch of Prof. Wharton, gave 
in melodious sweetness the wedding march, the attendants pre- 



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46 Amivrican Clan (Irf.gor Socmkty 

ceding- the l>etrothed in the followin^^ order — Air. John McC. Martin 
and Miss Kutherine Humphreys, Mr. Amos Burnet and Miss Jennie 
Coleman, Mr, Charles Mason and Miss Alice Magruder, Mr. R. Wal- 
ter Magruder and Miss Lizzie Magruder. Rev. D. A. Planck, pastor 
of the church, delivered a beautiful address on the sanctity of the 
marriage vow, the responsibilities of the marital relation as a Christian 
institution and also the necessity of mutual confidence and forbearance. 
The Benediction was pronounced and joy and gladness were visible 
among the host of congratulating friends. 

Almost her entire married life was spent in New Orleans except for 
brief visits home or trips during the summer months, until ill health 
forced them to retire to the quiet of their country home "LckH" one mile 
from Pattison, Mississippi. After the death of her husband she again 
made her home with her uncle's family and on the night of April 17, 1908, 
the world lost a tender and gracious gentk-woman, who dearly loved its 
beautiful gifts and possibilities and who did her generous best to make life 
bright and joyous. Those who are nearest to her know that the greatest di- 
vine virtue of charity had made its temple in her heart and believe that she 
has been gathered by the Great Shepherd into the Eternal fold. 

Amanda Louise Magruder McLean was the only child of Joseph Moore 
Magruder and Amanda Louise McCray, grand daughter of Thomas Bald- 
win Magruder and Elizabeth Harrington, great grand daughter of 
Thomas Magruder and Mary Clarke, great-great grand daughter of Isaac 
Magruder and Sophia Baldwin, great-great-great grand daughter of Na- 
than Magruder and Rebecca Beall, great-great-great-great grand daugh- 
ter of John Magruder and Susanna Smith, great-great-great-great-great 
grand daughter of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall, great-great-great- 
great-great-great grand daughter of Alexander Magruder and Mar- 
garet Braithwaite. 



THE VICTORIA CROSS. 

By John MacGregor of Scotland. 

The Victoria Cross was instituted during the Crimean War, by 
Royal Warrant, dated 29th January, 1856, for the purpose of reward- 
ing individual oflicers and men of the British Army and Navy who 
might, in the presence of the enemy, perform some signal act of 
valour or devotion to their country, there being previously no means 
of specially rewarding distinguished bravery in action. 



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Mrs. Amanda Louisi' Mac.rudI'R McT.kan. 
BoKN, 1853; Uib;i), 1908. 



Proci:i':dings of TiiiuTivUNTii Annuai, Gatjii:ring 



47 



MRS. REBECCA RUTAN WIUJAMS. 
Bv Mrs. H. E. Palmer. 

ALTHOUGH several years have passed since the death of Ref^ecca R. 
Williams, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, the many requests for a memoir to 
be published in our magazine still continue to come in. 

Mrs. Williams was one of the charter members of the A. C. G., and 
one of its loyal supporters to the end of her life. The writer has rarely, 
if ever, met one so true to her own blood, or more proud of ancestry and 
family ties. She was the daughter of William Rutan and Mary Ann Ma.- 
gruder, and great grand daughter of Samuel Brewer Magrudcr. She was 
lx)rn in Bellefontaine, Ohio, on April 11, 1(S48, and resided in that town 
all her life, except for a period of eight months in her early married life, 
when she lived in Logansport, Indiana. 

She was married on Dec. 20, 1865, to Captain John B. Williams, and 
survived him only eight years. This long wedded life was a happy one, al- 
though many sorrows were mutually borne by the i)air. Three fine i)oys came 
to bless their home, but one by one were summoned away by the angel of 
Death. 

After Captain Williams' death, in 1908, Mrs. Williams was left without 
any near relative. She was a very wealthy woman, and her thoughts turned 
more and more to plans for placing her fortune where it would count for 
the most. She presented a beautiful park to her native city, following this 
up by another wonderful gift of funds for a hospital, to be named for her 
mother. Today, every visitor to Bellefontaine is driven to Rutan Park 
and to the Mary Rutan Hospital as two of the show places of Bellefontaine. 
Another gift not long before her death was the provision of a handsome 
proi)erty to lx.> used for a Y, M. C. A. building. 

These are some of the larger gifts that this generous woman gave her 
native city, but only the Recording Angel knows of the hundred of lesser 
generosities to individuals. The boys and girls sent to college at her 
expense ; the vacations given poor, worn-out seamstresses, clerks, widowed 
mothers, for 

"Many a poor one's blessing went 

With her beneath the low green tent, 
Whose curtain never outward swings." 

Of a most retiring and conservative disposition, only a very few of the 
inner circle of her many friends and admirers realized the charm of her 
personality. A well-read woman, she was conversant with everything of 
interest in the literary and scientific world, and was also an accomplished 
musician and an art critic of no mean ability. 



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48 American Ci.an Gregor Society 

For many months Ixifore the end came, Mrs. WiHiams was confined to 
her bed, the last few weeks unable to see any but the nurses and nearest 
friends. She passed to her reward on November 28, 1916. A prominent 
minister of the city preached a sermon regarding her life and work, and 
I quote his words as voicing the general feeling regarding our translated 
kinswoman : 

"We cannot all give land for parks and hospitals, we cannot all make 
such large benefactions to the welfare of humanity, we cannot all bequeath 
to our fellowmen such material monuments to stand through the coming 
years as memorials of generosity and philanthropy. In congratulating the 
donor over the 'phone for her gift she nio<:lestlv said in reply, 'I think we 
ought to do what we can for the people.' Therein is the possibility of 
your memorial and mine, — just in doing what we can for the people — be it 
little or much, be it conspicuous or obscure — just so it is done in the right 
spirit and in the full measure of devotion to God and the people. 

Of Mary of Bethany, Jesus said, 'She hat^h done what she could.' 'Where- 
soever this gospel shall Ije preached throughout the whole world this also 
that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her. 

Of the generous-hearted, philanthropic woman who has broken the ala- 
baster box of her love over this city we believe it may be said of her, too, 
'she hath done what she could.' And through coming years as long as time 
shall last and this city shall stand on tlie summit of Ohio, the beneficiaries 
of her gift shall rise up and call her blessed and this that she hath done 
shall be spoken of for a memorial of her and of her mother, another Mary, 
whose name the gift shall bear." 

I shall close with the words of that famous little poem by Leigh Hunt 
which was recited by our pubhc-spirited and ekx|uent fellow-citizen who 
acted as the donor's representative, in presenting her gift to the City Council : 

Abou i>cn Adheni (may his tribe increase!) 
Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace, 
And saw, within the moonlight of his room, 
Making it rich and like a lily in bloom. 
An angel writing in a book of gokl. 
Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold. 
And to the presence in the room he said, 
"What writest thou?" The vision raised its head, 
And, with a look made all of sweet accord, 
Answered, "The names of those who love the Lord." 
"And is mine one?" said .\bou. "Nay not so," 
Replied the angel. Abou spoke more low, 
But cheerily still ; and said, "I pray thee, then, 
Write me as one who loves his fellowmen." 



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Proceedings of Thirteenth Annuae Gathering 49 

It came again with a K^cat wakening liglit. 
The angel wrote, and vanish'd. The next night, 
And showed tlie names whom love of God had bless'd, 
And lo ! Ben Adheni's name led all the rest. 

Genealogy, 

Mrs. Rebecca Rutan Williams was the daughter of William Rutan and 
Mary Ann Magruder, granddaughter of Ninian Magruder and Grace Town- 
send; great granddaughter of Samuel Brewer Magruder and Relx'cca Ala- 
gruder; great-great granddaughter of Samuel Magruder, III and Margaret 
Jackson; great-great-great granddaughter of Ninian Magruder and Eliz- 
abeth Brewer; great-great-great-great granddaughter of Samuel Magruder 
and Sarah Beall ; great-great-great-great-great granddaughter of Alexander 
Magruder, the Immigrant. 



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50 American Clan Grf.gor Society 

A BOY SOLDIER OF 1861-65. 
PART SECOND. 
By H. E. Magruder. 

IN MY paper read at the Gathering of 1921 1 finished up my experi- 
ences in the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House 

On General Lee's march from that held to the North Anna 
River, I was captured by a large Cavalry Picket Detail on May 22, 
1864, on the flank of the Federal General Barlow's line to whom I 
was carried when the pickets were called in. While with the pickets 
1 fared sumptuously, each cavalryman having a nice shoulder of 
country bacon and the officers hams hung to the cantle of their sad- 
dles, which was fine, eaten raw. 

General liarlow was busily fortifying on the south side of the Matta- 
poni River in Caroline County, and by him 1 was sent back to General Han- 
cock, who was nervous and very anxious to learn if General Lee's whole 
army was in his front. Pie lost 24 hours here fortifying on his way to 
seize the North Anna Bridges by mistaking Confederate General Whiting's 
Division, extended in heavy skirmish order, for General Lee's front. Gen- 
eral Whiting was on his way to reinforce General Lee and on meeting 
General Hancock's advance placed his whole division in extended skirmish 
line, thus giving General Lee time to occupy the three available bridges 
over the North Anna River. The next morning General Grant with the 
balance of his army came up and all hurried for the North Anna. We 
were then put in with the prisoners at General (jrant's he^(l(|uarters and 
learned from him the art of getting an army along compactly and with 
dispatch. The road was given up entirely to horses and vehicles while sap- 
pers trimmed a pathway, 6 feet wide, of underbrush on each side of the 
road for foot soldiers, allowing them to split the column of fours 2 by 2 or 
1 by 3 according to the location of large trees in the line of march. Streams 
were filled full of rails allowing the water to pass thru and the men to 
pass dry shod and without delay. Thus a column of infantry was each 
side of the artillery and wagon trains, both protecting and shortening the 
length of the column by two thirds. 

I was humiliated and nearly whipped by the magnitude and completeness 
of General Grant's army; the headquarters' band equalled a Dixie Brigade, 
and wagons, ambulances, beeves, etc., in never ending lines. We 
marched with his headquarters to the North Anna, our rear guard dis- 
puting the way at every hilltop to give General Lee time to fully prepare. 
We (prisoners) gloried in our shells coining over and scaring the Yanks, 
we feeling that they were not intended for and would not hurt us and 
getting much pleasure out of their discomfiture. 



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PkocivKdings of ThirtkivN'Th Annum. Gathkring 51 

At the river a fine trap was set for General Ckant, but the trigger 
failed. The central bridge was to be held by General Jenkins and the en- 
emy's column allowed to cross the other two to be whijjped in detail. But 
General Jenkins and his whole force were captured and all went awry. 
We were then put with his force and started for the North via Port Royal 
on the Rappahannock river, General Grant's base of supplies, to which poin: 
we had a hot, dusty, march of two days and one night. 

My prisoner chum was Major Kyle, a full blooded Irishman from 
North Carolina. All he had to do was to make his nationality known to 
General Grant's Irishmen and no South or North existed; pocketbook and 
haversack were opened and donations made. One was a fine four-pound 
shad and we longed for night and a chance to cook it ; the desired op- 
portunity found us in a freshly-worked cornfield on a hill top and no water. 
The hoes of the workers were in our boundary ; the handles were used 
for fuel and a hoe for a baker — when lo 1 it was a salt shad and no her- 
ring was brinier. We were salt burnt and dried up for several days and 
on the verge of cussing that salt shad, as there was little water and that of 
poor quality in the section thru which we were marching. 

We passed several yards looking like a heavy snow had fallen where 
the skulking bummers had opened feather beds looking for hidden jewelry. 
One good snow ball would have been more to our taste than diamonds, a.s 
any salt burnt, parched, throat will testify. 

Arriving at Port Royal we 1500 prisoners were parked in a high-paled 
garden awaiting the unloading of boats. Here we saw the evil effects 
of passing wounded men thru columns of well men. A wagon train of 
badly wounded were passing a brigade of recruits on their way to the 
front. In a few moments several spasmodic shots were heard and we saw 
one recruit shoot one of his fmgers off to render himself unfit for further 
service. 

We soon ate every thing including nut grass in that garden and left it 
in a prevailing rain in such a state of mire as is seldom seen, and hurried 
on to a boat from which horses and mules had just been unloaded without 
time for cleaning. So we had the foulest of foul rides to Washington 
where the commissioned oflicers were unloaded, and then, after being on 
exhibition, we were carried back to Point Lookout, a point of land on the 
north side of the mouth of the Potomac River, l)etween the latter and 
Chesapeake Bay, where there were 12000 Confederate prisoners enclosed 
in a stockaded pen. 

We arrived on a hot day in June and all the inmates were lined up on 
our line of march to see the "fresh fish" come in and hear the latest news 
from Dixie. I was never so dazed as by that sight. Most of the prison- 
ers had on only very scant and tattered shirts, and they were the most un- 
couth looking gang of barbarians, I had ever conceived. We were crowded 



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52 Amivrican Clan CxRjcgok Society 

into Sibley tents, 16 or 18 in each tent, where fleas, lice, and itch, abounded 
as the sands of the sea, which fact accounted for the aversion, on the part 
of the wise, to "full dress". 

I existed 'midst these surroundings feeling each day a week long, and a 
long week too, until I caught on and became a manufacturer; then the days 
became too short and I really enjoyed the life. I carved watch chain hooks 
out of cow's horn or bone and finally added an artistic bird or animal sit- 
ting on the top of each hook, all for sale. Finding little sale for these 
except to the chainmakers among the prisoners, on credit and at great sacrifice in 
price with bad pay, I added horsehair chain making to my line; then it was 
possible to sell the finished product for cash to the outside detail prisoners, 
who sold to the trinket hunters at the modest profit of three to one, in spite 
of which I kept in cash money and amassed enough to buy a fourth interest 
in a cracker box house, 5 by 6 feet in dimensions, intended to accommodate 
the four owners. The house .was made from the plank in cracker boxes, 
no timber over 2 feet long being allowed in the prison lest it be made into 
scaling ladders, etc., for escape. These houses were on the steamer state- 
room plan, the berth folding to roof during the day and bottom berth to iit 
and eat on. These mansions housed mainly the elite, prosperous, and thriv- 
ing set of nabobs, who had a standing at the cook houses which the common 
herd of tenters could never acquire. We had a sheet-iron stove larger 
than a gallon bucket on which we could "heat up" our very scant ration as 
well as cook all kinds of bought grub, the top edge being turned up an inch 
high. 

Men of the prison cook house detail would deal with us, discreet, exclusive, 
nabobs, while they could not risk their rei)utation with the pitiless common 
herd of Sibley tenters, to whom they never had anything to sell. To us 
they sold reasonably, delivered after taps, 9 P. Al. Chips for stove five 
cents per peck, select meat skimniings, pure lard, twenty cents per gallon, 
sugar, colTee, tea, and other hospital supplies, in season, when accessible to 
them. 

We then lived like the nobility — pancakes the full size of the stove top 
in plenty and well greased, syrup, coiTee, tea, etc., etc. There was excite- 
ment on tap all the time, on the line of wonderful bargains to be bought. 
All of the hair off the commandant's fine horse's tail for chains was one, 
whch came near ending the profession, when the Major appeared on a rat- 
tailed charger the next day with anger visible and pronounced from top to 
toe. Times were threatening but the sight was worth it. 

I worked at my trade from sun to sun and enjoyed it and its fruits 
hugely and was as happy as a king. Moral — avoid idleness, practice great 
discretion with whom you deal ; engender confidence ; let not your right 
hand know the workings of the left. Then the variety of goods offered 
on reasonable terms will surprise one. Every hidden crevice in that litth 
mansion was chock full and getting fuller, as we constantly had the winlcr 



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Prockivdings of TniRTi'ivNTir Annuai< Gathering 53 

and a change on our minds, knowing not what a day might bring forth 
amidst the prevaiHng suffering around us. But do not become so set as 
to practice war morality in times of peace. 

I might here add that the chief topic on the mind of a soldier and es- 
pecially a prisoner is food, food, food, of which he never has half enough. 

On November first 1864 an order passed for all prisoners to fall in line 
for inspection, exce])t one of the sick list in each establishment to remain 
as property guard. As soon as those in good health were parked in solid 
form another order passed for all property guards to fall in line for in- 
spection for exchange. I passed with 1300 others, selected as unfit for 
early service. Our separation being thus sudden and unexpected, we land- 
lords lost all our property and were immediately marched on board the 
large steamer, Northern Light and held between Fortress Monroe and 
Rip Rai)s many days and at Hilton Head and at sea for a month or more, 
and were finally exchanged at Fort Pulaski, Georgia. 

We were much crowded on ship, poorly provided for, and with very scant 
grub. Seeing how the cat was hopping, while sleeping on deck under some 
hanging quarters of beef for the Fderal Officers, I concluded it propitious, 
while the going was good, to haversack several pounds of beef during the 
time of plenty, not knowing the future. But with no access to fire and raw 
unsalted beef, which is a poor appetizer, we hung together until the odor 
of that beef nearly took the deck, and on the sly I had to consign it to 
the briny deep, and then sun the haversack wrong side out, in order to 
feel that I had not the beef with me still. 

My life was probably saved while on this vessel by making the acquaintance 
of a nice gentleman connected with the culinary department and trading 
with him a hair watch chain for my oil cloth cap cover, which he took 
with him and brought back under his clothing, chock full of brown sugar. 
We had subsequent deals mutually beneficial. 

Before proceeding further I will add in this place that there was more than 
usual aversion to sickness in prison life, as after a few days' treatment in 
tent by the hospital steward, if the latter could not effect a cure, the sick 
were taken to the hospital whence I never knew one to return, which was 
the prevailing belief witji all. 

On arrival at Savannah we were marched with great display to a big 
feast (?) which was set before us on the table and with seats. Meat and bread 
were almost missing, but such sweet potatoes and rice, and the greatest 
fraud of the age to a starved soldier, pomegranates! I have never eaten 
one since; I thought I had something to eat, when lol a spoonful of little 
seeds out of a (juart of waste hull and pith. We were then marched to a 
sandy field provided with rice straw to sleep on, "the straws" being the 
size of one's thumb to the little finger. We were held here several days 
for transportation, which proved to be the tops of loaded freight cars for 
General Lee's army in Virginia. We had a very long, circuitous, route, 
owing to cut roads by the enemies' raiders, and at the speed of from three 



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54 AMKRiCAiN Clan Orkgor Sckiktv 



to fifteen miles per hour according to engines ixtul grades. We were sup- 
I)osed to forage largely on the country through which we were passing, 
which comprised getting off at the head of the train on up grades and get- 
ting corn and persimmons mostly and any other pick-ups possible until the 
rear of the train approached ; days were middling good but the nights were 
fearful and several rolled off while asleep, and their fate did not overtake 
us ; but the loss of hats was very apparent, as once off they were generally 
gone. 

While the train was passing slowly along the street of a large city I ran -| 

into a large store, which happened to be a ladies' dress goods establishment, 
and requested the proprietor to buy a hunk of fat Nassau meat that I had, 
saying I was hungry and had no way to cook the meat while he did and 
could feed it to his help. He did not want it on any terms. I said it was 
worth three dollars but he could have it for two. A crowd began to gather. 
So he handed me the two dollars and I laid the meat, to his horror, on the 
counter, telling him I was not begging and ran for the train, tho others 
were disposed to give me money. I went to the home of a kinswoman in 
Greensboro, North Carolina, and ate all my good manners would permit, 
which was almost all on the war-time table and about a fourth of what I 
wanted; but she kindly put up a lunch for a friend on the train, whom T 
did not see on my return; so when I had eaten his 1 had half enough. 

In Richmond, Virginia, I actually boarded a passenger coach for home, 
where I arrived in December with an insatiable appetite, weighing one hun- 
dred pounds, whereas I had left in May previously weighing one hundred and 
sixty-five pounds. 

The usual vocation of the common prisoner was gambling — trade — such 
as a plank with many "chews" of tobacco cut up on it, each for two slices 
of bread, unsanitary sea truck for tobacco or l)rcad, washinj^' clothes for 
bread or tobacco, etc., and an even mindful weather eye to the future for 
grub, and all those not sufficiently prosperous to enter tlie lines of business, 
loafing and watching their betters with longing eyes. 

There was only one tree within our prison walls, and that the size of 
one's arm under the shade of which T succeeded in getting only once. 

My prison experience taught me much, and especially how trustworthy 
our fellow man is in high places and how best to profit thereby and look- 
out for number one that "old starvation" does not catch you. Oh I that 
my period of thrift had survived the days of war that in age I might 
enjoy ease, idleness, and luxury. 



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ProcivEdincs of TiiiRTHKNTH Annuai. Gatiiering 55 

GEORGE BEALL vSHERIFF. 
By Mrs. Anne Wade Wood Sheriff. 

GEORGE BEALL SHERIFF, was the eldest son of Mrs. Susan Beall 
G. (Young) Sheriff, and Lemuel Sheriff. He was born at "Beall's 
Pleasure," the ancestral home of his family, situated on the East- 
ern branch of the Potomac River, Benning, D. C. George Beall, had two 
brothers, D. Thadius and Lemuel, the latter dying when he was hardly 
grown, so George Beall and "Thad" grew up together. As soon as they 
were old enough to straddle a horse well, they were sent to the academy at 
Bladensburg, to school, along with the Hill boys, and a black boy, to keep 
them out of mischief and care for the horses; later to Georgetown College. 
After completing their education, they settled down, to what may be termed, 
gentlemen farmers, at their mother's home. At that time tenants worked 
the place in corn and tobacco. The parents of George Beall and Thad 
were married very young, — their mother was only fifteen, and their father 
not much older. He died very young, soon after the birth of his youngest 
son, so their mother was left a widow at 23 years old, with three little 
boys to rear, and the responsibility of a great many slaves, and a large 
farm (which she was most capable of doing) having inherited her property 
from her Aunt, Miss Susan Greenfield Beall. She remained a widow, 
and died at the age of 91 years. 

George Beall was the first of the brothers to marry. Thad was a man | 

of fine appearance, — very intellectual, and an old-time democrat, taking I 

an active part in politics, and was one of the leaders of his party. He held i 

many prominent positions, and was Judge of the Orphans Court at the j 

time of his death. George Beall Sheriff was married to Miss Sarah Eliz- } 

abeth Hill, November 23, 185S. He took his young bride to the "Old ( 

lirick House," near Landover, Maryland, engaged in farming, and so com- | 

mcnccd a Inng life of pcrfett happiness. They continued to live there for | 

about eight years, after whicii the two brothers exchanged homes. Thad i 

was also a 33rd degree Mason. j 

George Beall Sheriff and his family moved back to the old Homestead, \ 

at Benning, his devoted mother living with them, and assisting in raising i 

the fast growing family. The children loved her as a mother, as well as !. 

a (rrandnK)lher, and called her "munmia." The children of George Beall i 

Sheriff and Sarah Elizabeth Hill, were Mauduet l^lizabeth, who died soon 
after reaching womanhood; Philip Hill, married W. A. McCormick; Clem- 
ent William, married Ann Wade Wood, of Maryland; Isibel Sarah, married 
John W. Young; Mary Lemuel, who died soon after she was grown; and 
George Beall, Jr., married to I{mily Ritter, of Pennsylvania. The two eld- 
est boys, were fond of the farm, and engaged in gardening and out-door 
life. "Bee," (as Philip was called), and Clem, were great buddies, working 
together like two little colts. They were especially fond of playing marbles, 



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56 American Clan Gregor Society 

and gunning, in the swamp behind the house, for ortalin and reed birds. 
On one occasion, when "Bee," was very eager to kill a bird, he mistook his 
game and s])rinkled Clem well with shot. The boys threw their guns down 
and ran home, scared to death. Their father quickly hooked up the buggy, 
and took Clem to old Dr. Lewis, at Bladensburg, who soon picked out 
the shot. The boys were fond of telling jokes on their father. One time, 
they had used up all their shot, so they put up a large load of powder, in 
the old "muzzle loader," and put it back in its place over the window. 
Shortly afterward, their father came hurrying in for the gun to kill a hawk, — 
the boys followed close in his footsteps, to see the result, the hawk rose slowly, 
and he blazed away, — a voice called from the porch, — "Pa, did you kill it?" 
he answered, "no" but "Gosh, I burnt him up." The boys disappeared be- 
hind the barn to laugh, and did not tell him for sometime afterwards that 
there was no shot in the gun, and he enjoyed the joke as much as they. 

George Beall Sheriff, when I first knew him, was past middle age. In 
height, he was about six feet, and weighed about 180 pounds. His hair 
and mustache were iron gray, his hair was brushed back from a high, broad 
forehead, — eyes, brown and piercing, that quickly twinkled at a joke, 
small feet and well shaped hands, which he used in graceful gestures when 
talking or in an argument, when he would rise to his feet. He was extremely 
neat and well dressed, ready to go to town without changing. On the 
little finger of his left hand he wore a ring, — a family heirloom, containing 
the hair of his great grandmother Greenfield. He also wore a watch charm 
that he prized. It may be said of him that he was a typical gentleman of 
the old school, genial, hospitable, dignified and modest. His counsel and 
advice were often sought by his friends, and neighbors. He was descended 
from distinguished ancestry. Col. Ninian Beall, and the Greenfields, on one 
side, — the Alauduets, Jacksons, and Youngs, on the other side. The orig- 
inal grants, (witli the seals in good preservation to the difTeront parcels of 
land,) deeded Col. Ninian Beall (which he inherited in direct line) were 
kept locked in a little satchel. He kept a diary, and wrote a very plain, 
neat hand. Each day he dotted down something in this little book. He had 
recorded there the date of a certain warm day, of which he referred to aj 
the "hottest day he ever knew." "Bee" and Clem, said Pa had helped them 
to plant some seed, and had become "heated up," not being used to the sun, 
and hoe. George, Jr. was a "chip of the old block" and balked at the hoe 
like his father. Soon after leaving college, he took a position in the Han- 
over National Bank, New York City, under his cousin, Mr. James Wood- 
ward, at that time President of the Bank. Mr. Sheriff died at his home, 
June 20, 1918, aged 75 years. The interment was in the family lot, in Mt. 
Olivet Cemetary, Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Sheriff was born and raised in the Episcopal Church and was broad 
minded and generous to all other denominations. Just beore his death he 
joined the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of his wife. 



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Procekdings of Thirteenth Annuae Gathering 



57 



MRS. SARAH ELIZABETH HH^L SHERH^T. 



By Mrs. Anne Wade Wood Sheriff. 



SARAH ELIZABETH HILL, wife of George Beall Sheriff, and daugh- 
ter of Philip and Sophia (Magruder) Hill, was born at the old home- 
stead "Baltimore Manor," in Prince Georges Co., Md. "Baltimore 
Manor" was devised to John Hill, a direct ancestor by his father, Clement 
Hill, 2nd, progenitor of the Hill family, in Prince Georges Co., Md., and 
in part, this property remains in possession of the family, at the present 
time. 

Little Bettie, (as she was called) the subject of this sketch, grew 
up with her brothers and sisters, under the careful guidance of digni- 
fied, and old-time devoted parents, and her black "Mammy," known 
as "Mammy vSophy Jack," faithful and kind. In the family, she always 
assisted at the Bride's toilet, was in close attendance at a visitation of 
the "stork" (which was frequent in those old-fashioned days) and a 
faithful watcher in the death chamber, when life's last spark flickered 
out. Little Bettie was one of the youngest, in a large family. She had 
three sisters and five brothers. William, Isaac, and "Jack" were her 
favorite brothers, the latter was a typical old bachelor and a constant 
visitor in later years, at his sister Bettie's home. The Hill children re- 
ceived their early education at home, under the training of a governess. 
Later on, the boys attended the old academy at Bladensburg. William 
Isaac graduated at Georgetown College, with the degree of A. B. in 
1875. He and Jack, were both brave soldiers in the "War between 
the States." The girls completed their education at boarding school, 
in Washington, Bettie was a born scholar, always fond of books, and 
spent many an hour in her old Mammy Sophy's voluminous lap, listen- 
ing to "Mother Goose," and Giiost stories, and other tales, — commenc- 
ing with "Once upon a time — ", and ending with "They married, and 
lived happily ever afterward." 

The Hill children did not have many playmates, the children they 
knew, lived some distance away, on large plantations like theirs. 
Among their neighbors, were the Berrys, Alagruders, Philipses, and 
Mrs. Susan Beall G. Sheriff, Miss vSusan as she was called, being a 
rich young widow, strongminded, as well as fascinating. She had two 
sturdy little boys, whom she kei)t well under control,— George Beall 
the eldest, and D. Thadius. In those days, each family had a retinue 
of slaves, and about once a week, the Hill children with "Mammy So- 
phy" would spend the day with some of the neighbor's children. It 
was the fashion then, for little girls to wear worsted dresses, of bright 
hue, and little white aprons, which Mammy kept spotless. They would 



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58 



Amkrican Clan Oregor Society 



all crowd in the big carriage, drawn by two, gentle bay horses, and 
driven by Uncle Ben, as black as the "ace of spades," — a slim boy called 
I'rccl, who would swint? behind to open the Rates, which were ninnerons, 
between "Marse Philips' " plantation and Aliss vSusan's. After rcachiiiK^ the 
last gate, Uncle Ben would say to Fred, "Go 'long to your Aunt Jane's, and 
meet me here at four o'clock sharp." So it was in this way, the "Quality" vis- 
ited each other, and were usually invited the Sunday before, at Church, 

On one occasion, when the Hill and Sheriff children were sent to 
wait in the parlor, for the second table, Mammy Sophy told Mistress 
Hill that she thought George Beall a bad little rascal. He ran across 
the room, and with both hands, rumpled up little Bettie's hair, and 
snatched her little lace handkerchief out of her apron pocket and threw it 
behind the open fire. This was the first attention that George Beall 
paid to his baby sweetheart, whom he married in the first bloom of 
youth, 

Bettie grew up to a winsome lass. — was rather small of stature, reg- 
ular features, very black hair, large soft brown eyes, a winning smile, 
and full of charm, in personal appearance, and mental ability. She 
was endowed with a poetic temperament, — devoted to music, and played 
on the piano and sang sweetly. 

Sarah Elizabeth Hill was united in marriage to George Beall Sher- 
iff, on Nov. 23, 1858, in the City of Washington. They made their 
home at the "Old Brick House" near Landover, Maryland, where their 
early married life was spent. Six children blessed their union, — 
namely: Elizabeth Mauduet, Philip Hill, Clement William, Isibel 
Susan, Mary Lemuel and George Beall, Jr. 

Isibel was a baby, when Mr. and Mrs. George Beall SherifT, moved 
to the old Beall Homestead, at Benning. It may be truly said that no 
happier family ever lived. 

Soon after Christmas, in 1907, Mrs. Sheriff's health began to fail. 
The best medical skill and loving attention, could not stay the call 
and she died, aged 72. A friend wrote of her thus: — "The death of 
Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Sheriff, which occurred on June 14, 1907, left 
a great void and sense of loss in the hearts of all who knew and loved 
her, — rare indeed, is a nature like hers, — a combination of broad Christi- 
anity, gentle firmness and personal charm. Time dealt kindly, by the 
beauty of her face, for which she had been remarkable in youth, and 
the dear grandmother of seventy years, was almost as beautiful as the fair 
mother of forty, the age at which the writer of this sketch, first remembers 
her. Mrs. Sheriff's outward self merely reflected her true loveliness, that of 
the soul; in all God's green garden of the sanctified dead, summer bloom and 
winter blight, will cover no fairer, sweeter memory, than the subject of 
this, — poor tribute, from one whf) loved her." 

Her funeral was held froni the Church of the Holy Name, Washington, D. 



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Proceedings of Thirteenth Annual Gathering 59 

C. She was laid beside her two daughters, Maud and Mary, in the family 
lot, Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Washington, D. C. 

"Earth to earth, and dust to dust, 
Calmly now the words we say, 
Left behind, we wait in trust. 
For the Resurrection day. 
Father, in Thy gracious keeping, 
Leave we now. Thy servant sleeping," 

I Sarah Elizabeth (Hill) Sheriff, was the daughter of Sophia Ma^ruder, and 

Philip Hill, granddaughter of Thomas Magruder and Mary Clark ; great 
granddaughter of Isaac Magruder, and Sophia Baldwin; great-great grand- 
daughter of Nathan Magruder and Rebecca Beall ; great-great-great grand- 
daughter of John Magruder and Susanna Smith; great-great-great-great 
granddaughter of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall ; great-great-great- 
great-great granddaughter of Alexander Magruder, Maryland immigrant. 



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60 American Clan GkiCGor Society 

MAJOR LAWSON WILLIAM MAGRUDER OF 
MISvSISvSIPPL 

By T. p. Magruder, Rear Admiral, U. S. N. 

MY FATHER, Lawson William Magrudcr, was born on March 3, 
1842, in Madison County, Mississippi. He was the son of 
Samuel Magruder and Rebecca Sprigg Drane. His branch of 
the Magruder family moved to Columbia County, Georgia, after the 
Revolutionary War. His great grandfather was Vivian Beall Ma- 
gruder, who died in Georgia about 1810. His grandfather, William 
Magruder, left Georgia for Mississippi about 1836 but died in Ala- 
bama on his way. 

Lawson William Magruder was reared on a plantation, and his 
early education was in the hands of a tutor, the minister of a neighbor- 
ing Presbyterian Church, and entered Princeton College in 1859. So 
thorough had been his preparation at home that he entered the junior 
class of Princeton College in 1859. He was one of a large number of 
students at Princeton who left in April, 1861 to follow the fortunes of 
the Confederacy. Before leaving college, however, he took the exam- 
inations, and later, received his diploma from Princeton College. 

He enlisted as a private in a company formed in his native count3% 
and took part in the first Battle of Manassas, where he was wounded 
by a minnie ball, going through the cheek. He rose rapidly in the 
Army, and soon was a captain and Aid on the stalls of Generals, 
Featherston, Anderson and Walthall. 

At the Battle of Chickamauga he volunteered to carry dispatches 
through a very dangerous area, and at that time, was again wounded 
by a grape shot in the thigh. For this act of courage, he was given a 
pair of spurs by the General Commanding, ami handsomely cited in 
orders of the day. He went through the Atlanta Campaign, and sur- 
rendered with Johnson's Army in North Carolina in April, 1865. He 
was at this time, paroled with the rank of Major. 

He returned to Mississippi on January 17, 1867, and married Jessie 
Kilpatrick. For several years he was a planter, and at the same time, 
studied law. 

In 1871, he moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi, then the largest town 
in the State, to practice his profession, and became one of the leading 
lawyers of the State. 

He commanded a company in the insurrection of 1874, and by his 
wise counsel he assisted in restoring tranquility amongst the negroes 
around Vicksburg (some of whom had gathered for an attack on the 
whites) thereby avoiding much bloodshed. 

Major Magruder became a successful lawyer, and took an active in- 



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Prockedings of Tiiirti'Kntii Annum, Gathering 61 

terest in politics. His political career ended, however, when he opposed 
the free silver idea. He was at one time a meniher of the Constitutional 
Convention, and as a niemher of the Judiciary Committee, helped to 
draft the clause in the constitution, takinj^ away fioni the ignorant the 
right of suffrage. He was at one time, a Commissioner of the Supreme 
Court, and several of his decisions have been widely quoted. 

In the summer of 1904, he took an active part in the campaign for the 
courage, devotion to friends, generosity, at times a hindrance, and a 
gruder was informed by the Governor elect, that he was to be made a 
judge of the Supreme Court of that State. This had been, for a long 
time, his ambition. Unfortunately, one August morning, while in his flower 
garden, gathering roses for a sick friend, he was stricken with paralysis 
from the effects of whicli he never fully recovered, and died on July 6, 
1908. 

Lawson William Magruder and Jessie Kilpatrick Magruder had nine chil- 
dren, of whom, I am the eldest. Two girls died, one in infancy, and the 
other, Louise, a beautiful child suddenly, at the age of fourteen. My 
mother's grief over the death of her only daughter was so poignant, that 
she became ill and died a very few years after. 

Of the seven sons, there were five in the great War; two of whom are 
officers of the Regular Navy, and one, Samuel Sprague the Paymaster on 
the ill-fated Transport Ticonderoga, was murdered by a German Sub- 
marine in September 1918. 

The youngest son J. M. Magruder, enlisted as a private, went to France, and 
was honorably discharged as a Sergeant after the War. 

As I remember, the dominating traits of my father's character were, 
courage, devotion to friends, generosity, at times a hindrance, and a 
keen sympathy for young people. His advice was often sought by young 
men to whom he always gave a sympathetic hearing and then gave to them 
the best of his heart and mind. 

Major Magruder's memory is still endeared to his fellow citizens of 
Vicksburg, Miss, as has very recently Ix^en demonstrated to me by many 
touching proofs. 

I think I can pay no greater tribute to his memory, than to say that the 
heritage he gave his sons was such, that all married noble women, and 
each one stands well in his calling and in his community. 



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62 American Clan Gregor Sckiety 

MAGRUDER STUDENTS AT LEADING IsDUCyV- 

TIONAL INSTITUTIONS Ol^^ THI<: UNITED 

STATICS. 

(Concluded.) 

By Caleb Clarke Magruder, Jr. 

A PAPER on the above subject, read before this Society at its 
last Gathering (1922), showed that at 24 State Universities 
there had been registered a total of 7Z Magruder students of 
whom 31 had degrees conferred upon them. 

That at 24 other Universities and Colleges there had been registered 
78 Magruder students of whom 32 had degrees conferred upon them, 
including 5 graduates of the United States Military Academy, 3 grad- 
uates of the Virginia Military Institute, and one purely honorary 
degree. 

So that, of 151 Magruder students registered at 48 State Univer- 
sities and Colleges 63 had degrees conferred upon them. 

This paper reveals, that at 19 State Universities, five of the States 
mentioned having no State University, there have been registered j 

16 Magruder students of whom 7 had degrees conferred upon them. 

That at 28 other Universities and Colleges there have been reg- 
istered Z7 Magruder students of whom 25 had degrees conferred 
upon them, including 4 graduates of the United States Naval Acad- 
emy and one purely honorary degree. 

So that of 53 Magruder students registered at 47 State Univer- 
sities and other Universities and Colleges 32 had degrees conferred 
upon them. 

The two papers consequently show that in 43 State Universities 
(5 States having no State University) and 52 other Universities and 
Colleges, aggregating 95 of the Leading Educational Institutions 
of the United States, 204 Magruder students have been registered of 
whom 95 had degrees conferred upon them, or rather I should say, 
there were 112 degrees conferred, since some of these students re- 
ceived more than a single degree, including 5 graduates of the United 
States Military Academy, 3 graduates of the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, 4 graduates of the United States Naval Academy, and two purely 
honorary degrees as before mentioned. 

A further analysis shows the degrees in kind to be as follows: 
♦A. B., 12; B. A., 17; B. S., 6; Ph. B., 2; B. L., 1; LL. B., 7; 

B. Des.. 1; M. A., 3; A. M., 8; \X. M., 2; M. P. M., 1; M. Phil, 1; 

D. D. S., 4; Ph. D., 1; L-E. D, 2; D. D, 1; M. D., 31. 

•A. n. and B. A. are the same dogrtips, tliough the former \n In Latin and 
the latter In En^llah. The name dlHtlnction appHew to the degree A. M. and M. A. 



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PkociU'Dings of Thiktkenth Annual Gathicring 



63 



D.D.S., 1904. 
(nee Mary Alice 



McVey) 



That the students who had 2 degrees conferred upon them nunil)er 
12; that the students receiving 3 degrees number 3, wliile but one 
student received 4 degrees. 

And further, that of professional degrees conferred that of Medi- 
cine largely outnumbers ail the others combined. 
University of Alabama.^ 
University of Arizona.^ 
University of California. ^ 
University of Connecticut. - 
University of Delaware.^ 
University of Georgia: 

Thomas Magruder, — A. B., 1826. 
Indiana University.-^ 
State University of Iowa: 

George Raymond Magruder, Iowa, 

Mrs. George Raymond Magruder, 

Iowa, B. Ph. and Special Certificate in French, 1905. 
University of Kentucky: 

Klla Maud Magruder, Ky., 1910-11. 

Engle Hart Magruder, Ky., 1909-12. 

Joseph Sedley Magruder, Ky., 1876-77. 

Mary Pauline Magruder, Ky., 1919-21. 

Orion Magruder, Ky., (Engr.) 1905-06. 

William M. Magruder, Ky., LL.B., 1914. 
Louisiana State University: 

A. Leonard Magruder, Texas, 1889. 

Fuqua Magruder, La., 1897. 

Gary Waltham Alagruder, Miss., 1903-04. 

Mrs. Harriett Inuiua Magruder (nee Harriet Fuqua), La., B. A., 1914. 

Nathaniel Magruder, Texas, B. A., 1913. 

Mrs. Mary Magruder Guilbeau (nee Mary Magruder), La., B. A., 
1913. 

University of Maine. i 

University of Massachusetts. ^ 

University of Minnesota. ^ 

University of New Hampshire. ^ 

University of New Jersey.^ 

University of New York: 

John H. Magruder, M.D., 1861. 

University of North Dakota.^ 

University of Oregon. ^ 

University of Rhode Island. ^ 

University of South Carolina. ^ 

University of South Dakota.* 



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64 American Clan Okegor Society 

University of Tennessee.^ 
West Virginia University. ^ 
University of Wyoming.^ 
Amherst College, Mass.=* 
Centre College, Ky.: 

Benjamin Hughes Magruder, Miss., B.A., 1882. 
Dickinson College, Penn.^ 
Fordham University, N. Y.^ 
Georgetow^n College, Ky.^ 
Hampton Sidney College, Va. : 
Egbert Watson Magruder," Va., A. B., 1891. 

Franklin Minor Magruder,^ Va., 1887-88. 
Jefferson College, Pa.: 

Archibald Smith Magruder, Md., M.D., 1838. 

(Thesis, "Scarlet Fever.") 
George W. Magruder, Va., M.D., 1859. 
Zachariah S. Magruder, Va., M.D., 1849. 

(Thesis, "Intermittent Fever.") 
William B. Magruder, Va., 1847-48. 
Johns Hopkins University, Md. : 

Caleb Clarke Magruder, Jr.," Md. (Philosophy, Literature, His- 
tory) 1888-89. 
Egbert Watson Magruder,* Va. (Chemistry) 1892-97. 
Ernest Pendleton Magruder,^ Md., B.A., 1895. 
Frank Abbott Magruder, Va., Ph.D., 1911. 
Herbert Thomas Magruder,« N. Y., 1900-01. 
Hugh Sisson Magruder, Md., B.A., 1891. 
Margaret Magruder, Md., 1915-17. 
William Howard Magruder, La., 1893-95. 
William Thomas Magruder, Ohio, (Engr.) 1886-87. 
Lafayette College, Penn.^ 
Loyola College, Md.: 

Caleb Clarke Magruder, Jr.,« Md., A.B., 1894; A.M.. 1898. 
Mercer Hampton Magruder, » Md., A.B., 1896. 
Miami University, Ohio.^ 
Northwestern University, 111.^ 
Randolph-Macon College, Va.: 

William Howard Magruder, La., 1874-76. 
Robert Magruder, Md., 1871-73. 
Rutgers College, N. J.-' 
Saint Louis University, Mo.^ 
Standford University, Calif. ^ 
vSwarthmorc College, Pcnn.: 

Emma Magruder, Md., 1888 and 1891. 



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Procicuuings of Thirtkknth Annum. Gathering 



65 



M.D, 1900. 
1921. 
Folso, Jr.) La., B, 



Trinity College, Conn.^ 
Trinity College, N. C.3 
Tufts College, Mass.^ 
Tulane University, La.: 

Alexander Covington Magruder, Colo 

A. Logan Magruder, La., B.A., (Ed.) 

Evangeline Magruder (Mrs. Joseph V 
1919. 

James W. Magruder, Miss., M.D., 1876. 

Levin F. Magruder, Va., M.Ph., 1904; M.D., 1905. 

M. J. Magruder, La., M.D., 1889. 

Thomas V. Magruder, Ala., M.D., 1910. 
Union College, N. Y.^ 
United States Naval Academy, Md.: 

Cary Waltham Magruder, Miss., graduate of 1908. 

Charles Galloway Magruder, La., graduate of 1920. 

John Holmes Magruder, W. Va., graduate of 1911. 

Thomas Pickett Magruder,io Miss., graduate of 1889. 
University of Louisville, Ky.: 

Bonnie Magruder (Mrs. A. S. Blunk) Ky., B.A., 1921. 

Henry A. Magruder, Texas, D.D.S., 1897. 

H. P. Magruder, D.D.S., 1889. 
Washington University, Mo.^ 
Western Reserve University, Ohio.^ 
Yale University, Conn: 

Benjamin Drake Magruder.^^ La., A.B., 1856, L.L.D., 1906 

Henry Latham Magruder, 111., 1885-88. 



Des. 



1. No Magruder Student enrolled up to 1921. 

2. No State University. 

3. No Magruder Student enrolled up to 1922. 

4. Editor, A. C, G. S. ; Private. World War. H. R. M, 

5. Sketch read before A. C. G. S. In 1923. 

8. Historian, Editor. Councilman, A. C. G. S. 

7. Chief Surgeon, Serbian Unit No. 3, Anaerlcan Red Cross. Died in Typhus 
epidemic at Belgrade, April 8, 1915. H. R. M. 

8. Councilman, A. C. G. S. 

9. Holder of Scholarship, Georgetown (D. C.) University (I>aw) 1897-98. 

10. Rear Admiral, U. S. N. ; in command of U. S. S. Nevada during the World 
War. H. R. M. 

11. Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Illinois. Sketch read before A. C. G. S. In 
1911. 



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66 American Clan Gkegor Society 

MRS. CAROLINA MAYNE POLLOCK. 
By Her Son, Tom L. Pollock, 

MRS. CAROLINA MAYNE POLLOCK passed away on March 
26th, 1922 at the home of her son, Tom L. Pollock in Denver, 
Colorado. Mrs. Pollock was born September 2nd, 1843, at 
Vienna Cross Roads, Ohio, and was the daughter of Emanuel Mayne 
and Grace Magruder Mayne. 

Her father served throughout the greater part of the Civil War and 
was killed almost at its close, just at the end of a victorious battle in 
which he served with distinguished gallantry. His title at the time 
of his death was captain. One of his sons, a brother of the deceased, 
also lost his life during the Civil War. 

As a young girl, Miss Mayne attended- school at Bellefontaine, 
Ohio, at the Woman's Department of the Ohio Wesleyan University. 

In 1866 she married John Emmett Pollock, a Civil War veteran, 
and they made their home at Bloomington, Illinois. Mr. Pollock was 
a graduate of Miami College, Ohio, and for fifty years was one of 
the foremost lawyers of the Middle West and in fact, was active in 
his profession until the date of his death in December, 1914. 

During all these years the deceased and her family were honored 
and respected members of the community in which they resided. 

To this union were born six children, five of whom survived the 
deceased. Among these is Commander E. R. Pollock. U. S. N., who 
graduated from the Naval Academy and who has served many years 
as a naval officer. Commander Pollock has received many decora- 
tions from our government and others for distinguished service es- 
pecially during the Spanish and World Wars. During the World 
War this distinguished son of the deceased was in charge of the en- 
tire personnel of the naval aviators in France and was later attached 
to the Peace Conference. In recognition of his services, he received 
among other decorations the French Legion of Honor. 

The other children of the deceased who survive her are Nellie P. 
Read, wife of Professor F. O. Read of Wisconsin University; J. M. 
Pollock, attorney-at-law in Chicago; Tom L. Pollock, attorney-at-law 
in Denver, Colorado; Paul W. Pollock, attorney-at-law, Bloomington, 
Illinois. 

The deceased was a member of the First Presbyterian Church, 
Bloomington, Illinois, for fifty years, and was a member of the D. A. 
R. and of the American Clan Gregor Society. 

She took great interest in the activities of the American Clan Gregor 
Society and in its membership and in all of the proceedings in connec- 
tion therewith. While a woman of great beauty ami distinguished charm 






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lioRN, 1843; DiiM), 1922. 






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Prockedings of TiiiRTEiiNTn Annual Gathering 67 

which showed her very apparently to be to the manner born, her 
chief delight was in the domestic surroundings of her family. She 
was loved devotedly by her family and friends and she was equally 
devoted to them and was generous and charitable in the extreme. 
Her sunny temperament and her vivacity made her a charming ad- 
dition to all circles in which she came in contact and remained with 
her throughout her life. 

With the highest sense of honor and stern justice in the setting of 
standards for herself, she was kind and forgiving to all of those who 
had erred and showed any sign of repentance. 

Mrs, Carolina Mayne Pollock was the daughter of Emanuel Mayne 
and Grace Magruder; granddaughter of Ninian Magruder and Grace 
Townsen; great-granddaughter of Samuel Brewer Magruder and Re- 
becca Beall; great-great-granddaughter of Samuel Magruder III, and 
Margaret Jackson; great-great-great-granddaughter of Ninian Ma- 
gruder, Sr., and Elizabeth Brewer; great-great-great-great-granddaughter 
of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall ; grcat-great-great-great-great-grand- 
daughter of Alexander Magruder, Maryland Immigrant. 






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INDEX 



Page 

A Boy Soldier of 1861-65, by H. 

E. Magruder 50 

Address, Annual, by Dr. E. M. 

Magruder 11 

Alpin, King 28 

Among the Members 38 

Anglo-Saxons' Advent into Brit- 
ain 12 

Annual Address of Chieftain, 

Dr. E. M. Magruder 11 

"Baltimore Manor," Home of 

the Hills 57 

"Beall Pleasure," Home of the 

Bealls 55 

Britain, Division of Island by 

Romans 12 

Caledonia 12 

Campbell, Clan 19 

Centennial Ode, by J. B. Nick- 

lin, Jr 28 

Chieftains, Deputy 4 

Clan, Abolition of the System.... 17 

Clan Campbell 19 

Clan, Officers of 16 

Clan, Origin of 14 

Committee on Membership 4 

Committees, Special 5 

Councilmen 3 

Correction 34 

Cross, Victoria, by John Mac- 

Gregor 46 

Deputy Chieftains 4 

Drane, Rebecca Sprigg 60 

Dunbar, Isaac yZ 

Foote, Fraidc, Paper on J. ]M. 

Magruder 39 

Glenfruin, Battle of 20-23 

Gregor Clan, Origin of 17 

Harrington, Miss IClizabeth ?)2 



Page 

"Headake" 27 

Hill, Philip 57 

Hill, Sophia Magruder 57 

Hughes' Rangers 4l 

Kenneth MacAlpin 13 

MacAlpin, Kenneth 13 

McCray, Amanda 45 

MacGregors, Character of 18 

MacGregor, John, The Victoria 

Cross 46 

McLean, Airs. Amanda Louise 
Magruder, by N. H. Ma- 
gruder 45 

AlcLean, William I^rant 45 

Magruder, C. C, Jr., Paper on 
Magruder Students at Leading 
b",ducational Institutions of 

the United States 62 

Magruder, Dr. E. M., Annual 

Address 11 

Magruder, Hannah Smith 36 

Magruder, H. E., Paper, A Boy 

Soldier of 1861-65 50 

Magruder, Captain Joseph Moore 32 
Magruder, Josei)h Moore, by 

Prank Poote 39 

Magruder, Joseph Moore, by 

J. M. Martin 41 

Magruder, Joseph Aloore, by 

Airs. N. H. Magruder 39 

Magruder, Major Lawson Wil- 
liam, by T. P. Magruder 60 

Magruder, Mary Ann 47 

Magruder, N. IL, Pa])er on Mrs. 

A. L. M. McLean 45 

Magruder, Mrs. N. IL, Paper on 

Joseph Moore Magruder 39 

Magruder, Samuel 60 

Magruder, Sarah, Home of 27 



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(, I ' j5 ' ,)l, ' K>U-J •') 



70 



American Clan Gricgor Society 



Page 

Magruder Students at Leading 
Kducational Institutions of the 
United States, by C. C. Ma- 
gruder, Jr 62 

Magruder, Dr. Thomas Bald- 
win, by T. M. Wade 32 

Magruder, Rear Admiral T. P., 
Paper on William Lawson 

Magruder ^0 

Magruder, Zadok 35 

Malcolm III 15 

Alartin, J, M., Recollections of 

Joseph Moore Magruder 41 

Mayne, Emanuel 66 

Mayne, Grace Magruder 66 

^^fenibership. Committee on 4 

"Milton h'arm" 35 

Minutes, Synopsis of 8 

Muncaster, F.. M 35 

Muncaster, J. E., Paper on Wil- 
liam Edwin Muncaster 35 

Muncaster, William Edwin, by 

J. E. Muncaster 35 

Nicklin, J. B., Jr., Centennial 

Ode 28 

Official Sprig of Pine 27 

Officers 3 

Penal Laws Against MacGreg- 

ors, luiactmcnt of 22 

Penal Laws Against MacGreg- 

ors. Repeal of 25 

Pollock, Mrs. Caroline Mayne, 

by T. L. Pollock 66 

Pollock, T. L., Paper on Mrs. 

Caroline Mayne Pollock 66 

Proceedings 6 



Page 

Proscription and Restoration of 
a Name, by Dr. E. M. Ma- 
gruder 11 

Recollections of Joseph Moore 
Magruder, by J. M. Martin.... 41 

Report of Treasurer 9 

Robertson, Rachel 35 

Rutan, William 47 

Scots Entrance Into Britain.... 13 

Scots and Picts, Union of 13 

Sheriff. Mrs. A. W. W., Paper 

on George Beall Sheriff 55 

Sheriff, Mrs. A. W., Paper on 
Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Sheriff 57 

Sheriff, D. Thaddeus, 55 

Sheriff, George Beall, by Mrs. 

A. W. Sheriff 55 

Sheriff, Lemuel 55 

Sheriff, Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth 
Ilill, by Mrs. A. W. W. Sher- 
iff 57 

Special Committees 5 

Sprig of Pine, Official 27 

Synopsis of the Minutes 8 

Treasurer, Report of 9 

The Victoria Cross, by John 

MacGregor 46 

Wade, FJeanor 27 

Wade, T. M., Paper on Dr. 
Thomas Baldwin Magruder.... 32 

Wall of Antonius 12 

Wall of Hadrian 12 

West, Mrs. Sarah Olivia Dun- 
bar 32 

Williams, Captain John B 47 

Williams, Mrs. Rebecca Rutan, 
by Mrs. H. E. Palmer 47 



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YEAR BOOK 



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AMEKTCAN 'r:iAN:^GREGOR 



Society. 




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CONTAINING THE PROCEEDII^JCS OF Ttl' 
,. FOURTEI'^^TM ANNUAL GATHER!^.J^ 

1923 



YEAR BOOK 



OF 



American Clan Gregor Society 



CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE FOURTEENTH 
ANNUAL GATHERING. 1923. 



EGBERT WATSOIN MAGRUDER 
EDITOR 



Members Are Earnestly Requested To Send Notice Of Change Of 

Address To The Scribe, Mr. J. B. Ferneyhough, Forest FIiel, 

Richmond, Virginia, And To Mr. John E. Muncaster, 

Rockvii.ee, Md. 



INDIAN PRESS 

SURBER-ARUNOALE CO. 

CMAKLOTTtaviLLt . VA. 



Nationcl Genealoj^ical Society Librflry 
Ji921 Suiiderluiui riaC(5 N. W. 



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Copyriglitcd 

By 

EGBERT WATSON MAGRUDER, 

Editor. 



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OFFICERS. 
HEREDITARY CHIEF, 

vStr Malcolm AIacGkix.or of IMacGuixor, Hart., 

Dalquhiclder, Scothnid. 

OFFICERS ELECTED— 1923 

Dr. Edward May MagrudKr Chieftain 

Caleb Clarki; Magrudi;R, Jr Raiiki)i(j Deputy Chieftain 

John Bowiu; Fi;rnivv hough Scribe 

Mrs. RoHi'.RTA J ulia MAr.RUDi'R J5i:ki;v Rccjislrar 

Miss Mary Th);rivS1v Hh.l Historian 

John Edwin Muncastkr Treasurer 

Egbert Watson Magrudkr Editor 

Rev. James Mitchell IMagruukr, D.\) Chafdain 

Alexander IMuncaster Chancellor 

j\[rs. Anne Wadk SinauFF Deputy Scribe 

Dr. Steuart Brown Muncastkr Surgeon 

COUNCILAIEN— APPOINTED 1923 

Wh.ijam Ni:\\'m.\n DoKsi'/rr. 

Mk'S, Laiira Cook IIu'.gins. 

Uoratjo J'j<skjM': Magrudkr. 

Dr. R, F. Ferneyhough. 

1\1rs. Caromnf, Hir.L Marshall. 

Miss Helen Woods MacGrEGor Gantt. 

Herbert Thomas Magruder. 

Oliver Barron Magrudkr. 

Hi'NiiY Barni'TT Mc13c).\ni:ll. 

Cr.ivMLNT William vSiikrH'F. 



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DEPUTY CHIEFTAINS— APPOINTED 1923. 

Maj. Ed. M. Tutwii.ER Alaba])ia 

LiLBURN D. MAGRUDiiR Arizona 

Mrs, Annie M. McCormick Arkansas 

Ai,BKRT S. Hill California 

Dr. Alex. C. MagrudEr Colorado 

Mrs. Jessie W. G. Myers District uf Coliinibia 

George A. Magruder Florida 

RoBEi^T L. Magruder Georgia 

Mrs. Stella P. Lvles Illinois 

Graham O. Stout Kentucky 

Tiios. M. Wade Louisiana 

Calvi;rt Magruder Massachusetts 

Alvira W. Gregory Maine 

William P. Magruder Maryland 

Walter M. Higgins Michigan 

Miss Nannie H. Magruder Mississippi 

Miss Gertrude O. Pendleton Missouri 

Mrs. Fannie Evvell Wilson Montana 

Mrs, Virginia M. Clarke Nebraska 

Mrs. PIarriet C. Jones Nczv Jersey 

Donald D. Magruder Nczv York 

Capt. Versalius S. Magruder Ohio 

George Corbin Washington Magruder Oklahonia 

Richard B. Magruder Oregon 

Mrs. Elizabeth P. Simpson Pennsylvania 

Miss Carrie O. PEarman South Carolina 

Miss, !'j,i/aiii;tii M. J)avis Tennessee 

James Taylor Magruder Texas 

Henry Magruder Taylor Jlrtjinia 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Snively Washington 

Gray Silver West Virginia 

Mrs. Nancy Graham Simmons JVisconsin 

COMMITTEE ON MEMBERSHIP 

John Bowie FernEyhough, Scribe Forest Hill, Richmond, Va. 

Dr. B'dward AIay Magruder, Chieftain Charlottesville, Va. 

Miss Marv Tiii;rEsiv Hill, Historian K. F. D., Fnndover, Md. 

Mrs. RobivRTa Julia (Magrubi'.r) 1>ukivY, Registrar J'icniuj, Va. 



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SPECIAL COAIMITTEES— APPOINTED 1923. 

I. COMMITTKU AT EakcLv. 

Dr. William Edward Alagrudcr, Jr. 

II. COMMITTLUC ON PkOCKAM. 

Rev. J. M. Alagruder. D.D. 

III. Committee on Pine. 
Caleb Clarke Magruder, Jr. " — -.. 

IV. CoMMiiTEE ON Music. 

Miss Helen Wods MacGregor Gantt, Chairman; John Francis Mac- 
Gregor Bowie; Mrs. J. F. AlacGregor Bowie; Mrs. Jessie Waring Gantt 
Myers; William Newman Dorsett; Miss Susie T^Iitchell Dorsett ; Mrs. 
A. W. W. Sheriff; R. B. Griffm; Miss Frances F. Griffin; Miss Rebecca 
MacGregor. 

V. Committee on Hotei. Arrangements. 
Clement William Sheriff. 

VI. Committee on Decoration of Hall. 

Miss Mary Therese Hill; Mrs. Julia (Alagruder) McDonnell; Mrs. 
Philip Sheriff. 

VII. Committee on Registration. 
Oliver Barron Magruder. 

VIII. Committee on Honor Roll. 

Dr. E. M. Magruder, Chairman; Mrs. R. J. M. Bukey ; Mrs. L. C. Hig- 
gins ; Rev. J. M. Magruder; C. C. Magruder. Jr. 



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6 American Ci^an Grkcor Socikty 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE GATHERING OF 1923 

Thursday, November 8th. 
3 P. M. — Regular Session. 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by the Chieftain, Dr. Edward 
Alay Alagruder. 

INVOCATION by Chaplain, Rev. Jas. M. Magruder, D. D. 

MUSIC—'Blest be the Tie," by Chorus. 

REPORT of Scribe, J. 13. Ferneyhough. 

REGISTRAR being abserjt there was no Report. 

REPORT of Historian, Miss Marie Therese Hill. 

SONG~"Eour Leaf Clover," by Geneva Powell and Helen DeMott, 
Violin Accompanist. 

REPORT of Treasurer, John E. Muncaster. • ' . 

REPORT of Editor, Eg])crt W. Magruder. . , J ^ 

PAPER—'AVilliani W. Hill," by Miss Mary T Hill.:' 

PAPER— "An Old Land Grant From the State of Georgia," by 
Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., read by C. C. Magruder, Jr. 

AlUSIC — "Mazurka" (Saint Saens) by Marjorie Firor. 

ADJOURNMENT 

8 P. M. — Regular Session. . ' ' '• 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by the Chifetain. 

AlUSIC— "Hail to the Chief," as Oflicers enter the Hall ]ireceded by 
UiMrers of the Anieriean I'lag and S^rxiee I'lag. 

SOCll-TV CALLED TO ORDI'.R by the Chieftain. 

INVOCATION by the Chaplain. 

MUSIC — "My Heart is in the Highland," Chorus. 

PAPER — "Tribute to the Late Caleb Clarke Magruder, Ranking 
Deputy Chieftain," by J. M. Magruder, D. D. 

MUSIC— "My Ain Countree," Chorus. 

ADDRESS— "The American Descendants of the Clan Gregor," An- 
nual Address of the Chieftain, Dr. Jidward M. Magruder. 

PAPER— "Centennial Ode," Chapter Second, by J. B. NickHn, Jr., 
read by J. B. Ferneyhough. 

SONG — "Annie Laurie," by Clare Sessford. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

ADJOURN M]<:NT. 

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PrOCKKDINGS of FoURTKlvNTH AnNUAI, GaTIII'RING 7 

Friday, No\-EmbKr 9tii. 
3 P. AI. — Regular Session. 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by the Chifetain. 

MUSIC — "Loch Lomond," Alildrcd Koons. 

PAPlvR — "How to Honor Our Clan," by JuHan Magrudcr, read by 
Mrs. W. P. Brooks. 

PAPER — "The Clan Gregor," by Gray Silver, read by J. B. Ferney- 
hough. 

MUSIC— "Coming Through the Rye," Richard Young. 

UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

MUSIC — "The Afountain Stream," Louise Turner, 

ADJOURNMENT. 

S P. M. — Regular Session. 

SOCIETY CALLED TO ORDER by the Newly ]':ieted Deputy 
Chieftain, Mr. C. C. Magruder, Jr. 

PAPER— "A Boy Soldier of the Civil War 1861-65," Chapter Three, 
Conclusion, by H. \\. Jvlagruder, read by Dr. E. i\f. Magruder. 

MUSIC— "Blue P.ells of Scotland," by the Chorus. 

DANCE— "Highland Fling," by Yolande Gantt. 

PAPJCR— "Anchovie Hills," by l^ev. James .M. Magruder, D. D. 

PAPER— "Magruder M. D.'s," by Mrs. W. E. Waters, read by iMiss 
Jessie Muncaster. 

ANNOUNCMCMl'.NT Ol' .A IMH) INTIV IC 01< !< ICl'J^S AND SPE- 
CIAL C(JMM[TT1',1':S. 

SONG — "MacGregor's Gathering," J. F. M. Bowie, Accompanist, 
Mr. G. H. Wilson. 

SONG— "The Serenade," Airs. J. F. M. Bowie, Miss Richie McLean, 
Mr. J. ¥. M. Bowie, Mr. Fred East, Mr. Wilson, Accompanist. 

SONG — "Long, Long Ago," IMrs. Bowie, Air. Wilson, Accompanist. 

SONG— "Then You'll Remember Me," Mr. Bowie, Mr. Wilson, 
Accompanist. 

SONG — "Little Brown Bear," Miss McLean, Mr. Wilson, Accom- 
panist. 

"Selections from Victor Herbert's Serenade," Mr. East, Mr. Wil- 
son, Accompanist. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

ADJ()URNMb:NT. 

Kl'CivPTION. 



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American Clan Giucgor Society 

SYNOPSIS OF TFIE MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL 
GATHERING OF THE AMERICAN CLAN 
SOCIETY, NOVEMBER 8TH 
AND 9TH, 1923. 



The Fourteenth Annual Gathering of the American Clan Gregor 
Society met in the New Ebbitt Hotel, Washington, D. C, November 
8th and 9th, 1923. 

The Society was called to order by the Chieftain, Dr. E. M. Ma- 
gruder, at 3 P. M. on Novemljer 8th and the proceedings were car- 
ried out essentially as given on pages 6 and 7. The Historian, Miss 
i\t. T. Hill, reported the following deaths: 

Air. Caleb Clarke IMagruder, Ranking Deputy Chieftain. 

Airs. Isabella MacGregor Dorsett. 

At the evening session of the 8th, the officers were elected as given 
on page 3. At the afternoon session of November 9th, Mr. J. E. 
Afuncaster and Dr. E. W. Alagruder were appointed by the Chieftain 
to escort the newly elected Rard<;ing Deputy Chieftain, Air. C. C. 
Magruder, Jr., to the stand. He was presented to the Society by the 
Chieftain and proposed that at ihc gathering of 1924 the Society 
make a pilgrimage to one of the old Maryland Churches at which 
time a tablet would be unveiled. This proposal met with universal 
approval. At the evening session on November 9th, the Chieftain 
announced the Appointive Councilmen as given on page 3 and the 
Deputy Chieftains as given on page 4 and the Special Committees 
as given on page 5. On motion of Dr. E. W. Alagruder, a vote of 
thanks was extended the Aian.agement of the Hotel Ebbitt for the 
courtesies and hospitality extended tluring the Gathering. A vote of 
thanks was also given the Committee on Alusic and all other Com- 
mittees for the excellent work in making the Gathering such a success. 

Adjournment. 



OFFICIAL SPRIG OF PINE. 

The Official Sprig of Pine worn at the 1923 Gathering of American 
Clan Gregor Society was cut at "Creignight," projierty devised to his 
daughter, ]{li/.abeth, by Alexander Alagruder, innnigrant, in 1677, and was 
furnished by Caleb C. Alagruder, Jr. 



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Prockkdings of FourtdivNTh Annual Gathering 



RKPORT OF TRKAvSURKR, A. C. G. vS. NOV. 9, 1923. I 

Animal events, like daily events, become usually rather monoto- 
nous, and the tendency of the i)resent day is to p^et alonj:^ without j 

monotony, so annual events are beiny abolished except for advertis- j 

ing purposes. With this fact in view the treasurer thinks it a good 
plan to apply to the annual report, and get along without it. Idow- j 

ever, as the order has not 3'et been adopted, it is still incund:)ent on | 

him to make one. 

Some of you live on farms, I do not know exactly how many, but 
you who do, know how difficult it is to any farnier to get out his 
l)Ooks, look up the pencil Luella had last night working themes for 
the high school, get the pen from behind the clock, the ink from 
the to]) of the bureau upstairs, add a little water so there will be 
enough to dip the pen in, look up some good, clean wrapping paper 
that came around yesterday's bread, settle down at a table and open 
up his book and start in. In about ten minutes, here comes Sam. 
"Say, boss, that old wagon • wdieel's done broke down." We have 
no blacksmiths now, they are all garage mechanics, so out he goes 
and arranges some way to keep a team going. Another ten minutes, j 

a voice from the other room, "Say old man, the water's all gone." 
He gets out and starts up the engine, and back again. In course of a 
day or so he gets over the work, adds up his figures ninety times i 

until the}' balance and is ready. Of late years the farmer has been ! 

getting lots of sympathy with his hard lot, and the powers that be 
have arranged so that he can borrow all the money he wants to, 
whether he can ever pay it back or not. Some of them work the 
never-pay racket to death and a few of our members seem to • be- 
long to this class, though once in a while one gives a spasm of heart 
failure by sending in a check for dues for i'lve or six years back. A 
rough estmate of amounts of dues in arrears from 1918 are as fol- 
lows: 1918, $50.00, 1919, $90.00, 1920, $120.00, 1921, $140.00, 1922, 
$195.00, amounting to $590.00 in all. Of course if all these members 
were to pay up at one time we would be on easy street. Our assist- 
ant treasurer, who is now a full-fledged schoolmarm with a flock of 
about thirty-five youngsters in her charge, spent about a month last 
summer in getting some cash in and her collections resulted as fol- 
lows: 

Receipts from gathering of 1922 to Gathering of 1923. 

From dues of 1917 $ 3.00 

1918 10.00 

1919 15.00 

1920 27.00 

1921 57.00 

1922 228.00 



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10 Ami-rican Clan Gkicgor Society 

1923 23.00 

1924 3.00 

1925 2.00 

1926 1.00 

Total receipts from dues $369.00 

From sale of year books 3.00 

Balance, Nov. 9, 1922 226.13 

$598.13 
Expenditures 

For printing Year Book of 1921 $237.50 

For cuRravinK Year Book of 1921 50.98 

For Gathering- of 1922, tuning piano 4.00 

For Gathering of 1922, programs 7.50 

For Gathering of 1922, postage of Chieftain 3.00 

For Gathering of 1923, programs 10.17 

For Gathering of 1923, postage of Scribe 30.26 

For Gathering of 1923, postage of Treasurer 7.00 

For Stationery 10.00 

For engraving Year Book of 1922, (in press) 47.18 407.89 

Balance November 8, 1923 ' $190.24 

From this balance the Year Book of 1922, which the Kditor has been 
getting off the press every day since Srptember must be i)aid. 

Alend)iTs should always remtMnber that every dollar that is paid in 
after a bill lias been sent amounts to only ninety live cents, as I'Uclc 
Sam charges full two cents on both bill and receipt, and stationery 
has not gone down any, 

John E. Muncastkr, Treasurer. 



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11 



ANNUAL ADDRESS. 
I. Thiv Origin oi- Tin-: Clan Grkcou; 

II. TlTlv OkIGIN and NuMl-NCLATUKlv OF SlU'TS; 

III. Truv Origin of Tiif, MagrudFu Family or Si-ft; 
IV. TiiF Amfrjcan Dfscfndants of 'J'lnc Clam C/ri;gor. 

Part II. 
By Dr. Edward AIay AIagrudI'R, CJiicfta'ui. 1923. 

My Clansmen : 

At the Gathering of 1922 I read a Paper entitled, "THIC PROSCRIP- 
TION AND RKSTORATION OF A NAAIE." 

This year I propose to deal with the remainder of the story of our 
people under four headings, to wit : 

I. Thk Origin of thk Ci.an C^rivGor; II. ThK Origin axd Nomen- 
civATURF, OF Septs; III. The Oihgin of the AIagruder Family; IV. 
The American Descendants of tih: Ci.an GrEgor. 

I. The Origin of the Cean GrEgor. 

(See Year Books 1909-10, 1911-12, 1922.) 

All writers upon the subject of The Clan Gregor are agreed that it is 
of Celtic or Gaelic Scotch origin and is one of the oldest and largest 
Clans of Scotland. But opinion as to its exact origin is divided, thus: — 

1. TJie most co)]U)ion cuid popular belief is that it was founded by Gregor, 
the youngest son of Al'pin AlacAchaia, king of the Scots of North 
Britain (Scotland), whose ancestors came, in 503 (Browne) or 506 
(Robertson), from the north of Ireland, then called Scotia, and settled 
on the west coast of North Britain in Argyleshire. Alpin reigned 
from 833 till 836 and fell in battle in Ayrshire, in the south-western 
portion of Scotland (See "The Baronage of Scotland" by Sir RoJjert 
Douglas, and "Rob Roy" by Scott). 

IVIillar says Alpin fell near Dundee and Smeaton says he was slain 
at Abcrnathy by the Picts and that Griogar or Gregor, his son, was 
carried away and reared among the Picts. 

2. The latest vieiv is that the founder was Girig, Grig, or "Gregory The 
Great," son of Dungail and king of the united Scots and Picts of North 
Britain, The different historians that I have consulted present the fol- 
lowing views of "Gregory the Great" : . 

Miss Murray MiicGregor, Great Aunt of the present Chief, in "His- 
tory of the Clan Gregor", says that the founder of The Clan Gregor 
was (jirig, Grig, or "Gregory The Great." 






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12 American Ci.an Giucgor Socikty 

Sir Robert Douglas, in ''The Baronage of Scotland," states that "All 
historians agree that 'Gregory The Great' died without issue." 

SL'i')ie in "Celtic vScotiand," spi'aks of "Gregory The Great" as an 
intruder and as a Briton not a vScot. 

Jcnitcs .'/. Robertson, in "Rohertson's Historical Proofs on the ITigh- 
landers," asserts that "Gregory The Great" was a "Usurper" and that 
he reigned jointly with Hocha from 878 to 889 — 11 years. 

Jantes Broimic, in "History Of The Plighland Clans," declares that 
"Gregory The Great" was a "rehel, a usurper, a worthless chief, and 
an artful chieftain, who was Maornior (chief) of tlie country lying 
hetween tlie rivers Spey and Dee in the northeast corner of North 
Britain; that he raised the standard of insurrection against king Aodh 
(Hugh) ; that, after the death of the latter from wounds in battle, 
he assumed the crown and associated with himself, in order to secure 
his wrongful iiossession, l^oeha, grandson of king Kenneth MacAlpin 
by a daughter, who had married Ku or Run, the British king of Strath- 
clyde," which is situated to the south of the river Clyde, and that after 
a joint reign of 11 years, from 882 to 893, these two kings were com- 
pelled to abdicate. 

It seems pretty plain then from the above that the founder of the 
Clan Gregor was Gregor, third son of Alpin, king of the Scots, and 
not Gregory the Great. 

Bard or Harper. 

Bard or Harper was an important personage in a Clan and the position 
was generally held by one of the younger sons of the Chief whose duties 
were : 

1. To keep the genealogical records of the Clan, generally in the 
memory. 

2. To precede the armies in battle and incite the warriors to deeds of 
valor. 

3. To compose verses in honor of Gods and Heroes and their deeds 
and sing them at the feasts and religious ceremonies of princes and 
nobles, accompanying the recitation with the harp. 

Selection of New Name by the MacGregors. 

During the proscription of the name of MacGregor and Gregor, about 
the year 1747 or 1748, a conference of MacGregors from the different 
septs and branches, etc., lasting 14 days, was held at Blair Athol for the 
purpose of adopting a new common name under which all MacGregors 
might rally. 

First, llu-y petitioned Parliament to allow them to resume their old 
name; but this was refused. The different names were then discussed 



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Pkockedings of FourtkivNTii Annum, Gathi^ri.vg 13 

and the choice lay between Grant and Alpiii with Grant the favorite, 
but the asseml^ly split upon the subject of the Chief ship and dispersed 

I without accomplishing an>thing', as they could not agree which family 

: should furnish the Chief. 

I Arms of MacGregor or MacGrigor. 

I 

(hVom Douglas's Baronage of Scotland.) 

Argent; an Oak Tree eradicated, in bend sinister proper, surmf)unted 
I by a sword in bend sui)porting on its point, in the Dexter Canton, an 

I antique crown gules. 

Crest; a lion's head erased, crowned with an antique crown proper. 

i Supporters; Dexter, a unicorn argent, crowned and horned or (denoting 

the royal descent.) Sinister, a deer proper, tyned, azure. 

Mottoes; above escutcheon "S rioghail mo dhream" (Royal is my race) ; 
i below escutcheon "Ard Choille" (The woody height.) 

Arms of MacGregor were originally a pine tree erased proper, crossed 
i saltier with a sword of the second. But the pine tree was also borne 

I in pale, growing on a bank vert. 

I II. TiiK Origin and Nomknclaturk of Skpts. 

' As Clan, meaning Children, is a social group comprising a numl>er of 

households or families the heads of which claim descent from a 

: common ancestor, whose name they bear, and are subject to a com- 

i mon chief, who also bears the ancestral name, so sept is a subdivision 

, of a Clan and is subject to a Chieftain. 

1 ' Septs not only bear names the same as that of the clan to which they \ 

belong but sometimes i)osscss names entirely (Hfferent from that of | 

the Clan, and these names may be derived from different sources as, j 

location, physical peculiarity, occupation, etc., of the founder. Thus, | 

while the great Clan Grcgor was made up chiefly of many families j 

of MacGrcgors with a common Chief over the whole group, there \ 

were subdivisions, septs, or offshoots, of the Clan bearing different | 

names, as Grant, White, Whyte, AlacNab, MacNee, MacKnie, Mac- \ 

Nish, AfacNeish, MacLeister, MacLiver, ^lacAdam, AlacKagh, | 

AfacKay, ATacKinnon, JMacCoulciar, MacCruiter, MacCruder, Alac- j 

Gruther, MacGruder, MacGrowther, etc., each with its separate I 

Chieftain ; but the individual members of these differest septs were i 

known as MacGregors. I 

And as the great Clan Gregor took its name from the founder, , 

Grcgor, so some of the septs of this Clan took their name from the 
location, physical peculiarity, occupation, etc., of their founders. 
Location. A sept or family may take its name from the place at which j 

it resides, those living in Glenstrae or Glenlyon being called the Glen- ; 



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14 



American Cuan Griccor S(kii:ty 



strae or Glenlyon MacGrcgors, etc., while the Chieftain would answer 
to the appellation Glenstrae, Glenlyon, ete. 

Physical Pcculiarilics. A sept or family may take its name from some 
physical peculiarity of its founder. Thus Dougal, the fourth son of 
Gregor MacGregor, the 12th chief of the Clan Grcgor, had a dark, 
swarthy cumijlcxion, and was called Coulciar Dougal or Dark ] Jou- 
gal, and his descendants were known as the AfacCoidciars or 'I'he 
Sons of the Dark One. Coulciar Dougal was then the founder of the 
AlacCoulciar branch or sept of the MacGrcgors, hut at the same 
time they remained AlacGregors. This was the sept to which Rob 
Roy lu'longed. (II. L. .Magrudcr ). 

Occupation. A sept or family may take its name from the occupation 
of the founder. Thus, Gillespie, tlie third son of Gregor MacGregor 
above, assumed the (^ccuiiation of cniitcr ov cruder or harper f(jr 
his clan, as was the custom with the younger sons of flighland 
chiefs, and liis descend;',uts came to he called the MacCruilers or 
xMacCruders, the Sons of the llarjjer. From this we get the (origin 
of the MacCruiter or MacCruder branch or se])t of the MacGreg(jrs, 
but at the same time they did not cease to Ix.' MacGrcgors (H. L. 
M.). 

III. TiiK Origin of tiil: Magrijdkr Sici'T oi^ Famit.v. 

In ye olden time proper names were frequently built up from roots, 
thus : 

Cruit is a Gaelic word meaning liarp the k'nglish spelling of which is crud, 
little t in Gaelic being supplanted l)y a little (7 in l\nglish ; the addition of 
cr makes cniitcr or cruder nieaning harper or hiinl, and with the pre- 
iix Mac denoting son we obtain MacCruiter or MacCruder meaning 
son of the harper. 

So, likewise, the spelling of some common names has undergone altera- 
tions as shown by the syllable ther in the ancient words pon'thcr and 
niurtJier becoming der in the modern pozvder and murder. 

The prefix Mac has suffered various changes and substitutions as seen 
in, 

The dropping of little a in MacCre(/or leaving McCrc</or ; 

The omission of little c in MacCi rather leaving MaCnilher ; 

The change of cai)ital C in MacCruder to capital G in MacCruder ; 

The change of capital G in MacCruther to little (j in Macgruthcr ; 

'I'he sul)stitution of an inverted conuua in M'Crcijor for ac in Mac- 
Crajor, etc. 

These acrobatic perfornianccs of letters and syllables then give us the 
following f(uins f(jr one single proper name: 









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15 



MacCruiter, 

McCruiter, 

]\lacCriUlicr, 

McCruther, 

^lacCruder, 

AlcCruder, 

MacGruiter, 



AIcGruitcr, 

MaGruiter, 

MacGruthcr, 

McGnithcr, 

AlaGruthcr, 

AlacGrcKjther, 

MacGrooder, 



AiacGrouder, 

I\1cGrou(K'r, 

JMagroiider, 

AlacGrudcr, 

AIcGrudcr, 

AraGnulcr, 

Mai; ruder. 



Frank Adam, author of "Clans, Septs, and Regiments, of the Scottish 
Higldands," t|uotes the following: 

Two of the Chui (Gregor), during the persecution, were wandering 
in Tslav (an island on the west coast of Sccjtland ) and on Saturday 
night found shelter in the house of a farmer. One carried a mu- 
sical instrument called cniil, a kind of harp, and the other stones for 
sharpening edged tools. Wnien leaving on Monday morning the 
wanderers thought it right to trust their secret to their host and so 
let him know what to call them. The man with the shariiening stones 
said, "is lioviJiair iiiise," which has lieen Anglicised into "Liver," and 
his sons were called "Mac Liver." The man with the harp said "is 
cniiieir iiiise," and his son came io Ix: called "Mac a' Cniitcir," "the 
soil of the harper" and from this we get the names "MacGruthcr ," 
"MacGnider," etc. 

The Origin of Lord Clyde. 

Lord Clyde, the "Savior of India" to the British empire, was originally 
a MacLiver, as his father bore that name; but a certain Colonel Camp- 
bell, his maternal uncle, procured for him a commission in the British 
Army and in deference to him young AlacLiver took the name of Colin 
CamitlK'll, bet-ame one of the greatest Generals of the Briti.sh lunpire, 
and suppressed the Indian Mutiny or Sepoy Rebellion, thus adding laurels 
to the Clan Gregor from which he was descended. 

It has been shown above that a Sept or familv of a Clan may take 
its origin and name from the occu])ation of its founder. 

It has also been shown that there was a Sept or family of the Clan 
Gregor called MacCruiter or MacCruder, whose name has been converted 
by lawful changes to MacGrudcr, Magruder, etc. 

Likewise it has been proved that the founder of this Magruder Sept 
was Gillespie MacGregor, 3rd son of Gregor MacGrcgor, 12th Chief 
of the Clan Gregor, and that this Gillespie MacGregor was the harper 
of the Clan Gregor (Sec farther on). 

Now, we have proofs, that will be set forth later on in this paper, 
that a descendant of this Gillespie MacGregor, the harper, named Alex- 
ander (II.) jMcGruder, was brought to Alaryland between the years 1651 
and K)5.S as one of a lot of jirisuuers cai)ture(l by Cromwell at the battle 
of ^\^»^(:ester in 1651, in ICngland, and that soon after his arrival in 
Maryland this Ale.xander (II.) McGruder took up at various times several 



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16 American Ci.an GuEgor Society 

bodies of land in Calvert County, Alaryland, under the different names 
of Macruder, MacGregor, MacGruther, AIcGrudcr, Magruther. Maryland 
records show that all these names applied to one and the same individual, 
who was afterwards called Alagruder. 

About 98 per cent, of the members of this Society are descended from 
this Alexander (II.) Magrudcr and descent from him is easily proved 
and has been proved in the case of every member of the American Clan 
Gregor Society except those whose immigrant ancestors bore the sur- 
name of MacGregor and Gregory. The names of the last two families 
arc sutlicicnt evidence of their descent from and connection with the 
Clan Gregor. 

All 7i'ritrrs upon the subject of this family of MacGruther or Magruder 
are agreed that it is a branch, sept, or offshoot, of the Clan Gre- 
gor and that all persons inheriting the surname of Magruder are 
descended from the Clan Gregor and are related to each other. 

Among all the Mafjnidcrs, as far as I know and have heard, tiicre exists 
the tradition and belief that the name of their family was originally 
MacGregor. 

Frank .-hhiin, author of "Clans, vSepts, and Regiments, of the Scottish 
Highlands," says that the name Alagruder is of AlacGregor origin. 

Crozicr's General Armoury gives the Alagruder Coat of Arms — the same 
as that of MacGregor. 

Sir Robert Douglas, in "The Baronage of Scotland," gives the ancestry 
of Alexander (II.) Magruder, the Maryland innnigrant, as of Mac- 
Gregor origin. 

John Smith Magruder of Maryland, a descendant of Alexander (II.) 
Magruder, the Immigrant,, in 1820, luul the name ot his live sons, 
Mortimer, Nathaniel, Roderick, 1 lein'y, and Alaric, changed from 
Alagruder to MacGregor, by Act of the Maryland Legislature. 

The Tliird Baron Abinger, of Scotland, married the daughter of Com- 
mander George Alan Magruder of the United States Navy and had 
his eldest son by that marriage christened James Yorke AlacGregor, 
the latter, he claimed, being the original family name of his wife. 

George Praser Magruder of Maryland and Virginia, a descendant of 
Alexander (II.) Magruder, the Immigrant, had the MacGregor Arms 
confirmed to him (Judge Benjamin Drake Magruder of Chicago in 
Matthew's American Armoury and Blue Book for 1908). 

Captain James Truman Magruder, of Prince George's County, Maryland, 
while visiting a relative, a Doctor MacGregor of Aberdeen, Scotland, 
in 1789. was presented by the latter with an old oil painting of the 
MacCircgor Coat of Arms which, he said, properly pertained to the 
Magruder Branch of the Clan and whicli is the same as the Coat of 
Arms confirmed to his cousin, George Kraser Magruder (Judge J3en- 



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ProciU'Dings of FouRTEivNTii Annuai, GaTIIIvRINC 17 

jamin Drake Magruder of Chicago). This painting is now in the , 
hands of Aliss Mary Harrelson Magrudcr of San Antonio, Texas. ' 
MacGrcyor Geiwaloyy in Scotland is particnlarly difficult hecause of the 
outlawry of the Clan and the proscription of the name; and it is I 
probable that many MacGrcgor Children were registered under other ; 
names or, if not registered, received other names and that, in the j 
course of time, they lost sight of their true origin, especially during | 
the troublous times of their history, and never resumed the old name j 
as many of the AfacGrcgors did. ; 

Genealogy of the Magruders 

(From the Founder of the Clan Gregor.) 

Alpin MacAchaia was crowiicd king of the vScots in ?^?>?) A. D, and 
was killed in !)altlc in Ayrshire, a portion of the Scottish Lowlands, in 
836 A. D. He left three sons: 

1. Keiuiclli, the ehkst, who succeeded him on the Scottish throne and 
um"ted the Scots and the Picts, who had been national enemies for 
centuries, being the grandson of Eocha IV. and of Urgusia, daughter 
of Urguis, king of the Picts. • 

2. Douugliea; 

3. Grcijor, who was the youngest son of king Alpin. 

Gregor MacAlpin, the youngest son of king Alpin MacAchaia, was, 
it is pretty generally claimed, tlie founder of the Clan Gregor and hence 
its First Chief, Laird, or Lord, and all his sons were called AfacGregor 
and his descendants constituted the Clan Gregor from Clan which means 
children. At this i)oint there is a gap in the line of Chiefs down to the 
8th Chief, which gap T have not been able to fdl. * t= * ♦ ♦ 

Malcolm MacGregor was the 8th Chief or Laird of the Clan and 
lived during the reign of David IL, king of Scotland, in the years 
1125 to 1155 A. D. Me was a man of great physical strength and while 
out hunting one day with the king the latter was attacked by a wild 
boar, which would have slain the king but for Malcolm's intervention. 
Pulling up an oak sapling by the roots and holding it between the king 
and the beast he slew the latter with his hunting knife. The monarch 
then and there presented him with a Coat of Arms containing "A)i Oak 
Tree Eradicated." Hitherto the Coat of Arms of the MacGregor Chiefs 
had shown "si Pine Tree (jroicinq out of a greoi mount." At this point 
is another gap in the line of Chiefs down to the 12th Chief. ***** 

Gregor MacGregor was the 12th Chief of the Clan and succeeded to 
the chieftaincy in 1374. He left 5 sons, four of whom were the following: 

I. Malcolm (11.) succeeded his father as 13th Chief and died without 
issue. 



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18 



American Clan Gukcor Socii-tv 



2. John of Glcnstrae succeeded his brother Malcohn as 14th Chief. 
From this John the present Chief is descended. 

5. Doitgal was called, from his dark, swarthy complexion. Coulciar 
Dougal or Dark Dougal, and his descendants were called MacCoul- 
ciars or sons of the Dark One. He was the ancestor of Rob Roy. 
Coulciar Dougal was thus the founder of the MacCoulciar Family 
or Branch of the AlacGregors, but at the same time they remained 
MacGregors (H. I.. M.). 

3. GiUcspie MacGrcgor, the 3rd son of Gregor MacGregor, was born 
in 1375 and became the bard or harper of his Clan, as was common 
for the younger sons of Highland Chiefs. 

Gilles])ie AlacGregor was thus the founder of the MacGruther or 
MacGruder Family or Branch of the AlacGregors, but at the same 
time they remained AlacGregors (IJenry Ivatham Alagruder, 
Authority). 

William (I.) McCruder was the eldest son of Gillespie MacGregor, 
the harper, and was born in 1413. lie is found witness to a charter dated 
March 10, 1447. The Gaelic for William is Gilliaume (See Mag. Sig. 
Jac. II. P. 6407. II. L. M.. Authority). 

Gillespie McCruder was the son of William (I.) McCruder and was 
born in 1453. (H. L. M., Authority). 

William (II.) McCruder was the son of Gillespie McCruder and was 
born in 14'J0. (11. L. AI., Authority). 

James (I.) McGruder was the son of William (IT.) AlcCruder and was 
born in 1519. He began life as a page of Lord Drummond and he and 
his descendants were adherents of the Drummond family and hence were, 
as were all the MacGregors, staunch Cavaliers and Royalists and sup- 
liorters of the Stuarts and suffered accordingly during the civil wars of 
1650, 1689, 1715, and 1745. (H. L. AI., Authority). 

John (I.) McGruder was the son of James (I.) AIcGruder and was 
born in 1544. He was charged with being implicated in a raid made by 
some of the Clan Gregor on the House of Bochastle in 1580. (See Rec- 
ords of Privy Council of Scotland Vol. HI. P. 350-355 in January, 1580. 
H. L. M. and C. C. Magruder, Jr.. Authorities.) 

Alexander (I.) McGruder was the son of John (I.) McOutlcr and 
was born in 1569 (See Parish Records of Perth.). In 1605 he married 
Lady Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir Andrew Drummond, Chief or 
Laird of Ballyclose in Perthshire, Scotland, and nee Margaret Campbell, 
daughter of Sir James Cam])bell, Lairrl of y\!)ernchiel (See Records 
of Privy Council of Scotland Vol. VII. P. 600. H. L. M. and C. C. 
M,, Jr., Authorities). 

In the said K'ecords of Privy Council these words occur, to wit, "Mar- 



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PrCK'1;1;DINGS OF FOURTEI^NTII AnNUAL GaTII TURING 19 

garct Campbell, Relic of the said Andro Drummond, * * ♦ * Alexander 
McGruder now her spouse," dated May 28, 1605. He is also spoken of 
as being of Ballyclose, and there are other references to him in which 
he is called "Alxander MacGregor." This couple left several sons and 
daughters, the three sons mentioned being James, Alexander, and John. 
(C. C. M., Jr., Authority). 

1 James McGruder, Alias James AlacGregor, the eldest son of 

p Alexander (I.) McGruder, was born about 1607, and is mentioned in 

f an Act of Scottish Parliament, in b'cbruary, 1649, as one of a few of 

i Lords, Lairds, and Freeholders, selcctetl by Parliament in the name of 

[ king Charles 11., to Act as commanders for the Shire of Perth to raise 

I ■ military forces to resist the invading army of Cromwell. 
I 'j'his Act of Parliament describes him as "J'^nes McGruder, Laird of 

I Cargill" and it is thought he was slain at the battle of \V(nxester in 1651. 

j: The Barony of Cargill was a beautiful hilly country of the Perthshire 

!• Plighlands near Dunkeld on the river Tay and was formerly one of the 

' possessions of the Drummond family (Larls of Perth. II. L. ^l.). 

f As the name of MacGregor had been proscrilx'd under penalty of 

death in 1603, it is easy to understand why it does not appear in the 
I commission of James McGruder, whose real name was MacGregor (See 

I Histories of Scotland and Introduction to "Rob Roy" by Scott. H. 

I L. M.). 

I The main line of Lairds or Chiefs of MacGregor had become extinct 

I about this time and several dilTerent branches claimed the Chiefship 

i (See Skene's History of the Highlands. H. L. M.). 

I James McGruder of Cargill seems to have been recognized by a number 

• ., of the Clan as Laird of MacGregor or Chief of the Clan and is re- 

ferred to in the History of Sir I\van Cameron of Lochiel as "James 
Laird of I\lacGre,i;or" (H. L. M.). 

James jMacGregor of Cargill, by Act of Parliament in 1649, held a 
commission as Colonel in the Royal Army and together with him were 
undoubtedly his two brothers, Alexander born in 1610 and John born in 
1614 (H. L. M.). 

Hence, if James McGruder was Laird of AlacGregor — in other words 
if he was a MacGregor — it stands to reason that his brother Alexander, 
the Ancestor of so many of the members of this Society, was also a Mac- 
Gregor. 

Alexander (II.) McGruder, also called Macruder, Magruther, Mac- 
Gruther, McGruther, MacCrouder, ]\IcCrouder, ^IcGrudder, and finally 
Magruder, the latter form being that signed to his will, was the second 
son of Alexander (I.) IVIcGruder and was born in Perthshire, vScotland, 
in 1610. The differences in spelling were prcjbably due to clerical errors 
(H. L. M.). 

In 1651, when Charles H. invaded h'ngland in his attempt upon the 



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20 American Ci,an GkEGor Society 

British throne, a large part of his army was composed of Scotsmen, 
among whom were James, Alexander, and John, McGruder. And when 
Charles was defeated at the hattle of Worcester by Cromwell that same 
year, several thousand prisoners of war were taken. Worcester is near 
the central portion of England, and about 105 miles northwest of London 
on the Severn River (H. L. Al.). 

In 1652, about 150 of these prisoners were carried to the British Ameri- 
can Colonies to be sold or bound out to the planters, as was then the 
custom in the case of political priscjners, for from 4 to 8 years. They 
ivcrc )iot called slaves but ivcrc knount as iiuleii lured servants and were 
entitled to purchase their freedom (H. L. M.). 

These prisoners were taken via Barbadoes first to Virginia, where they 
were delivered to Governor Richard Bennett, Governor, and William 
Claiborne, Secretary, of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and then to 
Maryland, where they arrived in 1652 or 1653 (H. L. M.). 

Among those brought to Maryland were Alexander and John McGruder 
(Alagruder) ; but it is not known whether or not they were disposed 
of in accordance with the custom of the time, but probably jiot, as Alex- 
ander was a man of education and means and was probably exempted 
by the payment of a fine or ransom; for soon after his arrival in Mary- 
land he purchased 600 acres of good land in what was then Calvert, 
but is now Prince George's, County on the north side of the Patuxtent 
river. This tract of land was surveyed for Richard Harris and H, 
Coursey in 1652 and the surveyor's certificate was soon afterwards 
(probably in 1652) consigned by them to "Alexander Afacruder," the 
assignment being made on the margin of the certificate and not dated 
(H. L. At.). 

This is the first record of the name found in America. On this patent 
issued by the Second Lord Baltimore, in 1661, this tract is called "Ala- 
gruder," while on subsequent records pertaining to the same individual 
the name is spelled in the different ways shown above (11. L. AL, 
Authority). 

A memorandum in the land office in Washington, D. C, LAHR. Folio 
220, states that in 1652 "Alexander AfacGregor" settled on 500 acres of 
land near "Turkey Buzzard Island," in the Patuxtent River, Calvert 
County, Maryland (C. C. Alagruder, Jr., Authority). This was after- 
wards known • as the "Alagruder Ferry Plantation." So it is more 
than prol)ablc that the "binding out" story is incorrect. 

A deed was executed is 1673 by Alexander AIcGruder and his wife 
Sarah in which both sign their names "ATagruther," while the lx)dy of 
the instrument shows the spelling "AfacGruthcr" (C. C. AT., Jr., Au- 
thority). 

Scharfe, in his history of Maryland, states that Alexander (IF.) Afa- 
gruder Vv'as an educated gentleman. In Alary land he became a man of 
substance owning several lauded estates amounting lo 4,000 acres, to some 



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PkocI'Edings of Fourteenth Annuai. CjATmerinc 



21 



of which he gave Scottish Highland names as, "Dunblane." "Craigneigh," 
etc., and to others the names "Alexandria," "Good Lruck," "Anchovie 
Hills," etc. (Ji. L. M.). 

It is claimed that he had three wives, but there is documentary evi- 
dence of only two, to wit, Sanih and lilicahcth. They are usually 
mentioned as follows : 

1. Margaret Braitlnvaitc, whose existence is entirely traditional and 
of which there is no documentary proof whatever, but it has been 
accepted by genealogists as a fact without any reason except tradi- 
tion. It is thought that the immigrant had such a wife, that she 
was his first, and was the daughter of Capt. William Braithwaite 
and cousin of the Second Lord Baltimore. 

2. Sarah ? The only proof that he had a wife named Sarah 

is a deed dated March 11, 1670, signed by Alexander IMagrudcr of 
Calvert County, Maryland, and Sarah, his wife; in this deed they sell 
to Mordicai Hunter 600 acres of land in Calvert County, Maryland, 
called "Magruder's Beginning," which had been patented to the said 
Alexander Magruder August 3, 1668. (Annapolis Probate Court, 
Lib. 4. B., No. 7, p. 445.~C. C. M., Jr., Authority). 

3. Blicabcth (Hawkins?) of Calvert County, Maryland. We know that 
his last wife was named "Elizabeth," as this name is given in his will, 
but whether or not her last name was "Hawkins," we have no docu- 
mentary evidence thereof. 

It is not known whether or not Alexander (II.) Magruder was mar- 
ried before he left Scotland. He left six children, who were all men- 
tioned in his will along with his wife, l^liz.abeth, to wit, James, vSamuel, 
and John, Alexander, Nathaniel, and h'lizabelh. 

The fust three, it has been said by some, were the offspring of 
Margaret Braithwaite, if there was such a wife; while it has also been 
claimed that these three were the children of Sarah (General F. M. 
M. Beall). The three last were undoubtedly the children of his wife 
Elizabeth (See Will of Alexander (II.) Magruder in Annapolis, Md.). 

Samuel, Alexander, and Nathaniel are the only ones of his children 
that left any descendants (C. C. M., Jr., Authority). 

No less than 37 of the descendants of Alexander (IL) Magruder 
held cither civil or military positions on the American side during the 
Revolutionary War (C. C. M., Jr., Authority). 

He died in 1677 and his will was probated January 25, 1677. There is 
a copy of this will in its original quaint wording and spelling in the Land 
Office in Annapolis, Maryland, Liber V., Folio 269, which contains 
copies of all the wills of all the counties of Maryland (C. C. M., Jr., 
Authority). In this will he mentions his wife "i'.Iizabeth." 

The place of his death and burial was, for a long time, in dispute; but 
it has been proved beyond the shadow of a doubt by Caleb Clarke Ma- 



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22 Amkrican ChAN Gri'Xor Society 

gruder, Jr., of Upper Marlboro, Maryland, that he died and was buried 
on the plantation called "Anchovie Hills" in what was Calvert but is 
now Prince George's County, Maryland. This is mentioned in his will 
as "The plantation that 1 now live on" (C. C. M., Jr., Authority). 

Alexander (II.) Magruder bequeathed his landed estates as follows: 
To IVife, Blizabelh, and after her death to her sons Alex- 

der and Nathaniel, "Anchovie Hills" 800 Acres. 

To Son, James, "Dunblane," 400 Acres. 

To Son, John, "Alexandria," 500 Acres. 

To Son, Saniucl, "Good Luck," 500 Acres. 

7^0 Diiuyhtcr, Jlli::ahcth, "Craigneigh," 200 Acres. 

John (II.) McGruder, Immigrant, brother of Alexander above men- 
tioned, was born in Perthshire, Scotland, and was in the army of Charles 
II. at the battle of Worcester, England, which occurred in 1651, There 
he was captured by Cromwell and sent with his brother, Alexander, 
and 150 other Scotch prisoners of war via Barbadoes to Virginia and 
thence to Maryland to be sold or bound to the planters. He shared the 
same fate that his brother did and we hear of him as the constable of 
the Lower Hundred of Kent County, Maryland, March 31, 1668. Noth- 
ing further is known of him or of his descendants if he had any (C. 
C. M., Jr., Authority; also see Hanson's "Old Kent," Maryland). 

IV. Till; Amkrican DivsciiNDAKTs of Tiit: Ci,an GrEc.or. 

In both the animal and vegetable kingdoms it frequently happens that 
transplantation to a new soil and climate results in increased energy, activity, 
and productivity. Such has been the case with those of our race who 
have made America their home. 

The American descendants of this ancient Clan cling to the name of 
MacGrcgor with the same tenacity that characterized the Clansmen of 
old, and when John Smith Magruder of Alary land, in 1820, changed the 
name of his five sons from Magruder to MacGregor he was actuated 
by the same si)irit that was at work in Scotland when, in 1822, vSir John 
Murray resumed the name of MacGregor and was recognized as Chief 
of the Clan Gregor of the old Glenstrae line (See Address of Chieftain, 
Year Book 1922.) 

The MacGregors "On their native heath" have, under equal conditions, 
shown themselves the peers of any race despite their fearful handicap; 
and it has been said that, 

"Since the repeal of the penal laws against them there is no Clan name 
which has earned more honorable distinction than that of AlacGregor" 
(Dr. Josej^h Anderson, Antiquarian, Authority). 

But what have the American Descendants of this Clan done in America 
to honor and exalt the name — in America, where no Act of Parliament 
or Privy Council forbids its use; where they can meet their fellows 






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23 



freely in the broad light of day; where no bloodhound yelps on their 
trail; where no hot iron key sears cheek of wife or daughter? 

In this land of equal opportunity for all and absence of unjust discrimi- 
nation, they have attained the top-must round of achievement in almost 
every field, whether they have aspired to literary or ftjrensic fame, military 
glor}', or political preferment, or have ])een ambitions of ecclesiastical 
robes or the judicial ermine. In every line of endeavor AlacGregor 
achievement has been commensurate with the t'leld of opportunity, and in 
this country there are few offices, civil or military, especially of the 
higher chiss, those of J-'resident and Vice-President excepted, that have 
not been held by the American descendants of the Clan Gregor. 

Amid such wealth of material I will have space for but few names, 
as follows: 

Judges Daniel Randall Magruder and Richard Brown Magrudcr of 
Maryland, licnjamin Drake Magruder of Mississippi and Illinois, and 
Roger Gregory of Virginia, honoietl the Judicial Pencil with tiie wisdom 
and profundity of their opinions and decisions. 

William iiozekiah Nathaniel Magruder of Louisiana and William 
Howard (II.) Alagruder of Mississippi, themselves distinguished in letters, 
shed lustre upon their professon in leading American youth to higher 
knowledge and to appreciation of better things. 

The statesmanship of Enoch Louis Lowe, Thomas George Pratt, and 
Edwin Warfield, Governors of ]\larylan(l, and of Thomas George Pratt, 
member of the U. S. Senate, rose grandly to the emergency of their 
country's needs. 

Leonard Covington of Afaryland, member of Congress and Brigadier 
General in the War of 1812, Lieutenant General James Longstreet of 
Georgia. "The War Horse of the Confederacy," and ^^lajor General John 
Bankhead Magruder of Virginia, in his Virginia Peninsula Campaign 
of 1862 with one against six, all showed military talent and ability of 
the highest order aiul won victory against heaviest odds. 

The lives of Doctors, William lulward Magruder of Maryland with 60 
years of continuous service, Samuel Wade Magruder of Tennessee, and 
William Bowie Magruder of Maryland, in conscientious attention to duty 
and as examples of the old time country physician, serve as beacon lights 
to the young in pointing the way to honor, integrity, and humanity, in 
the relief of the suffering and afllicted. 

William Edward Muncaster of Maryland, our honored, beloved, and 
lamented fellow-member, whose pen never failed to charm this Society, 
furnished an example of true American citizenship such as typified the 
lives of the makers of this Republic, who were the first to establish a 
government of, for, and by the people. 

The Reverends Ivan Marshall Green of Virginia and William Magruder 
Waters of Maryland, the two first (diai)lains of this orgaiii/.alion, in (heir 



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24 Ami^rican Ci.an GkKoor S(x:iF/rY 

uprightness of purpose and the purity of their lives, were types that 
should form the framework of the ministerial profession. 

Julia Magruder, the Virginia Authoress, in her literary productions, 
will always please and appeal to those that appreciate cleanness of thought 
in literature. 

Hlijah Steele Drake of Mississippi, whose stalwart patriotism was 
a bulwark of strength in stressful times, and Colonel Spencer Cone 
Jones of Maryland with 40 continuous years in office, both served their 
country with patriotic devotion in "The War Between the States" and 
Reconstruction. 

Allen Bowie Magruder of Virginia and Louisiana was the first U. S. 
Senator elected from Louisiana; Patrick Magruder of Maryland was a 
member and Clerk of the U. S. Mouse of Representatives and, ex officio. 
Librarian of Congress; and Benjamin Henry Magruder of Virginia, 
Lawyer, Orator, Statesman, and Patriot, gave 11 of the best years of his 
life to the service of his state, in her House of Representatives, during 
the most momentous period of her history, before, during, and after, the 
great "War Between the States," and was elected to the Confederate 
States Congress, but peace came before he could take his seat. 

Dr. Ernest Pendleton Alagruder of Maryland, who, in the World War, 
gave up his life for an alien people, set an example of courage and 
devcjtion, which will make us, his contemporary Clansmen, ever feeb proud 
of his generous and courageous humanity. 

Amongst the youthful chivalry of our land I need but mention "The 
Five gallant Frescatti Magruder Boys," luhvard, James, llillcry, (^eorge, 
and David, whom Virginia claimed as "her jewels" and who, in the brief 
period of their lives, gave promise of further brilliant military ac- 
complishment; John Bowie Magruder of Virginia, who, Colonel at 23, 
in the charge of Pickett's men on the heights of Gettysburgh, fell mortally 
wounded within 20 steps of the enemy's guns, with the cry of victory 
upon his lips; and the no!)le self-sacrifice of William Lancaster Mc- 
laughlin of Illinois, in the inferno of the Chicago Theatre fire, which will 
ever excite wonder and admiration that, as was said of "The Gallant 
Pelham," one so young (only 18) could be so brave and forgetful of 
self. 

And lastly, with the mention of one other I will close — of him whom, 
during life, we all personally knew and loved and whom we have most 
recently lost from our midst and mourn with a grief sincere; that soul 
of courtesy, loyalty, and honor who, during a long life and through long, 
faithful, and honorable service, had w^on the respect, love, and confidence, 
of his people, whose appreciation of his worth and abilities was abundantly 
manifested by so many years of continuous, loyal, and unfaltering sup- 
port — Caleb Clarke Magruder, the Ranking Deputy Chieftain of this 
Society. 



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PrOCEI;DINGS OF FoURTlUvNTH AnNUAI^ GaTIU'RING 



25 



I wish to acknowledge, with high appreciation, the valuable assistance 
rendered me in the preparation of this paper by Air. Caleb Clarke T^Ia- 
gruder, Jr., of Upper Marlboro, Mar3'land, the Ranking Deputy Chieftain 
of this Society; General F. M. M. Beall of Chevy Chase, Maryland; and 
Mr. Henry Latham Magruder of Chicago, Illinois. 



MARRIAGES OF CLAN MEMBERS. 

Bethel, Lieut. John Magruder, U. S. A., was married to Miss Char- 
lotte Williams, daughter of Col. and Mrs. Chas. W. Williams at Camp 
Douglas, Wis., the home of the bride, Wednesday, Dec. 27th, 1922. 

Cunningham, Mrs. Jennie Alorton, of Shell)yville, Kentucky, was 
married to Dr. W. E. Dale of Louisville, Kentucky, April 14ih, 1923. 
The marriage took place in Florida, 



Magruder, Miss Elizabeth Cummins, was married to Mr. Ralph 
Simpson Bubb, June 19th, 1924, at St. Stephens Episcopal Church, 
Washington, D. C. 



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26 



American Clan GriXor Socikty 



HOW TO HONOInL our CLAN. 
By Juijan MagrudI'R, 



First I wish to honor, and thank our Charter IMembers for their 
noble thoughts and plans in organizing our American Clan Gregor 
Society, and in making it such a grand success. 

I desire to give honorable mention to our deceased beloved Bro- 
ther Clansman, Dr. Jesse Ewell, who originated or first thought of 
the plan in regard to this Society. lie will go down in history among 
our people as one of our beloved and higest esteemed Clansmen, 
who seemed to be inspired to bring about this noble work. His pic- 
tpre in our 1922 Year Book shows him to be a man of deep thought 
and character, as well as wisdom. I lis beloved relatives and friends 
will miss him, and he will be ever remembered as the author and 
father of this movement. 

Second, All the Charter Members who have worked so faithfully 
and devotedly for this cause, especially its officers deserve honoralde 
mention. And I think all our members are with me, in one accord, in 
giving them honor and praise now, to help encourage them in their 
future work, in behalf of our Society, and to help them to know 
and realize that their labors are appreciated. 

1 think our Society is a noble and good one, and its plan of I)ring- 
ing together its members annually for the benefit of all present, and 
absent, as well as for their mutual happiness in the future, is certainly 
commendable. I am glad to know that others like myself, who live 
far away, isolated members, as it were, can and do have a voice in 
this Society by pen or proxy. 

While I may not be as enthusiastic as some, I realize that our 
Society has done, and will do much good sociall}^ and religiously for 
our children and for the coming men and women, as well as our 
older members in our organization. We have the chance of our lives 
in striving to elevate and educate our children to become better men 
and women. I hope and trust tliat our children may grow up not 
only to honor our Clan, but also to honor their fathers and 
mothers now living, as well as those whose parents have passed be- 
yond. We have the solemn command by God Himself in His Holy 
Word on tables of stone, written on Mount Sini, with His own .fin- 
gers, being the first commandment with promise, which says "Honor 
thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land 
which the Lord thy God giveth thee." (Kxodus 20:12.) 

In honoring our beloved parents who have done so much for us 
in our youth, we will at the same time, in so doing, fulfill the above 
commandment. If we, who are fathers and mothers, will do our 
christian duty, we will set an example to our children and friends, 
and will add glory to our Clan. 



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Proci^I'Dings of FouRTEivNTii Annuai, Gatiikiung 



27 



I wish to impress upori our young nicnibcrs the importance of 
honoring- the Hving while tlicy are yet with us, and to speak of them 
in praise, where praise is due. Do not forget to extend to our fatliers 
and mothers the love that is due them. Go to them for advice and 
instruction, give them caresses and flowers and love; for if you do 
not, you will regret it some day, and wish many tmes that you had 
extended to them that affection wdiich you really felt l(;r ihem. 

The past has gone; but in the future, let us, one and all, be respect- 
ful, thoughtful and courteous to our loved ones, not forgetting to be 
kind and respectful to, friends and neighbors. That will help to make 
us better Clan members and citizens and help to (pialify us for pos'i- 
tions of honor and resonsi])ility. And at the same time we will shed 
luster on our Clan and do honor to our God. 

Our highest love and honor should be to God, 
And to our blessed Saviour, Jesus our l_ord. 
Next honor ycnir father and your mother. 
Not fcjrgetting your sister and your brother. 

We should honor those to whom honor is due. 
And love our husbands, wives, and children too. 
May the Lord help us to love and honor our Clan, 
And thus help fulfdl God's royal plan. 



AMONG THE MEMBERS. 



Miss Evelina Magruder, eldest daughter of Dr. E. M. Magruder, 
Chieftain, who has been attending, for tw^o years, the New York 
Scliool of Fine and Applied Arts, went to Europe on March 1st to 
finish her studies in the London and Paris Branches of the New 
Y(jrk institution, iler specialty is "Interior Decoration." She grad- 
uated in September 192^. 



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28 



American Ci,an Grecor Society 



AN APPRECIATION OF CALEB CLARKE MAGRUDER 

II, RANKING DEPUTY CHIEFTAIN OF AMERICAN 

CLAN GREGOR SOCIETY. 

By the Rev. James M. Magruder, D.D. 

At the reciuest of our Chieftain it is my privilege to express on be- 
half of this Societ}-- our sense of loss in the death of our Ranking 
Deputy Chieftain, Mr. Caleb Alagruder II, who passed away since 
the last Gathering of our Clan. 

I sliall not attempt to write a biography or even to give a sketch 
of his life. That should be adequately done in the near future by some 
member of his immediate family who has access to all the needed 
data. 

Certainly among the archives of this vSociety there should be found 
such a record of his life and achievements. 

Let me, rather, in few words, speak of the quiet dignity, the quaint 
humor, the unfailing courtesy, the sense of honor, the attention to 
duty, and the unostentatious religious devotion whieh characterized 
his intercourse with his fellowmen and his attitude toward our Father 
in Heaven. 

The poet tells us that 

"A little nonsense now and then 
Is relished by the wisest men;" 

so that when I speak of the dignity of Air. Afagruder's bearing, you 
will not associate the word with any idea of priggishness or exagger- 
ated notion of his own importance. I should rather say that it was 
the high value he placed upon" his fellowmen whch gave the touch of 
dignity to his own bearing, feeling tiiat he was the equal of the best 
yet holding himself aloof from none. 

bVecjuently, as I took the electric car in front of my home, "Hock- 
ley Hall," going to Annapolis or to Baltimore, I would find him on his 
way to the oflice of the Clerk of the Court of Appeals or returning to 
Glendale. Invariably, he would attract my attention, if I had not 
seen him first, and beckon me to a seat beside him. Then for a longer 
or shorter period, according to cnn- destination, he would comment 
upon the political issues of the day or have something to say about 
I'rince George's County and its people; and ahuost invariably there 
was a pointed jest or some quiet bit of humor interspersed. 

As slavery fonnd its last foothold among civilized people in our 
own progenitors of this dear Southland; so I should think that, in these 
parts, cock fighting as a sport of gentlemen must have made its last 
stand in Upper Marlboro in the days of Mr. Magruder's boyhood. 
With what a merry twinkle of the eye was he wont to tell the story 
of his father, an eminent number t)f Prince George's Bar, and one of 



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Proceedings of Fourteenth Annuae Gathering 



29 



the grave and reverend judges meeting one morning and each sohcit- 
ously inquiring if the other had heard the clarion call of a strange 
game cock at break of day and by whom this cock had been brought 
to town. Who, that has ever heard him tell the tale, will forget the 
unconscious tone of affection with which he spoke of "Pa." 

Doubtless, he himself enjoyed the sport as a boy; and, if he and his 
peers could not boast cockerels with a strain of game blood, neverthe- 
less, a match between the old Dominiques of neighboring barnyards 
would prove just as exciting for them as the contests ])etween the 
blooded birds for those of the older generation. 

The innate courtesy of the true gentleman found expression in Mr. 
Magruder's word and manner. There was no effusiveness, no over- 
politeness, no mannerism in his conduct with others; but just the 
simple revelation of a kindly heart and an attitude of gO(jdwill to all 
mankind. Doubtless, if there were need, he could have spoken with 
firmness and decision and even with warmth; but I amagine the oc- 
casions were rare and out of the ordinary which drew from him more 
than words of deprecation. 

In speaking of his high sense of honor it may not be necessary in 
this Gathering to say more than to remind you of his membership in 
our Clan; but, as an instance of the value he placed upon this attribute, 
I well recall with what pleasure he told me of the estimation of his 
father's character which a former attorney general of the State of 
Maryland had made from reading the l)riefs and arguments that had 
been submitted by him to the High Court of Chancery and to the 
Court of Appeals through a period of fifty years. The same courtesy, 
rectitude, and high sense of honor, which characterized the father and 
were imbedded in the amber of Court Records, descended to the son 
and won for him the respect and affection of all who were within the 
fringe of his friendship 

General Robert I]. Ta'C, in writing to one of liis sons impressed 
upon him that "duty is the sublimest word in the English language." 
Each generation must learn this truth and pass it on to the next. If 
no such maxim fell from the lips of our Deputy Chieftain, he exhib- 
ited in deed that devotion to duty which enabled him to perform his 
work here on earth with such fidelity as to win the approval of his 
fellowmen. 

What were the religious affiliations of our first Magruder Ancestor 
in Maryland I have been unable to learn. I find, however, that the 
Five Articles of Perth which were passed by Assembly, meeting in 
1618 near his birthplace, re-established Episcopacy in Scotland: so 
that it is not too wild a guess, in view of subsequent events, to suppose 
that he was an adherent or at least a sympathizer of what was aft- 
erwards called The Episcopal Church of Scotland. This theory is 
strengthened if we follow the tradition that .Mexander Magruder 
a follower of the Mar(|uis of Montrose, who recruited his army in 
the Highlands and fought on the side of King Charles 1. 



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30 



American Clan Gukgor Society 



The Archives of Maryland show that vSamuel, the surviving son 
of the first marriage was on the first vestry of Saint Paul's Church, 
Prince George's County, in 1692, and that his descendants, genera- 
tion after generation, were on the vestries of St. Barnahas's Chureh 
in the same county, near which his property was situated. Tlic de- 
scendants of Alexander, his half brother, were likewise, year after 
year, on the vestries of St. Paul's Church, which stands not far 
from the site of "Anchovie Hills," left to the widow, Elizabeth, and 
her two sons, Alexander and Nathaniel. 

The Magruders in Colonial Marjdand were adherents of the 
Church of England and after the Revolutionary War they were very 
generally members of the Protestant l£piscopal Church. At the 
present time the members of our Clan belong to the various reli- 
gious l^odies found in the several ])arts of our country; jjut, if you trace 
their lines back to the Colonial days, you will find their Alagruder 
ancestors in one generation or another on the vestry either of Saint 
Paul's or St. Barnabas's Church in Prince George's County, Mary- 
land. By intermarriages with those of other communions, and for 
other reasons as well, many of the descendants of Alexander Ma- 
gruder the Immigrant have left the Church of their forefathers and 
become loyal and true soldiers of Chriht under other ecclesiastical 
banners; but I think a kindly feeling is found in the hearts of most 
of them, a respect and an affection, for the Rock whence they were 
hewn. 

It was, I am told, through the marriage of Tliomas Contee Ma- 
gruder to I'.lizabeth Olivia Morgan, the latter a niember of the 
Roman Catholic Church, that the branch of our family to which 
Alary Blanche Magruder, of revered menun-y, belongetl became ad- 
herents of the Roman communion. 

just when Mr. C. C. Magruder's fann'ly branched off from the 
Church of their forefathers and became Roman Catholics I am not 
informed; but I have heard it said that the immediate cause was one 
of those untoward circumstances wdiieh, from time to time, gives new 
direction to our lives. The story, as it goes, relates that one of the 
children of his grandfather, Thomas Magruder, was seriously in- 
disposed and the rector of the parish was sent for to baptize the in- 
fant in the home; but as the night was very inclement, sleet and 
snow^ falling, accompanied by wind, the Rector, himself unwell, sent 
word that he could not venture out in the weather but would come 
the next morning. The servant returned to the Rectory with the 
message to come then or not at all. 

When the messenger did not bring back the parson with him, he 
was sent to the Roman Catholic priest with the request that he come 
to Mr. Magruder's home to baptize a sick child. The priest re- 
sponded; and, soon after, Mr. Magruder, himself, became a member 
of White Mar.sh Roman Catholic Church. 



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PrcxM'Kdincs ok FoijRTKivNTii Annhaf, Gatiikring 31 

Mr. C. C. Magrudcr was reared in that communion and what 
graces of intellect and of manner were not his by inheritance, were 
due in jiart to the fashioning of that Church in its i)arochial activities, 
and through (icorgetowu University wiure he graduated. 

lUit in according ihe influence of environment ui)on his character 
and hearing, 1 must lay a tribute at the feet of tliat gentle, gracious, 
and dignified helpmate who, through half a century, shared his daily 
life. An inheritor of the best traditions of the Old Dominion and a 
communicant of the Church in which our Magrudcr forefathers were 
reared, Elizabeth Rice Nalle, the wife of his 3'outh and his constant 
companion until the passing years had dropped the wintry snows 
upon their heads, doubtless contributed in no small degree to the 
best that was in him. 

In conclusion, may I not make the plea that all members of this 
Clan emulate the cxam]:)le of this our departed friend and kinsman 
and look out on life with that broad charity, that truly catholic spirit, 
wliich claimed for himself to be led by the dictates of his own con- 
science and accorded to others the same right and privilege? 



NUMBER OF MEMBERS PRESENT AND STATES 
REPRESENTED AT TIIE GATHERING OV 1923. 

Attendance 

From Washington, D. C 51 

From Maryland 39 

From A'irginia 14 

From Penns3dvania 2 

From New York ■. 1 

Total 107 






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American Cr,AN Gregor Society 



THE CLAN GREGOR. 
Its Outstanding Charactjvristics. 



By Gray SievEr. 



It is not possible to sketch, even in outline, within the limits of 
this brief paper, the history of the great Clan Gregor — a history 
well known and jealously cherished. Barely sufficient of its history, 
therefore, will be touched upon to indicate the general characteristics 
of the Clan with which it is alone desired to deal. 

After, all, nothing is so important as character. Wealth, position, 
power and fame are mere incidents; oftentimes accidents; they come, 
remain for a day, pass and are forgotten. But character oidnres and 
marks, in permanent fashion, the individual, family, tribe, clan and 
nation. 

The Clan Gregor! "'Clan" is a comprehensive term, it is true, but 
I like the word "'family" I)etter. For a Clan is nothing ])ut a large 
family, being composed, as it is, of individuals of connnon blood, 
tracing descent from the same original progenitor. So that the word 
"family" seems to bring them a little closer together. All those 
descended from the IMacGregors are brothers in the true acceptation 
of the term. Originally, of course, those composing the Clan had 
a common habitat, but, in these days of the twentieth century, mem- 
bers of this historic family have scattered and may be found in every 
part of the world engaged in every branch of human endeavor. 

The ancient war-cry of the Clan is "ARD-CO ILLE," meaning 
"the woody height," an allusion to the location of its ancient castles 
and fastnesses; its special pipe Clan nnisic is notable for the martial 
strains of "AlacGregors' Salute" and its distinctive badge is a 
"GUrniAS," or pine tree— a most fitting emblem. The Coat of 
Arms of the Clan shows the same pine tree, and the heraldic motto 
which accompanies it reads "I'Ven do but spare nocht." The tartan 
is one of the boldest and most striking of those worn by any Scot- 
tish Clan. 

"Historic family" did I say? It would he hard indeed to show a 
stock more ancient, or one with more glorious achievements to its 
credit. 

The real origin of the MacGregors is lost in the mists of antiquity. 
Authorities concede them to be descended from Gregor, the third son 
of King Alpin, who flourished about A. D, 787. For this reason they 
are sometimes called the "Clan Alpin," and their proud motto is: 
"SRIOGHAIL MO DHREAM"— "Royal in My Race." This indi- 
cates their descent from the Albiones, the first known inhabitants of 
Scotland. As one authority puts it; "All admit the Clan MacGregor 
to be the purest branch of the ancient gael of Scotland now in ex- 
istence, true descendants of the native Celtic stock of the country 



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ProcivEdings of FourtI'Kntii Annum, Gatiikring 33 

and unmixed by blood with immigrants cither of their own or of any 
other race." Although generally considered a lowland family, it is 
believed that they were a branch of the Ross-shire gael, that is, of 
the native geal of the inland parts of the North of Scotland. The 
original manuscript of 1450 confirms this conclusion. 

But no matter how high their origin, how Royal their blood, or 
how extensive their former possessions, what manner of men are 
these MacGregors and what character do they bear? History is not 
silent on these points. Like other clans hailing from the "land of the 
mountain and the flood," physically they are men of more than or- 
dinary stature, rugged and strong, and of vigorous and alert mental- 
ity. No weaklings these, but real men, adventurous to the last de- 
gree, able to endure almost incredible hardships and always ready 
to undertake any enterprise, no matter how daring, in pursuance of 
their ideals and purposes. They are essentially men of the warrior 
type, fighters in the battle of life, never hesitating to risk their all, 
even their blood, in defence of their rights or to resibt what they 
consider to be wrongful oppression. 

Troublous has been their history, many their discouragements, 
fierce their fights and great their sufferings in times past. To these 
facts and to this experience is due their strength of character, self- 
reliance and tenacity of purpose. For centuries it was considered 
one of the most fearless and warlike of the clans. Sir Walter Scott 
bears testimony to this in his statement that they were "famous for 
their misfortunes and for the indomitable courage which they ex- 
hibited as a clan." 

As far back as the 11th Century, in the time of Malcolm TIT, the 

MacGregors were in possession of the extensive lands of Glenorchy. 

In the Ragman Roll of 12'J6 John of Glenorchy is called "the Son of 

Gregor." Anciently, too, they possessed wide tracts of territory on 

I, both sides of Loch Tay, still called TUARUITH and DEASNUITH, 

or North and South. The Chief exercised undisputed sway over the 

I members of the Clan, even possessing, in those days, the power of 

j life and death. In 1603 fierce battles were fought between the Alac- 

i Gregors and Colquhouns in which the latter were vanquished. As 

t late as 1744 the Chief of the Clan was styled "The Lord Warden of 

I the Highland Borders." Located, as they were, near the border, this 

' location was the most dangerous which fate could have assigned to 

them. Owing to the jealousy of other tribes they became objects 

I of retribution and punishment on the part of authority to an extent 

unknown in the annals of any other tribe. They naturally resisted 

Court-grants which transferred their lands to others. In those days 

it was held that the strong arm was the best title to property. Their 

possessions in Argyleshire and Rerthshire they held by the right 

I of the sword — by cold steel, and their enemies beliivi-d tlu-m to pos- 

' sess an nntameable and innate feiocity which nothing could remt'dy 



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34 



American Ci,an Gregor Society 



but complete annihilation. !Many and sanguinary were the conflicts 
in which they were engaged in conseciuence. It was but natural that 
the oppression and persecution to which they were subject made them 
prone to retaliate. Driven at times from their own lands by their 
enemies, they occupied and retained fastnesses from which they could 
ncjt be dislodged. Food they obtained by means of forays which alone 
saved them from utter extinction. 

At last, on the accession to the throne of Charles II, they com- 
menced to receive justice; the various statutes against the AlacGreg- 
ors were annulled; they were reinstated in all of the i)rivileges of 
liege subjects and acknowledgment was openly made of the distin- 
guished loyalty which they had shown. From that time forward the 
race of MacGregor has enjoyed all civic privileges and has proudly 
upheld its reputation for faithful and effective service in war and 
in peace — on the field of battle, in the halls of debate, and in the 
avocations of industry and commerce. 

The great lessons to be learnt from these facts in the history of 
the noble family of ATacGregor are manifest. They are that unjust 
treatment develops initiative, that out of hardship and suffering comes 
strength and that wrongful oppression but fosters and increases that 
love of liberty and independence that nothing can destroy. Wisdom 
and courage are the distinguishing characteristics of the MacGregors 
of today. As Sir Walter Scott, speaking of Rob Roy (himself a Mac- 
Gregor) expresses it: 



"Say, then, that he was wise as brave, 
As wise in thought as bold in deed." 









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ProcivIvdings of Fourteenth AnnuaIv Gathering 



35 



t 



WILLIAM W. HILL (II) 
By His Sister, Mary TherEse Hill. 

William W. Hill 2ncl was the eldest son of William W. Hill 1st and 
Mary Thomas Magruder. On his mother's side he was a descendant 
from Alexander ]\lagruder the Immigrant, and on his father's side 
from the early settler and landed proprietor, Clement Hill. He was 
born on November 5th, 1849 in the ancestral home of the Hill family, 
Baltimore Manor, Prince George's County, Maryland, which was a 
grant of one thousand acres and is still in the possession of the family 
having descended from father to son for over three centuries. 

In his very early youth he attended the country school near his home, 
and as soon as he was old enough to go alone, he went daily to the 
Academy in historic Bladensburg about ten miles away. In the early 
morning he would mount his black pony Josh and go off whistling 
merrily, his devoted setter dog, Bob, would follow to the top of the 
hill and watch until Josh and his small rider were out of sight. At 
four o'clock in the afternoon Bob would go to his post on the top 
of the hill and take up his watch. Soon he would be rewarded by 
hearing the thud of Josh's hoofs as he came around the bend in the 
road, always in a gallop, both horse and rider being anxious to get 
home, the latter to the nice dinner kept hot for him, and little Josh 
to his warm stable and ample feed. 

At the age of sixteen years William entered Georgetown College 
in Washington, D. C, where he acquitted himself with great credit. 
At the age of twenty he went to New York to accept a position in 
the large cotton brokerage house of Woodward, Stillman and Smith, 
where in time he arose to the position of junior partner. At the death 
of Mr. William Woodward of the above firm, he became Manager of 
the Hanover Safe Deposit Company of New York City. 

His love for the old home in Maryland grew greater as the years 
passed, and whenever it was possible he would leave the busy city 
of New York to spend what time he could there, and though he had 
traveled extensively both at home and abroad, he said there was no 
spot which he had ever seen so beautiful to him, as his loved home 
in Southern Maryland. 

Had the American Clan Gregor Society been organized during his 
lifetime he would have been an enthusiastic member, as he was very 
proud of his Scotch descent and would have taken great pride and 
pleasure in the active work of the Society. 

He remained unmarried, and upon the death of our parents became 
more like a father than a brother, especially to the writer of this 
slight sketch, he being the eldest, and I the youngest, of nine chil- 
dren. 15cing a man of fine intellect, and noble impulses, he was 
looked up to and depended upon by not only his own family and 
close relatives, but by friends and acquaintances also. He departed 



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36 



Amkrican Ci,an Gkkgor Sociktv 



this life on May 25th, 1907 in New York City and was laid to rest 
in the family cemetery at the old homestead, having (lesif.',nate(l to 
a brother on his last visit home, the si)ot in which he desired to he 
laid. Truly it can be said, "The memory of the dead is in the hearts 
of the living." 

Genealogy: 

William W. Hill 2nd was the son of William W. Hill 1st and Mary 
Thomas Magruder; grandson of Thomas, and Mary Clarke Ma- 
gruder; great grandson of Isaac Grandison, and Rebecca Beall Ma- 
gruder; great-great-grandson of John and Susanna Smith IMagruder; 
great-great-great-grandson of Samuel and Sarah Beall Magruder; and 
great-great-great-great-grandson or in the fifth degree of kindred from 
Alexander MacGregor the Maryland immigrant. 



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1U)UN, 18-^9; DiKi), 1907 



M ;l'S-Hi ,j>"ii.;'! 



Proceedings of Fourteenth Annuae Gathering 



Z7 



COLONEL JOHN BOWIE MAGRUDER, C. vS. A.* 

CoLONTvL 57th RlvGlMlvNT VIRGINIA InFANTRY, ArmISTKAD's 

l)iuGADK, Pickivtt's J^ivjsjon, Longstrickt's CoiU'S, 
Army of North krn Virginia. 
C0A[PILED 

By his brother, Dr. lulward Alay Magruder, of Charlottesville, Va., 

from the writing's and statements of Lieutenant Colonel William 

li. Stewart, C. S. A., H. E. Magriider, C. S. A., and other 

comrades in arms of the same glorious army, who knew 

and served with him personally. 

John Bowie Magruder was the second child and eldest son of the 
Honorable Benjamin Henry Magruder (vSee Biography of I^. H. jV[. 
in Year Book of the American Clan Gregor Society, year 1921) and 
Maria Louisa Minor and was born at Scottsville, Albemarle County, 
Virginia, November 24, 1839. He was likewise the great-grandson of 
Garrett Minor, member of the "Committee of Safety" for the Brit- 
ish American Colonies in 1775. 

In 1844, when John was five years old, his parents moved to their 
plantation, "Glenmore," in the same county, seven miles from Char- 
lottesville and about five miles from "Monticello," the home of 
Thomas Jefferson. All these places are on the Rivanna River, the 
one above the other, the first named being the lowest down stream. 

Young Magruder was educated at private schools, among others the 
Albemarle Military Academy under the management of his cousin, 
Colonel John Bowie Strange of the 19th Regiment Virginia Infantry, 
C. S. A., and at the University of X^irginia, ^vhere he matriculated in 
1856, attench'ng the latter institution until he received the degree of 
IVlaster of Arts in June 1800. liis plan was to teach school for one 
year and then take a course at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, 
preparatory to studying Law. 

When the tocsin of the "War Between the States" sounded in the 
spring (April) of 1861 he was teaching at E. B. Smith's Academy in 
Culpeper, Va. He at once gave up the position and his cherished plans 
and studied Military Tactics for three months at the Virginia iMilitary 
Institute at Lexington, Virginia. After completing his studies there 
he came home and organized, from Albemarle and Fluvanna Counties, 
a military company called the "Rivanna Guards" and was commis- 
sioned its Captain July 22, 1861. With this company he then proceeded 



*As a short sketch of Colonel J. B. Magruder has already been 
printed in the Year Book of the American Clan Gregor Society the 



brothers and sister of Colonel Magruder 
sketch. 



paid for the printing of this 



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38 



American Clan GrKgor Society 



to Richmond where it was assigned first to the 32nd Regiment of 
Virginia Infantry, but on September 23rd following it was assigned 
as Company "H" to the 57th Regiment of Virginia Infantry com- 
manded by Colonel E. F. Kean, who was soon succeeded by Colonel 
Lewis A, Armistead, afterwards the gallant Brigadier General who 
was one of the leaders in the magnificent charge of Pickett's Division 
at Gettysburgh and lost his life there at the "High Water Mark" 
of the Confederacy. 

Captain Magruder's first independent field service was on the south 
side of James River where on April 29, 1862, with a garrison of 250, 
he was in command of Fort Dillard on the Chowan River in North 
Carolina; but he was moved to the north side of the James in time for 
the great struggle with MacClellan's Grand Army in the "Seven Days 
Battle Around Richmond" in the summer of 1862. His first impor- 
tant engagement was in the blood}'- attack of the Confederates on 
Malvern Hill in the same great battle, in which his company, in forty 
minutes, lost 27 men out of 60, nearly 50 per cent, of casualties — a very 
heavy loss. 

He next took his command to Cedar Mountain against Banks of 
Pope's army, arriving when Jackson had about won the battle, and 
then to Second Manassas, passing through Thoroughfare Gap witli 
Longstreet, who struck Pope's left flank, which was fighting to de- 
feat Jackson before Longstreet's arrival, and put the Federals to com- 
plete rout. Soon after this his company took part in Jackson's at- 
tack on Harper's Ferry, which soon surrendered, and thence they 
marched to the aid of General Lee at .A^ntietam (Sharpsburgh, Mary- 
land), where the Confederates were outnumbered 2j/ to one. The 
delay at Harper's Ferry saved the company from the severest fight- 
ing and great loss at Antietam. 

In the language of Lieutenant Colonel Stewart, C. S. A,, "The 
superb courage and soldierly bearing of Captain Alagruder attracted 
the attention of his Superiors and on July 23, 1862, he was promoted 
to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel of the 57th Regiment, jumping the 
rank of Major." 

On December 12, 1862, the Regiment took part in the Battle of 
Fredericksburgh and on January 12, 1863, Lieutenant Colonel John 
Bowie Magruder was made Colonel of the 57lh Regiment, Virginia 
Infantry, Armistead's Brigade, Pickett's Division, Longstreet's Corps, 
Army of Norlhern Virginia; he was llu-n 23 years old. Colonid Armi- 
stead had been made l!rig;idicr General. Magruder spent the rest of 
the winter witli Longstreet in the Suffolk Campaign. 

On April 7, 1863, he was president of a general court martial, and 
also president of a board of officers appointed by Congress for the 
removal of incompetent officers. 

It is when an offiee'r is thrown, with an inde|)en(lent command, upon 
his own leNouree:. thai he shcjws the nuMlle of whieh he is made, in 



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Procekdings of FouRTKiCNTii Annuai, Gatiii-rinc. 



39 



April 1863 an independent and detached command, made np of the 11th, 

17th, and 57th, Regiments of Virginia Infantry, Macon's Battery of 
four pieces of artillery, and one company of Cavalry, in all 12UU or 1500 
men, was placed under Colonel Magruder's command and stationed on 
the highway leading from White Marsh, Virginia, to Edenton, Norlh 
Carolina, about four miles from Suffolk, Virginia. The latter town 
was being beseiged by General Longstreet in order to allow his quar- 
termasters and commissaries to gather supplies from the tide water 
sections of Virginia and North Carolina for the Army of Northern 
Virginia, then under Lee, facing Hooker on the Rappahannock. Major 
General Pickett with the rest of his division was holding the Som- 
merton road. 

Opposed to Magruder was the celebrated Irish Brigade of Federals 
under Brigadier General Michael Corcoran consisting, according to 
Federal reports, of 5000 Infantry, 10 pieces of artillery, and 500 
cavalry (about five full companies), in all about 6000 men — four or 
five to IVlagruder's one. 

Colonel Magruder, by judicious fortifying and extensive wiring of all 
approaches with telegraph wire, succeeded in holding the enemy at 
bay for two weeks, although heavily attacked on two occasions and 
greatly outnumbered, until Longstreet was called to the aid of Lee at 
the expected Battle of Chancellorsville. 

■ The Federals made an attack on Magruder's lines on April 21, 1863, 
and were summarily repulsed. On April 24 they came again, heavily 
reinforced, and were still more disastrously defeated. The Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 169th New York Infantry reported that the Confederate 
fire in this battle was "A well directed, continuous, and unabating, 
shower of shell, grape, and canister;" after this the Federals kept at 
a respectful distance. 

Magruder was highly ' complimented on his skill and efficiency as 
shown in this cami)aign, and his splendid management and the gal- 
lant conduct of his troops were duly appreciated and acknowledged in 
the following general order: 

Headquarters Pickett's Division, 

April 25, 1863. 
"Colonel: 

The Major General (Pickett) commanding directs me to say 
that it affords him great pleasure to acknowledge the important 
services of yourself and command during the time that you held 
the important position on the White .Marsh road. All the dispo- 
sitions you made to receive the enemy, and especially the manner 
in which you received tliem, and notwithstanding their greatly 
superior numbers repulsed them, meets with special ai)proval. He 
desires you to express his approval in orders to Macon's Battery, 
the 11th Virginia Infantry, Kemper's Brigade, the 17th Virginia 



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40 



American Ci.an Gukgor SociI'Ty 



Infantry, Corse's Brigade, and your own gallant I^cginient, the 
S7th. 

Very respectfully your obedient servant, 

Ro. Johnson, A. A. G." 

Upon receiving the above order Colonel Alagruder issued congratula- 
tions to his troops. 

Lieutenant Colonel Stewart again says: "It did not take long to 
find out John Bowie Magruder was terribly in earnest in all the work 
assigned to him and it was known throughout the Division that he 
was a man of ability and bravery far beyond the average, and he was 
held in highest esteem by his superiors as well as by the men under 
him." 

Longstreet had been ordered to move promptly to the support of 
Lee on the Rappahannock; but he delayed in order to call in his wagon 
train which was scattered over a wide area gathering supplies. He 
saved all liis wagons, but his slowness and failure to arrive in time 
prevented hcc cai)turing Hooker's entire army with a vastly superi(3r 
wagon train. Longstreet withdrew from vSuffolk on the night of May 
4, 1863, and his advance reached Ashland, forty miles from Chancel- 
lorsville, as Hooker's army was escaping over the river. Had Long- 
street been thirty miles nearer he could have protected Lee's rear from 
Sedgwick at Salem Church and saved Lee the necessity of allowing 
Hooker to cross the river unmolested in order to protect his own rear 
from Sedgwick, who had crossed the Rappahannock at Fredericks- 
burgh and had driven Karly's much smaller force from Fred- 
erieksburgh towards Richmond. Longstreet's slowness in coming and 
Early's mistake in retreating towards Richmond instead of towards 
Lee's army saved the Federal army at Chancellorsville. 

The 57lli Ivegiment marched to Richmond where it remained about 
a week, as the great Battle of ChancelU)rsville was over; thence it 
moved to an encampment within two miles of Hanover Junction to 
make preparations for the advance into Pennsylvania. 

During the winter in which Colonel Magruder was near Suffolk 
he had furloughed many of his men on condition that they each re- 
turn with one or more recruits. These terms were accepted and when 
he reached General Lee he carried a regiment 800 strong instead of 
300 or 400 the average size, and relieved a \vhole Brigade on the front, 
being asked by the Brigadier General whom Ik- relieved, "Whose 
Br'ujadc are ycni commanding." 

His last letter home was received about this time and in it he mani- 
fested great interest in his very large regiment and in what he hoped 
to make of it. In this letter he mentioned having Ixniglil a thorough- 
bred horse, a little l)ay named "Bacchus," for $600, a new miiform for 
$180, books $80, etc. He was small in size, weighing only about L30 
pounds. He little dreamed that in less than forty days he would be 
no m(;re and his fine regiment wrecked "on the field of glory." 



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Proceedings of Fourtkentii Annuae Gathering 41 

In June 1863, I^ee moved north for the invasion of Pennsylvania 
and on June 24 Pickett's Division willi the 57th crossed the Potomac 
at Williamsport, Maryland, and enterinj^^ Chjmhersbiirgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, on jnne 27, marched through the town and encamped on the 
York Road about four miles out. The Division was detained here three 
or four day.'^ destroying railroad dei)ots, workshops, and public ma- 
chinery. 

On July 2, 1863, at 2 a. m., the 57th regiment marclied with Long- 
street'h Cori)S 23 miles to within 3 miles of Gettysburgh where it Nvas 
halted to rest. P.arly in the morning of July 3 it moved to l,ee's line 
of battle and in the afternoon took j)art in the famous charj^e of Pick- 
ett's Division on Cemetery Heights which shattered and immortal- 
ized that splendid Division. The 57th Regiment went into ihe battle 
with 471 men, of whom only 120 returned to Lee's lines — a loss of 75 
per cent, in killed, wounded, and ca])tured. The cannonading of the 
Federal lines began at 1 p. m. and the charge was at 3 p. m. 

Colonel John Bowie Magruder fell in that superb charge, mortally 
wounded, within 20 steps of the enemy's cannon shouting, "Come on, 
men; come on; the guns are ours," He was struck by two musket 
balls, receiving one in the left breast and one uiuler the right arm, 
the two crossing in the chest. His orderly offered to take !u'm to the 
rear for surgical attention but he refused the otTer and ordered him to 
"go on and do his duty." When the Division was forced back his men 
again came to him and insisted on taking him back with them, but lie 
again declined assistance saying that he w^as hopelessly wounded and 
commanding them to "save themselves as best they could." He was 
made i)risoner on the spot where he thus gloriously fell and was car- 
ried by the enemy to the h'ederal Field Hosi)ital in or near Gettys- 
burgh, where he was attended l)y a captured. Confederate surgeon and 
languished in great pain until July 5, when his nol)le spirit took its 
flight. 

He was a member of the Kpsilon Alpha Fraternity and a Fraternity 
Mate, a Federal General, caused his remains to be encased in a metal- 
lic coffin and sent under flag of truce, in October following, to Rich- 
mond and thence to his home, Glenmore, where he was buried. 

Pickett's Division numbered about 4,800 men and all but 1,000 
were killed, wounded or captured in the charge — a loss of about 80 
per cent. 

As an evidence of the consideration often shown the unfortunate 
during the stress of war, all of his personal effects finally reached his 
home wdthout any special effort on the part of his relatives. His or- 
derly soon appeared at "Glenmore" with his horse and some light ar- 
ticles stating how he had left him dying on the field of battle. Within 
a year Colonel Bennett Taylor, a neighbor in Albemarle and Colonel 
of the 19th Virginia Infantry, who had been badly wounded and placed 
in the same hospital with Colonel Magruder, when exchanged brought 












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42 



American Ciw\n GrivGor SociivTy 



home his watch, knife, and a lock of his hair. When, in the spring of 
this year, Colonel Magruder hurriedly left the neighborhood of Suf- 
folk with Longstreet he deposited his trunk at a farm house. Some- 
time after the war forty dollars in silver was sent by express from 
the Black Water River near Suffolk and in a few days the trunk ar- 
rived. The parties holding these things for tidings of the owner fi- 
nally opened the trunk in order to find out where it belonged. 

A,e;ain quoting Lieutenant Colonel Stewart: "Like the Great Napol- 
eon, he (CoKjuel Magruder) was much younger tiian the officers 
lie commanded, which caused him to be reserved in his associations 
with them, but he was always courteous and kind, and was ever 
thoughtful of his private soldiers and saw that they received whatever 
should come to them, lending a sympathetic ear to their troubles." 

On one occasion, soon after the "Battles Around Richmond," his 
younger brother, Horatio, visited him in camp near the city and John 
invited him one day to accompany him into Richmond. The young 
brother anticipated a great time, but the day was spent by the Colonel 
in visiting and administering to his sick and wounded soldiers. 

W. P. Goode, one of Colonel Ivlagruder's men, thus writes of him: 
"I was not at first favorably impressed with our little boy Colonel, 
but I soon learned what a genius we had. His sternness and disci- 
pline commanded submission and his fairness respect while his perpet- 
ual drilling made us one. His fondness for charging over all oI)stacles 
we deemed much overdone, but it proved the greatest feat of our army 
under hot fire. In his last charge, on approaching a house and grounds 
that were in the wa}'^ of his troops. Colonel Magruder's voice rang 
out distinctly on second company, 'Obstacle.' Captain Smith gave the 
proper command and when the obstacle was properly passed, the com- 
mand, 'Dress, march,' came distinctly from both Colonel and Captain 
and not a man had a chance to skulk l)ehind the house out of danger. 
This was the last utterance heard from eitlier officer. Our little col- 
onel obtained the greatest love and admiration of every patriotic sol- 
dier under him." 

Colonel Clement R. Fontaine, the last Colonel of this glorious Regi- 
ment, said of him: "Colonel IMagruder, by a system of strict dis- 
cipline, drills, etc., soon brought the Regiment to a degree of effi- 
ciency never before attained. Not even under Colonel (afterwards 
Brigadier General) Armistead was the Regiment in so good trim for 
etTective service as Magruder had it. He was a man of rare excel- 
lence both in point of education and natural ability and promised to 
make his mark in any sphere he might be called to occupy. Had he 
survived the Battle of Gettysburgh he would have been made a Briga- 
dier General (at the age of 23 years) in place of Arimstead who was 
killed in that battle. That was the sentiment of the whole Brigade." 

Lieutenant James Watson Magruder, C. S. A., a first cousin, writ- 
ing from camp near Fredericksburg, August 8, 1864, said: "From last 



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,«i-:nu V .^.}d ,r.:Of^ 






ProciCEdings of Foui<ti;i';ntii Annuai. Gatiikring 



43 



information, John now sleeps among the gallant spirits who that day- 
bore our banner so nobly against the ramjiarts of the enemy on the 
battle field in a foreign land. If so, he died with his laurels thiek upon 
him. I saw him in Loudoun, a short while before the army left Vir- 
ginia, looking better and in better spirits than I ever knew him. It 
almost disposes me to quarrel with the decrees of heaven when he, the 
noblest of us all, in the flower of his ycuith, is thus unlinicly cut olY. 
Why could not other men, who might be better spared, be taken in 
his stead? But our country demands the noI)lest for her altars. Our 
grief in increased by the fact that our country cannot afford to lose 
such men." 

Lieutenant Colonel Stewart iinally says: "Yes, John Rowie Ma- 
gruder, in the bud of his manhood, in the twenty-fourth year of his 
age, fell for the glory of his country in the great battle which turned 
the destiny of the South. His name is enrolled among.st the heroes of 
his Alma Mater, the University of Virginia, and listed with the dead 
on the field of battle, whose courage and chivalry made the immortal 
fame of the Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel John Rowie Ma- 
gruder was exalted in patriotism, rich in chivalry, pure in heart, emi- 
nent in all the adornments which make a true man and noble war- 
rior — a young soldier of faith and nerve \vho fought and fell — fought 
and fell for the rights and name of his country as heroically as the 
MacGregors (of whom he was a descendant) on the hills of Scotland!" 

It will be seen from the foregoing that Colonel John Bowie Ma- 
gruder personally took part in two of the great military achievements 
of history, the charge of the Confederates on Alalvern Hill below 
Richmond, Virginia, in 1862, through which he passed unscathed, and 
the charge of the Confederates on Cemetery Heights at Gettysburgh, 
Pennsylvania, in 1863, in which he fell mortally \Nounded. These rank 
with the defence of the Greeks at Thermopylae, the stand of Horatius, 
Herminius, and Lartius, at the bridge of ancient Rome, the charge of 
the British Light Brigade at Balaklava, and the charge of the Old 
Guard of Napoleon at Waterloo. 

One of the prevailing characteristics and rules of his life was thor- 
ough preparation for what he proposed to do. This is shown in the 
thorough educational training (Master of Arts, teaching school, and 
proposed course of study at Heidelberg) that he had mapped out for 
himself prior to the study of his chosen profession. Law; in his study 
of Military Tactics at the Virginia Military Institute in 1861 before en- 
tering the army; in the thorough discipline and drill of his men at all 
times; in the thorough fortification of his position near Suffolk, Vir- 
ginia, when expecting a Federal attack; in the effective method of 
recruiting his regiment and preparing it for the Gettysburgh campaign; 
etc. 

To the above may be added a conscientiousness in the discharge of 
duty that knew no compromise, a keen sense of fairness and justice to 



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AmIvRICAN Ci.AN OlU-T.OR ScxnivTY 



all men, a firmness of purpose that never yielded to weakness, and a 
nia^'iiificent Christian character generally. 

The following incident corroborates the adage, "Truth is stranger 
than fiction": On July 5, 1916, 53 years after the Battle of Gettys- 
burgh, the article printed below appeared in the Wellington, Ohio, 
Enterprise, written by Mr. Henry O. Fifield, Editor of that paper, who 
was a gallant and chivalrous Federal soldier at the aforesaid battle 
and was with Colonel Magruder while he was a prisoner and when he 
died. The article in question was headed and worded as follows: 

DEATH OF COLONEL MAGRUDER. 

"Colonel (J. B.) Magruder of the Confederate Army was shot 
and died from wounds received at Gettysburg, on the 3rd day of 
July, 1863, and it happened to be the duty of the writer to be at 
the 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Field Hospital, when the Colonel, 
who was captured in P'ickett's Charge, was brought in by the 
veterans for treatment. His wounds were mortal ])nr he died 
game, belonging to a family that was among the highest in the 
Old Dominion in the days before the war for the Union was I>e- 
gun. He was a distant cousin of General Magruder of York- 
town fame and, like his cousin, was a brave and gallant soldier. 
We saw the captured Confederate surgeon working over him as 
he lay upon the blanket si^read out upon the ground, and near him 
were twenty-five or more Confederate officers in line, who had 
just been removed from the amputation tables, where they lost 
legs and arms and other portions of their bodies. 

"It was a novel sight to us, but it was a result of war. They 
were a fine lot of chaps and were pleasant to us. 

"Colonel Magruder was about 30 years of age (he was only 23 
years old), judging from his aijpearance, and had a splendid form 
and features. His new gray uniform was besmeared with blood 
and dirt, but his countenance showed that he was a man of great 
intelligence and a born commander. We of the Union Army 
recognized these traits in those who wore the gray, for we al- 
ways felt W'hoever won the fight it was an American Victory. 
The Confederate soldiers were brave and daring fighters, and 
History has recorded the deeds done by them as well as those 
of the soldiers of the North. It was a cruel war to say the least, 
and was largely brought about on account of political differences 
between the statesmen of the two sections. But we are now 
thankful the 'unpleasantness' is ended and that fifty odd years 
later the two sections are united and stand ready to meet all 
comers from any other (country) and in defence of 'Old Glory' 
and the United States." 

A coi)y of the Wellington Enter[)rise, containing the article printed 
above, was sent by a friend to the writer of this biography (E. ?^E 






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Proceedings of Fourteenth Annuae Gathering 45 

Magrudcr) who immediately wrote to the Ivhtor of that jKiper a let- 
ter of appreciation and thanks. He soon received from Mr. iMfield 
a photograph of himself and the subjoined letter which, to.i^ether \vith 
the aforesaid article, show him to he a brave, generous, courageous, 
i sympathetic, foe (?) who has the courage of his convictions and recog- 

nizes merit even in foemen, and who was a fighting, not a parlor, sol- 
dier, and is willing to "Let the dead past bury its dead." Truly he 
belongs to the days of Chivalry which, he has proved, are not yet 
over. 

Wellington, Ohio, Aug. 10, 1916. 
(Dr. E. M. Magruder), 

"]\|y dear Doctor: 

Your kind and appreciative letter is at hand and contents noted. 
I was glad to receive the same and to know that you like what I 
said about your brave brother who fell at Gettysburgh 53 years 
ago last 3rd of July. I just happened to sec him before they took 
him to a hospital in rear of the Kield Hospital, for my captain 
had been mortally wounded in the same charge, and died soon 
after, and it became my painful duty to bury him near the hos- 
pital later in the day. 'War is hell' and no mistake. I had three 
years of it and now, at 75 years of age, am satisfied to let 'By- 
gones be bygones.' No bloody shirt in mine, although 1 am a be- 
liever in the flag and country united just the same. Aly regiment 
was the 1st Minnesota Infantry, the first regiment to be accepted 
by Mr. Lincoln at the first call for three months' men, and the 
boys saw a lot of hard service. I was in Bull Run, July 21, 1861, 
and they say I outran the army into Washington. Our greatest 
loss was at Gettysburgh on the 2nd of July, after Sickles failed 
to hold the Trostle House on the Emmettsburgh Road, and it hap- 
pened a few minutes before dark. We were ordered by Han- 
cock to charge Wilcox and Barksdale's Brigades and stop them, 
if possible, until aid could be received which was near at hand. 
We did the job all right, but the little command was nearly wiped 
out in ten minutes. We went into action 265 strong and came 
out Avith 47 men and not a man skulked or was unaccounted for. 
Our loss at this time was 83 per cent. Our colors fell seven 
times. It was the hottest place I ever experienced. We succeeded 
in stopping the 'Johnnies' and killing Barksdale, but our Colonel, 
Lieutenant Colonel, Major, adjutant, and eight Captains, were 
either killed or wounded; in other words, 17 out of 23 officers 
were laid low. I give you this sketch just to let you know a short 
story of Gettysburgh. 

1 have looked over your book and am pleased to note that you 
are of Scotcdi descent. Your brolhi'r's picture brings to memory 
his appeaiancc at tlu' time he was woinnK'd. When I saw him 
his face was side ways, lie looked bright and brave and all about 






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him felt sorry for him. I am glad the 'unpleasantness' is past 
and that we are still a united country. Your letter is appreciated, 
for it shows a good heart and spirit. Should I ever visit your sec- 
tion I shall be pleased to meet you. The southern soldiers were 
brave and gallant and they, like the boys in blue, are ra[)idly 
passing to that country from whose l)Ourne no traveller returns. 
I send you my last picture taken on Memorial Day, 1916." 



Yours truly, 



H. O. Fifield. 



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PrOCEKDINGS of FoURTKlvNTH AnNUAL GaTHIvRING 47 

"AN OLD LAND GRANT IN GEORGIA." 
By Robert Leic Magrljder, Jr. 

Chief among my prized possessions is an orij^inal land cjrant from 
the State of Georgia, dated Deeeml^er 16th, 1833, l)earing the signa- 
ture of Wilson Lumpkin, Governor, and attached thereto a wax im- 
pression of the Great Seal of the State of Georgia. 

This old land grant is highly interesting, in that it bears the bold 
signature of Wilson Lumpkin, one of Georgia's leading patriots — 
holding every political office within the gift of Georgians, state sen- 
ator, governor, congressman and United States Senator. No gov- 
ernor has ever sent to the legislature a])ler messages, covering so 
wide a range of topics. lie was keenly interested in railroads, pub- 
lic education and the acquisition of the Indian lands. 

Although heat and climatic changes have melted some of the wax 
upon the paper, the Great Seal of Georgia is still intact in its wax 
impression, bearing the Georgia Coat of Arms, consisting of three 
pillars supi)orting an arch on which is engraved the word "Consti- 
tution," and wrapped about the pillars the words "Wisdom," "jModer- 
ation" and "Justice" — indicating that "Wisdom" should be shown 
by the legislature in making the laws, "Moderation" by the executive 
officers in enforcing them, and "Justice" by the courts in their de- 
cisions. 

The Georgia-Indian controversies were matters of very wide inter- 
est in the middle eighteen-twenties (Creek) and the early thirties 
(Cherokee). All of the other states, which had Indian problems on 
their hands, were much concerned with the Georgia contests as fore- 
casting the later Indian policy of the nation, and the politicians ev- 
erywhere were exercised over the probable efTect upon the doctrine 
of state's rights. In such states as were erected from Federal "terri- 
tories," the title of the public lands was vested in the United States 
government. However, in the case of one of the original states, like 
Georgia, the public lands, after the extinguishment of the Indian titles 
were the property of the state. 

William Mcintosh, Chieftain, and others of the Creek Nation, as- 
sembled at Indian Springs, Georgia, in February of 1825, and agreed 
to sell all of their lands in Georgia. This treaty was concluded on 
the 12th day of February, 1825. Protests against its validity were 
made at the time, but the United States Senate ratified it, and John 
Qunicy Adams signed it as one of his first acts as President of the 
United States. 

For a more detailed description of the Indian question in Georgia,' 
I refer to "The South in the Building of the Nation," Volume II, 
pages 159 to 162. 

Hy legisl.ilive act, from the lands thus ac(|uii('d, were formed the 
counties of I.,ee, Muscogee, Troup, Coweta, and Carroll, and there 



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American CivAN Grk.gor vSociety 



was conferred upon the Governor the right of granting title to the 
white immigrants, 

A copy of the original land grant in my possession is as follows: 

"STATE OF GEORGIA. 

By his Excellency WILSON LUMPKIN Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of the Army and Navy of tliis State, and of the Mi- 
litia thereof: 

TO ALL WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, GREET- 
ING. 

KNOW YE, that in pursuance of the several Acts of the General 
As:?embly of this State, passed the 9th of June and 24th of December 
1825, and the 14th and 27th of December, 1826, to make distrilnition 
of the Land acquired of the Creek Nation of Indians, by a Treaty 
concluded at the Indian Springs, on the 12th day of February, 1825, 
and forming the counties of Lee, Muscogee, Troup, Coweta and Car- 
roll, in this State, I HAVE GIVEN AND GRANTED, and by these 
presents DO GIVE AND GRANT unto JOHN HOWARD, o'f Hicks 
District, Pikes County, his heirs and assigns forever, all that TRACT 
OR LOT OF LAND, containing two hundred two and a half acres, 
situate, lying and being in the Third District of the 3rd Section, in the 
County of Troup, in said State, whicii said Tract or Lot of Land is 
known and distinguished in the plan of said District by the Numl)er 
One Hundred and twenty five, having such shape, form and marks as 
appear by a plat of the same hereunto annexed: TO HOLD the said 
Tract or Lot of Land, together with all and singular the rights, mem- 
bers and appurtenances thereof, whatsoever, unto the said JOHN 
liOWARD, his heirs and assigns; to In's and their proper use, bene- 
fit and behoof forever in fee simple. 

GIVEN under my hand and the Great Seal of the said State, this 
SIXTEENTH day of DECEAIBER in the year eighteen hundred and 
thirty-three and of the Independence of the United States of America 
the fifty-eighth. 

SIGNED by Plis Excellency the Governor this the 16th day of De- 
cember, 1833. 

L. D. RUCKER, S. E. D. WILSON LUMPKIN." 

Attached thereto is a plat of the land thus granted. 
In iidc on the reverse sheet is written: 

"Grant to John Howard for Lot 125, 3d Troup, Dated December I5th, 

1833, Secretary of States Office, Registered in Book Troup. 

Wm. A. Tennilly, St'c'y." 

Ninian Beall Magruder, son of Samuel Magruder III, was born in 
Prince George's Comity, Maryland, November 22d, 1736. He married 



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Proceedings of Fourteenth Annual Gathering 49 

Rebecca Younpr, daughter of William Young, who died in Prince 
George's County, Maryland, in 1779, leaving his wife Eleanor and 
children: Abraham, John, Elizabeth Wheeler, Eleanor Wallace, Wil- 
liam, Susanna Wallace, Sarah O'Neal and Rebecca Ivlagrudcr. 

After the Revolution, Ninian Beall Magruder, removed from Mary- 
land to Georgia, and settled in that part of Richmond County, now 
known as Columbia County, since Columbia was carved out of Rich- 
mond in 1790. 

Ninian Beall Magruder's will is on record at Appling, Georgia, the 
county seat of Columbia County, in Will Book H, pages 193, 194 and 
195. This will was made October 17, 1809 and probated May 7, 1810. 
Therefore he died between the I7th of October, 1809, and the 7th of 
May 1810. The issue, as mentioned in the will, were his two sons, 
Samuel and William, and daughters, Eleanor Beall, Allitha Drane, 
Sassandra Drane, Margaret Sims, Elizabeth, Susannah Silvers, and 1 

Rebekah Robertson. ; 

Samuel Magruder, son of Ninian Beall I^lagrudcr, married Martha 
Ellis, February 14, 1788. (Marriage bond on file in Augusta, Rich- 
mond County, Georgia.) He died in Columbia County, Georgia, in 
1812. He left no will, but his estate was administered on, and after- 
ward divided among his widow and his children. (Administration 
Book B, page 186, Columbia, County, Georgia, records.) 

The issue of this marriage were Hedkiah, Edward, Virlinda, Ann, j 
Eliza, Martha, Samuel, Harriet and James, the three last named dying \ 
in childhood. Martha (Ellis) Alagruder, widow of Samuel Magruder, ] 
died in 1839, and letters of administration on the estate were granted 
to the daughter, Virlinda Magruder, on November 12, 1839. j 

Hezikiah Magruder was born January 31, 1790, in Columbia County, ! 
Georgia. He married Mary Jones, born June 25, 1791, she being the , 
daughter of David Jones. ; 

Nearly all of the Creek tract lying above Macon, Georgia, and Co- \ 
lumbus, Georgia, was known to be excellent land for cotton, and the i 
public lands opened up by the famous treaty at Indian Springs, at- 
tracted planters to that part of Georgia heretofore undeveloi)ed by the | 
"white settlers." Accompanied by his wife and children, Martha • 
Ann, James Randall, Thomas Samuel, Harriet Jane and Robert Hezi- : 
kiah, he came to the then new county of Meriweather, which was cre- 
ated by Legislative Act, December 14, 1827, from Troup County, and 
named for General David Meriweather, a distinguished ofhcer of the , 
State Militia, frequently employed by the Federal government in ' 
treaty negotiations with the Indians. Here, at the county seat, Green- 
ville, named for General Nathaniel Greene, of the Revolution, he bought, 
on Fel)ruary 27, 1838, for the sum of two thousand dollars "all that 
tract or parcel of land situate, lying and being in the County of Meri- 
weather, known and distinguished as lot number ONE HUNDRED 
AND 'iAVh:NTY FIVE in the THLRD DISTRICT of said County, 
containing two hundred two and one half acres." 



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I have in my possession the original deed of purchase, which was 
recorded April 14, 1845, Book H, pages 398 and 399, Clerk's Office, 
Superior Court, Meriweather County, Georgia." liy description this 
is the identical land as described in the land grant before mentioned. 

Hezikiah Magruder built his home, acquired other lands, and estab- 
lished a large plantation in Meriweather County, Georgia. The orig- 
inal house still stands, though somewhat changed with the years. 
Hekikiah Magruder died March 21, 1864. His wife died April 14, 
1862. Both are buried in the grove of oaks near the house. 

It gives me great pleasure to herewith present to American Clan 
Gregor Society a photographic copy of the original land grant and the 
deed of purchase as sold to my great grandfather, Hezikiah Magruder. 



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Pk^veedinco of FoiKiT:;;N-rii Annua:. GAViuauNvi 51 

CENTENNIAL ODE— Part Second. 

Bv J. B. NicKi.iN, Jr. 

I. 

To Gregor, third of Alpiii's sons, we trace 

The length of all our line in joy and pride 

That keep alive the memory of a race 

Which oft for King and Country bravely died. 

A kingly son hath given us royal line 

And regal acts have marked its course along, 

So Malcolm's courage to the crested sign 

An honor brought because his arm was strong; 

The oak tree thus became armorial then, 

The pine tree sank beyond MacGregor's ken. 

The twelfth among the Chiefs of this our Clan 

Was Gregor of MacGregor; he whose son 

Was brother's heir, and following out the plan 

Was founder of the line that is not done. 

For now our titled Chieftain joys to trace 

His lineage back unto the Glenstrae John 

Whose life was equal to his royal race 

Till death had cast its fearful look upon. 

The years were passing l)y with war and peace, 

New generations came upon the scene 

Whose loyal hearts and strong could never cease 

To keep ancestral memories ever green. 

Through William, James, and John, the proud descent 

Was coming forward to a l)itter day 

When Charles the Second into exile went 

And loyal Clansmen fell amid the fray: 

Upon the field of Worcester James did fall 

While John and Alexander knew the way 

Of captives in the strength of Cromwell's hall. 

To Gregor, son of Scotland's King, 

Whose praises still we stand to sing, 

Our loyal fealty now we bring 

As done in years of yore; 

To others who have known of joy 

And sorrow's ever-dread alloy, 

But most of all, our own Rob Roy, 

We render homage more. 



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AMItHlCAN Cl.AN GrKCOR SOCIICTY 



So then the captives o'er the sea were sent 
To brave an unknown land 

Where fame the unseen future would command 
To soothe their banishment 
And bring a kinder morrow to their grief 
That turned a tearful eye to Scotland's strand 
Where lived their own beloved and loyal Chief 
Whose words were laws to every man's belief. 
They knew that never again would they behold 
Their native land though death their limbs unfold, 
So bitter thoughts and fond their minds did fill, — 
But thoughts of vengeance swiftly died away. 
^The past was left behind for good or ill, 
The future promised much in coming years 
When peace should bless the birth of this new day 
That bade them cast aside their very fears. 



II. 



In Calvert's haven refuge then was found 

Where birth and education to their own 

Did come; six hundred acres of the ground 

Were purchased ere th' eventful year had flown. 

Unto this tract of land was given the name 

'Afagruder," destined here to come to fame; 

Whose acres swiftly grew 

To Alexander's view 

While wealth and proud position also came. 

Ilis foremost spouse was of a kindred near 

To Calvert's noble line 

Whose life and title still in honor shine 

Through every passing year. 

His second wife, like Margaret, children three 

Did bear him, while a third he lived to see 

Ere death from every earthly tie set free. 

O glory of our noble Clan, 
So long as mind and memory can 
Control the heart and life of man. 
So long our greatness thrives. 
And thus till end of time and race 
We hold the splendor of our place; 
In joy our line we proudly trace 
To those of bravest lives. 



vSo from the honor of his vanished place 
Are many now who glory in tluir race. 



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PuOClvtlDINGS OF FoURTKlvNTlI AnNUAI, GaTHKRINC 53 

III. 

The passing years, as still they come to bring, 

Unto the Founder of the New World race 

His ending brought and neither State nor King 

Could touch the honors of his well won place. 

His line three sons continued till ere long 

The newer home was dear alike to all 

And sons and daughters waxing yet more strong 

Could gladly heed their neighbors' clarion call: 

The Revolution spoke and thus there came 

Full seven and tliirty of Magruder's name. 

In martial rank or civil place 

The frequent dangers they did face 

And won the right to hear the meed of Fame. 

The warrior's laurels or the statesman's own, 

The jurist's in the ermine proudly worn 

Till death its ruthless sway had onward borne 

And brought the grief that all liave sonn-limc known. 

To win the freedom of their struggling land 

From British king and Parliamentary foe, 

From Hessian hosts that greed of gold did show. 

They joined the forces of that bravest band 

And fought as bravely as on Scotland's shore 

Or died as proudly as their sires of yore. 

When victory crowned the labors of their Chief 

And dinnned the sharpness of the mourner's grief 

The hand of Peace her blessings did bestow 

To heal the gaping wounds of War and shed 

A light of pity where had been the foe, 

A holy lustre where now slept the dead. 

MacAlpin! How each heart awakes 
With thrill of pride that ne'er forsakes 
A Scot who evermore partakes 
A share of Gregor's line: 
We gather here to pledge anew 
Once more our love and honor true. 
Forgetting never aught of due, 
McAlpin, that is thine! 

No longer was the name of MacGregor laid 
Beneath a ban that outlaws of them made. 

IV. 

The flight of happy years were prosperous then 
And other generations knew the name, 



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The new-born nation gave its share of fame 

And honored many a member yet again 

Who bore in pride of unrestricted use 

The name that Privy Council long forbade 

Their line to bear, that pride did freely loose 

In sight of all the Clan to make them glad. 

As upright judges, preachers of the Word. 

As authors, statesmen, patriots unsurpassed, 

Physicians who the higher call have heard, 

And those whose lives with heroes can be classed. 

The brave, unselfish soul who met his end 

In seeking then to save his fellow man 

Where fiery death was raging did not bend 

Aside to falter, carrying out his plan: 

He perished there, as on an alien shore 

Another kinsman thought of others more 

Than self and gave his life 

Amid that world-wide strife 

And reached the blessings of Heaven's opened door. 



O glorious Clan, oh deathless name, 
None other is so linked wth fame, 
Through countless sufferings that came, 
MacAlpin, as is thine: 
We love thee, for our hearts unite 
In praising thee that saw the light 
Amid the darkness of that night 
And now in peace doth shine. 



SRAIOGHAILL MO DHREAM. 



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Proceedings of Folrtkenth Annuae Gathering 55 

A BOY SOLDIER OF THE CIVIE WAR, 1861-1865. 

CiiAPTi'R Third — Conclusion. 

By H. E. Magrudicr. 

On returning from prison in Novenibcr 1864 I was granted a month's 
furlough in which to recuperate. I then returned to my company, 
which was fronting Fort Harrison, on tlie north side of J.ames Jviver, 
7 miles below Richmond. The fort was a strong one and iiad been 
captured from the Confederates a short time before my arrivil. The 
burning question there was food and fuel. The Confederate govern- 
ment took one-tenth, of the meat that the farmers raised, which con- 
sisted of the thinnest, boniest, shoulders, one quarter of a pound of 
which, mostly skin and bone, with a small quantity of corn meal of 
poor quality, formed the daily ration of a Confederate soldier. 

I, being a fresh country boy a little more resourceful than the av- 
erage, obtained a special permit to dig wild onions and trap fish in 
James River. The first was a success, and four of us rived the white 
oak splits for a basket trap and worked ourselves dizzy trying to 
start the trap, but without avail. We finally enlisted the services of 
a colored man, who claimed to know how to finish it. F.re he com- 
pleted the job, however, we were ordered to join General Pickett in a 
move to White Oak Swamp to cut off General Sheridan on his re- 
turn from an extensive raid. 

We arrived just in time to exchange a few shots with Sheridan's 
rear guard and were then placed in reserve several miles trom our 
former position, and the fish tra]3 remains unheard of to this day. 

We did not have an infantryman to twelve feet of line where we 
w^ere, but there were many impediments in front. 

Our line being between the enemy and the river, a deep moat was 
dug in front for the embankment; the streams were then dammed up, 
making ponds of 20 or more acres and covering, in some cases, one- 
half mile of fortification. While on this line we were expected to ob- 
tain our fuel from a swamp a mile to the rear, and found it handy to 
hitch two idle battery horses to a big log and drag it in. This custom 
became so common that it caused a general order, from high up, for- 
bidding it. 

A few days thereafter, when we were as busy as bees hauling in 
logs with the horses in spite of the order, anticipating bad weather 
and not General Lee, the latter rode down the line and, seeing our 
operations, asked if we had heard order No. 40. Our memories were 
all so poor that he merely smiled and rode on saying: "Please do 
not let this occur again" — and it did not. 

The retreat of the Army of Northern Virginia zvas noiv begun. There 
were about twenty-five 16 to 19 year old boys in our company and 
the next event of interest to us was during the night of the evacua- 



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tion of Richmond. As we passed through the city about 2 a. m., 
one of our extra men, who carried a musket, broke ranks and tried 
to smash in a store door as he saw others doing. This resulted in 
breaking the stock of his gun instead of tlie door. He had to carry 
the stockless gun for several days in order to turn it in at the next 
inspection or suffer the consequences of losing his gun. This af- 
forded us youngsters no end of fun and laughter. 

jMy father, Benj. Henry Alagruder, was then in the Legislature 
and we passed near his house. I was sorely tempted to call by and 
see him, believing we were going far south, but I stayed in ranks. 

As General Lee's army crossed the James River the bridge was 
jammed and a fire barrel of water was turned over and the cry of 
"Broken Bridge" was raised, which nearly caused a panic, just be- 
fore daylight. I never heard such explosions and the sky was lighted 
up for miles. 

When things were blown up about 6 miles behind us we left our 
reserve camp so hurriedly that no marching rations were issued; so 
the Commissary was raided. All I could get was a canteen full of 
sorghum molasses, half of which worked out on my clothes by day, 
which with dust and mud had me in a mess. 

A nice old gentleman got a gallon of flour and the next morning, 
when the explosions commenced, we were wading a little river with 
a water gate across it, which he was shinning to keep his feet dry. 
He was so startled that he and the flour washed under the gate, 
which kept us young ones howling with laughter and him mad for 
days. 

A battery horse dropped from exhaustion and a small mule was 
put in. The latter, the driver said, did finely after a two bushel bag 
of sand was put on him to hold him down; and the mule so trudged 
for days. 

About now hunger began to hit us pretty hard; but we were as- 
sured that train loads of the best provisions awaited us at Amelia 
Court House. When the army arrived there nothing was found but 
hunger, burning army debris, and exploded ammunition, and the 
enemy holding the roads running south and towards Lynchburg. 
So we had the most horrible all night march, over private and fresh 
chopped roads, and got back into the Lynchburg road only 6 miles 
from the Court House, worn out and starved. 

A little after sunrise the whole column marched I)y the end of a 
corn-house, one vnd of which was broken open to let the corn run 
out. h'.ach man was allowed to take two ears — the last rations is- 
sued us by the Confederacy. b'ating this corn raw kept one just 
sick enougli not to be hungry. When the corn gave out, three of 
us, at the night halt, went foraging on the safe side of the road but 
found nothing except a few guineas in a tall tree. We then tried 
the enemy's side and soon canu^ to where a cavalry picket had been 



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run off, before their horses had finished eating their corn. We picked ^ 

up the shattered corn and parched it as well as we could, and soon I 

thereafter I had my first chill — that night. j 

At Deatonsville the enemy had taken the road in our front. A 
driver of one of our guns had been resting me by letting me ride his j 

large horse. When the battery was ordered into position at a gal- ! 

lop, being up so high felt dangerous. When we had the enemy in 
full flight for 2 miles, in plain view, and our infantry after them, | 

we were not at all scared and were excited beyond measure, feeling 
sure that we would get them. Soon the firing had ceased lest our 
own men might be hurt. i 

A wide paled garden was in their line of flight and I was sure we 
would capture several hundred as they ran around the garden; but 
they merely jerked the palings off, not losing ten seconds, and were 
soon in the woods and safe. 

The most demoralizing experience is to march on a road commanded 
by artillery. In one such experience there were 10 or 20 men in- 
jured and many vehicles, some abandoned hung on trees where 
dodging the road, and as v/e passed a shell passed through a com- 
missary wagon of pots and kettles; the noise, mingled with the out- 
cry of the wounded, was heartrending and such as I never want to 
hear again. 

Near Farmville we were ordered to destroy the guns, cut out the 
horses, and each save himself. I cut out a horse and did not finish 
shedding harness for a mile. In about 3 miles I caught up with the 
Colonel, for whom I was courier after that masterly ride; but I never 
could get any food for my steed; 1 had to travel on the outside of 
the roads and take him at fast gait across wheat or grass fields, as, 
if he once got his head down to graze, there was no getting it up 
again, I had to sleej) with the bridle tied to my wrist lest he be 
stolen. 

The night before the surrender we expected to march all night, 
but when we were within half a mile of Appomattox Court House, 
the latter was taken and we halted. 1 tied my horse to the fence and 
went to my mess close by to help cook a ({uart of such big beans 
as I never saw; the more they were cooked the tougher they became. 
An infantryman came up and put into the kettle a cow's tongue, and 
we were expecting beef tongue and beans. When asked why he did 
not get some meat when he killed the cow, he replied that he was 
a butcher and knew that in such a poor animal only the tongue was 
eatable. At 11 p. m. he unexpectedly jerked out the tongue, saying 
he had to catch his regiment. The beans were neither seasoned nor 
done and many panels of palings burnt. 

Just before daylight my horse was gone and General Gordon's 
corps moved to the front with our battery and only two rounds of 
ammunition to the gun, we moving on his left. He drove the enemy 



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from the Court House and halted, we taking position in the open, 
100 yards southeast of the Court House and frontinj^ a double line 
of the enemy three quarters of a mile long in sight, with nothing to 
our left and orders not to fire at less than a Brigade's advance. 

As we were moving forward the last morning, when within 100 
yards of the creek or river across which we expected to find the enemy, 
a permt came along the line for the men without guns to go to the 
rear and many went. We saw one man, on the sly, throw his gun 
into a ditch down which we were moving and we rent the air with, 
"Coward — kill him." But in the rapid move nothing was done. We 
crossed that stream twice in 35 minutes, but I have no recollection 
of it; yet I can go within 10 feet of where the gun was thrown into 
the ditch and where our battery took position. 

We were now not 300 yards from the enemy's line. In about 30 
minutes an order came for us to take position three quarters of a 
mile back across the creek on the adjacent line of hills, and in a short 
time General Lee read his farewell address to the army of Northern 
Virginia at the wagon camp near us. 

We were about as nearly starved as men could be and the next 
morning Frank Meade and I were detailed to go to General Grant's 
butcher's field for beef. The federals gave us a tremendous quarter 
of very lean beef, which was lugged a mile to our camp, hung to a 
pole from shoulder to shoulder. On the way I suggested that we 
two had better pocket a few pounds apiece for hard times, but Frank 
said there was a plenty for all. 

HMiis quarter of beef proved to be for the whole battalion instead of 
for our Company alone, and my share was three mouthfuls of bone 
,and less than one of meat. Meade made a good preacher, but as a 
conmiissary he was a failure. 

1 think we were held one day after the surrender awaiting paroles, 
and then started in s(iuads in the direction of our respective homes. 
The bright spot in our journey was a mill about 15 miles from Appo- 
mattox Court House. I held out ihat I knew mills and that there 
was always meal between the hoop and stone and we would get it 
out. But alas! The hoop and stones had ben lifted and swept clean 
with a broom. After 20 miles that day I found rest and some grub, 
and on the third day reached home, a distance of 79 miles in tw^o and 
a half days — the last 20 miles, regardless of the many woods roads, 
by sighting a large cherry tree, as guide, on the top of a high moun- 
tain near my home. 

We and the Richmond contingent had been assigned as body and 
headquarters wagon guard for General Lee until out of range of 
army bunnncrs. The last time I saw him and Traveller was 6 miles 
east of Appomattox Court House when he bared his head in passing 
us. 

When we reached James River the ferryman was in high feather, 



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ProcivIvdings of Fourteenth Annuai, Gathering 59 

carefully collecting $5.00 in Confederate money from each man. The 
many with no money had little trouble borrowing from those that 
had. As we had seen and well knew that the Confederacy was no 
more. 

Why General Lee did not give up when cut off from joining 
General Johnston at Amelia Court House, with his expected rations 
all carried to Richmond, I do not understand. Moving a starved 
army through a ravished country with a large river on its right and 
closely pressed by overwhelming numbers on rear, left, and front, 
is a task few would undertake. The loss was large and the suffer- 
ing very great, while the gain was nothing. General Grant in that 
last move could have annihilated Gordon's corps had he been less 
humane, as we were about 4,000 closely surrounded by 30,000. 

Lieutenant General Ewell, in his battle at Sailors Creek near Farm- 
ville, Va., had 600 marines and sailors in their maiden land fight. 
His corps yas surrounded, cut to pieces, and were compelled to sur- 
render, but the marines continued fighting and were preparing to 
give their front the bayonet, when the Federal Commander sent a 
fiag of truce telling them that their corps were whipped, had sur- 
rendered, and were surrounded by 20,000 men, who were unwilling 
to annihilate so gallant a command who did not know when they 
were whipped. 



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American Ci,an GrEgor Socikty 



MEMBERS ENROLLED SINCE THE PUBLICATION OF THE 
YEAR BOOK OF 192L 



(m) after the numbers indicates minor members. 

579 Disharoon, Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay (Magruder) Port Gibson, 

Miss. 
577 Fisher, John Gordon, 47 Baltimore St., Hanover, York Co., Pa. 

573 Fisher, Miss Mary Amelia, 47 Baltimore St., Hanover, York 

Co., Pa. 

583m Griffith, Benjamin Frederick, 2825 Fremont Ave., South Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

586m Griffith, Earnest S., Jr., 2600 Dupont Ave., South Minneapolis, 
Minn. 

587m Griffith, Miss Mary Virginia, 2600 Dupont Ave., South Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

584m Hughes, Miss Anna Virginia, 2825 Fremont Ave., South ^lin- 
neapolis, Minn. 

582 Hughes, Robert Shelton, 2825 Fremont Ave., South Minneap- 
olis, Minn. 

576 Humphreys, Mrs. C. D. (Fannie Magruder), Port Gibson, !^{iss. 

580 MacGregor, Rob Roy, Hyattesville, Md. 

575 McCrcady, Mrs. I. J. (Mary E.), 719 10th St., Beaver Falls, Pa. 

574 McKown, Miss Amelia C, Bunker Hill, W. Va. 
589m Magruder, Miss Betty Allen, Charlottesville, Va. 
588m Magruder, Douglas Neil, Cleveland, Miss. 

585m Muncaster, Miss Margarette Magruder, R. F. D. No. 5, Rock- 

ville, Md. 
578m Pollock, Suzanne Helen, 601 Oneida St., Denver, Col. 

581 Sheriff, I'hillip Hill, 5324 Colorado Ave., Washington, D. C. 
572 Simpson, ]<,dward J., 50l5 Locust St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

571 Simpson, Mrs. l-dward J. (Elizabeth Phelps), 4615 Locust St., 

Philadelphia, I*a. 



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INDEX 



Page 
American Descendants of Clan 

Gregor 22 

Among the Members 27 

Annual Address of Chieftain, Dr. 

H. AI. Magruder 11 

Antietam, Battle of.... 3S 

Appomattox Court House 57 

Appreciation of Caleb Clarke 

Magruder, by J. M. Magruder.. 28 

Arms of MacGregor 13 

Bard or Harper 12 

Boy Soldier of the Civil War, by 

H. E. Magruder 55 

Cedar Afountain 38 

Centennial Ode, by J. B. Nick- 

lin, Jr 51 

Chief, Hereditary 3 

Chieftain, Annual Address of 11 

Chieftains, Deputy — Appointed 4 

Clan Gregor, by Gray Silver 32 

Clan Gregor, American Descend- 
ants of 22 

Clan Gregor, Origin of 11 

Clyde, Lord, Origin of 15 

Committee on Alembership 4 

Committees, Special 5 

Councilmen 3 

Deputy Chieftains — Appointed 4 

Dorsett, Isalxjlla MacGregor 8 

Election of Officers 8 

Fifield, Henry 44 

Fredericksburg, Battle of 3S 

Gathering, Number of Members 

at 31 

Gathering, Proceedings of 6 

Genealogy of the Magruders 17 

Georgia, An Old Land Grant in.... 47 

Gettysburg, Battle of 41 

Gordon, General 57 

Hill, Ali.ss M. T., Paper, William 

W. Hill (II) 35 

Mill, William W. (M), by Miss 

M. T. Hill 35 



Page 
How to Honor Our Clan, by J. 

Magruder 26 

Lee's vSurrender at Appomatox.... 58 

Lord Clyde, Origin of 15 

Lumi)kin, Wilson, Governor of 

Georgia 47 

Marriages of Clan Members 25 

MacGregor, Arms of 13 

AlacGregor, Sir Malcolm 3 

AlacGrcgors, Selection of New 

Name 12 

Magruder, Alexander (H) 19 

Magruder, B. H 37 

Alagruder, Caleb Clarke 8 

Magruder, Caleb Clarke, An Ap- 
preciation of, by J. M. Ma- 
gruder 28 

Magruder, Dr. E. Af., Annual 

Addi^ess v 11 

ATagruder, Dr. E. AL, Paper, 

Colonel J. B. Alagruder 37 

Magruder, PL E., Paper, A Boy 

Soldier of the Civil War 55 

Alagruder, J., How to Honor 

Our Clan 26 

Alagruder, Colonel J. B., by Dr. 

Alagruder , 37 

Alagruder, J. AT., Paper, An Ap- 
preciation of Caleb Clarke Ala- 
gruder 28 

Alagruder, Aliss Alary Thomas.... 35 
Alagruder, R. L., Jr., Pai)er "An 
Old Land Grant in Georgia".... 47 

Alagruder, Genealogy of 17 

Alembcrs, Among the 27 

Alembers Enrolled Since 1921 60 

Alemlx-rship, Committee on 4 

Members, Alarriages of 25 

Alinor, Garrett 37 

Minor, Aliss Alaria I^ouisa 37 

Mimites, Synopsis of 8 

Nicklin, J. B., Jr., Poem, Centen- 
nial Ode 51 



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American Ci,an GrEGor Society 



Page 

Nomenclature of Septs 13 

Number of Members Present at 

Gathering 31 

Officers 3 

Officers, Election of 8 

Official Sprig of Pine 8 

"Old Land Grant in Georgia," by 

R. L. Magruder, Jr 47 

Origin of Clan Gregor 11 

Origin of Magruder Sept or 

Family , 14 

Origin of Septs 13 



Page 
Outstanding Characteristics of 

Clan Gregor, by Gray Silver.... 32 

Pine, Official Sprig of 8 

Proceedings of the Gathering 6 

Report of Treasurer 9 

Silver, Gray, A Paper, The Clan 

Gregor 32 

Sei)ts, Origin and Nomenclature.. 13 
Sept, Origin of the Magruder.... 14 

Special Committees 5 

Synopsis of the Minutes 8 

Treasurer, Report of 9 



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YEAR BOOK 



OF THE 



American Clan dregor bociety 



CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS OF TEIE 

SEVENTEENTH AND THE EIGHTEENTH 

ANNUAL GATHERINGS 

1926 AND 1927 




THE AMERICAN CLAN GREGOR SOCIETY 

John Bowie Ferneyhougji, Editor 

Richmond, Virginia 



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Copyright, 1928 

BY 

John Bowie Ferneyhough, Editor 






Press of 
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Richmond, Virginia 



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contl:ni\s 

Page 

Proceedings Seventeenth Annual Gathering 7 

John Holmes Magruder — Miss Helen IVolje 12 

Mrs. Mary Rutan (Magruder) Short — Mrs. Joanna M. Palmer 13 

Among the Members 14 

Mrs. Sallie Willie (Chewning) Wallace — Friends 15 

Thomas Magruder of "The Forest" — Caleb Clarke Magruder . . 16 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Magruder) Cooke — G. C. IV. Magruder 23 

Descent of Alpin King of Scotland — Miss Juliet Ilite Gallaher 28 

Address at Rockville, Maryland — Caleb Clarke Magruder 33 

Ode to the Patriots of Montgomery County, Maryland — 

John Bailey Nicklin, Jr 35 

Address at Rockville, Maryland — lion. JVilliam Tyler Page.. 38 

James William Magruder — Kenneth Dann Magruder 43 

"Dunblane" — Miss Alice Maude Ewell 52 

Zadock Magruder — Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith 54 

Edward Magruder Tutvviler — Friends 58 

Increasing the Membership 60 

Correcting Our Mailing List 60 

Samuel Magruder, Third — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr ; 61 

NiNiAN Beall Magruder — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr . 67 

Cephas Bailey Magruder — Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder 75 

Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr . . . . 81 

Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Gathering 83 

Mrs. Louisa Virginia (Magruder) Berry — Mrs. Gertrude B. 

Patterson 91 

The Chieftain's Work in Kentucky 91 

James Milton Johnson — ^'Daily Citizen,'' Urbana, Ohio 92 

Mary Thomas (Magruder) Hill, "Mameta" — Mrs. Susie May 

van den Berg 93 

NiNiAN Magruder, Pioneer — Kenneth Dann Magruder 97 

Letters From University of Virginia 103 

"Glenfruin" — John Bailey Nicklin, Jr 104 

Magruder Graduates of the United States Military 

Academy — Major Marshall Magruder, U. S. A 106 

James Bailey Magruder — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr 112 

William Rearden Magruder — Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith 115 

Descendants of Magruder Revolutionary Soldiers From 
Montgomery Co., Md., Part One 

Archibald Magruder — Marion M. Harrison 123 

Doctor Daniel Magruder — fVillett Clark Magruder 129 

John Beall Magruder — Caleb Clarke Magruder 132 

Norman Bruce Magruder — Caleb Clarke Magruder 132 

Ninian Beall Magruder — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr 132 

Ninian (Offutt) Magruder — Robert Lee Magruder, Jr . . . 133 



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Will of Archibald Magruder 136 

National Defence Highway — Donald McDougal in Washington 

Times 138 

A Good Fighting Name 1 39 

A Deed of Good Citizenship 139 

The Colonel and the Bible — JV. C. Woodall HO 

Ancient MacGrecor PIeirloom — Ilerald-Tribune 141 

List of Members H3 

Deceased Members 1 54 

Index 157 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

Cooke Graveyard Facing T 

Mrs. Sallie Willie (Chewning) Wallace Facing 

John Holmes Magruder 

Mrs. Mary Rutan (Magruder) Short 

Mrs. Elizabeth (A4agruder) Cooke 

Memorial Tablet at Rockville, Md 

James William Magruder, D. D 

Edward Magruder Tutwiler 

Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder 

Cephas Bailey Magruder 

William Pinkney Magruder 

James Milton Johnson 

Mary Thomas (Magruder) Hill 

Major-General John Bankhead Magruder 

William Thomas Magruder 

Major Lloyd Burns Magruder 

James Bailey Magruder 

William Rearden Magruder 



itle Page 

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34 

44 

58 

76 

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92 

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106 

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OFFICERS, 1926 



HEREDITARY CHIEF 

Sir Malcolm MacGregor of MacGregor, Baronet 

Lochearnhrad^ Scotland 

Caleb Clarke Magruder Chieftain 

Rev. James M. Magruder, D. D Ranking Deputy Chieftain 

John Bowie Ferneyhough Scribe 

Miss Mary Therese FIill Historian 

John Edwin Muncaster Treasurer 

Egbert Watson Magruder Editor 

Rev. Enoch Magruder Thompson Chaplain 

Alexander Muncaster Chancellor 

Dr. Steuart Brown Muncaster Surgeon 

Mrs. Anne Wade Sheriff Deputy Scribe 



THE COUNCIL 

Mrs. John F. M. Bowie 
Miss Helen Woods Gantt 
Dr. Robert E. Ferneyhough 
Mrs. Laura C. Higgins 
Miss Rebecca M. MacGregor 
Herbert T. Magruder 
Oliver B. Magruder 
Dr. Henry B. McDonnell 
Clement W. Sheriff 
Henry M. Taylor 



DEPUTY CHIEFTAINS 

Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith Alabama 

Edward McGar Johnson Arizona 

Mrs. Annie M. McCormick Arkansas 

Mrs. Eugenia F. Rees California 

Thomas L. Pollock Colorado 

Mrs, Jesse W. G. Myers District of Columbia 

Mrs. M. M. Permenter Florida 

Robert Lee Magruder, Jr Georgia 

Mrs. Edward F. Simpson Illinois 

Thomas B. MacGregor Kentucky 

Thomas M. Wade Louisiana 

Calvert Magruder Massachusetts 

Alva W. Gregory Maine 

William P. Magruder Maryland 






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DEPUTY CHIEFTAINS-Continued 

Mrs. Ernest S. Griffith Minnesota 

Miss Nannie II. Magruder Mississippi 

Miss Gertrude 0. Pendleton Missouri 

George Ninian Short Montana 

Mrs. Virginia M. Clarke Nebraska 

Donald D. Magruder New York 

J. Milton Johnson Ohio 

George C. W. Magruder Oklahoma 

Richard B. Magruder Oregon 

Miss Mary A. Fisher Pennsylvania 

Miss Carrie O. Pearman South Carolina 

John B. Nicklin, Jr Tennessee 

Mrs. Florence M. Barrett Texas 

Mrs. Edward M. Magruder Virginia 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Snively Washington 

Gray Silver West Virginia 

Mrs. Nancy G. Simmons Wisconsin 

SPECIAL COMMITTEES 

Committee on Memorials 
C. C. Magruder, Miss Mary Therese Hill, Alexander Muncaster. 

Committee on Program 
Caleb Clarke Magruder. 

Committee on Pine 
Caleb Clarke Magruder. 

Committee on Music 
Miss Helen Woods MacGregor Gantt, Chairman; John Francis Mac- 
Gregor Bowie, Mrs, J. F. MacG. Bowie, Mrs. Jesse Waring Gantt 
Myers, Mrs, Russell N. McAlistcr, Mrs. C. W. Sheriff, Miss Rebecca 
MacGregor. 

Committee on Hotel 
Clement William Sheriff. 

Committee on Decoration of Hall 
Miss Mary Therese Hill, Mrs. Julia (Magruder) McDonnell, Mrs- 
Philip H. Sheriff. 

Committee on Registration 
Oliver Barron Magruder. 

Committee on Honor Roll 
C. C. Magruder, Chairman; Mrs. R. J. M. Bukey, Mrs. L. C. Higgins> 
Rev. J. M. Magruder, John Bowie Ferneyhough, 



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PROCEEDINGS OF THE GATHERING OF 1926 
Thursday, October 21, 1926 
3:00 P. M. 

The Seventeenth Annual Gathering of the American Clan Gregor 
Society was called to order by the Chieftain at 3 o'clock P. M. in the 
Cabinet Room of the Willard Hotel, Thursday, October 21, 1926. 

After an invocation by the Chaplain, the Rev. Enoch Magruder 
Thompson, the Scribe read the minutes of the last gathering. 

The report of Miss Mary Magruder, Registrar, was then received. 

Miss Mary Therese Hill, Historian, read her report, which was fol- 
lowed by memorial sketches of John Holmes Magruder and Mrs. Mary 
Rutan Short, which were read by Rev. James Mitchell Magruder, 

A memorial sketch of Mrs. Sallie Willie Chewning Wallace was read 
by Mr. E. W. Magruder. 

The report of the Treasurer, Mr. J. E. Muncaster was as follows: 

Balance on hand 1925 $ 73.70 

Dues collected 396.00 

Interest on Liberty Bond (three coupons) . . 3.18 

Total 3472.88 

Disbursements 

Postage (Scribe) $ 9.69 

Postage (Treasurer) 5 . 50 

Printing Programs, 1925 26.03 

Engravings for 1924 Year Book 41 .77 

Envelopes for Editor 5 . 50 

Printing Programs, 1926 22.26 

Other Printing 3.75 

New Willard Hotel 5 . 00 

3119.50 

Balance on hand 3352 . 38 

The report of the Editor, Mr. E. W. Magruder, was that the 1924 
Year Book was in the hands of the printers and should be ready within 
a few weeks. 

The committee on the revision of the membership roll showed that 
no work had been done by that body. 

The Chieftain reported that 3546.86 had been raised for the Edward 
May Magruder memorial. After some discussion it was voted that 
3500 of this amount be sent to the Board of Directors of the Martha 
JclTerson Hospital to form a Perpetual Trust Fund for the support 
of a room. The remainder of the above amount to be used for a small 
tablet and the expenses incidental to its placing. 

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8 American Clan Grecor Society 

A telegram from the Mayor of New Orleans inviting tliis Society 
to meet in that city in 1927 was read and the Scribe was instructed 
to reply to the invitation. 

The Chieftain announced that the official pine of this gathering had 
come from ''Arthur's Scat," the home of Isaac Magruder. A letter 
from Mr. Robert Lee Magruder was read stating that he had been 
unable to secure pine from the home of Zadock Magruder. 

On motion of Mr. Alexander Muncaster the meeting announced for 
9:30 A. M. tomorrow, October 22, was postponed, and merged with 
the night meeting of that date. 

The Society was then adjourned to meet at 8 o'clock P. M. 



Thursday, October 21, 1926 
8:00 P. M. 

After an invocation by the Chaplain, the Society was delightfully 
entertained by Miss Claire Sessford who sang "Mother Machrce." 

On the motion of Mr. Alexander Muncaster, the election of officers 
was held at this time, and on motion the Scribe was instructed to cast 
the unanimous vote of the Society for the following officers: 
Caleb Clarke Magruder, Chieftain 

Rev. James M. Magruder, D. D., Ranking Deputy Chieftain 
John Bowie Ferneyhough, Scribe 
Miss Mary Magruder, Registrar 
Miss Mary Therese Hill, Historian 
John Edwin Muncaster, Treasurer 
Egbert Watson Magruder, Editor 
Rev. Enoch Magruder Thompson, Chaplain 
Alexander Muncaster, Chancellor 
Dr. Steuart Brown Muncaster, Surgeon. 
Mrs. Anne Wade Sheriff, Deputy Scribe 
A sketch of Thomas Magruder of "The Forest" was read by the 
author, Mr. C. C. Magruder. 

A paper on Elizabeth Magruder Cooke by George Corbin Washing- 
ton Magruder was read by Mr. Alexander Muncaster. 

A paper by Miss Julia Flite Gallaher, entitled "Descent of Alpin 
King of Scotland from Adam and Eve," was read by the Rev. Enoch 
Magruder Thompson. 

On motion of Mr. E. W. Magruder, the proposed changes in Rules X 
and XT, which had been laid on the table at the 1925 Cjathcring were 
taken up for consideration. After some discussion the proposed changes 
in line 2, Rule X and line 2, Rule XI were voted against. The change 
in line 4, Rule XI was voted for and the word "death" was inserted 
before the word "absence." 

On motion of Mr. Alexander Muncaster the fifty dollar Liberty Bond 
now owned by the Society was ordered sold, the proceeds turned into 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 9 

the treasury of the Society, and that so much of the amount as may 
be necessary be used for the binding of the applications that have been 
accepted. 

During the evening the Gathering was entertained by Misses Claire 
Sessford and Rosalie MacGregor Harding with dance solos and songs. 

On motion the Gathering was adjourned. 



Friday, October 22, 1926 

The Society which had gathered in the Court House of Montgomery 
County, Maryland, at Rockville, was called to order at 12 o'clock by 
the Chieftain who, in his address of welcome, outlined the objects of 
the American Clan Gregor Society and the purpose of this meeting 
to unveil a bronze tablet to the memory of the descendants of Alexan- 
der Magruder, bearing his surname, who served in the Revolutionary 
Army from Montgomery County, Maryland. 

At the conclusion of the Chieftain's address an original Ode by John 
Bailey Nicklin, Jr., of Tennessee, was read by the Rev. James Mitchell 
Magruder. 

The Chieftain then introduced the Honorable William Tyler Page, 
author of the Americaris Greedy who delivered an inspiring historical 
address. 

At the conclusion of Mr. Page's address, the Chieftain, Mr. C. C. 
Magruder, presented the tablet to Judge Hammond Urner, Chief Judge 
of the Sixth Judicial Circuit of Maryland, who accepted it on behalf 
of Montgomery County and Court. 

Master William Randolph Talbott, Jr., age 4 years, sixth in descent 
from Colonel Zadok Magruder, then pulled the cord and released the 
Maryland flag which had covered the tablet which bears the following 
inscription: 

In AIkmory of the Descendants of Alexander Magruder, 
Maryland Immigrant, Bearing his Surname, who Served in the 
Revolutionary Army from Montgomery County, Maryland. 
Zadok, Col.; Samuel Wade, Second Maj.; Jesse and Joski'h, Cap- 
tains; IIezekiah and Samuel Brewer, First Lieuts.; Charles, 
Nathaniel and Nathaniel Beall, Second Lieuts.; Josiah, Ensign; 
Enoch, First Sergt.; Ninian and Richard, Third Sergts.; Archi- 
bald, Basil, Daniel, Edward, Elias, E/ekiel, Isaac, James, Jeffrey, 
John Beall, Levin, Ninian Beall, Norman Bruce, Samuel Beall, 
Walter, William Beall, William Offutt, Zadok, Privates. 

The meeting was then adjourned. 



Friday, October 11, 1926 

8:00 l\ M. 

The Society was called to order by the Chieftain at 8 P. M. 
A sketch of the Rev. James William Magruder, D. D., by Kenneth 
Dann Magruder, was read by Mr. C. C. Magrud'jr. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



A poem, "Dunblane," by Miss Alice Maude Ewell, was read by the 
Rev. James Mitchell Magruder. 

A paper, "Georgia Magruders of the Ninian Offutt Magruder Line, 
Part Two — Zadock Magruder," by Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith of Ala- 
bama, was read by Mr. Alexander Muncastcr. 

The Chieftain announced the appointment of the following Council- 
men and Deputy Chieftains. 

The Council 
Mrs. John F. M. Bowie Mrs. Phillip Hill Sheriff 

Miss Helen Woods Gantt Oliver B. Magruder 

Dr. Robert E. Ferneyhough Dr. Henry B. McDonnell 

Mrs. Laura C. Higgins Clement W. Sheriff 

Miss Rebecca M. MacGregor Henry M. Taylor 

Deputy Chieftains 

Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith Alabama 

Mrs. Eugenia F. Rees California 

Thomas L. Pollock Colorado 

Mrs. Jesse W. G. Myers District of Columbia 

Mrs. Mabel Magruder Permenter Florida 

Robert Lee Magruder Georgia 

Mrs. Edward F. Simpson Illinois 

Major Lloyd Burns Magruder Kansas 

Willett Clark Magruder Kentucky 

Thos. M. Wade Louisiana 

Calvert Magruder Massachusetts 

Alva W. Gregory Maine 

William P. Magruder Maryland 

Mrs. Ernest S. Griffith Minnesota 

Miss Nannie H. Magruder Mississippi 

Miss Gertrude O. Pendleton Alissouri 

George Ninian Short Montana 

Mrs. Virginia Kl. Clarke Nebraska 

William Woodward New York 

J. Milton Johnson Ohio 

George C. W. Alagruder Oklahoma 

Richard B, Magruder Oregon 

Kenneth Dann Magruder Pennsylvania 

Miss Carrie O. Pearman South Carolina 

John B. Nicklin, Jr Tennessee 

Wm. Belhaven Hamilton Magruder Texas 

Mrs. Sallie Magruder Stewart Virginia 

Mrs. Elizabeth IE Snively Washington 

Gray Silver West Virginia 

Miss Elizabeth Bowman MacGregor Wisconsin 



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Procekdings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 11 

The Rev. James Mitchell Magruder in his pleasing style and with 
well chosen remarks expressed to the Chieftain the appreciation of the 
Society for his efforts in erecting the tablet and arranging for the dedi- 
cation services at Rockville. 

The Chieftain announced that the E. M. Magruder Memorial Fund 
had been increased by ^100, making the total amount ^646.86. 

The following musical program was rendered during the evening: 

MacGregors' Gathering, 

by John Francis MacGregor Bowie 
Vocal Solo and Encore, 

by Mrs. John Francis MacGregor Bowie 
Duet by, Mr. and Mrs. John Francis MacGregor Bowie 

Mr. Geo. H. Wilson at the piano 
Violin Solos — To a Wild Rose and Love's Sorrow 

Mr. Herbert V. A. Burkart 
Violin Solo — Meditation from Thais, Rondino 

Mr. Frank J. Burkart 

Mrs. Joseph Burkart, accompanist 

On motion of Mr. James Mitchell Magruder a rising vote of thanks 
was extended Mrs. Burkart and her sons for the enjoyable music furn- 
ished by them. 
A vote of thanks was also extended the manager of the Willard Hotel 
I for the hospitality and courtesies extended during the Gathering. 

** On motion of the Rev. James Mitchell Magruder the Gathering was 

adjourned. 



NUMBER OF MEMBERS PRESENT AND STATES REPRESEN- 
TED AT THE GATHERING OF 1926. 

Attendance 

From Virginia 14 

From Washington, D. C 34 

From Maryland 31 

From Pennsylvania 2 

From Ohio 1 

From Colorado 1 

Total 83 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



JOHN HOLMES MAGRUDER 
By Miss Helen Wolfe 

In the death of John Holmes Magruder on December twentieth, 1925, 
the Clan Gregor Society lost one of its outstanding members of the 
older generation and Washington one of its best citizens. Though 
Mr. Magruder attended few of the Clan Meetings, he was deeply in- 
terested and enjoyed the Clan Book. He was also a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars and of Sons of the American Revolution. 

He was a lifelong resident of the District of Columbia; and did all 
in his power to further the best movements for the improvement of 
Washington. He was one of the incorporators of the Board of Trade. 
He thoroughly enjoyed the Society of the Oldest Inhabitants, 

John Holmes Magruder was born October sixteenth, 1850, on E Street 
between Sixth and Seventh. Most of his boyhood was spent at Metrop- 
olis View, where St. Vincent's Orphan Asylum now stands. The 
family lived there for some years before their home 310 E Street, N. W.» 
was built. He was educated at Gonzaga School, which was then on 
F Street near Tenth. As a young man, with his brother, Dr. Lloyd 
Magruder, he took part in the social life of Washington, being among 
other things a member of the Bachelors' Cotillion. 

Starting his business career with Mr. Egan and Mr. Bryan, he later 
branched out for himself. By his devotion to detail and integrity in 
methods, he built up a wonderfully successful business. Recently, 
he incorporated the firm, associating therein the three men who had 
been with him twenty-five years. 

Mr. Magruder looked and acted the gentleman he was. Fond of 
beautiful things, he enjoyed nothing better than a visit to Sloan's, 
often returning with a choice article of china or furniture, bought with 
unerring good taste. Much of his leisure was devoted to worth-while 
books and to acquiring a knowledge of current events including base- 
ball of which he was a fan. With a quiet sense of humor, he had a 
love for story-telling, sometimes of great length, but always well told 
and most entertaining. He was most upright and honorable in all of 
his dealings and was noted for his integrity. 

On October 16th, 1882, Mr. Magruder married Sarah Arabella Slough, 
daughter of General Slough and Arabella McLane. Two children 
survive: — Natalie, the wife of Mr. Guy Campbell of London, England, 
and John Holmes Magruder, Lieut. -Commander, U. S. N. 

Throughout, Mr. Magruder's ancestors were English and Scotch. 
He was the son of Thomas Contee Magruder and Elizabeth Olivia 
Morgan; grandson of Lloyd Magruder and Ann Holmes; great-grandson 
of Major Samuel Wade Magruder and Lucy Beall; great-great-grandson 
of Alexander Magruder and Ann Wade; and great-great-great-grandson 
of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall and great-great-great-great-grand- 
son of Alexander Magruder, the Immigrant. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 13 



MRS. MARY RUTAN (MAGRUDER) SHORT 

By Mrs. Joanna M. Palmer 

Another of the charter members of the American Clan Gregor Society- 
has answered to the roll call of the Great Beyond. 
\ Mary Rutan Magruder was born in Marion, Ohio, November 18, 

I 1855, where she resided until her marriage to Edmund James Short 

I January 26, 1876, when the young couple removed to Bellefontalne, 

Ohio, and lived there for more than thirty years. Three children were 
; born to them, the oldest dying in infancy, the second, Grace Magruder, 

i passing away in her twenty-first year, and the youngest, George, living 

i to be the pride of both parents and the comfort and joy of his mother, 

* . after the death of his father April 4, 1909. 

: The mother and son resided in Denver, Colorado, for a time, and 

then in Butte, Montana, where George was actively engaged in busi- 
ness and prominent as president of the Y. M. C. A., and in other social 
activities. 

On November 3, 1925, Mrs. Short passed away in Butte, Montana, 
after several years of III health. So, in brief, we give the bare outline 
of a life. She was born, she lived, she died — but only to those who 
knew this kinswoman of ours Is It given to read between the lines and 
realize all the stauncli Integrity, the spiritual altitude, the richness, 
the serenity and the sweetness of a life thus briefly told. 

Mrs. Short was a woman who had hosts of friends in every walk of 
life, made through her zealous church work, her philanthropic activ- 
ities, and her recognized social standing. She was a member of the 
D. A. R., as well as of the American Clan Gregor Society and very 
proud she was of her Scotch ancestry and of her Revolutionary fore- 
bears. Some of the members of the American Clan Gregor Society 
no doubt remember Mrs. Short as she attended several gatherings and 
made many friends for herself by her winning personality and her keen 
Interest In the organization. It was upon one of these trips to the 
East that she had the great pleasure of being a visitor, together with 
her son, in the White House. She was a personal friend of the wife 
of our late president, Warren G. Harding, and to them, George Short 
presented a tribute from the people of Montana, he having been selected 
to convey their messages of greeting, a kind of tribute from the West 
to the East. 

Today we look back and realize how many of our original American 
Clan Gregor Society members have become a part of that great cloud 
of witnesses: 

"Who, looking from some heavenly hill. 
Or from the shade of saintly pahns. 
On silver reach of river calms 
With loving eyes behold us still." 






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American Clan Grkgor Society 



And among them Is the one to whom we pay this tribute of respect — 
another loyal daughter of the MacGrcgors, Mary Rutau (Magruder) 
Short. 

She was the daughter of Thomas Jefferson Magruder and Elizabeth 
Fribley, grand-daughter of Ninian Magruder and Grace Townsend, 
great-granddaughter of Samuel Brewer Magruder and Rebecca (Ma- 
gruder), great-great-granddaughter of Samuel Magruder and Margaret 
Jackson, great, great, great, granddaughter of Ninian Magruder and 
Elizabeth Brewer, great-great-great-grcat-granddaughter of Samuel 
Magruder and Sarah Beall, great-great-great-great-grcat-granddaughter 
of Alexander Magruder and supposedly Margaret Braithwaite. 



AMONG THE MEMBERS 

Dr. Walter Magruder Leonard of Cleveland, Ohio, was elected Presi- 
dent of the Sons of the American Revolution of Cleveland, Ohio, in 
April, 1926. He is to address the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion in Philadelphia In June. 

His mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Cooke Magruder Leonard of Fostoria, 
Ohio, was elected in April, 1926, as Regent of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution of the Jane Washington Chapter of Ohio, and 
was a Delegate to the State Convention at Cincinnati. 



In the 1925 Year Book the name of Sir Malcolm MacGregor's bride 
18 printed "Yuila Rollo", It should have been "Gylla Constance Susan 
Rollo". 

Lady MacGregor is the daughter of the Honorable Eric Norman 
Rollo and granddaughter of the tenth Lord RoUo. 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 15 

MRS. SALLIE WILLIE (CHEWNING) WALLACE 
By Friends 

Sallie W. (Chewning) Wallace, whose death occurred April 7, 1925, 
at her home in Norfolk, Virginia, was the daughter of John W. and 
Mary Strange Chewning. 

She was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, March 9, 1849, at 
"Island Home" on the banks of the Rivanna River, the home of her 
parents. Mrs. Wallace attended the schools in her native County 
which was noted for most excellent ones for both boys and girls. In 
1869, at the age of twenty, she was married to Dr. George Walke Wallace 
of Norfolk County, who had recently graduated in Medicine at the 
University of Virginia. 

The young couple settled at Deep Creek, Norfolk County, Virginia, 
where Dr. Wallace practiced Medicine most successfully, for a few 
years. As his health could not stand the strain of an active practice, 
he had to give up Medicine and moved to Berkley, now a part of Nor- 
folk, Va., where he opened a Drug Store, in which business he continued 
until his health broke down, a few years before his death. 

She was a devoted Presbyterian, and gave liberally of her time and 
talent to Church and Sunday School work. A beautiful and attractive 
girl in her youth, time developed a woman of sterling worth and char- 
acter. 

Mrs. Wallace was a Charter Member of the American Clan Gregor 
} Society and was a very regular attendant at all of its gatherings as 

long as her health permitted. She was deeply interested in the Clan 
and all of its members and after she could not attend the gatherings 
she was always anxious to see the Year Book to know what was done 
r at the Gathering. 

She had hosts of friends, and her home was a rendezvous for friends 
and relatives. Old and young came to share with her their joys and 
sorrows — for advice and consolation. Her friendship was not of the 
fair weather kind, but showed forth its brightest and best in times of 
trouble and distress. 
A Thus passed away one of the "Salt of the Earth," whose life is beau- 

tifully summed up by one who loved her, in these words "A devoted 
Church woman, a sincere Christian, a kind neighbor, a loving friend, 
a bright and loving personality which endeared her to a large circle 
of friends, and whose beauty of character is an inspiration to those 
who are left behind." 

Mrs. Wallace was the daughter of John W. Chewning and Mary 
Elizabeth Strange, granddaughter of Gideon Allowhy Strange and 
Harriet Magruder; great-granddaughter of John Bowie Magrudcr and 
Sarah B. Jones; great-great-granddaughter of James Magruder and 
Mary Bowie; great-great-great-granddaughtcr of Ninian Magruder and 
Elizabeth Brewer; great-great-great-great-granddaughter of Samuel 
Magruder and Sarah Beall; grcat-great-great-great-great-granddaughter 
of Alexander Magruder, Maryland immigrant. 









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American Clan Gregor Society 



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THOMAS MAGRUDER OF "THE FOREST" 
By Caleb Clarke Magruder, Maryland 

Thomas Magruder was the first-born child and only son of Isaac 
Magruder and Sophia Baldwin, his sisters being, Henrietta, who married 
Levin Beall, Clarissa Flarlowe (christened Harvey), who married James 
Webb, and Emma Corbett, who married Brooke M. Berry, 

His mother was five generations removed from John Baldwin, "The 
Hero of Warrasquake," and she was the daughter of Thomas Baldwin 
and Sophia Butt, Nee Duvall. She was of kin to the Chase Family of 
Maryland, among whom were Samuel Chase, Signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States; and Jeremiah Townley Chase, Chief Judge of the Mary- 
land Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court of that state. 

She was aunt to Gabriel Duvall, Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, who was succeeded in that high office by my 
great-great uncle, Philip Pendleton Barbour, who was a grand nephew 
of Edmund Pendleton, first Chief Justice of Virginia. Thomas Mag- 
rudcr's father was a planter, who having taken the "Patriot's Oath," 
Cinclnnatus-llkc left the plow and flew to arms as a private in the 29th 
Battalion of A'lontgomery County, Maryland Militia during the Rev- 
olutionary War, and later served as such in the 34th Maryland Regiment 
during the period of the "French Menace." 

Thomas Alagruder was born on the home-plantation of his parents 
known as "Knave's Dispute," Montgomery County, Maryland, on 
November 24, 1779. The statement that he was born in Montgomery 
County will doubtless prove startling to many of his descendants who 
have thought that he was born in Prince George's County, Maryland. 

1 confess to a similarity of thought until considering data for this 
paper — In fact I told one in this audience within a few weeks that he was 
Prince Georgc's-born. — but the statement that he was born in Mont- 
gomery County Is correct, as evidenced by the will of his grand-father 
Nathan Magruder, in these words: "I give and bequeath to my son 
Isaac all that l^nd and plantation whereon he now lives to be divided 
from his Brother John's Part by a line beginning at the end of the first 
line of a Tract of land called Turkey Thickett ." 

"Turkey Thickett" is in Montgomery County, and it was revealed by 
the searches of the late William Edwin Muncaster that the land men- 
tioned as adjoining "Turkey Thickett" was known as "Knave's Dispute," 
and further, that It was the home of Isaac Magruder when he lived in 
Montgomery County. Isaac Magruder was therefore a resident of 
Montgomery County, at the date of the execution of his father's will In 
1781, two years subsequent to the birth of his son, Thomas, and he did 
not become a resident of Prince George's County, so far as any records 
show, until 1799, at which time he was a private In the 34th Maryland 
Regiment of Prince George's County. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 17 

Isaac Magruder's death occurred in 1808 at "Arthur's Seat," Prince 
George's County, but it was his wife's property, and the administration 
upon his estate shows that he owned 41 slaves and other personalty in 
Prince George's and his former home in Montgomery. 

March 30, 1799 Thomas Magruder was living with his parents at 
''Arthur's Scat," as evidenced by the roster of Captain Jacob Duckett's 
Company of the 34th Maiyland Regiment upon which he was listed as 
Sergeant, and his birth-date given as November 24, 1779, with the further 
notation, "has a gun." On tliis same roster his father's birth-date is 
recorded as 1755. When slightly over twenty years of age I'homas 
Magruder, on January 4, 1800 (date of marriage license), was united in 
marriage with Mary Clarke, born in Prince George's County in the year 
of his birth. She was fifth in descent from Daniel Clarke, Captain of 
Colonial Militia in Anne Arundel County, Maryland; grand-daughter 
of Joshua Clarke, First Lieutenant of Prince George's County Militia 
during the Revolutionary War; and daughter of Caleb Clarke, civil 
officer (constable) in that County during tlie last period mentioned. 
She was great-great-grand daughter of Mareen Duvall, French Hugue- 
not, of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and her mothcr-In-law, Sophia 
(Baldwin) Magruder was his great-grand daughter. 

Two of Mary (Clarke) Magruder's brothers amassed considerable 
fortunes and won political distinction in New York State: Archibald 
Smith Clarke, who was a member of the 14th Congress, and Staley 
NIcholIs Clarke, who was a member of the 27th Congress. I own a 
photograph of the latter, given to me by a grandson, showing a large, 
full face, strong mouth and chin, soft eyes, and an expression of much 
benignity. 

The donor told me a great-grandson of Staley Nicholls Clarke married 
a daughter of the late Melville W. Fuller, Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. Upon marriage, or very shortly thereafter, 
Thomas Magruder and his wife, Mary Clarke went to live with his 
maternal grandfather, Thomas Baldwin, within whose home the elder 
of his eleven children wore born. 

He was Quartermaster of the 14tli Maryland Regiment, September 9, 
1807; and was Quartermaster of the same regiment in the War of 1812. 

My father has told me that his grandmother, Mary (Clarke) Magruder, 
and his uncles had often spoken of his service during that period, and of 
his participation in the Battle of Bladensburg. 

This historic town was less than ten miles from his home, and the 
British advance thereon was over a route less than four miles away. 

Bladensburg is an inglorious field to American arms, but we must re- 
call that the enemy had seen service In the Peninsular and Nepoleonic 
Wars, while those opposing them were, in the main, made up of raw 
militia. 

Thomas Magruder was reared in the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
but as a young man became a convert to Catholicism. 

As I have heard the legend In connection therewith it is to the effect, 



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that he requested the presence at his home of the minister then at Holy 
Trinity Church, some two miles away, to administer baptism to one of 
his children — I am inclined to think to his second-born child, Isaac 
Grandison. 

It appears there was a rule in that church forbidding infant baptism 
outside of the church unless the infant was in extremis, or at least ill. 
The rule had not been strictly adhered to, contrariwise, had become so 
lax that many were ignorant of it, but the minister appealed to was de- 
sirous of reestablishing it, and declined to attend for the purpose re- 
quested unless the infant was ill. Shortly thereafter Thomas Magruder 
joined the Catholic church, but to think that his change of religion was 
on account of defiance, or due to pique is to offer insult to sense. 

The more liberal thought would be that his was an honest change of 
faith, probably largely influenced by his wife who was a Catholic. 

Some years ago I was given a note from the Jesuit records of Maryland 
in which it was recorded that a Father General of that Society had re- 
cently-returned to the United States after a visit to Rome, where he had 
been given a relic by the Pope for presentation to Thomas Magruder, 
but what this relic was I have never been able to learn. 

January 13, 1804 the will of Thomas Baldwin was admitted to probate, 
and by its provisions his widow, Sophia, was devised "during her natural 
life or widowhood" all of decedent's estate — realty and personalty — 
and at her death all of such property was to pass to his grandson, Thomas 
Magruder, also named as residuary legatee. 

Sophia Baldwin died intestate within a few months of her husband, 
whereupon Thomas Magruder became possessed in fee of all of his grand- 
father Baldwin's property, including "my dwelling-plantation with all 
the improvements and appurtenances thereunto belonging." 

Sophia Baldwin was the only issue of her parents, who at the time of 
her marriage to Thomas Baldwin was the widow of Thomas Butt, and 
the daughter of Benjamin Duvall and Sophia Griffith. 

Thomas Baldwin was a planter and proprietor of a popular Inn on the 
"Old Stage Road" between Baltimore, Annapolis, Bladcnsburg and 
Washington — the then gate-way to the South — which was well patronized 
by the celebrities of the day. 

This road is now known as "Defense Highway", built by State and 
Federal aid, and is in large measure the result of my father's untiring 
interest in its building, as evidence of which Governor Harrington of 
Maryland presented him the pen used when he signed the law providing 
for its construction. 

Thomas Magruder died August 14, 1830, and his was the first inter- 
ment on the property which he had inherited from his grandfather Bald- 
win. I have never heard any description of his personal appearance 
other than that he was a tall, well-built man who held himself erect, and 
was very dignified. 

His will, written by his wife's nephew. United States Supreme Court 
Justice Gabriel Duvall, was executed February 1, 1822, and admitted to 






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i*KOCEEDINGS OF SEVENTEENTH AnNUAI, Ga'IH KRI NG 



19 



prol)atc October 26, 1830. Through it his widow was to retain possession 

of all of his real estate (during widowhood) until their children were 

educated, he directing ''that my sons Caleb Clarke and Walter Smith 

fe »h.tll have a classical education to prepare and fit them for professional 

;; characters if they shall be so inclined; and I do direct that my other 

! cliiKlrcn shall have a suitable education." 

' I lis son Thomas Baldwin was bequeathed $S00 and a slave only, "his 

;. education having cost me considerable sums of money" (he had been 

graduated iM. D, from the University of Maryland in 1821). Personalty 

was bequeathed to the remaining ten children, and a home with their 

^, rnulher provided for his daughters while unmarried. Upon the decease 

j of his widow all of his real estate, excepting the homestead, was to be 

sold upon terms satisfactory to the majority of his sons then of legal age, 

his son Thomas Baldwin excepted, and the proceeds divided among his 

ten children. 

It was his wish that the homestead "should be owned and possessed 
by one of my family"; and with this in view, he directed that upon his 
widow's death the property should be disinterestedly appraised by 
"respectable men" chosen by his son Thomas Baldwin and such of his 
other sons as might then be of legal age, and purchased by said son 
Thomas Baldwin upon payment of their proportionate shares to his 
other sons. 

In the event that his son Thomas Baldwin failed to become the pur- 
chaser of the homestead his right was to pass to testator's second son, 
Isaac Grandlson, and if he failed to exercise the privilege it was to pass 
to his third son, Caleb Clarke, and thus in succession to his other sons 
according to seniority. 

Mis eldest daughters, Sophia and Sarah, were bequeathed ^500 and 
Ills youngest daughter, Mary Thomas, ^800, "as she is yet to receive 
her education." Provision was made for advances of money to the 
children by the executrix, and their daughters were to have their legacies 
within two years after marriage. 

The widow was named as executrix, and if she declined to qualify as 
such, administration was to pass to his son Isaac Grandlson. The In- 
ventory of his personal estate was taken December 17, 1830, and filed 
January 6, 1831 by Isaac Grandlson Magruder who joined with his 
mother in the administration. It shows the contents of ten rooms, 
horses, cattle, tobacco, farming implements and 33 slaves valued at a 
total of 38,440.44. 

Their First Account was filed June 12, 1832, showing sale of tobacco 
at 32,066.96, thereby increasing the personal estate to 310,507,40, and 
showing a disbursement of 32,398.03, which reduced the same to 38,109.37. 
A P'lrst Additional Account was filed June 11, 1833 showing additional 
collections of 31,016.94. The Second and Final Account of Mary (Clarke) 
Magruder, filed October 16, 1847, as surviving executrix indicating as 
such that Isaac Grandlson Magruder was then deceased, showed addi- 



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American Ci.an Gregor Society 



tional receipts Increasing the personal estate to 314,534.24, and disburse- 
ments of ^6, 257. 50, leaving for distribution among the heirs $58,276.74. 

In accordance with Thomas Magrudcr's provisions that his sons Caleb 
Clarke and Walter Smith should have classical educations they entered the 
Washington Catholic Seminary, now Gonzaga College, and I have testi- 
monials awarded to the latter for proficiency in geography and Greek, 
but both are without dates as is a similar testimonial awarded Staley 
NIcholls for "Perspicuity and Knowledge of the Figures of Speech." 

Caleb Clarke Magruder entered the above mentioned institution in the 
fall of 1826, and his testimonials for the ensuing months of that year 
show, three for "Proficiency in the Use of the G'obes," two for proficiency 
in French, and the same number for proficiency in Latin and Greek; 
while for the remainder of the second term there are three testimonials 
for French and Greek, and four for Latin. 

He was graduated from this Institution, and Georgetown University 
conferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1834. He 
studied law under his second cousin, Justice Duvall, and all his life ad- 
hered strictly to his profession. Walter Smith Magruder died under 
age In Mississippi, Staley NIcholls Magruder took to the farm, but 
another son became a "professional character" in the person of Archibald 
Smith Magruder, M. D. of Jefferson Medical College In 1838. 

Mary (Clarke) IMagruder survived her husband until the spring of 
1864, and upon her death, intestate, she was buried by the side of her 
husband. My father has thus described her to me: small of statue, 
with an oval face, blue eyes, and light hair turned to gray, who smoked 
a clay pipe in her latter days. 

As stated in Thomas Magruder's will his homestead consisted of 211 
acres, and In accordance therewith his eldest son, Dr. Thomas Baldwin 
Magruder, entered upon its possession at the deceslse of his mother, but 
In about two years thereafter he decided to return to Mississippi where 
he had gone to live shortly after his graduation in medicine. Isaac 
Grandison Magruder, the second oldest son having predeceased his 
mother in 1847, the property rights in the homestead vested In the next 
oldest son, Caleb Clarke Magruder, who acquired the property in fee, 
Increased the acreage to about 300, and gave a deed for It to his son 
Caleb Clarke. This property lies in three election districts of Prince 
George's County — Bowie, Queen Anne and Kent, with two public roadi 
causing this political division. 

In 1898 my father conveyed to my brother, the late Dr. Ernest Pendle- 
ton Magruder, that portion lying in Bowie district; to my brother, 
Thomas Nalle A/fagruder, that portion lying in Queen Anne district; and 
to the writer, that portion lying in Kent district. Upon the death of my 
brother Dr. Frnest P. Magruder in 1915, my father purchased his [K)rtion 
and gave deed for it to my brothers Mercer Hampton Magruder and 
Arthur Hooe Staley Magruder, since which time the former has sold his 
Interest to my brother Arthur (1924), 

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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 21 

18^^8, when it was razed and a kitchen built on a part of its rock founda- 
tion. Its location was within a few feet of another house built by Thomas 
M.iprudcr which is now occupied by ine as a summer home. 

Most of the great aunts and great uncles mentioned in this paper died 
I At a period beyond my recollection, but I remember Uncle Tom, Aunt 
1 *iictsy," Uncle Isaac's widow. Aunt "Nardy," Uncle Archie's widow, 
f Aunt Mary Tom and her husband Uncle William Hill, Uncle Jack and 
I Uncle Staley. 

I. Within my recollection Uncle Staley lived in the old Baldwin house, 

jf »Hi-upying a second-story room, facing South, which led out to a porch, 
i running the full length of the house, where he slept in summer, and until 
I the house was razed these were known as Uncle Staley's room and Uncle 

I Staley's porch. In the house built by Thomas Magruder, now owned 
f, by inc, is a room used by Aunt "Betsy," still spoken of as Aunt "Betsy's'^ 
i louin by the third succeeding generation. When, in 1876, Amanda 
i; Louise Magruder, granddaughter of Dr. Thomas Baldwin Magruder, 
I atTcctionately known as "Teenle," visited Maryland to join a party of 
^ friends and relatives bound for the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, 
she occupied this room, and with her diamond engagement ring cut into 
one of the panes of glass the initials of her fianc6 W. B. McL. (William 
Brant McLean) which initials are still to be seen. 

On my brother Thomas Nalle's portion of the old homestead is a red 
sandstone showing the initials T. B. (Thomas Baldwin) marking one of 
the boundary lines. Also on his property Is located the old graveyard 
wlicrc, in addition to Thomas Magruder and Mary Clarke, his wife, 
repose the remains of their descendants: Isaac Grandison Magruder and 
his wife, Margaret l.ClIzabcth Hill, and tlieir children, Emma Corbett 
(Magruder) Wilson, Richard Hill Magruder (and his son Francis Calhoun 
.Magruder), Mary Francis Magruder, Henrietta Magruder, Isaac Grandi- 
son Magruder, Jr., and John Beall Magruder; Sarah Magruder, Caleb 
Clarke Magruder (1808-1884) and his wife Mary Sprigg Belt, and their 
children, Thomas Belt Magruder, John Marshall Magruder, and Mary 
Rebecca Magruder; Caleb Clarke Magruder (1839-1923) and his wife 
Hettie Rice Nalle, and their son Dr. F'rnest Pendleton Magruder; F'.d- 
ward Walter Magruder and his wife Lizzie Alaria Mulllkin, and their 
children, Lilly Magruder, and Beulah Magruder; John Beall Magruder 
and his wife Mary Anne Hill, and their daughter, Elizabeth Virginia 
Magruder; Staley Nicholls Magruder; Dr. Archibald Smith Magruder, 
and his children, Joseph Magruder, Susan Hllleary Magruder, Ella 
Winifred Magruder, Laura Josephine Magruder, Alice Maude Magruder; 
and Professor Mike Knaw, a private tutor to Thomas Magruder's 
children. 

The issue of Thomas Magruder and Mary Clarke were: Dr. Thomas 
Baldwin Magruder, Isaac Grandison Magruder, Sarah Magruder, Sophia 
Magruder, Caleb Clarke Magruder, John Beall Magruder, Walter Smith 
Magruder, Staley Nicholls Magruder, Ricliard Weems Magruder, Dr. 
Archibald Smith Magruder and Mary Thomas Magruder. Thomas 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



Magruder had a step-mother when on April 3, 1802, Isaac Magruder 
was married to Anne Hill. She must have been a wonderful match- 
maker judging from the marriages which followed between her Hill 
nieces and nephews and her Magruder step-children, for Margaret 
Elizabeth Hill married Isaac Grandison Magruder, Philip Hill married 
Sophia Magruder, Mary Anne Hill married John Beall Magruder, and 
William Wilson Hill married Mary Thomas Magruder. 

I suppose I missed having a Hill as a paternal grandmother for the 
reason that the family supply was exhausted — there were no more Hills 
to marry. 

Thomas Magruder was the son of Isaac Magruder and Sophia Baldwin; 
grandson of Nathan Magruder and Rebecca Beall; great grandson of 
John Magruder and Susanna Smith; great-great grandson of Samuel 
Magruder and Sarah Beall; great-great-great grandson of Alexander 
Magruder, Maryland immigrant. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



23 



MRS. ELIZABETH (MAGRUDER) COOKE 
By George Corbin Washington Magruder 

Elizabeth (Magruder) Cooke was a daughter of Dr. Zadok Magruder 
of "The Ridge," Montgomery County, Maryland, and Martha Willson 
his wife, and a sister of Dr. William Bowie Magruder. She was born 
October 6, 1804. Dr. Zadok Magruder died at the age of forty-four 
leaving a widow and ten children, six sons and four daughters. What 
a task for any woman to be left a widow with ten children, a large body 
of land, and a number of slaves to care for, with little money, wliich 
was generally the case in those days! She was a woman of very decided 
character and brought up her children to work. It is related of her 
that when at one time her daughters complained of the amount of work 
that she required of them when there were so many servants, she replied, 
"I love my daughters better than my slaves, and would rather bring 
them up in idleness than permit my children to grow up worthless." 
That was the early training Elizabeth (Magruder) Cooke got in her 
home. 

Friends, we are living in a wonderful age, so different from the time 
when our dear aunt was a girl. Children were then taught to be ''seen 
but not heard." In those days when a young man called to see a girl 
he did not drive up in an automobile and honk, honk, honk for her 
to come out and go riding with him, but he would hitch his horse to the 
horse-rack and walk to the front door like a gentleman, and would be 
received, by the father or the mother, and later, after Ma's consent, 
the blushing, sweet girl went for a buggy or horseback ride provided 
they returned by a stated hour. Then, when bed-time came, the young 
man was invited to remain all night and his horse was put away, or 
he had to bid the girl and family good-night. Quaker meetings com- 
posed of two members and kissing were not allowed until after engage- 
ment. Nice girls were plentiful but hard to get. They were particular 
about a young man's morals and family standing. But now, if a young 
man can run barelegged ten or fifteen miles an hour, he is a hero; or 
if he can drive an automobile two hundred miles an hour without killing 
himself or two or three people, he is a hero; or if he can fiy over a moun- 
tain or across the sea, even if he should knock the top off a mountain 
peak in going toward the North Pole, if he has on sheep-wool leggings 
and a fur coat, he is a great hero, whether he ever reaches the Pole or 
not. And if one can successfully jump from high bridges or go over 
Niagara Falls in a barrel, it is enough to entitle him to society whether 
he ever had a grandmother or not. Now, our dear aunt was raised in 
the olden days. I heard my father say she walked three miles to attend 
Rockvllle School, and returned with the brothers to their Uncle Robert 
Pottinger Magruder's on the Frederick Road. 






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This moral, practical training which she got as a girl laid the founda- 
tion for a healthy, practical life which she enjoyed until about six years 
previous to her death. 

She married Nathan Cooke of "Gray Rock," November 17, 1825, 
and when my grandfather died, leaving my father, a small boy, who 
was taken to live with Uncle and Aunt Cooke, where he began his 
school days with a Mr. Musser at Middlebrook. My father was devoted 
to this Aunt and Uncle and they to him. On the west side of the brick 
house which Uncle built while my father was with him is a stone set 
in the brick on which was lettered by my father the following: 

"Nathan Cooke 
Isaac N. Power, Car. (Carpenter) 
Richard Science, Mas. (Mason) 
George Rhodes 1838." 

My father was fourteen years of age when he cut the names and 
date on this stone, and he told us of the valuable lesson learned from 
the carpenter Powell. Uncle encouraged my father to work by allowing 
him to raise potatoes. He once had about 33.00 in Uncle's hands made 
by the sale of the potatoes he had raised by hard labor, and one day 
when my father was going to Rockville carpenter Power asked him to 
buy the best pocket knife he could find. My father never dreamed 
of the carpenter being dishonest; so he bought the best knife he could 
find and gave it to Power and it was the last of Dr. Julian's potato 
money. Uncle said afterwards that he could have saved my father 
from the loss of his potato money, but thought he would let Julian 
learn a lesson. My father said that while it was a mean trick in Power 
to rob a little boy of his money, it was a valuable lesson to him. 

Uncle had a large plantation and many slaves. He was a kind and 
hospitable man and entertained lavishly. They generally had a 

Methodist minister and family living with them. I remember so well 
Mr. Armstrong Martin and Mr. Bond; the latter of whom married 
Elizabeth Lumsdon, Aunt's niece and name-sake, and I drove her to 
Goshen Church the last Sunday before she was married. Aunt had 
two other name-sakes beside Cousin Lizzie Lumsdon — one was her 
niece, Lizzie Magruder, daughter of Aunt's brother Robert,; and the 
sister of the writer, Mrs. Elizabeth Leonard. 

Closely associated with the memory of dear Aunt Lizzie's every day 
life was a large bunch of keys which she often carried in her apron pocket 
from which a strong string encircled her waist. One very large key 
interested us young folks more than all the rest. That was the one 
which opened the dear old closet under the hall steps. In this closet 
were kept peach and apple pies, cakes, nuts, oranges, bananas, chest- 
nuts, dates, candy and raisins. Methinks I hear some ancient rattling 
of the key in that ponderous lock now, saying, "open up." What a 
place in which to be left alone! 

Three or four of Aunt's nieces and nephews and their families had 
standing invitations to spend Christinas at "Gray Ruck." Always 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gatheking 25 

kind and loving and happy to greet her loved ones, young and old, as 
they filed in, not only to spend Christmas together, but any time. It 
was the family home and meeting place. She would meet each when 
alighting from the carriage or at the front door, and grab for the little 
ones first. Then kiss my father and mother leading the way inside 
when she would help my mother to take off the children's wraps, notic- 
ing the nice, warm home-knit gloves, coats, socks, etc. She would 
examine each thing and say, "Maggie, you are a wonderful mother, 
indeed you are. Just see how nicely you have made this and that." 
To which my mother would reply, "Oh, Aunt, if I was only half 
so wonderful as you." But she never liked compliments; so modest 
in every particular, she seemed her happiest wdien allowed the privilege 
of taking the humblest seat. She would soon send for the Preacher 
and family to come down to the sitting room. She would quietly slip 
out after getting the conversation started, to look after that never- 
to-be-forgotten dinner, leaving large silver baskets with raisins, nuts, 
apples, oranges, etc., for the company to munch on until the dinner 
was announced. I never heard of one child being lonely or wishing 

to go home. After Aunt's return to the room iMr. A or Mr. 

M would read or speak of some interesting missionary experiences. 

Instantly Aunt's face would take on such a sweet, heavenly smile, for 
she was so interested in sending the Gospel to foreign lands. 

She was almost a constant sufferer for six years before her death with 
chronic rheumatism. My father attended her until he moved to Ohio. 
Whilst she was relieved of very severe pain at times, she suffered with 
a stiffness in her limbs and hands for which there seemed no remedy, 
so that the latter years of her long and well-spent life were passed in 
an invalid chair excepting at night. But that determined Christian 
fortitude which had characterized her whole life was present with her 
during these trying years and brought peace and happiness to her soul 
up to the time of her death which occurred February 18, 1886. She 
was a consistent member and worker of the Methodist Church South 
at Gaithersburg and Goshen. 

Old "Uncle Billie Mockabee," brother of "Uncle Jef," whose picture 
is shown in Year Book containing the Proceedings of 1917, was the 
carriage-driver. On Sundays "Uncle Billie" would put on his black 
beaver and drive the big two-horse carriage up for "Miss Lizabeth." 
The iron steps were unfolded and let down outside until after the 
occupants were inside when "Uncle Billie" would fold the steps one 
after another until the last. The whole package would rest inside 
until someone wished to get out, then "Uncle Billie" would get down, 
open the door, let down the steps, and fold again. It was a closed 
carriage with glass windows on the sides and in front. Uncle always 
rode horse-back on a pacer; with white corded sheepskin over his saddle. 
Pic was ready to follow "little missus" in the "great carriage." She 
was hardly up to the average weight of women, weighing about 110 
or 115 pounds, while Uncle weighed about 275 pounds. When follow- 



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26 American Clan Gregor Society 

Ing the carriage he would soon be overtaken by one or more of his V 
neighbors when the conversation would jump from good weather to : 
bad corn, stripping tobacco, harvesting, or fox-hunting. He was fond | 
of this sport and kept a pack of ten running dogs, besides old dogs and i 
puppies, a boy to care for them, pull down and put up fences, blow j. 
the horn, and carry his bottle of red-pepper water, which he used for r 
throat trouble. 

Uncle was an excellent provider, kind and affectionate husband, 
father, friend and master, honest and true to his family and his country, * 
Aunt was a lump of energy and determination and she had a mind of ' 
her own. And while she had a cool head and control over her temper, ' 
she was slow in asserting her rights. 

Aunt loved flowers and a good garden. She, with a man, would 
plant and work a square of canteloupes. She believed in planting in 
the signs of the moon, whether It is right or wrong to so believe, and 
she raised the most delicious nutmeg canteloupes I ever ate. She also 
had asparagus, lettuce, radishes, cabbage and grapes in the garden; 
a green walk with arborvitae, roses and other flowers along it. Uncle 
had the melon patch planted in a ten acre lot where he would never 
plant until June. He was a successful farmer, but did not believe in 
deep plowing and early planting. Long after his neighbors had planted 
corn, he would start a number of two-horse plows and it would not be 
long before he would start planting. Having the ground in good shape 
his corn would come up and grow rapidly and at earing time he would 
have a good crop. One of his neighbors who took delight in remarking 
about how slow Mr, Cooke was in planting his corn, came over after 
Christmas to buy corn. *'Why Jack, you come to buy corn from me, 
a poor farmer who don't know when to plant his corn.'"' "Yes, Mr. 
Cooke, I am about out." *'Wcll Jack, you can get the corn, but say. 
Jack, don't go about talking of my bad farming any more, will you. 
Jack.-*" "No, Mr. Cooke, I certainly can't laugh at you after seeing 
your pile of corn." "Well come around here and look in these bins." 
"My, my, Mr. Cooke, what are you going to do with it all.""' "Going 
to sell it to the good farmers around here who laugh at my bad farm- 
ing. I say Jack, you are not going to laugh at my farming any more, 
are you.^" "No, sir." "Jack, I wish you would feed my young foxes 
in the den next to your field when out that way any time. Carry them 
a bit of fresh meat and fix up the stone at the entrance." "Well, good 
day, Mr. Cooke, I will pay you for this corn before long." "That's 
all right Jack, but remember not to laugh about my poor farming, and 
look after my fox den." 

The love for fox hunting was the cause of Uncle's death. One of 
his dogs, so eager to be off when let out of the kennel, reared upon the 
shoulder of a colt Uncle was riding causing the animal to back suddenly 
throwing him over his head upon the ground. He died in about three 
days from ii\ternal injuries. My father was with him constantly until 












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PROCKKIMNCS OF SEVENTEENTH AnNUAL GaTIIEKING 27 

the end, but nothing could be done to save his life. He was conscious 
until a short time before his death, and understood his condition. 

His farm was named "Gray Rock" because of the fact that off in 
the woodland about a lialf-inllc east of his dwelling is a large gray moss- 
covered rock. 

f \ Among the precious letters of my sister is one of the last, if not the 

very last, written by Aunt. Between her stiff and swollen fingers she 
I clutched her pencil and wrote my sister quite a long letter, which she 

I began on the 30th of May, continued on the 2nd of September and 

I finished it in October. In this letter she spoke of the writer as well 

as the rest of the family in endearing words of love. A sweet message 
was sent to each, and she said Aunt Matilda, the old cook, was so glad 
to hear from "Marse Julian" through her, and said, "I shall never forget 
his kindness to me and all the colored people around here. Give him 
my best love." "If I only had the use of my hand I would have more 
to say, but you must judge the pain it gives me. It is only that I love 
you that I have held out. I hope Arthur will not forget to write me, 
and Julian also. I love them all and would love to see them. If we 
I never meet again in this world I hope to meet in another where parting 

I will be no more. With much love to you all, your affectionate, Aunt 

I Lizzie." 

I I was one of her nephews to act as pall-bearer according to her request. 

I It was one of the coldest days in February of 1886, when I rode horse- 

I back from my home, "The Rest" in the District of Columbia, to "Gray 

It Rock" and from there to Goshen Church, where the funeral services 

I were held by the Reverends Prettyman, Mania and liond, with a 

quartette by the Bradley boys after the ser\ices. The ladies present 

were advised not to go on the long, cold drive to the grave on the old 

Cooke homestead. She was laid in her last resting-place about sunset 

to await the coming of her Lord. 



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28 



American Clan Gregor Society 



DESCENT OF ALPIN KING OF SCOTLAND FROM 
ADAM AND F:VE 

By Miss Juliet Hite Gallaiier, Virginia 

As numerous interesting sketclies of Clan Gregor have been prepared 
by the late Dr. Edward M. Magrudcr and others, it occurred to me 
that this line carried from (uegor, son of King Alpin of Scotland (from 
whom the clan is traced) miL^'it also prove of interest back to its anciL-nt 
origin. 

Biblical history is our authority, from our first parents to Zedekiah 
(whose name was changed from "Mathanicah" by the King of [>;ibylr)n). 
King of Judah, 619-587 B. C. the last of the Kings, whose clauKl;tcr 
Tea Tephi, flourished 580 B. C. and married Hcremon Eocliaid, King 
of Ireland (who was grandson of the Egyptian Pharaoh, mentioned 
in Exodus, whose daughter Scota married Milesius, father of Pieremon 
Eochaid) she carried with her the famous stone of Scone (the pillow 
of rock used by Jacob when he had his wonderful dream) which today 
remains in the possession of her descendants, the Kings of Great Britan 
and Ireland. From Zedekiah to Niall of the Nine Hostages, is sub- 
stantiated from, O'Hart's "Irish Pedigrees"; O'llalloran's ''Flistory 
of Ireland"; Keating's "History of Ireland"; McGroghegan's "History 
of Ireland"; O'Cleary's "Annals of the F'our Masters"; and the histories 
of Scotland accurately chronicle it to King Alpin. 

Adam, 4000-3070 B. C. m. Eve. 
Seth, 3870-2978 B. C. 
Enos, 3765-2860 B. C. 
Cainan, 3675-2765 B. C. 
Mahalaleel, 3605-2710 B. C. 
Jarcd, 3540-2578 B. C. 
Enoch, 3378-3013 B. C. 
Methusalch, 3313-2344 B. C. 
Lamcch, 3126-2344 B. C. 
Noah, 2944-2006 B. C. m. Naama. 
Shem, 2442-2158 B. C. 
Arphaxad, 2392-1904 B. C. 
Salah, 2307-2126 B. C. 
Heber, 2277-2187 B. C. 
Peleg, 2243-2004 B. C. 
Reu, 2213-2026 B. C. 
Serug, 2181-2049 B. C. 
Nahor, 2052-2003 B. C. 
Terah, 2122-2083 B. C. m. Amtheta. 

Abraham, 1992-1817 B. C. m. Sarah; m. (second) Keturah. 
Isaac, 1896-1716 B. C. m. Rebekah. 

Jacob, 1837-1690 B. C. m. (first) Rachel; m. (second) Leah, 
whose son Judah, b. 1753 B. C. m. Tamar. 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



29 



Phares, 

Hczron, 

Aram. 

Aniinadab, 

Naashon, 

Salmon (1451 B. C.) m. Rahab. ("The Scarlet Woman.") 

Boaz (1312 B. C.) m, Ruth, ciaughter-In-Iavv of Naomi. 

Obed, 

Jesse, 

David, King of Judah and Israel, 1085-1015 B. C. m. Bathsheba, 
widow of Uriah, the Hittite, and dau. of Eliam. 

Solomon b. 1033 d. 975 B. C, King of Judah and Israel, m. 
Naamah, an Ammonitess. 

Rehoboam, b. 1016 d. 978 B. C, King of Judah, m. Macah dau. 
of Absalom, by this third and favorite wife. 

Abijam, King of Judah, 973-955 B. C. m. xMaachah, dau. of 
Abisholan. 

Asa, King of Judah, 955-914 B. C. m. Azubah, dau. of Shilki. 

Jehoshophat, King of Judah, 914-889 B. C. 

Jehoram, King of Judah, 889-885 B. C. m. Athaliah, dau. of 
Ahab, by Jezebel, dau. of Ithabaal, King of Tyre. 

Ahaziah, b. 906 d. 885 B. C. King of Judah, m. Zibiah, of Beer- 
sheba. 

Joash, King of Judah, 885-839 B. C. m. Jehoaddan, of Jerusalem. 

Amaziah, b. 864 d. 810 B. C, King of Judah, 839-810 m. 
JechoHah of Jerusalem. 

Uzziah, b. 826 d. 758 B. C. King of Judah, m. Jerusha, dau. of 
Zadock. 

Jotham, b. 783 d. 742 B. C, King of Judah. 

Ahaz, b. 762 d. 726 B. C, King of Judah, m. Abijah, dau. of 
Zecheriah. 

Hezekiah, b. 751 d. 698 B. C. King of Judah, m. Hephzibah. 

Manassch, b. 730 d. 643 B. C, King of Judah, m. Meshullemeth, 
dau. of Heruz of Jotbah. 

Amon, b. 691 d. 641 B. C, King of Judah, m. Jeidah, dau. of 
Adaiah of Boscath. 

Josiah, b. 649 d. 610 B. C, King of Judah, m. Hamutal. 

Zedekiah (whose name was changed to Mathanicah by the King 
of Babylon): King of Judah, 619-587 B. C, being the last 
of the Kings, his dau. Tea Tephi, who flourished 580 B. C, 
m. Heremon Eochaid, King of Ireland (gd. son to the 
Egyptian Pharaoh mentioned in the Exodus, whose dau. 
Scota, m. Milesius, father of Heremon Eochaid, supra) 
who reigned fifteen years. She took with her the stone 
of Scone (the pillow of rock used by Jacob when he had 
his famous dream) which today remains with her descen- 
dants, the Kings of Great Britain and Ireland. 



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American Clan Grecor Society 



Trial Faidh, of Munster, King of Ireland, reigning eleven years. 
Eithriall, King of Ireland, reigning twenty years; slain at the 

battle of Raeive. 
Prince FoUam. 

Tighernmas, King of Ireland, reigning fifty years. 
Prince Eanbotha. 
Prince Smiorguil. 
Fiachafh Labhruine, King of Ireland reigning twenty-four years, 

slain in battle. 
Aongus Oilbhuagach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-one years, 

slain in the battle of Bealgadan by Eochaidh Mumbo, of 

Munster. 
Prince Maoin, 
Rotheachta, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-five years; slain 

at Cruachain. 
Prince Dein. 
Siorna Saoghalach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-one years, 

slain at Aillinn. 
Prince Oliolla Olchaoin. 
Giallchadh, King of Ireland, reigning nine years, slain by Art 

Imleach. 
Nuadha Fionn Fail, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-two years, 

slain by Breas, a son of Art Imleach, supra. 
Simon Breac, King of Ireland, reigning six years, slain by Sedna 

Innaraigh. 
Muriadhach Bolgrach, King of Ireland, reigning four years, 

slain by Enda Dearg. 
Fiach Tolgrach, King of Ireland, reigning seven years; fell by 

Oilioll. 
Duach Laighrach, King of Ireland, reigning ten years; slain 

by Lughaidh Laighd. 
Prince Eochaidh Buillaig. 
Ugaine More, the Great, King of Ireland, reigning thirty years, 

slain by his brother; m. Ceasair Chruthach, dau. of the King 

of the French. 
Cobhthach Caolbreag, King of Ireland, reigning four years, 

slain at Dinnrigh. 
Prince Meilage, fell in the battle of Claire, called the Seventh 

Monarch of Ireland. 
Jaram Gleofathach, King of Ireland, reigning seven years and 

was slain. 
Conla Cruaich Cealgach, King of Ireland, reigning four years; 

died at Tara. 
Oiloilla Caisfhiachlach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-five 

years and was slain. 
Eochaidh Follcatham, King of Ireland, reigning eleven years, 

and was slain. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gatheking 31 

I r ... 

Aongus Tuirimbeach, King of Ireland, reigning thirty years, 

ft died at Tara, 324 B. C. 

Eanda Aighnach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-eight years 

and was slain. 
Prince Labhra Luire. 
l-*rince Blathachta Eamhna. 
Easamhuin Eamhna, an Irish Prince. 
Roighneium Ruadh, an Irish Prince. 
Prince Finligha. 

Prince Finn, m. Benia, dau. of Criomhthann. 
Eochaidh Feidhlioch, King of Ireland, reigning twelve years, 

died at Tara, 130 B. C. 
Prince Bias Fineamhnas. 

Lughaidh Riebdearg, King of Ireland, reigning twenty years, 
m. Devorguilla, dau. of Fargall, King of Lochloinn and 
d. of grief at her death, 9 B. C. 
Criomhthan Niadhnar, King of Ireland, reigning sixteen years, 
¥ m. Nartath Chalock, dau. of Loch, son of Daire of Cruit- 

{ heantuaidh; he died 9-A, D. 

^ Fioraidhach Fionfachtnach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty 

years; died 36 A. D. 
' Fiachadh Fionohudh, King or Ireland, reigning twenty years, 

? m. Cithne, dau. of the King of Alban (Scotland). Fie was 

! slain 56. 

f Tuathal Teachtman, b. 56; d. 106, King of Ireland, reigning 

5 thirty years; m. Baine, dau. of Seal. 

I Fiedhlinhidh Teachtman, King of Ireland, reigning nine years, 

m. Ughna, and died 119. 
I ConnCead Chadhach, King of Ireland, reigning twenty years, 

m. Cithne, and died 157. 
Art Aonfhir, King of Ireland, reigning thirty years, m. Cachtach 

and died 195. 
Cormac Ulfhada, King of Ireland, reigning forty years, m. Cithne 

Ollamhdha, and died 266. 
Cairbre LiflFeachaire, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-seven 

years, slain 284. 
Fiachadh Strcabhthuine, King of Ireland, reigning thirty years. 
Luirreadhach Tireach, King of Ireland, reigning thirty years, 

m. Muirion and died 356. 
Eochaidh Loihneadhain, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-three 
years, m. Carthan Casduff, dau. of the King of Britain, 
he died at Teamhair, 365. 
Niall of the Nine Hostages, King of Ireland, reigning twenty- 
three years, m. Roighneach (his second wife) and was slain 
at Muirnicht, 405. 
Prince Eogan, who died of grief at his brother's death. 



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32 



American Clan Grfcor Society 



Ada, sister of Aurelius 



Prince Mulreadhach, m. Earca, dau. of Lodharn, King of Alban 

(Scotland). 
Mortough, King of Ireland, reigning twenty-two years, m. 

Duinfeach. 
Feargus More, King of Argyleshire. 
Dongard, King of Argyleshire, 452-457. 
Couran, King of Argyleshire, 501-535, m. 

Ambrosius, and aunt of King Arthur. 
Aldan, King of Argyleshire, 570-604. 
Eugene III King of Argyleshire, 605-622, 
Donald, King of Argyleshire, 636-650. 
Prince Dongard. 

Eugene IV King of Argyleshire, 688-692. 
Prince Findan. 

Eugene V King of Argyleshire, 704-721. 
Ethafind, King of Argyleshire, 730-761. 
Achaias, King of Argyleshire, 787-819, m. Fergusia. 
Alpin, King of Argyleshire, 831-834. 



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Proceedings of Skventekntii Annual Gathering 33 



ADDRESS OF CALEB CLARKE MAGRUDER AT ROCKVILLE 

MARYLAND 

f October 22, 1926 

I 

t Ladles and Gentlemen; 

' American Clan Gregor Society bids you a cordial welcome, and ex- 

presses pleasure at your presence. 
:: This Society was organized in Washington City in the fall of 1909, 

and holds yearly gatherings. 

It is officered by our hereditary Chief, Sir Malcolm MacGregor of 
MacGregor, Ancestral Chief of the Clan Gregor of Scotland; Chieftain, 
Ranking Deputy Chieftain, and such others as is usual in similar organi- 
zations; a Council, appointed by the Chieftain, and Deputy Chieftains 
appointed for the District of Columbia, and for each state in which 
we have membership. 

Its objects are: 
To gather kindred together in clanship; 
To inspire cordiality among its members; 
To foster home ties; 

To collect genealogical and historical records for the compilation and 
publication of a complete and authentic history of it and its members. 

Membership is restricted to those of Scottish MacGregor blood, those 
married to such, and the descendants of same. 

Membership has been extended to more than 600, representing the 
District of Columbia, and 31 states of the union. 

Those who cannot attend our annual gatherings are kept in touch 
with the proceedings of the Society through the medium of a Year Book. 
If The insignia of the Society is: A sprig of Pine or Scottish Fir, the 

badge of the Clan Gregor of Scotland, surmounting a MacGregor tartan 
silk ribbon of prescribed measurement. 

Sprigs of Pine worn at our gatherings have been cut from such old 
Magrudcr homes in Maryland and Virginia as: Anchovie Hills, Dun- 
blane, Craignich, Grampian Hills, Arthur's Seat, The Ridge, Knave's 
Dispute, Glenmore, and Edinchip, Balquehidder, Scotland, the an- 
cestral home of The MacGregor. 

During the World War we contributed upward of 3300 toward the 
relief of wounded and imprisoned MacGregors In Europe, notwith- 
standing zv^ were then at war. 

After the conflict the names of 52 of our membership were placed 
upon our Honor Roll, with jeopardy of life as the sole basis of recog- 
nition, and not mere service. 

Honor Roll medals presented were, bronze, for home service; silver, 
for overseas service; and gold, for those who made the supreme sacrifice. 

So that our Service Flag, with its 52 stars, reflects 50 Honor Roll 
Members who survived the conflict; and two who made the supreme 
lacrifice. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



Upon one of the latter, the late Dr. Ernest Pendleton Magruder, of 
Prince George's County, Maryland, King Peter of Serbia conferred, 
posthumously, the Royal Order of St. Sava for his humanitarian work 
during the typhus epidemic in that distressed country, bearing the 
motto: 

**By his VIRTUES he acquired all." 

We are met today — 150 years after the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence — to unveil a bronze tablet in memory of 31 soldiers 
who helped to effectuate that instrument; the descendants of Alexander 
Magruder, Scottish immigrant to Maryland, bearing his surname, who 
served in the Revolutionary Army from this County: 

Zadok, Colonel; Samuel Wade, Second Major 

Jesse and Joseph, Captains 

Hezekiah and Samuel Brewer, First Lieutenants 

Charles, Nathaniel and Nathaniel Beall, Second Lieutenants 

Josiah, Ensign Enoch, First Sergeant 

Ninian and Richard Third Sergeants 

Privates 

Archibald, Basil, Daniel, Edward, Elias, Ezekiel, Isaac, James, Jeffrey, 

John Beall, Levin, Ninian Beall, Norman Bruce, Samuel Beall, 

Walter, William Beall, William Offutt, Zadok 

All of their military records are proved by the "Maryland Archives" 
and original muster rolls of Montgomery County, except that of Zadok, 
private, whose record is to be found in "Georgia Roster of the RevcK 
lution," he having served with the troops from that state. 

Ninian Magruder, third sergeant, emmigrated to Georgia, and there 
adopted OfFutt, the maiden name of his mother, as his middle name. 

The Scottish Fir at the top of the tablet is a reproduction of a sprig 
cut by our Chief at Edinchip, and sent through the mail by me from 
Dunblane, Scotland, for wearing at our third gathering. 

Our Ranking Deputy Chieftain, Dr. James M. Magruder, will now 
read an original ode, written for this occasion, by a fellow member from 
Tennessee. 






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i|jlNIAN BEALL; NORMAN BRUCE- SAMUEL BEALtJ 

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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 35 

ODE TO THE PATRIOTS OF 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND, 

ANNO DOMINI 1776. 

By John Bailey Nickhn, Jr., Tenn. 

The clarion call of Freedom o'er the land 

Was heard and every loyal heart was fired 

With zeal to join the ranks of bravest band 

Which through all dread privations never tired, 

But fought for Home and Country till the end 

Had come with vict'ry as their glorious meed 

And they returned alike to wife and friend 

And they with joy and peace returned to lead 

Their children into paths of righteousness 

That brings the only balm of happiness. 

The County of Montgomery heard the call, 

Magruder's children rallied to respond 

And bravely marched away to risk their all 

To win the blessings of the Land beyond. 

For sweet and pleasant is a patriot's death 

And happy is his pathway in those Fields 

Elysian when his feeble, latest breath 

Is spent and he to Heav'n his spirit yields. 

O glory of a noble Clan, 
As long as mind and memory can 
Control the hearts and souls of man 
So long thy greatness thrives. 
And thus till end of time and race 
We hold the splendor of our place. 
In joy our lines we proudly trace 
To those of strongest lives. 

The County of Montgomery gave her sons 

To answer to the call of Liberty, 

To face the Hessian charge and British guns 

That came in anger o'er the restless sea. 

What awful suffering was then their lot. 

What glorious self-denial there was born ' 

That love of self or fortune all forgot, 

That bade the sword in righteous cause be worn. 

These noble soldiers wracked by hopes and fears 

Alternate in the sway of war so grim, 

No time did find for foolish sighs nor tears 

Not e'en when faith and hope grew wan and dim. 

For there was always he, the wise, the best, 

The Cincinnatus of the new-born West, 

Immortal Washington, to bring their rest. 



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36 



American Clan Gregor Society 



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MacAlpin! Still each heart awakes 
With throbs of pride that ne'er forsakes 
The Scot whose spirit e'er partakes 
His share of Grcgor's line. 
We gather now to pledge anew 
Once more our love and honor true, 
Forgetting never aught of due, 
MacAlpin, that is thine. 

In Alexander's proud Magruder Line 

Old, old MacGregor lineage prouder still. 

Full one and thirty now in glory shine 

And in our loyal memory always will 

For they on many a battle-field abound: 

At Guilford Court House and at Eutaw Springs, 

King's Mountain, Camden, Cowpens, they were found, 

And last at Yorktown where the Briton flings 

Himself in vain against the Patriot's line 

Which yielded not one backward tread. 

And so the splendour of his royal sign 

Must bow to those in freedom bred. 

MacGregor, sprung from Scotland's King, 
Whose praises still we stand to sing, 
Our fathers' fealty now we bring 
As oft in years of yore. 
To others who have known of joy 
And sorrow's ever dread alloy. 
But most of all, our own Rob Roy, 
We render homage more. 

How strong the forces of Democracy, 

How undisturbed the march he ever knows. 

We see the tottering Autocracy 

In many nations where the fever shows: 

So Kings and Emperors leave their ancient thrones 

For Liberty to seat her children there; 

Perhaps a palace is a heap of stones 

Where all was once the home of beauty rare; 

Perhaps the seats of Caesars now behold 

The chosen of the People armed with power 

Which brings protection ready to enfold 

The weakest in their little earthly hour. 

O glorious Clan, O deathless Name, 
None other is so linked with fame 
Through countless suffering that came, 
MacAlpin, as is thine: 



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Proceedings br Seventeenth Annual Gathering 

We love thee, for our hearts unite 
In praising them that saw the light 
Amid the darkness of their night 
And now like stars do shine. 

All honor to Magruder's noble sons 

Who risked their lives and fortunes for the Cause, 

The sacred cause of Liberty: 

They rushed to arms and with their flint-lock guns 

Drove off the foe that slaved them with such laws 

That still can shame for cruelty. 

Such deathless love of Freedom lives no more 

But we can honor them that loved of yore, 

Who fought as none had ever fought before. 

And so today we bring our share of praise 

To honor them that won the greater fight 

And having finished here their mortal ways 

Beheld the glory of the eternal Light: 

We honor them for they were true and brave, 

For they were brave and true who fought to save 

And chose to die than rather live a slave. 

O faithful Band, O chosen few. 

That hunger, cold and fever knew, 

Behold us as with honor due 

W^e place this tablet here: 

Through all the years that backward lie. 

And those that yet will pass us by 

Before we come at last to die. 

We hold thy honor dear. 



37 



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38 AMiiRiCAN Clan Grkoor Society V ' 



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Address of Hon. William Tyler Page at Rockville, Maryland, % '^ 

October 22, 1926 f >, 

The men whose names are inscribed on yonder tablet were red-blooded : t. 
Americans. But looking behind, far behind the fact of their American \ | 
nativity, looking into the very background of their own existence we | !^ 
find that those men sprung from the loins of Scottish ancestors whose 'j^k 
proud motto was "Royal is my race", of whom Sir Walter Scott said: l:'^ 
"they were famous for the indomitable courage with which they main- 
tained themselves." These men, to whom just tribute is now being 
rendered were true descendants of the Clan MacGregor, said to have 
been the purest branch of the ancient Gael of Scotland, whose blood 
was unmixed with that of any other race. 

Springing probably from the Albiones, the first known inhabitants of 
Scotland, and taking the name MacGregor from the first Gregory or 
Gregor, this clan of the Highlands fought for existence, fought for the 
right to live, and although their early history is not altogether to their 
credit, being bloody and ruthless, there was strong justification for their 
deeds. Their lands taken from them and transferred to others, their 
strong arms became and constituted their only title to property, and the 
more they fought for what they believed to be theirs of right the greater 
became their offense, until they were finally outlawed, persecuted, and 
even rendered nameless. Still, that indomitable spirit remained alive, 
unsubdued, and was transmitted to descendants from generation to 
generation. One of these descendants was Alexander Magruder of the 
lineage of Gregory of whose history we know but little. He was de- 
scribed as a Maryland immigrant. In his veins flowed the blood of a 
"royal race" of people who hated oppression and injustice of every kind 
and form. Doubtless, like so many others he emigrated from the Old 
World seeking a land wherein was the promise of civil and religious 
liberty and where a man, molded in the image of God, could be a man, 
and could himself help to sow the seeds from which freemen might spring 
into being. And so the immigrant, Alexander Magruder, became the 
progenitor of a great family, became the father of sons whose names are 
linked indissolubly with the histoiy of the Maryland Colony as loyalists 
and patriots. Indeed, the family name, Magruder, is one without 
which the history of Maryland would be incomplete. In pre-revolu- 
tionary times Magruders took a prominent part in those epochal events 
which spelled the beginnings of a nascent nation. In forum and in 
council their opinions and advice were sought and given. And when 
the call to arms was sounded none responded with more avidity and zeal 
than did the Magruders. With that daring and courage, mingled with 
the love of adventure and of country, characteristic of the best tradi- 
tions and history of the Clan Gregor, they officered and manned the 
Continental Line in defense of and for the independence of the Colonies. 
Spurred on by the thought that they were fighting against oppression 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 39 

and injustice as did their ancient forbears they won back the right to a 
< name which is writ in part not only upon yonder tablet but a name which 
is also inscribed high on the scroll of American patriots. 

The family name, Magrudcr is almost synonymous with that of the 
State of Maryland itself. The progeny of Alexander Magruder, im- 
migrant, and of his sons, Samuel and Alexander Jr., of his grandson, 
John, and of his great grandsons, Nathan and Nathaniel, were numerous 
and occupied chiefly those parts of early Maryland known as Prince 
George's and Frederick Counties. 

But when in the fateful year of 1776, Washington and Montgomery 
Counties were carved out of Frederick County and erected into separate 
entities in honor of George Washington and Richard Montgomery, 
respectively, it fell to the lot of those men, memorialized here today, 
to become residents of the new county of Montgomery; and at once the 
name Magruder became identified with and indelibly impressed upon the 
life and history of this county, and so it has been to this day. 

As a family, in its generic sense, the Magruders, naturally, were and 
are a homogeneous people. It was in the blood. They stuck together 
and preserved the family name, the family history and the family tradi- 
tions. In fact, as a family the Magruders furnish a fine example of the 
preservation of the unit of society upon which and around which is 
built the only sure guarantee of permanency for State and Nation. 

It will be observed upon the memorial tablet that the given or christian 
names of some of these men are familiar to students of the old Testament. 
Such names, for instance, as Nathan, as Zadok, as Enoch, as Daniel, 
as Isaac. This fact should not be over-looked or regarded lightly. To 
my mind it is of great significance. It shows two things, that the Ma- 
gruders not only derived some of their names, each of which had a mean- 
ing of its own, from old Testament history of the Hebrew people, but 
also they regarded with reverence the family life as the basis of society 
and the nucleus of Government. 

Abraham was the father of many nations. He was the founder of 
the family relationship. With him and other patriarchs the family was 
to be preserved in its integrity in all its parts if the race of people of 
which it was a member was to be perpetuated and preserved. To the 
Hebrew people the family name meant much. With it was linked, with 
holy rite the name of Elohim, the God of Nature and of Jehovah, the 
personal revelation of God, which name was held in awe and reverence. 
We find the family name and the family life strongly emphasized through- 
out Hebrew history having its culmination, together with the full revela- 
tion of the fatherhood of God, when he sent into the world his only be- 
gotten son in whose human home at Nazareth we have the Ideal in its 
completest form. 

Well might we stop here and ponder with some degree of apprehension 
upon the condition of American family life today. The Great World 
War left the family largely to its self and disintegrated its members. 
The reaction is seen in the lack of reverence of the home and a disposition 



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40 



American Clan Gregor Society 



on the part of its units to live, as they say, their own lives apart from the 
influences of home life. This was the attitude of the young man in the 
Golden Parable. He did not realize his responsibilities as a unit in that 
home. Selfishly he demanded the portion of his goods which he soon 
wasted in riotous living, but when he was reduced to penury and want 
and hunger he found a loving father only too willing to forgive and to 
restore the Prodigal to the loving atmosphere of the home environment. 

The names father and mother lie at the center of God's Command- 
ments and in the family the child is taught to say "brother" and "sister" 
in order that in the wider spheres of life he may see himself as a part of 
the family of mankind. It is in the home that the child first learns the 
fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of Man. God reveals himself 
under a family name, Abba, Father, and in his Godhead as Father and 
Son; and in heaven and in earth He has a great family. 

The American home is the one thing that preserves us as a Nation. 
Whatever menaces the home menaces the national life. Many forces 
today are at work destructive of the home life and tend to uproot the 
family. The old fashioned home in which God and the Bible and the 
family altar had a prominent place is all but extinct. Of secular educa- 
tion the child is assiduously filled at the expense of his religious training. 
Religion formed the basis of the lives of the men and women who made 
and preserved us as a nation, but we cannot expect the children of today 
who are the citizens of tomorrow to carry on the work of this great nation 
in the spirit of their forebears if the family life is destroyed and the child 
paganized. 

Religious education is the great need today. Secular education alone 
produces a lopsided entity. Unless the child is primarily taught in the 
home the rudiments of religion and acquires there some knowledge, at 
least, of the Bible, he cannot be properly fitted for his life's work. 

It is computed upon reliable authority that in so-called religious homes 
there are over 20,000,000 young people between the ages of 5 and 25 
who attend no Sunday school, including 12,000,000 boys and girls of 
school age. In New York City alone there are 860,000 in public schools, 
and only 260,000 in the Christian and Jewish Sunday schools, and this 
is probably typical of the large cities in America. What is the result.'' 
It is that crime and immorality are increasing among the young. How- 
can this be offset.'' It would seem that It could be offset by a greater 
number of young people being brought within the power and influence 
of religious teaching. Because we have the testimony of Judge Fawcctt, 
of New York City, to the effect that in the five years he has been on the 
bench as a judge he has had 27,000 boys before him for sentence and not 
one of them was an attendant at Sunday school. 

The Magruder family tenaciously clinging together and preserving 
the integrity of home and family name is a splendid example in patriotism 
which, if emulated, would insure the perpetuity of the best in the life of 
the nation. 

Another thing to be observed in connection with this family is that 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Catiiei 



41 



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its original progenitor, Alexander Magrudcr, was an immigrant and the 
thought must come to us when we so regard him that this mighty nation 
owes its independence and the blessings of our free institutions to the 
men who came out of many nations to make here a homogeneous people 
under one flag and under a constitution which guarantees the privileges 
of a citizenship and the enjoyment of those great 'desiderata,' sought 
but never found until the American Government was set up, namely, 
civil and religious liberty, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, per- 
sonal and property rights, general education and universal suffrage. 
A heritage which Americans enjoy in common and the sole possession 
of none in particular. Not inherent in any part of our people is the 
right exclusively to regard themselves as having a superior claim to the 
title and name of American. It does not come with good grace, as proud 
as we might justly be of the right to be called Americans, boastfully to 
arrogate to ourselves from whatever source we may have sprung, the 
sole proprietorship of all that goes to make up American citizenship. 
Rather should we in the possession of all of the blessings vouchsafed to 
us through the blood of martyrs and the grace of God be humble and 
tolerant. We are learning more and more with the receding years that 
after all what made Abraham Lincoln great was his love of truth and the 
love of man brought to perfection and living in perfect harmony with 
one another. Exemplified in a life of patience, humility and tolerance 
he had learned the lesson of true tolerance, "malice towards none; charity 
for all," which the complexities of modern life make so difficult to practice 
whether it be in private life or In public service. 

For myself I am proud to be a native of the State of Maryland in which 
the first religious toleration act was passed, and whether I come by it 
naturally or by acquisition I cannot, if I would, feel intolerant of the 
views or of the political or religious principles of my fcllowmen. 

The Apostle Peter, a strict Jew, learned this lesson of tolerance through 
the vision of the net let down in which to him were unclean beasts of 
which he was commanded by God to eat. And when in the narrow 
spirit of the Mosaic law he declined there came to him the words: "That 
which God has cleansed call not thou unclean." And he went and 
preached eloquently to the Gentiles. Who was he, he said afterwards, 
that he could resist God. In God's sight we are all his children and 
very dear to him. 

And are we not numbered in that great multitude which no man can 
number of whom God is the Father, who made out of one blood all 
nations of men for to dwell upon the whole earth, and who sent his Son 
to preach peace to them that are far off and to them that are nigh.? 

In this spirit let me say what is in my heart to say as an American 
citizen laying every other consideration aside: 

By birth I am a native of America. I am a Gentile and a Caucasian. 
In religion I am an Episcopalian. In politics I am a Republican. Yet 
if every Republican were tonight to fall in his place I believe my country- 



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42 



Amkrican Ci,an Grkoor Society 



men of the other party, in spite of what I deem to be their errors, would 
take the Republic and bear on the flag to liberty and glory. 

I believe if every Protestant were to be stricken down by a lightning 
stroke my brethren of the Roman Catholic faith would still carry on the 
Republic in the spirit of a true and liberal freedom. 

I believe if every man of native birth within our borders were to die 
this day, the men of foreign birth, who have come here to seek homes 
and liberty under the shadow of the Republic would carry on the Re- 
public in God's appointed way. 

I believe if every man of the North were to die, the new and chastened 
South, with the virtues it has cherished from the beginning of love of 
home and love of State, would take the country and bear it on to the 
achievement of its lofty destiny. And what I say of the men of the 
South I say also of the men of the North. 

I believe if every Gentile in the land were called away our Hebrew 
brethren, with their great racial history from the beginning, from whom 
the world has learned so much of law and of government, with their 
homogenity, with their perspicacity and their innate love of liberty, 
would do the work of the Republic. 

I believe if every Caucasian were suddenly to give back his life to Him 
who gave it our American citizens who wear the livery of the burning 
sun, the products of the black seeds of tragedy sown upon our soil over 
300 years ago, who have learned through bitter experience the value of 
a land of the free, wliose material and mental advancement in 60 years 
has been marvelous, would take up the burdens of America and bear 
them onward. The grim reaper must gather into his sheaf 120 million 
Americans by natural processes or by assassin's bullet before he can 
dismember or destroy the Republic which Washington and the men of 
the Revolution established, which Lincoln preserved and which their 
successors perpetuated. 

Of course, there would be mistakes. Of course, there would be dis- 
appointments and grievous errors. Of course, there would be many 
things for which lovers of liberty would mourn. But America would 
survive them all, and the nation our fathers planted would abide in per- 
ennial life. 

This I say because — 

I believe in the United States of America as a government of the 
people, by the people, for the people, whose just powers are derived from 
the consent of the governed; a democracy in a Republic; a sovereign 
Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; 
established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and 
humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. 

I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support 
Its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it 
against all enemies. 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



43 



JAMES WILLIAM MAGRUDER 
By His Son, Kennetpi Dann Magruder. 

On September 13th, 1864, James William Magruder boldly entered 
the world, apparently defying a precedent established by seven Magruder 
ancestors; for, instead of being born in Maryland or Virginia, he made his 
first appearance in the little town of Marion, Ohio, since made famous 
by the late President of the United States, Warren G. Harding. 

His early boyhood days in this town were filled with all the romance 
of a President in the making. He earned his first watch by driving 
cows home at eve. He was a volunteer fireman of Marion, proudly 
wearing his uniform when occasion required. He bore the reputation 
among his playmates of being the champion marksman; because the 
first time he was challenged to show his skill, he calmly hit the bull's 
eye and departed, never again being called upon to prove his worth. 
Ambitious to be a watchmaker's assistant, he qualified on his first attempt 
to take apart and put together again a watch. In 1881, his career in 
Marion was brought to an end by his graduation from the Marion High 
School. 

On his seventeenth birthday, he matriculated at Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity. Plere, too, he made history. In the story of his class for the 
Freshman year, it is stated that he was one of ten who took most active 
part in "bloody scenes connected with the raising of the flag and the 
Battle of Washington's Birthday." In the account of "The Parade" 
following the victory on this memorable day, we read that "at two 
o'clock, the class in procession, commanded by Magruder, the flag proudly 
and defiantly waving over their heads, marched through the streets in 
honor of her victory, much to the chagrin and mortification of the Sopho- 
mores." This event led to his organizing the military department of 
the University. He was elected captain of the first company and ad- 
jutant of the first battalion. 

During each of his college years, there were some outstanding events. 
For his Sophomore Banquet, Magruder was elected to give the toast, 
"The Class of '85." In the same year, he played the part of General 
Geometry in "The General Geometry Exhibition" at the City Opera 
House. At his graduation exercises in 1885, he delivered an address, 
"Brother Jonathan," which received the greatest praise. He was a 
member of one of the literary societies of the college. He was also ex- 
change editor of the college "Transcript." From the social standpoint, 
h© was a member of Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. 

This second period of young Magruder's life ended with honor to his 
name; for he was elected a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity, 
that organization of scholars of the first rank. 

When Magruder entered Ohio Wesleyan University, he was fully ex- 
pecting to enter the legal profession. In fact, he had a position awaiting 
him with Lee Dobson, a cousin, who proved himself very quickly to be 



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American Clan Gregor Socilty 



one of the leading attorneys of Kansas City, being appointed a judge by 
special act, on account of his youth. 

However, the influence of the President of Ohio Wesleyan, Rev. Dr. 
Charles H. Payne, led to Magrudcr's choosing the ministry. 

He had been baptized in Marion at Epvvorth Methodist Episcopal 
Church by Rev. William Deal, in 1868; and as early as March, 1871, 
had united with the church under Rev. L. A. Belt. But his Junior year 
at college still found him struggling to satisfy the rigorous tests of those 
days for being a genuine Christian. The following quotation is from an 
article on the subject by Dr. Louis Albert Banks: — 

"He went into Saint Paul's Church, Delaware, Ohio, one night, con- 
vinced that however much of virtue might be in a AJcthodist altar for 
others, it had no efficacy for him; his only hope of salvation was in going 
to work for the saving of others. Opposite to him sat a student who 
had the unenviable reputation of being the toughest man in the junior 
class, to which Magruder belonged. He resolved to go for him. The 
young fellow knew enough about Magruder to be surprised at his com- 
ing, and said: 'Why, are you a Christian.'*' 

*' *No, I am not,' said Magruder. 

" 'Well, then, why do you come for me.^' 

" 'Because you need it and so do I,' was the reply. 'Come along!' 

"And the toughest man in the class got up and went with him, and his 
chum, who was sitting by him, follo'>ved close behind. Kneeling with 
them, Magruder explained as well as he could in the way it had been 
explained to him, how to become a Christian. Both the young men 
were converted, but Magruder rose from the altar, as he then believed 
unsaved. . . Still, there was no joy in his heart, and the gladness 
of salvation had not come to him. 

"Next night, as he entered the church, he made a resolution that he 
would not quit the church until he had found the 'witness of the Spirit.' 
The revelation came sooner than he expected. He had become so used 
to struggle and effort, that it did not occur to him that it could come 
in any other way. But during the pastor's sermon, on 'Watch, there- 
fore, for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of Man cometh,' there 
dawned upon him, like the coming of the morning, 'the light which 
lighteneth every man that cometh into the world.' And from that day, 
Magruder has walked in the light, and has been like a city set upon a 
hill, or a light flashing from a lofty candlestick, that not only cannot 
be hid, but gives light to all about him." 

His new calling meant his permanent departure from Marion. 

In 1887, he graduated from Drew Theological Seminary. 

Meanwhile, a young lady, Mary Estelle Dann, had occupied his 
thoughts since Delaware days, when she had been a fellow-student at 
the University. Pie knew that he had found his ideal for a wife. 

But her father, J. W. Dann, a leading manufacturer of Columbus, 
Ohio, a useful inventor, poet, philosopher, and many other worth-while 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gatuering 



45 



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things not usually combined in one man, intended to make sure in a 
practical manner that A'lagruder had the ability to succeed in life. 

The plan adopted and how it worked, has been written graphically 
by Magruder, himself, and were it a shorter tale would be given here 
in full. The story begins as follows: 

"Why the president of the company should want me to go on the road 
to sell goods was a mystery. I had no knowledge of business, still less 
of his kind of business. I had never seen the inside of a bent-works. 
How could I talk shafts, poles, rims, bows, felloes, spokes, reaches; not 
to mention all the other parts of running-gear, whose names constituted 
to me an unknown tongue? I was a green graduate just out of college, 
and headed for a school of theology. 

"Nor did I suspect, until long afterwards, why he instructed me to 
attempt no business till I got west of Chicago. It was not because I 
was a prophet in my own country, and had to go away from home to 
be honored according to my deserts. Rather was it to save me from the 
disgrace of running back home at the first failure or the first suggestion 
of homesickness — I will not say, lovesickness; though I have to admit 
there was a rumor abroad that I was in love with the president's daugh- 
ter." 

The story of his success, won by ingenuity, with the odds against him, 
provides the kind of thrill experienced when reading the autobiography 
of a self-made capitalist, though the expense of the trip of more than 
1500 miles was slightly greater, perhaps, than the profit from his sale. 
A letter which he wrote to the president, read as follows: — 

"Dear Sir: The Mason Carriage Co. wants 2,000 sets of . 

I suppose you know what they are. I do not. The pattern is enclosed 
herewith. If the price you quote is satisfactory, you will get the order." 
He concluded the story by saying that, though the company made no 
money out of him, he made the fortune of his life out of the company. 
Two years later he received from the president the following letter: 

*' 'Dear Sir: Yours of recent date is received. My wife and 1 cheer- 
fully consent to any mutual arrangement made between our daughter 
and yourself, and we certainly add our best wishes for future and con- 
tinued prosperity. We look on your union with confidence, and from 
the first it has had our full approbation." 

September 21, 1887, the marriage took place at the home of the bride 
on East Broad Street in Columbus. That Magruder chose one endowed 
with the rarest virtues and talents, has been attested by Time from that 
day to this. 

Immediately after this union, the young couple went to England, 
where at Cambridge University Magruder pursued primarily the further 
study of Greek Testament exegesis under Brooke Foss Westcott, later 
Bishop of Durham, and called the father of Christian Socialism. The 
teaching of Westcott, together with the example of men like Hugh Price 
Hughes, head of the West London Mission, inlcnslficd the interest which 
Magruder had always had in social movcnicnls. Among the valued 



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46 American Clan Gregor Society ! 

I 

friends made at this time, were William F. Moulton and family, and 1 

Stanley Baldwin, subsequently Premier of England. Magruder was | 

privileged in hearing addresses by Gladstone, Mark Guy Pearse, and 
Spurgeon. During the Christmas vacation, he and his bride devoted 
two months to study in Stuttgart, Germany. 

When they returned to America in the spring of 1888, Magruder was 
sent at once to take the place of the pastor of a church in Aladrid, St. 
Lawrence County, New York, the pastor having died suddenly. { 

After ten months, he returned to Ohio, where he undertook a suburban ( 

pastorate at Camp Washington, Cincinnati. The field here might be f 

considered unpromising by some pastors. It was certainly a difficult I 

place for a Methodist minister. Being in the stock-yard district, there ■ 

was a more or less ungodly element among the population. \- 

As an example of work common at that time, the young couple on j 

one dark night in a driving storm took a long hazardous walk along the 
narrow footpath of the canal, in answer to a note from a vicious drunkard, 
who stated baldly that Magruder must call at once if he wanted to save 
him from the Devil. When they finally arrived, a big, burly blacksmith 
challenged the minister savagely to save him if he could. The result 
was that this man in time became completely transformed and was a 
power for good in the church and among his fellow-workmen. Among 
others so transformed was an original member of the Jesse James gang. 

Mr. Magruder's next charge was at Wesley Chapel, the Mother Church 
in Cincinnati, where he followed Charles Reynolds Brown, now Dean 
at Yale. Under his guidance for five years, the old historic church con- r ' 

tinned the good work of Dr. Brown. . ^ 

The neighborhood was filled with young rowdies, who repeatedly 
broke the church windows and attempted to break up meetings. Ad- 
joining the church was an old burying ground used as a dump, despite 
protests. The gravestones were broken and worn beyond recognition. 
Accordingly, Mr. Magruder won the interest of the boys who had been 
a menace in that community, so that they gladly cleaned up the burying- 
ground, screened the church windows, and developed one of the first 
playgrounds in the country. Having recreational facilities, they gave 
no more trouble. Mr. Magruder started them on the road to good 
citizenship. 

His tithing system made Wesley Chapel famous; and to this day, it 
is approved and accepted by many churches throughout the nation. 

So reluctant was Wesley Chapel to part with its young minister, that 
an unsuccessful eflfort was made to upset the five-year limit imposed by 
the Methodist Church at that time, by seeking to place the chapel under 
missionary rule. 

Mr. Magruder's usefulness in Cincinnati was not confined to the 
church. He took an active part in Associated Charities work with Dr. 
Philip W. Ayres, the General Secretary. He convinced the labor union 
men of his sincere interest in their welfare, and exerted great influence 
over them, in spite of their not always coinciding in views. His cour- 






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ageous advice to the labor men at the time of the Pullman troubles ren- 
dered invaluable service to the public. One of his most radical innova- 
tions in that era was his invitation to Samuel Gompers to speak in Wesley 
Chapel. Mr. Magrudcr was constantly on the lookout for bringing about 
improved conditions wherever needed. 

Mis belief was that the church should be the center and soul of all 
movements for the material and spiritual betterment of people's lives. 
He tried to make the church an inspiration, and gave organization a 
subordinate place. His sermons were kept short and to the point. He 
always included in his services an informal discussion of current events. 

At the close of his live years at Wesley Chapel, he accepted a call to 
St. Paul M. E. Church, in Springfield, Ohio; though he had been eagerly 
sought for the mission field in South Africa and South America, and for 
the directorship of one of the foremost non-sectarian city missions in 
the country. 

In 1899, he was selected by Bishop Bashford Professor of Sociology 
and Economics, a new department at Ohio Wesleyan University. Com- 
menting upon his appointment to this chair, the Epworth Herald de- 
clared that he "is large every way excepting in bodily stature." *'He 
has more practical knowledge of his theme than three-fourths of the 
men who assume to teach it." 

He was also elected Financial Secretary of the University, and was- 
largely instrumental in securing the Million-Dollar Twentieth Century 
Thank-Offering. 

Two handsome offers in the ministry came to him during this period;, 
but he remained at his post until 1902, when he resigned, having missed 
the contacts with public affairs which his work in the ministry had' 
brought. He was convinced that greater usefulness could be found in 
his original line of activity. 

Though reluctant to leave Ohio, he was persuaded to establish himself 
in Portland, Maine, which had clamored for his services as pastor of 
Chestnut Street M. E. Church. Here he introduced radical changes. 
The Sunday School was given special attention, and by 1907 nearly 
1000 were enrolled as members. lie foresaw that in time his church 
would be wholly enveloped by the business district, so he started an en- 
dowment of ^100,000. The church also bought two houses adjoining- 
the property, so that these could be used when needed in the future for 
community work. His vision was realized last November, when the 
community house was opened. 

Mr. Magruder was active in the Y. M. C. A., in the Civic Club, in the 
formation of the Anti-Saloon League, and in the Federation of Churches. 

In 1905, Ohio Wesleyan University conferred upon him the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity. 

His work as President in building up the Portland Associated Char- 
ities attracted the attention of Dr. Edward T. Devine, head of the New 
York Charity Organization Society and Director of the New York School 
in Philanthropy. The result was that the Associated Charities of Balti- 



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48 



American Clan Gregor Society 



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more, through Mr. John M. Glenn, called Mr. Magruder to the State 
native to his ancestors from the time of Alexander the Immigrant to 
that of his grandfather, Ninian. 

On September 1, 1907, he began his new work as General Secretary, 
As Dr. Edward L. Watson of Baltimore stated in Mr. Matfruder's obit- 
uary, "He chose humanity as his flock and a whole city for his parish 
instead of a single congregation." This secretaryship was one of the 
most important positions to be found in the field of social work. All of 
Mr. Magruder's predecessors had been of exceptional ability. There 
had been Amos Warner, who wrote the classic text book, ''American 
Charities"; Mary E. Richmond, author of authoritative books such aa 
''Social Diagnosis"; Jeffrey Brackett, who left Baltimore to become the 
Director of the Boston School for Social Workers held under the auspices 
of Harvard; and Miss Mary Wilcox Brown, now Mrs. John M. Glenn 
of the Russell Sage Foundation. 

Again quoting Dr. E. L. Watson, "He faced a difficult situation. 
Strained relations existed between competing social agencies. His un- 
tiring, generous and good-tempered manner with his fellow-workers, hij 
spirit of service, won his way to success. He was a persona grata with 
the press and secured their support of his program. The Federated 
Charities resulted from his labors, several other societies being unified 
in this stronger organization. He developed a card reference system 
which recorded for municipal uses the life-story of all dependents. It 
has been copied throughout the land and has proved of invaluable assist- 
ance to the police and every charitable agency. He revolutionized the 
viewpoint of many churches toward organized charity. He was the 
steadying and unselfish power behind the throne of wise business men 
who in the last 10 years (before 1919) have saved Baltimore from bread- 
lines, police and indiscriminate relief. . . 

"Meanwhile, this executive, who proved so capable an administrator 
and who had genius to know how to handle men, whose good temper 
never failed, whose patience and resourcefulness had no limit, was also 
a teacher. For eight years he taught philanthropy in the Social Science 
Department of Goucher College and proved himself an inspiring in- 
structor." 

It was from this college that his daughter, Marguerite, was graduated 
in 1915. 

In Baltimore, he was in constant demand to serve in all worthy enter- 
prises. He started the movement for the establishment of the Baltimore 
City Club. He was a member of the Campaign Committee of the Mary- 
land branch of the Progressive Party when Charles J. 15onapartc was 
chairman. He was appointed repeatedly by the Governor and Mayor 
for special service. For Instance, Governor Goldsborough appointed 
him a member of the Vice Conmiission, and at another time, to investi- 
gate the management of the Maryland Penitentiary. He made a special 
study (;f tlic magistrate system in Baltimore. Fie was on the Advisory 
Coniinith.o of the National Child Fabor Committee. President Roose- 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 49 

vclt invited him to the monumental White House Conference on the 
Care of Dependent Children, in 1909. He was a member of .the Court 
of Honor, Boy Scouts. He held a summer pastorate at First M. E. 
Church. He was a leader of the Men and Religion Forward Movement; 
a member of the faculty of Epworth League Institute, Drew Theological 
Seminary; Methodist delegate to Silver Bay Conferences; a delegate to 
the First National Conference on Housing in America; etc. 

"In advance of the entrance of America into the war he worked hard 
and successfully to create a skeleton organization to conserve Baltimore's 
Eocial resources and which, when the test came, proved adequate to pre- 
jcrve the self-respect and decent standards of living of the families hard 
hit by the war." 

At the time of the disastrous Ohio flood, in 1913, he had complete 
charge of the Red Cross relief work at Hamilton, where the homes of 
22,(XX3 people were under water. 

The satisfaction which he gave at that time, was remembered; and, 
Ntarch 20, 1917, Ernest P. Bicknell, director of Civilian Relief of the 
I .National Red Cross, summoned him to Washington to help the Red 

Cross to meet the national crisis. Mr. Magruder was granted a leave 
of absence by the board of directors of the Federated Charities and by 
Goucher College. He was to be in Washington for a minimum period 
g.„ of six weeks as assistant director of civilian relief. His duties were to 

1} assemble men in positions similar to his own as General Secretary of the 
Federated Charities, and through them to strengthen the connection 
^ [ between local agencies for civilian relief and the national Red Cross or- 
ganizations. 

In April, 1917, when the great munitions plant at Eddystone was 
blown up, he was rushed to Chester, Pennsylvania, to direct all relief 
work. After that job was completed, he spent a few days in New York 
organizing the Red Cross Relief Reserve Corps, the purpose of which 
was organization in rural communities where large industries subject 
to disasters like that at Eddystone were located too far from Red Cross 
emergency relief centers. 

He was urged to be a member of the Root Mission to Russia during 
the Great War for the purpose of organizing relief work in that country; 
but his many obligations in his own land induced him to decline. 

In September, 1917, on an extension of his leave of absence from Balti- 
more, he became Director-General of Civilian Relief in the District of 
Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia, which comprised the 
Potomac Division established by the Red Cross War Council. It was 
one of thirteen divisions and included 1(X) chapters having a total mem- 
bership exceeding 100,000. He dealt mostly with problems arising in 
the families of soldiers and sailors, many of which were lacking in guid- 
ance. This was the most difficult problem with which the civilian de- 
partment was required to grapple at that time. 

On April 1, 1918, shortly after his release from Red' Cross work, he 
began work in New York City as Manager of the Soutlicrn Division, 



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50 American Clan Gregor Society 



War Camp Community Service. His task was to establish wholesome 
centers for the social betterment of large industrial communities. Being 
associated with his old friend, Howard S. Braucher, General Secretary 
of the National Playground and Recreation Association, whom he had 
called to the secretaryship of the Associated Charities in Portland some 
years earlier, and feeling that he was engaged in perhaps the most con- 
genial work of his life, Mr. Magruder, though conscious of overstrain, was 
rejoicing over his prospects. But he did not realize how seriously he had 
exhausted his physical powers; for on the sixteenth day of the month, 
he died suddenly in his room at the Harvard Club of New York. "He 
verily went to his death as they at Verdun and Cantigny," 

The funeral services were held at Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Alpheus B. 
Austin, his room-mate at Ohio Wesleyan and at Drew Theological Semi- 
nary, Dr. Ernest Tittle, and Professor Cyrus B. Austin of Ohio Wes- 
leyan University officiated. He lies buried in beautiful Green Lawn 
Cemetery at Columbus. 

Mr. Magruder's friends and co-workers throughout the nation mourned 
his loss and felt that his place could never be filled. A memorial meeting 
was held in McCoy Hall, Baltimore. At this meeting, it was evident 
how broad were his relationships. A Catholic priest, Jews, and Gentilea 
assembled to pay him tribute. Plundreds of letters were received by his 
widow, all expressing the same grief and the belief that he was not only ; 
an irreparable loss to his personal friends but to his country as well, f 
**Iiis associates have termed him *thc Happy Warrior,* and verily he was ^ 
a doughty optimist in the serious war for human well-being." "Balti- 
more," continued Dr. Watson, "owes much to his statesmanlike admin- . 
istration of the Federated Charities." j 

Mr. Magruder was a man loved by everyone with whom he came in I 
contact. But he was not merely a public man: he was a pronounced ! 
family man. Never was he so happy as when he was with his family in j: 
his home. All who visited, were impressed by this fact. Many were ' 
those who told him that his home was ideal and unparalleled. i 

In the years which have elapsed since his death, his influence has con- I 
tinued great. Only recently, the writer has been informed that in Balti- | 
more, whenever a great problem arises, the question likely to be asked is, |; 
"What would Dr. Magruder do.^" Or, if some great step should be 
taken and is not, people say, "If Dr. Magruder were here, it would be 
done." In classrooms and out of them, he is quoted as an authority. 

This strong survival of him in memory would have been a surprise to 
Mr. Magruder; because writing was always extremely distasteful to him, 
so that posterity knows him chiefly in memory and in the fruits of his 
labors, not all of which are known to have originated with him. It is 
with pleasure we note that "The Survey," after five and a half years had 
passed since his death, recalled that "The 'opportunity' story, as a device 
to educate the public through the newspapers about the side of a family- 
welfare society's work that the public seldom sees, was originally worked 
out in Baltimore through co-operation between the News and Dr. Ma- 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathej 



51 



gruder." This type of story has been adopted tliroughout the country 
and continues higlily successful. It is a good example of Mr. Magruder's 
fund of practical ideas. People were in the habit of turning to him for 
suggestions whenever they faced a difficulty. The result was fresh hope 
and enthusiasm. *'The Happy Warrior" would not fail them. 

It may be of interest to know that Bishop Bashford had selected Mr. 
Magruder as the one to re-write satisfactorily the amusement clause in 
the rules of the Methodist Church. But death intervened, so that the 
Bishop himself finally drafted it. This was the clause which was adopted 
recently, attracting so much attention. 

The ministry of James William Magruder was to others without stint 
or favor to himself. He left behind him a good name. His life was well 
spent and deserving of the best reward. 

James William Magruder was the son of Thomas Jefferson Magruder 
and Klizabcth Fribley, grandson of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth 
Lyons, great-grandson of Samuel Brewer Magruder and Rebecca Ma- 
gruder, great-great-grandson of Samuel Magruder III. and Margaret 
Jackson, great-great-great-grandson of Ninian Magruder, Sr., and Eliza- 
beth Brewer, great-great-great-great-grandson of Samuel Magruder and 
Sarah Beall, great-great-great-great-great-grandson of Alexander Ma- 
gruder and Margaret Braithwaite^ 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



DUNBLANE 

Miss Alice Maude Ewell 

Blood is thicker than water, 
And Scotch blood thickest of all; 
So we have come together, 
Drawn by our Chieftain's call. 
Some from the far-flung southland, 
Some from the East and West; 
Blood is thicker than water, 
And Scottish blood is best. 



There are three places I know of 
That have the self-same name, 
Right back like a thread they lead me 
As to an altar's flame; 
The first, it is in Scotland, 
Begun in History's morn. 
The last is in Virginia — 
The place where 1 was born. 

Sing Hey for the Land of Heather! 

Sing Hey for Virginia's hills! 

For the morning mist of mountains! 

And the eves where sunset thrills! 

But there's another homestead 

On Maryland's fair plain, 

And green are the fields still spreading 

Around this Old Dunblane. 

In girlhood's days I saw it; 
My loving eyes it drew, 
That mossy mellowed dwelling, 
Link 'twixt the old and new. 
Set in its clumps of boxwood, 
Under its spreading trees, 
It stood for loved traditions 
And dear Colonial ease. 

To Dunblane by the mountains 
The wrath of war had come, 
And then defeat and failure 
Made a desolated home; 
And tho' young hearts were happy, 
Right readily they turned 
To tales of days departed 
And o'er past glories yearned. 



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How well she loved, my grandma, 

Amid our post-war strife, j 

To tell of "Uncle Frankie" i 

And Barbara, his wife; | 

Of all the handsome cousins ; 

With lovers in their train ! 

All lapped in peace and plenty i 

At blissful "Old Dunblane." ! 

And in thought she further wandered | 

To him who staked away j 

This fertile fair plantation \ 

In that card-playing day; 

How wife and son redeemed it, 

How life went gaily still; i 

And there was one young hearer 

Whose ears would drink their fill, i 

Blood is thicker than water, j 

And Scotch blood thickest of all, I 

So we have come together 
Drawn by our Chieftain's call; 
Some from the far-flung southland, 
Some from the East and West; 
Blood is thicker than water 
And Scottish blood is best. 

Again a war is over. 

Again unrestful days, 

The end of an old era, 

A parting of the ways; 

And some are false and foolish. 

And some are brave and strong. 

But — winter nights are dreamful still 

And summer days are long. 

Again the old traditions 

Speak, e'en against our will, 

And when Clan Gregor calls us 

It finds us loyal still. 

Our Chieftain calls — we follow. 

It does not speak in vain 

That he should come of that long line 

That hails from Old Dunblane. 



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54 American Clan Gregor Society 

ZADOCK MAGRUDER 
By Sue Magruder Smith 

Zadock Magruder, son of NInian OfTutt and Mary (Harris) Magruder, 
was born in Prince George's County, Maryland, and died in Columbia 
County, Georgia, May 23, 1819. 

He married first, a Miss Talbot. His second wife was Tracy Rearden 
of Charleston, S. C. (1775-1868), whose father, William Rearden, was an 
Englishman, killed in the Revolutionary War when she was but three 
years of age. Her brother, Joe Rearden, met his death at the Battle of 
New Orleans, serving under General Andrew Jackson, in the War of 
1812. 

My father, William Rearden Magruder (1814-1888) was the youngest 
child of Zadock and Tracy Rearden Magruder. He was only six years * | 
of age when his father died in Columbia County, Georgia, but remem- 
bered that he was a big man whose hair was of a dark color. 

Zadock Magruder was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and 
firmly believed in occupying the family pew in full force on Sunday, 
He was a wealthy planter and slave owner. 

My colored mammy, older than my father, remembered him well and 
gave me much valuable information ol him that proved to be absolutely \ 
true. She lived to be 98 years old, and survived to know five generations j^ 
of Magruders. So great was my hunger for some knowledge of my people, j 
that, to nettle her pride and stimulate her memory, I would often pre- I 
tend to believe the Magruders were "common people." She would flare | 
up and tell many things that had Iain dormant in her memory, which a k 
cousin, Estelle (McGar) Murray, in Texas, later vouched for. She wrote 1 
me "Old Mammy knows what she is talking about, for grandma has often f 
told me the same." ^ 

When asked if she remembered Zadock Magruder, her answer was "Of [ 
course I remember Marse Zedock — he was a large fine looking man and | 
had such a proud walk and dress — he sho' dressed fine — and "Miss", • 
she had to dress fine too. I remember once seeing "Miss" crying and ^ 
Marse Zedock had his arms around her. It scared me to see "Miss" ; 
crying, till some of them told me her Ma was dead. Then after awhile, i 
I don't know how long, here come a line of covered wagons filled with ( 
"niggers" — South Kalina, rice planting niggers. Marster said he did not I 

need 'em, so they carried 'em off and sold 'em." \ 

Zadock's widow, Tracy, lived forty-eight years after his death in 1819. \ 
Although she married Captain Samuel Paul, a very elegant gentleman, \ 
within two years after her bereavement, she sang Zadock's praises * 
through the years that followed. She died in 1875 and is buried at i 
Pine Valley, Texas. | 

I have often wondered, if by any accident, Captain Paul ever over- f 

heard her adulations. She would say, "Zadock was a capable man and 
I want you boys to be fine men like your grandfather." 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 55 

Cousin Estelle (McGar) Murray, of Texas, above referred to, knew 
our grandmotlicr intimately. Martha Ryons (Magruder) McGar, was 
my father's sister, and she had seven sons and three dauglitcrs. It was 
10 these boys she would say "Oh, children, you have blue blood in your 
veins, fling your hatchet high, it might stick." 

My father said he always regretted that he remembered so little about 
his father, who was a patriot and christian, leaving a sweet aroma of a 
life well spent. 

Zadock Magruder was a soldier in the American Revolution. Ac- 
cording to the returns of Montgomery County, Maryland, 1778, he took 
the patriot's oath there. 

A certificate of service, dated July 20, 1784, signed by Colonel Ben- 
jamin Few, is on file in the Archives of the State of Georgia. This cer- 
tificate reads as follows: 

"STATE OF GEORGIA. 
RICHMOND COUNTY, This is to certify tliat Zadock Magruder, 
hath stedfastly done his duty from the passing an Act, to wit, on the 
20th of August, 1781, until the total expulsion of the British from 
this State and cannot to my knowledge be convicted of plundering 
the country, and is therefore under said Act entitled to 250 acres of 
good land free from tax ten years. 

Given under my hand this 20th day of July, 1784, as per certificate 
of Capt. James Daniels. 

Benjamin Few, Colonel." 

For such service, Zadock Magruder, was granted a parcel of land in 
Washington County. Mention of this fact Is made in "Georgia's Roster 
of the Revolution," written by Lucian Lamar Knight, State Historian 
and Director of Archives and History for the State of Georgia. 

The children of the first marriage of Zadock Magruder to Miss Talbot, 
were Ninian Talbot Magruder, Sophrina 1. Magruder, Salina T. Magruder 
and Eliza Magruder. 

The children of the second marriage to Tracy Rearden were Martha 
Ryons Magruder and William Rearden Magruder. 

Zadock Magruder left no will, but on February 8, 1820, Letters of 
Administration on his estate, were granted to his widow, Tracy Magruder, 
and his brother George Magruder. (Administration Book D, page 108, 
Columbia County, Ga.) 

On January 22, 1824, the estate of Zadock Magruder, deceased, of 
Columbia County, Georgia, was distributed among and between: 

Samuel Paul, who had married the widow, 

Peter Knox, who had married Eliza Magruder. 

George Magruder, as guardian for Ninian Talbot Magruder, Martha 
Ryons Magruder and William Rearden Magruder, minor children. 

Samuel Paul, as guardian for Sophrina 1. and Selina T. Magruder, 
minors. This record will be found in Distribution Book C, pages 280 
to 286, Columbia County, Georgia, records. 






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American Clan Gregor Society 



Selina T. Magruder and Sophrina I. Magruder died in 1825 and 1830 
respectively. On January 28, 1825, the estate of Selina T. Magruder, 
deceased, ot Columbia County, Ga., was distributed among and between: 
Peter Knox, who had married Eliza Magruder, 
George Magruder, guardian for Ninian Talbot Magruder, Martha R. 
Magruder and William R. Magruder. (Distribution Book C, page 352). 
On January 31, 1831, the estate of Sophrina I. Magruder, deceased, of 
Columbia County, Georgia, was distributed among and between: 
Peter Knox, who had married Eliza Magruder. 
John McGar, who had married Martha R. Magruder. 
John McGar, guardian for William R. Magruder. 
George Magruder, guardian for Ninian Talbot Magruder. 
(Distribution Book R, Pages 96, 97 and 98.) 

Ninian Talbot Magruder, son by the first marriage, married Miss 
Hitt, of Augusta, Georgia. His will is on file in Columbia County, 
Georgia. His daughter, Martha Magruder, married Childs Bowers, 
and moved to Mississippi. 

Eliza Magruder, daughter by the first marriage, married Peter Knox 
on October 6, 1823. Both are buried in the Knox graveyard in Columbia 
County, Georgia. The inscription on their tombstones read: 

"Eliza Knox, died September 12, 1872, age 69 years." 
"Peter Knox, died March 22, 1852, age 61 years." 

There were seven children to this marriage, three sons and four daughters: 

1. Oscar F. Knox, who was a physician, married Susan KendaJl, 
and reared a large family in Pikes County, Alabama. 

2. Cephas P. Knox, born March 3, 1830, and died June 23, 1864, 
according to inscription on his tomb in the family graveyard in Col- 
umbia County, Georgia. 

3. James Knox. 

4. Mary Ann Knox, married first Leonard Bassford, and secondly 
B. R. Benson. 

5. Ellison B. Knox, who married Happ Tillery. 

6. Amanda M. Knox, born March 3, 1838, and died November 8, 
1907. She married Zachariah Kendrick, and lived at the old Knox 
homestead in Columbia County, Georgia, until her death, and her 
remains are interred in the family burying ground. 

7. Georgia Catherine Knox, born in Columbia County, June, 1840, 
and died in Oxford, Georgia, February, 1913. She married John Lamp- 
kin Zachry of Columbia County, Georgia, in 1857. She was the youngest 
of seven children and the mother of our newly elected member to 
American Clan Gregor Society, Mrs. J. W. Quillian (Lucy Zachry) 
her husband being Minister of the Methodist Church, North Georgia 
Conference. 

Martha Ryons Magruder, daughter by the second marriage, married 
John McGar, of Augusta, Georgia, on November 4, 1825. (Marriage 
bond on file in Augusta, Georgia.) The family moved from Columbia 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 57 



County, Georgia, in 1835, to Tuskegee, Alabama, and later moved 
to Texas. She died May IS, 1863, and her husband John McGar died 
September 20, 1863, and both are buried in Texas. They reared a 
; W very large family, their issue being: 

1. Sophronia Jane McGar, born February 4, 1828, died June 8, 1901. 
Married in Tuskegee, Alabama, to Walter Warren, January 31, 1849. 

2. Talbot McGar, born July 3, 1832, died May 1, 1895. Married 
in Augusta, Georgia, January 31, 1857, to Mary C. Hitt. 

3. William W. McGar, born July 7, 1835. died November 6, 1901. 
Married in Tuskegee, Alabama, to Georgia Perry, on October 1, 1857. 

4. John Leith McGar, born March 30, , died October 10, 1894, 

Married to Lucy Traylor on October 26, 1864. 

5. Henry B. McGar, born June 27, 1842. Married to Sallie Smith 
of Missouri, on May 14, 1868. 

6. Josephine Philoqua McGar, born April 30, 1840. 

7. Charles L. McGar, born March 15, 1845, died June 24, 1900. 
Married Virginia L. Taylor on October 28, 1880. 

8. Paul McGar, born December 29, 1850, died June 28, 1894. Mar- 
ried Maud R. Martin on November 9, 1879. 

9. Estelle McGar, born October 24, 1847. She married first, Edward 
Chambers, Captain, Confederate States Army, and secondly to J. Adair 
Murray a Confederate soldier who distinguished himself at the Battle 
of Galveston. 

William Rearden Magruder, son of Zadock Magruder by his second 
marriage was born in Columbia County, Georgia in 1814 and died at 
Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1888. 

Zadock Magruder was the son of Ninian Offutt Magruder and his wife 
Mary Harris; grandson of Ninian Magruder, Jr., and his wife Mary 
Offutt; great-grandson of Ninian Magruder, Sr., and his wife Elizabeth 
Brewer; great-great grandson of Samuel Magruder and his wife Sarah 

Beall; great-great-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, Immigrant. 

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58 



American Clan Gregor Society 



EDWARD MAGRUDER TUl^WILER 
By Friends 

Birmingham as a great industrial centre has attached to and incor- 
porated in its citizenship some of the ablest men of affairs in the country. 

Edward Magruder Tutwiler had already attained a place of eminence 
in his profession as an engineer when he came to Birmingham 44 years 
ago. His keen business sense foresaw the future commercial advan- 
tages of Birmingham. He became interested in various industries and 
it was to his own advantage as well as that of Birmingham that such 
was the case. A brief sketch of his career is, therefore, appropriate 
in the Clan Year Book. 

Born October 13, 1846, at Palmyra, Fluvanna County, Virginia. 
He was a son of Thomas H. and Harriet Magruder (Strange) Tutwiler. 
His great-grandfather Shores served the American Colonies in their 
struggle for independence and his grand-father Martin Tutwiler was a 
Sergeant in the second war against Great Britain. Thomas Harrison 
Tutwiler, his father, was a lawyer and served as a commonwealth attorney 
and as a member of the State Legislature for Fluvanna County. He 
had been liberally educated, having attended the University of Ala- 
bama (1833-34) while his uncle, Dr. Henry Tutwiler was a professor in 
that Institution. He later — 1843 — graduated in law at the University 
of Virginia. Thomas H. Tutwiler espoused the cause of the confederacy 
when Secession came and held the rank of Captain in the Quarter- 
Master's Department. 

These facts are noteworthy since family connections and home in- 
fluences are known to be often a determining factor in a life's destiny. 
Edward Magruder Tutwiler had every incentive to patriotism as a 
youth. He was a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute in 1864 when 
the call came to check the Federal advance up the Valley of Virginia. He 
volunteered with others of his school, and was in the celebrated battle of 
New Market when forty-three of these boys were either killed or wound- 
ed. He served at the front until the evacuation of Richmond. With the 
close of the war he returned to V. M. I. and was graduated in 1867. 
The following two years he earned his living as a teacher. He then 
entered upon his profession as a rodman in the engineering corps of the 
Lehigh Valley and Susquehanna Railroad. He made rapid advance 
during the next ten or twelve years. He served from locating to chief 
engineer in connection with the Chesapeake and Ohio R. R., Cincinnati, 
Southern, Miami Valley, and finally with the Georgia Pacific R. R. 
Mr. Tutwiler located the eastern end of the C. & O. from Richmond 
to Newport News during the early seventies. In 1879 he served one 
year as Assistant Engineer of the City of Cincinnati. His connection 
with the Georgia l^acific led to his coming to Alabama in 1881. Two 
years later he became superintendent of Coalburg Coal and Coke Com- 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



59 



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pany, and this was the most strenuous period of his existence; General 
Superintendent of mines, Sloss Iron and Steel Co., 1885-1889; President 
Tutwiler Coal, Coke and Iron Company, 1892-96; director in First 
National Bank of Birmingham in 1894, and later Chairman of the 
Board. He was director in various other enterprises among them 
Tutwiler Hotel Co., Birmingham. He was a Democrat; a Junior Warden 
in the Church of the Advent (Episcopal); President of the Country 
Club, etc. 

Major Tutwiler was a charter member of the American Clan Grcgor 
Society and was Deputy Chieftain for Alabama from the time of the 
organization of the Society until his death. He attended the gatherings 
whenever he could and always took a keen interest in the Society and 
everything connected with it. 

Mr. Tutwiler retired from active business in 1906 and devoted his 
attention only to private interests. He was devoted to travel and with 
Mrs. Tutwiler and her sister, Mrs, Magruder, left home for a second 
trip around the world in December, 1924. On the homeward journey 
aboard the S. S. Empress of France, after a short illness, he passed away 
April 19, 1925 — his heart having been weakened by age and illness. 
His remains were brought home and buried in Elmwood. In Birm- 
ingham he reared his family, made his fortune and completed his career, 
taking front rank as a useful citizen and a successful man of affairs. 
These were the material things of history, but even with such a back- 
ground of accomplishment he possessed always the qualities of a gentle- 
man and bore himself with the simplicity of a real democrat. There 
are many from different walks in life who tell of their debts to him for 
eubstantial help during the early struggles for a foot-hold. The com- 
munity, toward which he was never indifferent, the church to which 
he gave generously of both his time and his substance, his friends to 
whom he was always devoted and for whose comfort and welfare he 
was ever concerned, and the family of which he was the head, whose 
members depended upon him for counsel and sympathy, are now joined 
together in the realization of a great loss. 

Married (1) April 11, 1876, at Crittenden, Ky., to A4ary Jeffray, 
who died 1885; (2) July 11, 1887 at "The Island," Albemarle County, 
Virginia, to Margaret Lee Chewning (a cousin), daughter of John W. 
Chewning and Mary Elizabeth (Strange) Chewning. Children by 
first marriage: Temple Wilson, who very early entered the iron and 
steel business in which he made an enviable record as General Manager 
of the Tata Iron & Steel Company, of Jamshedpur, India, married 
Florence Wilhoyte; Edward Magruder, Jr., served as private in Com- 
pany F, 2nd Alabama Volunteer Infantry, U. S. A., Spanish American 
War, General Manager Alabama State Land Company, Birmingham, 
married Mary Anderson; Herbert, Coal, Coke and Iron Broker, Birm- 
ingham, married Mary Addison; Ernest, who died in 1896, age 13. 

Edward Magruder Tutwiler was the son of Thomas H. Tutwiler and 
Harriet Magruder Strange; grandson of Gideon Alloway Strange and 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



Harriet Magruder; great-grandson of John Bowie Magruder and Sarah 
B. Jones; great-great-grandson of James Magruder and Mary Bowie; 
great-great-great-grandson of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth Brewer; 
great-great-great-great-grandson of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall; 
great-great-great-great-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, Maryland 
Immigrant. 



INCREASING THE MEMBERSHIP. 

We earnestly ask every member to make a special effort to secure new 
members. 

There are many persons in each state who are eligible for membership, 
and who would join the Society if an effort were made to acquaint them 
with its objects. There are, too, the sons and daughters of former mem- 
bers who would come into the Society if asked to do so. 

If the names of eligible persons are sent to the scribe, Mr. Robt. Lee 
Magruder, Jr., Box 93, Chipley, Ga., or to the editor, application blanks 
will be sent them and an invitation extended to join the Society. 



CORRECTING OUR MAILING LIST. 

A few names in our roll of members are without addresses for the 
reason that letters to the old addresses have been returned and the scribe 
has lost connection with them. 

All members are asked to send the scribe or the editor any information 
that will aid in correcting the roll. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



61 



SAMUEL MAGRUDER, 3rd 

By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr. 

Samuel Magruder, 3rd (1708-1786) of Prince George's County, 
Maryland, Frederick (1748) and Montgomery (1776), when these 
counties were created, was the son of Ninian Magruder (1686-1751) 
and Elizabeth Brewer; grandson of Samuel Magruder (1654-1711) and 
Sarah Beall; and great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, the immigrant, 
and his wife Margaret Braithwaite. 

Samuel Magruder 3rd, was born February 24th, 1708, on his father's 
home plantation, known as "Alexandria" in Prince George's County, 
Maryland. His birth is recorded in the Parish Register of St. Barnabas' 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Queen Anne's Parish, Prince George's 
County, Maryland. 
Copied from this Church register are the following births: 

Samuel Magruder, son of Ninian and Elizabeth, born January 24, 

1708. 
John Magruder, son of Ninian and Elizabeth, born October 11, 1709. 
Ninian Magruder, son of Ninian and Elizabeth, born April 5, 1711. 
Sarah Magruder, daughter of Ninian and Elizabeth, born March 

19, 1713-14. 
Elizabeth Magruder, daughter of Ninian and Elizabeth, born 

October 4, 1717. 
Nathaniel Magruder, son of Ninian and Elizabeth, born October 

30, 1721. 
Rebecca Magruder, daughter of Ninian and Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 7, 1725. 
Rachel Magruder, daughter of Ninian and Elizabeth, born January 
1726-7. 
The will of Ninian Magruder, executed May 6, 1751, probated June 
26, 1751, is recorded in Will Book 1, Prince George's County, Maryland, 
and in it he mentioned as heirs the children above named and in addi- 
tion thereto, son James and daughters Verlinda Magruder and Ann 
Clagett • 

The witnesses to Ninian Magruder's will were James Magruder, 
Nathaniel Magruder, Jeremiah Magruder and James Gibson. 

He bequeaths to son John three hundred acres, where he now lives; 
to son Nathaniel 101 acres of same tract and 200 acres of "Honesty", 
where he now lives; to son James 300 acres of "Alexandria", where I 
BOW live; 300 acres of "Honesty" and one-third of lot 47 in Marlboro; 
slaves, furniture, cattle; sons Samuel and Ninian the remainder of 
"Honesty"; sons John and Nathaniel 330 acres of "Grubby Thickett"; 
to daughter Rachel Clagett 1,300 pounds sterling, slaves; to daughter 
Verlinda, slaves, furniture, currency, cattle and side saddle written for 
to London; to daughter Sara Beall, slave; to daughter Elizabeth Perry, 
slave; to daughter Ann Claggett, slave; to daughter Rebecca Offutt, 
slave. 



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The will further states "To my eleven children, Samuel, John, Ninlan, 
Nathaniel, James Sarah Beall, Elizebeth Perry, Ann Clagett, Rebecca 
Offutt, Rachel Clagett and Verlinda, the remaining estate," and he ^ 
appointed his son James as executor. 

From the estate of his father, it will therefore be seen that Samuel t 
Magruder, 3rd, received large tracts of land, and he acquired other % 
lands by purchase and grant. \. 

Samuel Magruder, 3rd, married Margaret Jackson (1711-1801), .' 
daughter of John Jackson and Ruth Beall. John Jackson (her father) 
died in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1761, and in his will mentions ^^ 
wife Ruth, and among other children, Margaret (Jackson) Magruder. it 
Ruth Beall (wife of John Jackson) was the daughter of Alexander and \ 
Elizabeth Beall, and in Marquis' Abridged Compilation of American I 
Genealogy Alexander Beall is named as son of John Beall and grandson | 
of Colonel Ninian Beall. | 

The birth records of the children of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, and his I 
wife Margaret (Jackson) Magruder, are recorded in the Parish Register | 
of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, Prince George's Parish, j 
(now Rock Creek Parish) formerly in Prince George's County, Mary- ^ 
land, and now in the District of Columbia. | 

Copied from the church register are the following births: Elizabeth | 
Magruder, daughter of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born November 8, I 
1730. Ruth Magruder, daughter of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born ; 
July 8, 1732. Sarah Magruder, daughter of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, | 
born April 11, 1734. Ninian Beall Magruder, son of Samuel 3rd and f 
Margaret, born November 22, 1735. Ann Magruder, daughter of | 
Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born July 8, 1738. Margaret Magruder, 
daughter of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born September 30, 1740. Joseph 
Magruder, son of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born October 16, 1742. 
Samuel Brewer Magruder, son of Samuel 3rd and Margaret, born Octo- 
ber 14, 1744. 

Samuel Magruder, 3rd," was elected Vestryman of Prince George's 
Parish and served from March 26, 1733, to April 26, 1736; April 19, 
1742 to April 1745, March 27, 1749 to March 30, 1752, and from April 
19, 1756, to April 16, 1759. | 

His brother Ninian Magruder, Jr., was Vestryman from April 4, 1743 | 
to March 31, 1746. Ninian Magruder, father of Samuel 3rd, had also 
held similar offices, and their names appear on the list of voters favoring 
St. Paul's church as the site of the Parish Church on August 13, 1728. 

On the 21st of July, 1726, the Assembly of Maryland erected Prince 
George's Parish with St. Paul's as the parish church. About the year I 
1800, St. Paul's became the Parish Church of Rock Creek Parish and | 
Christ Church, Rockville, became the Parish Church of Prince George's |' 
Parish. The old church of St. Paul's is in the new Parish and the new | 
church, Christ's, Is in the old Parish. | 

Samuel Magruder, 3rd, was also connected with St. Barnabas* Church, 
Queen Anne Parish in similar office of Vestryman. 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 63 

In Captain George Beall's Troop of Horse of the Colonial Militia, 
u^^ 1748, Prince George's County, Maryland, we find the name of Samuel 
Magruder, 3rd. 

On August 19, 1755, Samuel Alagrudcr, 3rd, conveyed by deed to 
William OflFutt, Jr., 200 acres of land. (Frederick County, Lib. E. 
fol. 806.) 

On January 23, 1758, he conveyed 206 acres to his daughter and 
her husband, Ann and Henry Clagett (Frederick County, Lib. F. fol. 
385), and on the same date to his son, Ninian Beall Magruder, 250 
acres, part of Magruder's and Beall's Honesty. (Frederick County, 
Lib. F. fol. 387.) 

The services of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, during the period of the Ameri- 
f can Revolution, were civil rather than military, which was to be expected, 
since he was 69 years of age at the time of the Battle of Lexington. 

At a meeting of seventy-five gentlemen at Frederick, January 24, 
1775, to endorse the action of the Continental Congress, and who formed 
themselves into a Committee of Observation, for Frederick County, 
Maryland, and sub-committees for each district in Frederick County, 
Maryland, among the names of those present is that of Samuel Magruder 
3rd. 

In Brumbaugh's Maryland Records, page 184, under a list of the 
number of souls taken and given in to the Committee of Observation, 
under date of August 22, 1776, for Lower Potomak Hundred, we find 
the name of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, given as of the age of 69, and his 
wife Margaret's age is given as 65. 

In 1778 a return was made of those who took the Patriot's Oath in 
Montgomery County, Maryland, and among the list appears the name 
of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, and that of his three sons, Ninian Beall 
Magruder, Samuel Brewer Magruder and Joseph Magruder. 

It will be recalled that Montgomery County was cut out of Frederick 
County in 1776,' and on the division of the counties, the lands and home 
of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, were in Montgomery County, Maryland. 

He held the office of Justice of the Peace in this county during the 
years 1781, 1782 and 1783. This was quite a big office in those days, 
and it required severe and binding oaths of allegiance to the Colonies. 

The sons of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, all took an active part in the 
cause of American Independence. 

Samuel Brewer Magruder was commissioned Ensign, Lower Battalion, 
Montgomery County, Maryland, by the Committee of Safety, Septem- 
ber 12, 1777. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, Lower Battalion, 
July 15, 1780. {Maryland Archives, vol. 43, p. 24S.) 

Joseph Magruder was commissioned Captain in 1777, by the Council 
of Maryland, and it is in recognition of his valiant services that the 
"Captain Joseph Magruder" Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution is named. 

Ninian Beall Magruder was a soldier in Second Company, 29th Bat- 



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talion, Montgomery County, Militia, Captain, Jesse Wilcoxen, Colonel, 
John Murdock, Commanding. 

Ann Magruder, daughter of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, married Henry 
Clagett, who was also in tlie Revolutionary War as soldier. While 
in camp, a friend was stricken with a contagious disease. He asked 
leave to nurse him; did so, sickened and died. "Greater love hath no 
man than this — that he lay down his life for his friend." 

Some years ago there was organized in Kentucky, the Henry Clagett 
Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, with membership 
restricted to his descendants. 

The will of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, of Montgomery County, Maryland, 
is dated the 27th of March, 1784, and it was proved the 13th of July, 
1786. (Montgomery County, Md., Will Book Lib. B. fol. 240.) 

The body of the will follows: 

"To my wife, Margaret, negroes, household effects, cattle, cash, 
etc., also to said wife, for life, the use of my dwelling plantation, con- 
sisting of three tracts, viz: Part of Magruder's Purchase (it being 
part of a tract originally called "Friendship"), part of the addition 
to Magruder's Purchase, and part of the Resurvey on the addition to 
Magruder's Purchase, said three tracts containing in all 300 acres. 

To my son, Samuel Brewer Magruder, the Resurvey on the addition 
to Magruder's Purchase. 

Following tracts to be sold, viz: 20 acres, part of the Resurvey on 
the addition to Magruder's Purchase; 25 acres called Mill Use; 33 acres 
part of Beall's and Magruder's Honesty; joining said Mill Use; one 
other part of Beall's and Magruder's Honesty, containing 80 odd acres, 
adjoining Zachariah Magruder's land, and that part of Contention, 
which I bought of John Hawkins and Elizabeth, his wife, containing 
2373^ acres; the money arising from said sale to be divided into six 
equal parts and distributed, as follows, viz: one-sixth to my daughter 
Elizabeth Oflutt, wife of William Offutt, one-sixth to my son Ninian 
Beall Magruder, one-sixth to. my daughter Ann Clagett, widow of Henry 
Clagett, deceased, one-sixth to my son Joseph Magruder, one-sixth 
to my son Samuel Brewer Magruder, and one-sixth equally among 
my six following grand-children, viz: Elizabeth, Samuel, Verlinda, 
Rebecca, Sarah and Zachariah Williams. 

My three sons, Ninian Beall Magruder, Joseph Magruder, and Samuel 
Brewer Magruder, Executors." 

It is therefore to be presumed that his daughters Ruth (born 1732) 
and Sarah (born 1734) died cither in infancy or unmarried before the 
death of their father, as no provision was made for them in the will 
of their father, and I hav^e never heard of any of their issue. 

Margaret Magruder (born 1740), daughter of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, 
married Jacob Williams, and she was probably dead when the will was 
made, for no provision was made for her, although a legacy was left 
to each of her six children. 
























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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 65 

Elizabeth Magruder (born 1730), daughter of Samuel Magrudcr, 3rd, 
married William OfTutt on December 21, 1750. 

Ann Magruder (born 1738), daughter of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, 
married Henry Clagett. 

Alexander OfTutt, son of Elizabeth (Magruder), OfTutt, and Ann 
Clagett, daughter of Ann (Magruder) Clagett, were married on January 
13, 1791, thus more closely uniting the blood ties of Elizabeth and Ann 
Magruder, daughters of Samuel Magruder, 3rd. 

Joseph Magruder (1742-1793), son of Samuel Alagruder, 3rd, married 
twice, first to Mary Jackson, and after her death, he married in 1778, 
Katherine Fleming (1747-1821), daughter of John and Ann White 
Fleming. 

Samuel Brewer Magruder (born 1744), son of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, 
nlso married twice, his first wife being Rebecca Magruder, a cousin, 
and his second wife was Eleanor Wade. 

Ninian Beall Magruder (1735-1810), son of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, 
married Rebecca Young, daughter of William Young, who died in Prince 
George's County, Maryland, in 1779, leaving wife Eleanor and among 
others "Rebecca," who had married Magruder, according to his will. 
In Brumbaugh's Maryland Records, page 184, under a list of names 
given into the Committee of Observation, Rebecca Magruder's age is 
given as 40. 

Descendants of each of these lines are justly proud of their ancestry 
and the part played by Samuel A4agruder, 3rd, in Colonial times and 
in the cause of Independence of the United States of America. 

As descendants of Elizabeth and Ann Magruder, his daughters, we 
have Elizabeth Ann (Logan) Morton (1826-1910). She was born in 
Scott County, Kentucky, April 15, 1826. To a highly aristocratic 
personal appearance, intellect and culture, she added an unselfish and 
kindly christian spirit, and all who came within the magic circle of her 
winsomeness rejoiced in her- friendship. A sketch of her life appeared in 
this Society's year book for 1911-12. 

A copy of the bible record of Alexander OfTutt and Ann Clagett, 
sworn before a notary public by Mrs. Jennie (Morton) Cunningham, 
daughter of Mrs. Morton, now in the Archives of this Society, appeared 
in the year book for 1914, 

This is also the line of Colonel Spencer Cone Jones (1836-1915) a 
sketch of whose life has also been presented before this Society and 
appeared in the year book of 1916. 

From the line of Samuel Brewer Magruder, we have Rebecca Rutan 
Williams (1848-1916) his great-granddaughter, one of the charter mem- 
bers of the American Clan Gregor Society, and who was a real benefactor 
toward humanity in her home at Bellefontaine, Ohio. She presented 
a beautiful park to her city, following this with funds for a hospital, 
to be named for her mother. A sketch of Mrs. Williams appeared in 
the year book of I his Society for 1922. 

This is also the line of another of our deceased members, Caroline 



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Mayne Pollock (1843-1902). A sketch of Mrs. Pollock was presented | 

before this Society and appeared in the year book of 1922. Her son, t 

Commander E. P. Pollock, United States Navy, graduated from the i 

Naval Academy at Annapolis, rendered distinguished service during j 

the recent World War, and received among other decorations the French ' 

Legion of Honor. '{ 

From the line of Samuel Brewer Magruder we have also our youthful ; 

hero, William Lancaster McLaughlin (1885-1903) who sacrificed his | 

young life in an effort to save other lives during the Iroquois Theatre I 

fire at Chicago. A sketch of his life and his heroism appeared in this J 

Society's year book for 1911-1912, | 

Descending from Joseph Magruder, son of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, } 

we have our muchly beloved Roberta Magruder Bukey, widow of John |: 

Spencer Bukey, who was untiring in her efforts to organize the Arneri- f; 

can Clan Gregor Society, and to her is given credit for originating the ;i 

Magruder Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, and the [ 

Captain Joseph Magruder Chapter, Daughters of the American Revo- ^ 

lution. ^ 

From Joseph Magruder also descend the brothers Levi Wade (1797- I 

1881) and Dr. Samuel Magruder Wade (1808-1883) of Tennessee, the I 

latter being the illustrious father of Nancy Katherine (Wade) Sowell \ 

of Paducah, Kentucky, a member of this Society. ' 

Through Ninian Beall Magruder (1735-1810) who settled in the State 'i 

of Georgia after the Revolutionary War, we have Major Lawson William \ 

Magruder (1842-1906) of the Confederate States Army, a sketch of j 

whose life was presented before this Society by his son, Thomas Pickett \ 

Magruder, Rear-Admiral, United States Navy, and which appeared | 

in this Society's year book for 1922. Another son, Samuel Sprague | 

Magruder, Lieut. Commander, U. S. Navy, died facing the enemy in ^ 
the recent World War, at the destruction of the Transport "Ticonderoga." 






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Pfoceedings of Seventeenth Annuat, Gathering dl 

NINIAN BEALL MAGRUDER 
By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr. 

Ninlan Beall Magruder, son of Samuel Magruder, 3rd, and Margaret 
Jackson, was born in Prince George's County, Maryland, November 
22, 1735. He was married in Prince George's County, Maryland to 
Rebecca Young, daughter of William Young, and his children were 
all born in Maryland. 

Ninian Beall Magruder signed the "Patriot's Oath" in Montgomery 
County, Maryland, 1778, and was Private Lower Battalion of Mont- 
gomerv County, Maryland, Colonel John Murdock commanding, July 
15, 1780. 

After the Revolution, along with his cousin Ninian Offutt Magruder, 
and their families, he came from Maryland to Georgia, and settled in 
what was then Richmond, now Columbia County. This journey was 
made by horseback and wagons, and one can truly imagine the great 
trials and hardships endured while traveling in those early times. 

Settling in Georgia, Ninian Beall Magruder, acquired lands by grant 
and purchase, and became a large planter. Records of lands acquired 
from the state by grant will be found in the archives of the State of 
Georgia, Secretary of State's office at the State Capitol in Atlanta. 

The minutes of the "Governor and Council" from December 17, 
1790 to October 31, 1791, shows on page 155, the appointment of N. B. 
Magruder as First Lieutenant of Militia. 

The Georgia home of Ninian Beall Magruder stood near what is now 
Dearing and Grovetown, in Columbia County, Georgia, and the family 
graveyard is close by, and though sadly neglected, is still in existence. 
He and his wife are both buried there, however, their graves are not 
marked and cannot positively be identified. 

Ninian Beall Magruder died in 1810 and left an extensive estate. 
His will is on record at Appling, Georgia, the county seat of Columbia 
County, in Will Book "H", pages 193, 194 and 195. The will was 
made October 17, 1809 and entered for probate May 7, 1810, between 
which dates he died. In his will he mentions his wife Rebecca, sons 
Samuel and William, and daughters Eleanor Beall, Allitha Drane, 
Cassandra Drane, Margaret Sims, Elizabeth Magruder, and Susannah 
Silvers. In his will he mentions Rebekah Robertson, and refers to her 
as follows: *T bequeath unto Rebekah Robertson's three children, 
James, Mary and Leaven Nobles, six hundred dollars and unto her. . ." 
It is therefore presumed she had been twice married, first to a Nobles 
and secondly to a Robertson. 

Cassandra Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder was born in Frederick County, Maryland, September 13, 
1768, and died in Columbia County, Georgia, February 26, 1860. 



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American Clan Grkoor Sociicty 



Her husband, William Drane, born July 14, 1765, was son of Anthony 
Drane, of Prince George's County, Maryland, He was recruited in 
the patriot army during the Revolutionary War, and was within six- 
teen miles of Yorktown at the time of Cornwallis' surrender. William 
Drane migrated to Georgia and settled in Columbia County, Georgia, 
in 1790, where he became a planter. He died on February 6, 1847. 
They are both buried at their old home near Dearing, Georgia. Their 
children were: 

1. Elizabeth Drane, who married John Wooding on March 17, 1825. 

2. Stephen Drane, who married first Rebecca Wilson on January 
7, 1819, and secondly Susan Hamrick. 

3. Dr. William P. Drane, who married Mrs. Martha (Winfrey) 
Jones on December 6, 1827. Dr. Drane was born in Columbia County, 
Georgia, in 1800. After receiving preparatory eduction, he attended 
medical lectures in New York City, and in 1832 located in Talbot County, 
Georgia, where he practised his profession until 1846. He was In the 
Army a short time during the Indian Wars of 1836, and in the Civil 
War he gained a wide-spread reputation for his successful treatment 
of smallpox. He was also an influential politician and represented 
Talbot County in the General Assembly of CJeorgia for eight years. 

4. Hiram Drane, born February 20, 1806, who married Eleanor 
Magruder on December 20, 1827. She was daughter of John and Sarah 
(Prior) Magruder. This John Magruder was son of Ninian Offutt 
and Mary (Harris) Magruder, who came from Maryland and settled 
in Georgia after the Revolutionary war. It is thus pleasing to note 
that the grandson of Ninian Beall Magruder and the granddaughter 
of Ninian OiTutt Magruder, should thus unite by marriage the blood 
ties which were already closely allied by the earlier marriage of Eliza- 
beth Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall Magruder, to Basil Magruder, 
son of Ninian Offutt Magruder. 

5. Eleanor Drane, who married Anselm Bugg Leigh. 

6. Benjamin Drane, who married Sarah Germany. 

7. James Drane, who married Matilda R. Shaw, on December 16, 
1830. 

Allitha Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder, married Walter Drane, brother of her sister Cassandra 
Magruder's husband William Drane. He was one of the framers of 
the Constitution of the State of Georgia, and a member of the first 
Georgia Legislature. His will was made November 20, 1807, and 
recorded at Appling, the county scat of Columbia county, Georgia. 
Their children were: Elizabeth Drane, who married J. E. Wooding; 
Anna Drane, who married David Wilcox; Walter Drane; Polly Drane 
and Essy Drane. 

Margaret Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder, married Mann Sims, on September 11, 1786. Their marriage 
bond is on record at Augusta, Georgia. Their only son John Sims 









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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 69 

married Ann Magrudcr, daughter of Samuel and Martha (Ellis) Magruder. 
They had no children. 

Susannah Magruder, daughter of Ninlan Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder, according to will of her father, married a Mr. Silvers. Issue 
not known. 

Elizabeth Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder, married Basil Magruder, son of NInlan OfTutt and Mary 
(Harris) Magruder, uniting the blood ties of the two cousins who had 
braved the hardships of a migration from Maryland to settle as pioneers 
in the State of Georgia. Basil Magruder had served In the cause of 
American Independence. According to returns dated September 4, 
1777^ he was Private in Third Company, Middle Battalion, Montgomery 
County, Maryland, Militia. He died in 1801 in Columbia County, 
Georgia, before the death of his father in 1803, and without issue. 

Mary Magruder, daughter of NInlan Beall and Rebecca (Young) 
Magruder, born in Maryland in the year 1775, died June 17, 1837, 
at the age of 62 years. She had married Benjamin Leigh, but left no 
issue. 

Eleanor Magruder, daughter of Ninian Beall Magruder and Rebecca 
(Young) Magruder (born 1772), married Richard Beall, son of Captain 
Andrew Beall, great-great-grandson of Colonel Ninian Beall (see Mar- 
quis' Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy.) They settled in 
Lebanon, Kentucky, before the birth of their son William Magruder 
Beall in 1794. 

When William Magruder Beall was ten years of age, he accompanied 
his mother on horseback from Kentucky to Georgia a distance of five 
hundred miles, to visit their Georgia kindred. They carried their 
provisions and camped out at night. One hundred miles of the journey 
was made through lands occupied by Indians. 
» I Eleanor (Magruder) Beall was the mother of at least seven children, 

among them: 

1. Andrew Beall, who died unmarried. 

2. William Magruder Beall, born 1794, died 1870, and who married 
Letitia Bland l^hillips, daughter of William Pliilllps and Margaret 
Bland of Virginia. 

3. Rebecca Beall, married Sherhan. 

4. Nancy Beall, married Robert Cunningham. 

5. Susannah Beall, married John Beauchamp. 
In Richard Beall's will, Abel and Tom Wright were mentioned as 

sons-in-law, but the names of their wives were not given. 

William Magruder Beall, above referred to, had a large family, the 
issue being: 

1. Margaret Ann Magruder Beall, who married John Duke. 

2. Richard Beall, who married Adelaide Pearce, and his son Jack 
Beall, was former United States Congressman. 

3. Elizabeth Drane Beall, who married Thomas Phillips. 

4. William Phillips Beall, born 1822, died 1886. 






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70 



American Clan Gregor Society 



5. Eleanor Young Beall, died in childhood. 

6. John Fiske Beall, died in childhood. 

7. Felix Grundy Beall, died in childhood. 

8. Letitia Ann Beall, who married Thomas J. Moore. 

9. Caroline Beall, who married Fields. 

William Phillips Beall, was Surgeon, Confederate States Army, 



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married Myrtilla Isabella McKissick (1826-1906). As issue of this 
marriage we have: 

1. Caroline C. Beall, born at Coffeville, Texas, June 4, 1851, who 
married Captain Francis Lewis Price, who was born in Ceylon (1837- 
1884), son of a British Army Officer. Mrs. Price is now living at Austin, 
Texas, is a member of the Society of Colonial Dames and President of 
the Texas Historical Society. 

2. Pope Linton Beall, Myrtilla Beall and Madeleine Isabel Beall 
(Mrs. Edmund M, Longcope) are the other children of William Phillips 
Beall. 

William Magruder, son of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) Ma- 
gruder, was born in Maryland in 1770. He married Lucy Williams 
on February 14, 1798, in Columbia County, Georgia. He left Georgia 
for Mississippi, along with other pioneers, but died along the way at 
Greensboro, Alabama, April 17, 1838. His will was made in Columbia 
County, Georgia, dated February 24, 1838, and was probated July 2, 
1838. His wife Lucy, died in Madison County, Mississippi, in the 
year 1851. Their children were Lucy Cassels Magruder, Ellen Magruder, 
Samuel Magruder, Flarriet Magruder (married Abram A. Heard), Benja- 
min Magruder, Thomas Magruder and William Magruder. 

Samuel Magruder married Rebecca Sprigg Drane, and to this union 
there were born two boys: 

1. Thomas Samuel Magruder, who attended the University of 
Mississippi up to the outbreak of the Civil war, during which time he 
was wounded and died in Georgia not far from Macon. 

2, Lawson William Magruder, born March 3, 1842, In Madison 
County, Mississippi. He entered Princeton College in 1859, but left 
in 1861, to follow the fortunes of the Confederacy. He enlisted as a 
private and took part in the first Battle of Manassas, the battle of 
Chickamuaga, and went through the Atlanta campaign and surrendered 
with Johnson's Army in North Carolina in April, 1865. He was paroled 
with rank of major. He married Jessie Kilpatrick on January 17, 1867, 
daughter of Colonel Joseph E. Kilpatrick of Mexican War fame. To 
this union there were born nine children, of whom Thomas Pickett 
Magruder, Rear Admiral United States Navy, is the eldest. Two girls 
died, one in infancy, and the other Louise, at the age of fourteen years. 
Of the seven sons, there were five in the recent World War; one, Samuel 
Sprague Magruder, paymaster on the ill fated Transport, Ticonderoga, 
gave his life facing the enemy foe in September, 1918. 

Samuel Magruder, son of Ninian Beall and Rebecca (Young) Magruder 
was married to Martha Ellis on February 14, 1788. Their marriage 



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I Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 71 



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bond is on file in the office of the Ordinary of Richmond County, Georgia. 
He died in Columbia County, Georgia, in 1812. He left no will, but 
his estate was administered on and afterward divided among his widow 
and his children. 

Letters of Administration on his estate were granted on November 2, 
1812 to Martha Magruder (his widow) and his son Hezikiah Magruder. 

(Administration Book "B" page 186.) 

December 5, 1814, Martha Magruder asked to be appointed guardian 
of Martha, Samuel, Harriet and James Magruder, minor children of 
Samuel Magruder, deceased. These were all under fourteen years of 
age. (Book "B", page 258.) 

January 2, 1815, Virlinda, Nancy and Eliza Magruder, minors of 
Samuel Magruder, deceased, asked that their mother, Martha Magruder, 
be appointed their guardian. (Book *'B" page 286.) When Virlinda, 
Nancy and Eliza Magruder asked for a guardian, they were each of 
them fourteen years of age or over, and at that age were entitled to 
make the request. 

January 2, 1815, an order was granted to Martha and Hezikiah 
Magruder, administrators on the estate of Samuel Magruder, deceased, 
to sell the lands and negroes belonging to said estate. (F5ook "B" 
page 303.) 

After the sale of the lands and negroes belonging to the estate of 
Samuel Magruder, the money arising from these sales was distributed 
among the heirs of the said Samuel Magruder, deceased, but it was 
about twenty years later when the receipts they gave for their distri- 
butive share were oflFered to the Court for record by Hezikiah Magruder. 

The items below are taken from ''Journal of Court of Ordinary," 
1834-1849, Columbia County, Georgia. 

November 2, 1835, page 32, Under this date are recorded some 
receipts given by heirs of Samuel Magruder to Hezikiah Magruder, 
administrator, for their distributive share of the estate of Samuel Ma- 
gruder, deceased, as follows: 

Jan. 1, 1817. A receipt by Martha Magruder (the widow). 

Jan. 1, 1817. A receipt by Martha Magruder, guardian for Martha, 
Eliza and James M. Magruder, minors. 

Oct. 20, 1820. A receipt by Virlinda Magruder. 

Jan. 17, 1820. A receipt by Edward Magruder. 

Oct. 20, 1820. A receipt by John Sims for his wife Ann Sims, for- 
merly Ann Magruder. 

These receipts show that Samuel and Harriet Magruder, who in 1814, 
were minors of Samuel Magruder, deceased, were dead in 1817, as no 
receipts were given for them. 

Martha (Ellis) Magruder, widow of Samuel Magruder, died in Col- 
umbia County, Georgia, in 1839. Letters of administration on her 
estate were granted November 12, 1839, to her daughter Virlinda 
Magruder. 

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72 



American Clan Gregor Society 



maturity, Edward, never married; Virlinda (better known in the family 
as "Aunt Linny") married William P. Bcall (his second wife) on March 

27, 1845, and died without issue; Ann, married her cousin John Sims, 
son of Mann and Margaret Sims, and had no issue; Eliza E. married 
Thomas Nathaniel Hicks on December 5, 1841; Martha married Ephram 
Whittington, January 4, 1823, and their marriage bond is on file at 
Augusta, Georgia; Hezikiah married Mary Ann Jones. 

Elezikiah Magruder was born January 31, 1790, in Columbia County, 
Georgia and married Mary Jones, born June 25, 1791, daughter of 
Thomas Jones. After his administration on the estate of his father, 
the pioneer spirit took Hezikiah Magruder to Meriweather County, 
Georgia, where he purchased property. I have in my possession original 
deed covering the purchase of such land and the original land grant 
for the property, which was acquired from the Indians by the treaty 
at Indian Springs, Georgia, the grant being signed by Wilson Lumpkin, 
the Governor of the State of CJeorgia at that time. Mention of this 
land grant was made in the Year Book of this Society of 1923. 

Hezikiah Magruder built his home in 1840, which is still standing, 
and became a large planter and slave holder. 

Taken from his family bible are the following records of the births 
of his children: 

Martha Ann Magruder was born January 1, 1813. 

Allen E. Magruder was born March 20, 1815. Died Sept. 9, 1815. 

James Randal Magruder was born July 17, 1817. 

Thomas Samuel Magruder was born September 11, 1819. 

Harriet Jane A4agruder was born June 6, 1822. 

Mary Magruder was born December 4, 1824. Died Nov. 6, 1826. 

Robert Hezikiah Magruder was born October 20, 1827. 
Hezikiah Magruder died March 21, 1864, and his wife died April 
14, 1862. Both arc buried in the grove of sturdy oaks that surrounds 
the old homeplace. 

Martha Ann Magruder, daughter of Hezikiah and Mary (Jones) 
Magruder, married Aquilla Jones Gibson, July 3, 1842, and they settled 
in Scott County, Mississippi, where she died on January 18, 1879, and 
her husband on March 22, 1876. To this union were born five girls, 
and only two were ever married. These were: 

1. Mary Jennett Gibson, born July 21, 1843, died September 5, 1918. 
Married William B. Hellen, on November 25, 1863, and to whom were 
born four children, William Walter Hellen, Charley Gibson Hellen, 
Mary Ester Hellen and Henry David Hellen. 

2. Irene Matilda Gibson, born September 19, 1845, died January 

28, 1859. 

3. Sarah Jane Gibson, born October 26, 1850, died July 20, 1915. 
Married to Philip Asberry Hurst on January 28, 1873, and to whom 
were born eight children, namely: George Gibson Ilurst, Florence 
Melissa Hurst, James Taylor Hurst, Annie Beall Hurst, Helen Pay 



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Proceedings ov Skventeenti{ Annual Gathering 73 



Hurst, Nola Eugenia Hurst, Rolfe Hunt Hurst and Wilbur Magruder 
Hurst. 

4. Martha Ann Gibson, born February 11, 1852, who is the only 
one now living. 

5. Susan Tinker Gibson, born February 27, 1854, and killed in a 
I car wreck on October 28, 1914. 

, Thomas Samuel Magruder, son of Hezikiah and Mary (Jones) 

i Magruder, married Jane Perry, on May 13, 1S44. He died October 

^ 12, 1892, and is buried in the Cemetery at Chipley, Georgia. Plis wife 

i died October 13, 1899, and is buried beside him. To this union there 

* were three children, Frank Hezikiah Magruder, William Magruder and 

Mary Queenie Magruder. Thomas Samuel Magruder enrolled as a 
private Company F, 12th Georgia Cavalry, August 1, 1863, as shown 
in the Georgia Roster of Confederate Soldiers. 

James Randal Magruder, son of Hezikiah and Mary (Jones) Magruder, 
enlisted and was promoted to third Corporal, Company A, 4th Georgia 
Infantry, and died on August 9, 1864, at Andersonville. He had been 
married on November 27, 1860, to Sarah Sutherlin, but died without 
issue. 

Harriet Jane Magruder, daughter of Hezikiah and Mary (Jones) 
Magruder, married Robert Dunlap on June 22, 1842. She died in 
July, 1902, and is buried in Meriweather County, Georgia. They had 
a large family of children: 

1. Mary Dunlap, born P'ebruary 10, 1844, married Robert Moss. 

2. Joseph Dunlap, born June 18, 1846, died May 7, 1913. Married 
Lola Hamilton. 

3. William Dunlap, born May 29, 1848, died December 4, 1919, 
married Julia Bray. 

4. Mittie Dunlap, born March 16, 1851, married A. P. Camp. 
5.. James Dunlap, born September 4, 1857, married Ida Davis. 

6. Ella Dunlap, born April 22, 1859, married Willie Hardy. 

7. Robert Dunlap, born March 1, 1865, married Georgia Layfield. 

8. Ida Dunlap, born" October 8, 1866, married Jim Cotton. 
Robert Hezikiah Magruder, son of Hezikiah and Mary (Jones) 

Magruder was married on March 9, 1856, to Martha Ann Tucker, 
daughter of Flumphrey Davis and Edith (Grant) Tucker. She was 
born in Elbert County, Georgia, August 2, 1831, her father and mother 
both being from Virginia. 

Robert Hezikiah Magruder enlisted in the cause of the Confederacy 
at Greenville, Georgia, August 1, 1863, and served as private 12th Regi- 
ment of Georgia Cavalry as is shown in Georgia's Roster of Confederate 
Soldiers in the State Archives. When Sherman marched through 
Georgia, there was left little but land and the fortitude to make a fresh 
start toward rehabilitation was quite tremendous. He assisted ma- 
terially in building up the rural community in which he resided, and 
at his death on August 5, 1902, was one of the oldest citizens of Meri- 



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74 



American Clan Gregor Society 



weather County, not only in years, but in continuous residence, and 
was known and esteemed by a very large circle of warm friends. 

His wife, Martha (Tucker) Magruder, passed to eternity on April 
28, 1915, and they are both buried in the family lot in the Chipley 
Georgia, Cemetery. She lived through the dark days of the Civil War 
and many were the deeds of kindness bestowed by her on others at 
that time. Her beautiful life was an inspiration to the many who knew 
and loved her. 

The children of Robert Hezikiah and Martha (Tucker) Magruder 
are: 

1. Robert Lee Magruder, born at the family home in Meriweather 
County, Georgia, December 13, 1856, was married on February 1, 
1877, to Nannie Ben Gates, born December 10, 1858, she being daughter 
of Benjamin Kolb and Nancy Ann Gates. To this union there are 
four children: Lula Barnes Magruder, who married Hubert Johnston 
Magruder, son of Cephas Bailey Magruder; Nannie Florence Magruder, 
who married Neri Johnson; Mattie Beall Magruder, and Robert Lee 
Magruder, Jr. (author of this sketch). 

2. Mattie Pearl Magruder, born January 23, 1866, married to John 
Ammons, and who has only one son Robert Magruder Ammons. 

3. Harold Magruder, born September 16, 1872, married to Elizabeth 
Crowd er. 



f ■ 



It may be of interest to state that on February 1, 1927, Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert Lee Magruder celebrated their Golden Wedding Anniversary at their 
home in Chipley, Georgia. The American Clan Gregor Society, through the 
Chieftain, Mr, Caleb Clarke Magruder, sent them a telegram of congratulations. 












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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gatjierinc 75 

CEPHAS BAILEY MAGRUDER 

Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder 

The life-line of Cephas Bailey Magruder became interwoven with 
that of our family in the winter of 1853-4, when my mother, a teacher 
by profession, moved from Harris County, Georgia to Thomas County, 
Georgia, He moved there the same winter from a farm near P'orsyth, 
Georgia, to a plantation he had purchased in Thomas County, about 
eight miles south of Thomasville, the county seat. 

My eldest sister, Sarah Frances Smith, had been given a school in 
that vicinity, though only sixteen years of age. Another sister, Mar- 
garet, was also given a school at the age of fourteen years. My widowed 
mother's other children were James, a boy of twelve, and myself, in 
my tenth year. It was thus that my sister, Sarah Frances, met her 
"fate" and I first met the young man destined to become my brother- 
in-law, when I visited her in May, at her boarding place, near where 
he lived. 

Cephas Bailey Magruder, son of George and Susannah (Williams) 
Magruder, was born March 26, 1828, in Columbia County, Georgia, 
in the home his father had erected on the plantation inherited from 
his father Ninian Offutt Magruder. These Magrudcr's had come from 
Maryland about 1785, in the primitive mode of travel in those days; 
on horse-back and in wagons. 
All these and other facts, I learned many years after they occurred. 
My mother, Helen Ann Dews, was born in 1817, near Smithfield, Isle 
of Wight County, Virginia, and married in 1836, my father, John Brown 
Smith, born in North Carolina. My eldest sister was born in 1838. 
Until she was sixteen in January, 1854, we had no knowledge of the 
Magruder family, or its very interesting family history. 

Flis grandfather was a gallant soldier in the Revolutionary War, 
and receiving a large grant of land, in what is now Columbia County, 
Georgia, moved his family of sons and daughters from Maryland. His 
sons Basil, Archibald, John and Zadock were also soldiers in the patriot 
army. George Magruder did not reach maturity until reaching Georgia. 
George Magruder was twice married, his first wife being Eleanor 
Shaw. His second marriage was to Susannah Williams in the year 
1800, and there were nine children who blessed this union, all of whom 
are long since dead. 

On the 4th of October 1855, Cephas Bailey Magruder and my sister 
were married. She was eighteen years of age the following January, 
1856, while he was twenty-eight on the 28th of March, 1856. Up to 
that time, people living quietly in the country felt little interest in their 
ancestry. Later, as I grew older, and heard him relating reminiscences 
of his boyhood and youth, I began to realize it mattered a good deal 
to be well born and of good ancestry. 



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76 



American Ci.a.n Crkcor Socikty 



All my vacations were spent in their home, and her husband proved 
to be indeed a kind brother to us children and a son to my mother. 
My sister Margaret taught school two or three years and he then encour- 
aged her to take a course in a good college in Georgia, and paid her 
expenses on condition that she would expend the same amount on ray 
education. This was done, and both of us received a good education 
to fit us for teaching. Her graduation took place in the fall of 1858, 
while mine took place in November, 1863. I taught until my marriage 
on the 18th of June, 1868. 

Meanwhile, five children had been born to my oldest sister Sarah 
Frances and her husband: 

Charles Magruder, born August 16, 1856. 
George Miller Magruder, born April 1, 1858. 
James Bailey Magruder, born November 11, 1859. 
Susan Ellen Magruder, born August 13, 1861. 
Albert Stewart Magruder, born December 27, 1863. 

In January 1865, my sister passed into rest and was buried in Monti- 
cello, Florida. The youngest child Albert, was one year old, the only 
daughter three years, and the three older sons ranged from five to nine 
years. My mother, my sister and I in turn cared for her children and 
home until June 18, 1868, I married their father. Thenceforth my 
life was irrevocably linked with his, and his reminiscences became of 
absorbing interest to me, 

I then learned that his father, George Magruder, was a surveyor 
by profession and had travelled from Maryland to Georgia on horse- 
back, bringing his compass and chain in a pair of saddle bags, the 
compass in a crude box, carved with his pocket knife out of some hard 
wood. When his son, Cephas Bailey, attained his majority, this com- 
pass and chain, and the saddle bags were given to him. He kept the 
compass many years, and used it while he lived in Thomas County, 
Georgia, and later in Jefferson County, Florida, to which place he had 
moved in December, 1859. The three older boys were native Georgians, 
while the only daughter and son Albert were Florldians, as were mine 
and his four children: two sons and two daughters, Sallie Isora, Cornelia 
Frances, Hubert Johnston and Lawson. 

The twenty year period from 1840 to 1860 could truly be called the 
halcyon period of the "Old South", gone, never to return. 

George and Susannah (Williams) Magruder had nine children: 

1. Mary, the eldest married Dr. Cephas Battey, of New Jersey. 
Of four or five children, but two survived, George and Dr. Robert Battey, 
who died in 1891 and is buried in Myrtle Hill Cemetery at Rome, Georgia. 
He was a renowned specialist, who in the particular sphere of practise 
which he chose for his life's work was admittedly without a peer in 
the South. 

2. George Milton Magruder, who was twice married, first to Emily 
Heggie and later to Mrs. Matilda E. (Walker) Lamar, widow of Dr. 
Ezekiel Lamar. There were nine children by the first marriage, and 






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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annual Gathering 



77 



two by the second marriage. Three sons, George Ramsay Magruder 
(born 1836), Edwin Camillus Magruder (born 1837) and Oswcll Car- 
michael Magruder, were killed in the Civil War. 

3. Archibald, son of George Magruder, married Edna Cleghorn, 
and they had three children, Edna, Bassie and Fannie. Edna was born 
December 20, 1841, and married Captain Oliver P. Poe, C. S. A., in 
1864. They made their home in Columbus, Georgia, and she only 
passed into eternity May 25, 1925, in her eighty-fourth year. Her 
body was tenderly laid to rest in the same vault with her husband in 
the Magruder lot in beautiful Lynnwood Cemetery at that place. 

4. Susan Ann Magruder, daughter of George Magruder, was twice 
married, first to a Mr. Blount, and later to her widower brother-in-law, 
Bradley Slaughter. There were no children by either marriage. 

5. James, son of George Magruder, married Henrietta Harris, and 
they had a large family. 

6. Joseph, son of George Magruder, was twice married, first to Ann 
Edwards and his second wife was a Mitchell. They had two sons, 
Mitchell Magruder and Edward Lee Magruder, now captain on a line 
of steamers on the Chattahoochee River. 

7. Thyrza, daughter of George Magruder, married Dr. Thomas 
K. Slaughter and was the mother of six children. 

8. Emma, daughter of George Magruder, married Bradley Slaughter, 
brother of her sister's husband, and was the mother of three children. 

9. Cephas Bailey (my husband). 

George Magruder, son of Ninian OfTutt Magruder, died in 1836, 
when his youngest son was but eight years of age. His eldest brother, 
George was appointed his guardian. At the time of his father's death 
he was the only child at home, the older ones having married and were 
living in homes of their own. There was a difference of six years between 
him and the sister next him in age. Girls married in that time very 
young, while others taught school as my sisters did. 

I have heard my husband tell of his grief, at parting from his mother, 
at the tender age of eight years, when his brother and guardian sent 
him to a boarding school in Augusta, Georgia. Fwrn that time until 
his majority, he lived in the old family home with his mother, when 
not in school. She went with him to a farm near Forsyth, Georgia, 
and lived with him there until he purchased the plantation in Thomas 
County, Georgia, and moved there in January, 1854. Joseph Magruder's 
wife having died, leaving several children, his mother went to his farm 
and took care of his orphan children until his second marriage in 1862. 
Then, she and her widowed daughter Susan, made their home with her 
son, Dr. James Magruder, on his plantation at Georgetown, Georgia, 
near the banks of the Chattahoochee River. Thence she went to her 
daughter's home, not far from Cuthbert, Georgia, where she lived until 
her death in 1866, at the ripe old age of eighty-four years. This da^ughtcr, 
Thyrza Slaughter, died in Waycross, Georgia, at the age of eighty-six 
years. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



I never met but two of my husband's sisters, and two of his brothers, 
but my sister knew them all personally. I also met some of his niecea 
and nephews in later years when we visited his boyhood home in Col- 
umbia County, Georgia. One of these, many years ago, sent us the 
long braid of blonde hair that his father, George Magruder, had worn. 
This braid of hair, with the compass and saddle bags, were valuable 
possessions to my husband and liis sons. The saddle bags were used 
on hunting trips by my sister's four sons and my two, Hubert and Lawson, 
until they were literally worn out and were cast aside, but my son Hubert 
still treasures the old compass. 

I had taken my sister's children in 1867 to my mother's home in 
Quitman, Georgia, so they might have better school advantages, also 
Sunday School and church privileges; but after their father and I were 
married, in June, 1868, we moved the next fall back to his farm in 
Jefferson County, Florida. 

In November of that year, my husband, with a friend, visited the 
East Coast region of Florida and was greatly pleased with its promise 
of prosperity in fruit growing, citrus fruits especially. Titusville, was 
then the head of navigation on the beautiful, and now widely known 
Indian River, not really a river, but an arm of the sea over one hundred 
miles long. 

He returned the next year and entered a homestead and bought state 
land adjoining his homestead. Each year during the next five years 
he returned until he felt satisfied that settlers would come here. Thus, 
in the winter of 1873, he ventured to move his family here. This led 
to our making a permanent home on the west bank of the beautiful 
Indian River. 

During my sister's life, her husband manifested in various ways 
those qualities of mind and manners that were the product of a brilliant 
intellect. He was kind to all he met, generous to a fault, ambitious 
and active in his life. 

He also possessed an Inventive genius. In 1859, he invented a plow 
that he firmly believed would revolutioni7.e farming and bring him 
fame and fortune. True, that even then clouds were forming In the 
political sky, but no one dreamed of the awful conflict soon to arise 
between the North and South, and which culminated in the terrible 
fratricidal war, which Was to leave our beloved Southland in a condition 
of poverty and privation, and almost financial helplessness. He went 
forth in the early summer of 1860 to sell his patented invention. He 
traveled from Thomas County, Georgia, as far west as Arkansas, selling 
many thousands of county and state rights, and accepted "promissory 
notes" for the bulk of his sales. Men, especially in the South, trusted 
each other, and a note was regarded as good as cash. 

In November, the election of Abraham Lincoln, culminated in a 
four year conflict, and the "Old South" died when our beloved chieftain, 
Robert E. Lee, surrendered at Appomatox. 

It was Impossible for men In our impoverished land to pay the most 



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Proceedings of Seventeenth Annum, Gathering 79 

sacred debts. Thus, all those thousands of dollars in notes were worth" 
less. Confederate money and bonds were of course useless. Deprived 
of his property in slaves, with no money and little credit, like many 
thousands all over the South, Cephas Bailey Magruder, gradually 
realized the necessity of getting into some occupation, other than farm- 
ing under the system of "free labor". This led to his coming to the 
East Coast of Florida and engaging in fruit culture. When we came 
1 a here in 1873, and began a new life in a new land, we felt almost as if 

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i" f* we were "born anew". My husband threw into every Incident of our 

long struggle here, all his energy and enthusiasm. It is my belief that 
he did more than any other ten men in this county, to attract settlers 
to this part of the State of Florida. 

He early began to attend the State Fairs in Jacksonville, and always 
carried a goodly exhibit of citrus and other fruits, lie was so generous 
in his free samples, and so enthusiastic in his delineation of our climate 
and products that a great number of people were induced to come and 
see the wonderful land he depicted In such glowing terms. Many came 
as guests to our home, for he was never able to forget the hospitality 
of the "Old South", In which his boyhood and early manhood were 
trained. 

Few people know the important part he played in securing the two 

J^ hundred and fifty dollar gold premium offered for the finest citrus fruit 

I shown at the World's Fair in New Orleans in the spring of 1885. Dlffer- 

I ent citrus fruit companies in the State sent samples of their best fruit, 

f^ and my husband tried to interest Brevard County to send samples of 

its finest fruit. Fie himself attended the Fair, and carried thirty-three 

boxes of the finest fruit on our place. Only one other man, G. S. Hardee, 

who was then acquiring fame and fortune from his skill as an orange 

grower, joined him. He sent seven boxes. This made forty boxes 

In all of such a superior class of fruit the coveted medal was awarded 

to Florida. California had claimed it, but 1 saw it with my own eyes 

at a fair held in Orlando, Florida. Thus I know whereof I speak. 

Prosperity followed us till the awful freezes of the winter of 1894-95, 
which took first, our entire crop of fruit and then our trees. Added 
to this disaster, many thousands of dollars were lost in Investments 
in phosphate mines in the interior of the state. 

In 1896, three of my sister's sons, the two oldest and the youngest, 
died Inside of six months. George, was unmarried, but Charles and 
Albert were married, and each left a wife and two children. Charles* 
wife followed him a year later, and Albert's wife survived only three 
years. Their four children, two boys and two girls, except one who 
died at twelve years of age, have now grown to manhood and woman- 
hood, and are married with children of their own. 

My husband, known In the last half of his life as "Major" C. B. 
;' Magruder, though a Captain In the Confederate service, after this 

loss of about nine-tenths of his property and the terrible sorrow of losing 
three sons in less than six months, gradually failed in health and slrenctli, 
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till on the very last day of October, 1910, his sad and weary spirit re- 
turned to God who gave it, in the 83rd year of his age. 

James Bailey Magruder, his and my sister's fourth son, received his 
summons to "come up higher" on the 7th of January, 1925. Their only 
daughter, now living in San Francisco, California, is the only one left 
of the five orphans to whom I tried to prove a mother. 

Our four children are living, three in this state and one in Texas. 

My old home was sold at my husband's death, and in my bungalow 
next door to it, I am quietly awaiting my summons to join those gone 
before. 

Cephas Bailey Magruder (1828-1910) was the son of George Magruder 
and Susannah Williams; grandson of Ninian Offutt Magruder and Mary 
Harris; great-grandson of Ninian Magruder and Mary Offutt; great- 
great-grandson of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth Brewer; great-great- 
great-grandson of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall; great-great- 
great-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, Immigrant. 



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Procekdings of Sevknteknth Annual Gatiikring 81 



MRS. CORNELIA SMITH MAGRUDER 
By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr. 

A sketch of the life of Cephas Bailey Magruder, of Rockledge, Florida, 
was prepared by his widow, Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder, and read 
before the American Clan Gregor Society at the annual gathering held 
in Washington, D. C, in 1925. 

Announcement is made of her death, which occurred on November 
12, 1925. 

In the passing of Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder, Rockledge, Florida, 
loses one of her pioneer citizens, and one whose memory will always 
be held in the highest esteem. 

She was born in South Georgia, June 2, 1844, where she grew to 
womanhood, and was for a fev\^ years, a successful teacher, having re- 
ceived her education at the Woman's College, then located at Newnan, 
Georgia. 

In December of 1873, she went down on the Indian River, with her 
husband and five of her elder sister's children, where she met the 
sunshine and shadow of pioneer life with a brave heart. Coming to 
an undeveloped country, having been attracted by the charm and 
beauty of the Indian River section, the Magruders settled In a spot 
which is now Rockledge, and ever since that time, more than fifty 
years ago, some of the family have resided there, and their name has 
been associated prominently with the development and the social life 
of the community. 

In those early days when distances between homes were so great, and 
transportation was attended with great dilliculty, Mr. and Mrs. Ma- 
gruder's hospitality and extreme kindness to their neighbors was a 
well known fact and one which is still attested by the eaily settlers 
of the East Coast of Florida, No one ever left their door hungry, nor 
was anyone ever in need of any sort of assistance who was not helped 
by this generous pioneer family. 

To Mrs. Cornelia Smith Magruder goes the honor of having given 
the name of Rockledge to her beloved community. Many years ago 
when the Magruder and H. S. Williams family were almost alone in 
this locality, Mr. Williams secured from the Government the establish- 
ment of a mail service and post office, and in order to do so, it was 
necessary to select a name subject to acceptance of the Post Ofhce 
Department, and consulting with this friend and neighbor, Mrs. Ma- 
gruder, the name of Rockledge was chosen. 

To those who have seen the beautiful scenery in and around Rock- 
ledge, the name seems most appropriate. The town lies along the 
banks of the Indian River, and with modern paved highway at the 
present time, is one of the most beautiful spots along the East Coast 
of Florida. 

Since her husband's death, Mrs. Magruder had resided in a small 



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American Clan Grecor Society 



cottage constructed on the property of the old Magruder place, which 
was built for her comfort, making visits with her children from time 
to time, but always returning to her little home where she had known 
so much happiness and sorrow. At the time of her death she was on 
a visit to her daughter, Sallie Isora Magruder, at Orlando, Florida, 
and while there was stricken with an attack of neuralgia of the heart, 
and passed away on November 12, 1925, after only a few hour's illness. 
Mrs. Magruder was a charter member of the Presbyterian Church 
at Rockledgc, Florida, and was a loyal and ardent member to the day 
of her death. 

Although her age was beyond the usual three score and ten, she was 
active, often travelling unassisted when making visits to her several 
children, and even a year before her death, made an extended visit to 
relatives in Georgia and to the mountains of North Carolina. 

The funeral occurred on November 14, 1925, Dr. Bovard, Pastor of 
the beautiful little ciiurch at Rockledge, conducting the services, and 
her body was laid beside that of her husband in the cemetery at Rock- 
ledge. 

Surviving Mrs. Magruder are her four children, Hubert Johnston 
Magruder, of New Smyrna, Florida, Lawson Magruder of Dallas, 
Texas, Sallie Isora Magruder of Orlando, Florida, Mrs. William Croft 
Sessions (Cornelia Frances Magruder) of Tampa, Florida, and in addi- 
tion a number of grand children and great-grand children. 



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PROCEEDINGS OF THE GATHERING OF 1927 

Thursday, October 20, 1927 

3:00 P.M. 

The Eighteenth Annual Gathering of the American Clan Gregor 
Society was called to order by the Chieftain, Mr. C. C. Magruder, at 
three o'clock, P. M., at the Willard Hotel, Washington, D. C, Thurs- 
day, October 20, 1927. 

The minutes of the 1926 Gathering were read by the Scribe and 
approved. 

The reports of the Registrar, the Historian, the Treasurer and the 
Editor were read and approved. 

The report of the Historian showed that twenty-four new members 
had been added to the roll since the publication of the 1924-1925 Year 
Book. This report showed the loss of the following members by death: 

Dr. Walter Magruder Leonard, P'ostoria, Ohio. Died February 
22, 1927. 

James Milton Johnson, late Deputy Chieftain for Ohio. Died April 
16, 1927. 

Herbert Staley Magruder, Port Gibson, Miss. Died April 26, 1927. 

Edward T. Cockey, New York City. Died October 8, 1927. 

The report of the Treasurer showed receipts for the year as follows: 

Balance on hand 1926 3359. 53 

From dues 282.00 

F'rom sale of Liberty Bond 50.65 

3692.18 
Expenditures 

Programs, 1926 $ 19.50 

Postage, Scribe 8.28 

Postage, Treasurer 7.00 

Postage, Editor 51.52 

Year Book 1924 and 1925 369.50 

Engravings 127.85 

I Sundry items 29 . 56 

3613.21 

Balance, October 20, 1927 $ 78.97 

Memorial sketches of Mrs. Louisa Virginia Magruder Berry and 
Mr. James Milton Johnson were read by the Rev. James Mitchell 
Magruder. 

A sketch of Mrs. Mary Thomas Magruder Hill, by Mrs. Susie May 
Van den Berg, was read by Daniel Dillon, a great-grandson of the 
subject of the paper. 



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84 American Clan Gregor Society 

The Chieftain stated that Kenneth Dann Magruder entered the 
service of the United States from Cambridge, Massachusettcs, on 
October 19, 1918, as private; served as member of the Harvard Unit, 
Student Army Training Corps, Company C, and was mustered out 
as private on December 5, 1918. 

On motion of Rev. J. M. Magruder a bronze medal was ordered to 
be given to Kenneth Dann Magruder, and his name placed on the Honor 
Roll of the Society. 

A letter from Miss Alice Maud Ewell, regretting her inability to attend 
the gathering was read by the Chieftain. 

A letter from Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., stating that business de- 
mands would prevent his attendance on the 1927 meeting, and informing 
the Society that the pine furnished for this gathering was from the 
home of Ninian Beall Magruder, was read. 

The report of Mrs. Eugenia F. Rees, Deputy Chieftain for California, 
was read by the Scribe. 

The Chieftain announced that Mr. Wm. P. Magruder, Deputy Chief- 
tain for Maryland, had presented to the city of Hyattsville, Maryland, a 
tract of twelve acres of land for a Childrens' Park. 

The Chieftain read an announcement of the meeting to be held at 
St. Barnabas' Church on the 21st, and gave directions as to the best 
route to the church. 

On motion the meeting was adjourned. 



October 20, 1927 

8 P. M. 

The meeting was opened by prayer by the Chaplain, the Rev. Enoch 
Magruder T'hompson. 

A paper on Ninian Magruder (1772-1830) by Kenneth Dann Magruder, 
was read by Mr. E. W. Magruder. 

A poem, Glenjruin, by John Bailey Nicklin, Jr., was read by Mr. 
C. C. Magruder. 

A paper, Magruder Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy, by Major 
Marshall Magruder, U. S. A., was read by the Rev. E. M. Thompson. 

The chief feature of the program for the evening was the presentation 
of the fund to establish the Dr. Edward May Magruder Memorial 
Scholarship in the Department of Medicine at the Univcisity of Vii-glnia. 

In introducing Dr. John Stalge Davis who was present as the repre- 
sentative of the University of Virginia, the Chieftain, Mr. C. C. Magruder, 
said: 

I do not think that I coukl better present the next feature of our 
program than by reading In part from a circular addressed to this mem- 
bership immediately after the iiist gathering followijig the death of 
our late Chieftain: 



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Wir.I.IAM PlNTKNKV MaCRUDI'R 

I)i:i'i;i'v Chieftain for Maryland 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



85 



Dear Fellozv Member of 

American Clan Gregor Society: 

Our highly respected and much loved Chieftain, Dr. Ed- 
ward May Magruder, died at his residence in Charlottesville, 
Virginia, on the 10th of January, 1925. 

Memorial exercises held for him were the most impressive 
feature of this year's Gathering, on the 15th and 16th of 
October, at which time those who knew him expressed pro- 
found sorrow at his death and united in well-merited praise of 
his personal character, his professional skill, and his leader- 
ship as Chieftain of American Clan Gregor Society since its 
organization. 

It was the unanimous desire of an unusually large assembly, 
gathered as a tribute to his memory, that a memorial be 
provided for as an expression of appreciation of all the noble 
qualities which were his. 

The form of this memorial must be determined upon in 
deference to Mrs. Magrudcr's wishes in the matter, and in 
accordance with the amount of funds raised for the purpose. 

Response to this circular enabled the committee named for the pur- 
pose to receive 31,200, and after mature consideration Mrs. Magruder 
expressed the desire that the memorial take the form of a Scholarship 
in the Department of Medicine at the University of Virginia to be 
known as the Dr. Edward May Magruder Memorial Scholarship. 

And further, that the holder of same be a deserving student of good 
moral character, member of American Clan Gregor Society, or son of 
such a member; his nomination to be made by the Chieftain of Ameri- 
can Clan Gregor Society, but in event of his failure to so nominate by 
January 1st, the holder of said scholarship to be named by the President 
of the University of Virginia. 

I have in my hand a letter from the University of Virginia, dated 
October 13, 1927, which is as follows: 

Mr. C. C. Magruder, Chieftain, 

American Clan Gregor Society, 
Colorado Building, 

Washington, D. C. 
Dear Mr. Magruder: 

I am just in receipt of your kind letter and assure you that 
it will give me great pleasure 'to be present on the evening 
of October 20th. I was devoted to Dr. E. M. Magruder 
and have missed him sadly since he left us. It is very 
gratifying to have his memory perpetuated in this generous 
way by the Clan Gregor, and I shall try to express briefly 
my feelings. I will observe your request to include the 
requirements for admission to the Medical Department, 
though that may be rather technical. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



The writer of this letter is Professor of the Practice of Medicine at 
the University of Virginia; he is our honor guest here tonight; I take 
great pleasure in introducing Dr. John Staige Davis, and presenting 
to him this check ^ with which to found the Dr. Edward May Magruder 
Memorial Scholarship in Medicine at the University of Virginia. 

In accepting this trust for the University of Virginia, Dr. Davis said: 
Mr. Chieftain and Members of Clan Gregor: 

It is a great pleasure and privilege to be with you this evening, not 
only personally, but because the occasion is signalized by this generous 
gift in honor of one whom I love to remember. 

I am glad too that I have been designated to accept this fine token 
for the Univeristy of Virginia, because I rejoice in every opportunity 
to express my affection and gratitude to Dr. Edward May Magruder. 
I recall him from childhood as a friend and benefactor when the real 
family physician, now fast becoming extinct, was a treasure indeed. 
He occupied that cherished relation to my household. He was also 
one of my revered teachers In the Medical Department of the Univeristy 
of Virginia, in which he was the first clinical instructor. His patience, 
care and thoroughness impressed all with whom he came in contact 
and are an abiding and blessed memory. He was the first man to 
begin general examinations of patients. 

After my graduation, which his kindly efforts and oversight greatly 
facilitated, I was finally associated with him in teaching for many years, 
until his failing health, due to his unremitting labors of love, occasioned 
his retirement. 

He had the longest tenure of service of any of the clinical instructors, 
discharging his duties without interruption or decline for more than 
thirty years. 

During all this time our relations became closer, if possible, and I 
realized more keenly his sterling worth, his unfailing loyalty to his 
friends and devotion to his Alma Mater. It is peculiarly appropriate 
and gratifying that this Memorial should be presented to the University 
of Virginia Medical School from which he was graduated and which 
he served so long and so well. 

The advance of time and tide hav^e greatly extended the curriculum 
since he and I took our degrees. It was then one, and now, four years, 
and there are such stringent requirements for entrance that more than 
300 applicants were rejected this session, partly because the class is 
limited In number. These are briefly stated as a four year high school 
education and two years of work in a college of arts and sciences ap- 
proved by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical 
Association. The High School requirements comprise English, Foreign 
Languages, Mathematics, History and Science with certain miscel- 
laneous subjects. The pre-medical college course includes Chemistry, 
Physics, Biology, English Composition and Literature, as well as a 
choice of certain other non-science subjects. 

^ The amount of the check presented was 31,200. 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



87 



Young people of both sexes, who have fulfilled these conditions, will 
be eligible for this noble scholarship. 

It will enable coming youth to pursue the profession which he served 
and adorned and his example of fidelity, thoroughness and efficiency 
must inspire them. They will rise up and call him blessed. 

In behalf of the University of Virginia, I thank you. 

During the evening Mr. and Mrs. J. F. M. Bowie, with songs, and 
Professor Casper, on the violin, accompanied by Mr. Geoige Wilson, on 
the piano, entertained the gathering. 

On motion of E. W. Magruder, the meeting scheduled for 9:30, 
October 21st, was annulled and the Society adjourned to meet at St. 
Barnabas' Church at 12 o'clock, noon. 



October 21, 1927 

12 o^cIock, Noon 

The Society gathered at St. Barnabas' Church, Friday, October 21, 
1927, at 12 o'clock, noon, where friends and members of tlie parish 
had assembled to unveil a bronze tablet to the memory of Magruder 
church officials for Queen Anne Parish from its organization until the 
outbreak of the American Revolution. The dedication services were 
participated in by the Rev. Enoch Magruder Thompson, the Rev. 
M. J. C. Shrewsbury, Rector of St. Barnabas', the Rev. James Mitchell 
Magruder, and the Rev. M. W. Riker, Rector of Holy Trinity Church. 

The address of the occasion was delivered by Mr. C. C. Magruder, 
the donor of the tablet. 

Mr. Magruder gave a very complete account of the establishment 
of Queen Anne Parish and the building of St. Barnabas' church. Much 
of the historical matter in this address is to be found in Mr. Magrudcr's 
address delivered at the unveiling of the tablet to John Magruder and 
his wife, Susanna Smith, November 14, 1924, which was published in 
the 1924 Year Book. 

The tablet was unveiled by Florence Plall Magruder (aged 5), niece 
of the Chieftain, a four-times great-granddaughter (maternally) of 
James Magruder, Vestryman, 1736, '37^ '38; and a five-times great- 
granddaughter (paternally) of John Magruder, Warden, 1723, '29, '30; 
Vestryman, 1724, '25-'26-'27; and dedicated by the Rev. Enoch Ma- 
gruder Thompson, Chaplain of American Clan Gregor Society, and 
great-great-grandson of Enoch Magruder, Warden, in 1750. 

The inscription on the tablet reads as follows: 

In Memory of 

Magruder Church Officials 

Queen Anne Parish 

Prior to the American Revolution 



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Wardens 

Enoch Magruder 1750 

George Frazier lVIagruder 1766 

James Magruder, Jr 1763 

Jeremiah Magruder 1759 

John Magruder 1723, '29, '30 

Nathaniel Magruder 1753, '67 

NiNiAN Magruder , 1721 

Samuel IVIagruder, Jr 1731 

WiLi lAM Magruder 1736 

Zadoc Magruder 1757 

Vestrymen 

George Frazier Magruder 1767, '68, '69 

James Magruder 1736, '37, '38 

James Magruder, Jr 1764, '65, '66 

Jeremiah Magruder 1760, '61, '62 

John Magruder 1724, '25, '26. '27 

Nathaniel Magruder 1754, '55, '56, '70, '71, '72, '73 

Thomas Magruder 1770, '71 

Placed by American Clan Gregor Society 
1927 

Above the words "In Memory of" on the tablet appeared a Sprig of 
Pine, insignia of A. C. G. S., the same being a copy of a photograph 
of a sprig of pine cut by the Chief, Sir Malcolm MacGregor of MacGregor, 
at "Edinchip," Scotland, 1911, and sent through the mail by C. C. 
Magruder, Jr., from Dunblane, Scotland, for wearing at the third 
gathering of A. C. G. S. 

At the conclusion of the service a Maryland dinner was served by 
the ladies of the congregation of the Parish Hall. 



October 21, 1927 
8 P. M. 
The following papers were presented: 
James Bailey Magruder, 

By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., 

Read by Mr. E. W. Magruder. 
William Rearden Magruder, 

By Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith. 
The following sketches were read by Mr. C. C. Magruder: 
Archibald Magruder, Private, 

By Marion Myrl Harrison, Ohio. 
(Dr.) Daniel Magruder, Private, 

By Willett Clark Magruder, Kentucky. 
John Beall Magruder, Private, 

By Caleb Clarke Magruder, Maryland. 
Norman Bruce Magruder, Private, 

By Caleb Clarke Magruder, Maryland. 
Archibald Magruder, Private. 
Basil Magruder, Private, 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 89 

Ninian Bcall Magruder, Private, 

Ninian (Offutt) Magruder, Third Sergeant, 

Zadock Magruder, Private, 

By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., Georgia. 
The Chieftain having requested the nomination of another as his 
successor, the following officers were nominated by Mr, O. B. Magruder 

For Chieftain Rev. James Mitchell Magruder 

Ranking Deputy Chieftain, . . .Mr. Egbert Watson Magruder 

Scribe Robert Lcc Magruder, Jr. 

Registrar Miss Mary Magruder 

Historian Miss Mary Theresc Hill 

Treasurer Mr. John E. Muncaster 

Editor Mr. Jolm Bowie Ferneyhough 

Chaplain Rev. Enoch Magruder Thompson 

Chancellor Mr. Alexander Muncaster 

Surgeon Dr. Stcuart Brown Muncaster 

Deputy Scribe Mrs. Anne Wade Sheriff 

On motion, duly seconded, the Scribe was ordered to cast the unani- 
mous vote of the Society for the above named ofhccrs, and they were 
declared elected. 
The Chieftain announced the following appointments: 

The Council 
Mrs. John F. M. Bowie Mrs. Philip Hill Sheriff 

Miss Helen Woods Gantt Oliver B. Magruder 

Dr. Robert E. Ferneyhough Dr. Henry B. McDonnell 

Mrs. Laura C. Higgins Clement W. Sheriff 

Miss Rebecca M. MacGregor Henry M. Taylor 

Deputy Chieftains 

Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith Alabama 

Mrs. Wm. G. McCormick Arkansas 

Mrs. Eugenia F. Rees California 

Thomas L. Pollock Colorado 

Mrs. Jessie W. G. Myers District of Columbia 

Mrs. M. M. Permenter Florida 

George Milton Magruder Georgia 

Mrs. Winifred D. Brown Illinois 

Mrs. T. Ray Cockman Indiana 

Mrs. Mamie B. Frisbee lozva 

Mrs. Ida Magruder Foster Kansas 

Willett Clark Magruder Kentucky 

Thomas M. Wade Louisiana 

Calvert Magruder Massachusetts 

Alva W. Gregory Maine 

William P. A'Iagruder Maryland 

Mrs. Ernest S. Griffith Minnesota 

Miss Nannie H. Magruder Mississippi 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



Miss Gertrude 0. Pendleton Missouri 

George Ninian Short Montana 

Mrs. Virginia M. Clark Nebraska 

William Woodward New York 

M. M. Harrison Ohio 

Geo. C. W. Magruder Oklahoma 

Richard B. Magruder... Oregon 

Kenneth Dann Magruder Pennsylvania 

J. T. W. Flint South Carolina 

John B. Nicklin, Jr Tennessee 

Wm. B. H. Magruder Texas 

Mrs. Sallie M. Stewart rirginia 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Snively Washington 

Gray Silver West Firginia 

Miss Elizabeth B. MacGregor Wisconsin 



The Chieftain 



SPECIAL COMMITTEES 
Committee on Program 

Committee on Pine 



Caleb Clarke Magruder. 

Committee on Hotel 
Clement William Sheriff. 

Committee on Decoration of Hall 
Miss Mary Therese Hill; Mrs. Julia Magruder McDonnell; Mrs. 
Philip PI. Sheriff. 

Committee on Registration 
Oliver Barron Magruder. 

Committee on Honor Roll 
Rev. J. M. Magruder, Chairman; Mrs. R. J. M. Bukey; Mrs. 
L. C. Higgins; John Bowie Ferncyhough. 

Miss Claire Sessford entertained the gathering with a vocal solo and 
an interpretative dance, which were greatly enjoyed. 

On motion of Mr. E. W. Magruder, duly seconded, a rising vote of 
thanks was extended the retiring Chieftain for his most successful and 
untiring efforts in behalf of the society. 

On motion a vote of thanks was extended the management of the 
Willard Hotel for their hospitality and courtesies during the gathering. 

The Society was adjourned after a benediction by the Chaplain. 



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Prockedincs of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 91 

MRS. LOUISA VIRGINIA (MAGRUDER) BERRY 

By Mrs. Gertrude B. Patterson 

Louisa Virginia (Magruder) Berry was born August 7, 1847, in Fair- 
*^^ I field County, Ohio, and was married to Chas. M, Berry May 13, 1868, 
'." I at New Salem, Ohio, where they lived until 1883 when they moved to 
^^ I Fostoria, Ohio. At the age of fourteen she became a member of the 
^^ I Methodist Episcopal Church and was a true and faithful Christian 
^' I until she was called home May 4, 1925. She was an active member 
Y I of the W. R. C. and also of the Red Cross during the late war and was 
loved by all who knew her. She is survived by two daughters, Mrs. 
W. S. Patterson and Mrs. R. L. Smith both of Fostoria, Ohio. 

She was the daughter of William Walter Magruder and Catherine 
Lacey, grand-daughter of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth Lyons, great- 
granddaughter of Samuel Brewer Magruder and Rebecca Magruder, 
great-great-granddaughter of Samuel Magruder, 3rd., and Margaret 
Jackson, great-great-great-granddaughter of Ninian Magruder and 
Ellzabetii lirewcr, great-great-grcat-great-granddaughter of Samuel 
Magruder and Sarah Beall, grcat-great-great-great-great-granddaughtcr 
of Alexander Magruder, Maryland Immigrant. 



THE CHIEFTAIN'S WORK IN KENTUCKY. 

The Rev. James M. Magruder, our newly elected Chieftain, has 
been supplying for Dean Massie at Christ Churcli Cathedral, Lexington, 
Kentucky, during the fall and winter (1927). A letter from him states, 
'This is a delightful set of people to whom I am ministering at the 
present time; and they are most appreciative of my efforts in their 
behalf. They are urging m6 to stay until after Easter with them, 
hoping that Dean Massie will be sufficiently recovered by that time 
to resume the direction of the work." 

Dr. Magruder attended the 1927 Gathering but was unable to be 
present on Friday evening and received the news of his election by letter 
to which he replied in the following telegram: 

"Lexington, Kentucky. 
I accept my election as Chieftain of American Clan Gregor Society 
with appreciation and deep sense of responsibility. 

(Signed) James M. Magruder." 

The Chieftain's home address is 132 Charles Street, Annapolis, 
Maryland. 



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92 American Clan Gregor Society 



JAMES MILTON JOHNSON 
(From The Daily Citizen, Urbana, Ohio, April 18, 1927) 

James Milton Johnson, 78, one of Urbana's best known and lifelong 
residents, died at his home, 433 East Church Street, Saturday night, 
after an illness of nine weeks, from paralysis. 

Mr. Johnson's father died when he was fourteen, and at the age of 
sixteen he came to Urbana with his widowed mother and had since resid- 
ed here. He was one of four children, three sons and a daughter, and was 
the last of the family. He was prominent in musical circles, an accom- 
plished musician, vocally and instrumentally, playing the 'cello, flute 
and clarionet and possessing, in his prime an excellent tenor voice. 
He took part in the Urbana Choral Societies' presentations for years 
and even in late years was a member of community choruses when such 
entertainments were given. He was probably the city's best music 
critic and a great lover of the art. 

Another outstanding feature of Mr. Johnson's life was his clean living. 
Reared in a pure atmosphere, nothing but the highest aims of life were 
his and his character reflected this early training. He would gently 
but firmly excuse himself from groups if the conversation was not con- | 
ducted on a high plane of purity and while not prudish, he was, never- » 
theless pure in his thoughts and conduct. He was an expert accountant I j 
and for many years was bookkeeper for the Henry Fox Woolen Mills, t ] 
and later for the Urbana Woolen Mills Co., successor to the Fox Com- | 
pany. When the Urbana Tool & Die Company purchased the plant 
and converted it into a different form of manufacture, he remained, 
for a time, with that company. Of late years, however, he had been 
collector for the Gaumer Publishing Company and periodically taker 
of the school youth census in Urbana. 

He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Esther Outram Johnson, to whom 
he was married July 9, 1878, and a daughter, Mrs. Paul Organ, East 
Church Street. Two sons, Robert and Alfred, are deceased. 

A lifelong member of the Methodist Church, he was ever faithful 
in attendance and participation in the services, a member of the choir 
for years and an active member of Class Fifteen of the M. E. Sunday 
School. 

James Milton Johnson was born March 27, 1849, in Hocking County, 
Ohio; he was the son of Sarah Ann Magruder and Christian Johnson, 
grandson of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth Lyons, great-grandson of 
Samuel Brewer Magruder and Rebecca Magruder, great-great grandson 
of Samuel Magruder, HI, and Margaret Jackson, great-great-great- 
grandson of Ninian Magruder and h^,lizabcth Brewer, great-great-great- 
great-grandson of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall, great-great-great- 
great-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, Maryland Immigrant. 



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Proceedings of EiGiixEENTii Annual Gathering 



93 



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MARY THOMAS (MAGRUDER) HILL— "MAMETA" 

By Susie May (Susan Mary Geddes) van den Berg, D. C. 

She named herself "Mameta" just for me, a name no one else had 
ever called her, suggested to her she said by my calling for that sweet 
plaintive serenade she used to sing to me as a lullaby, and even now 
I cannot listen to it without experiencing the exquisite sadness of home- 
sickness and longing for her. 

Juanita 
Soft o'er the fountain, 
Ling'ring falls the southern moon. 
High o'er the mountain, 
Breaks the day too soon. 
In thy dark eye's splendor. 
Where the warm light loves to dwell. 
Weary look yet tender, 
Speaks a fond farewell. 

Nita, Juanita, ask thy soul if we shall part, 
NIta, Juanita, lean thou on my heart. 

The Mary in my name was for her, but she called me "old Toat" 
whatever that meant, I suppose just a form of endearment, but I remem- 
ber it always gave me a thrill of pleasure. 

**Mameta" was born May 20, 1820, Mary Thomas Magruder, youngest 
child of Mary Clarke and Thomas Magruder of "The Forest," Prince 
George's County, Maryland. There were a large family of brothers 
and sisters, eleven in number: Dr. 'Phonias Baldwin, Isaac Grandison, 
Sarah, Sophia, Caleb Clarke 1st, John Beall, Walter Smith, Staley 
Nicholls, Richard Weems, Dr. Archibald Smith, and Mary Thomas. 
Sarah, Staley, Walter and Richard died unmarried. 

Caleb Clarke 1st, was the father of our revered late Ranking Deputy 
Chieftain Caleb Clarke Magruder, 2nd, and grandfather of our present 
esteemed Chieftain, Caleb Clarke Magruder, 3rd. 

It happened in "Mameta's" generation that four Magruder and four 
Hill sisters and brothers married: Sophia Magruder married Philip 
Hill, John Beall Magruder married Mary Ann Hill, Isaac Grandison 
Magruder married Margaret Elizabeth Hill, and Mary Thomas Magruder 
married William Wilson Hill. Of these marriages there were twenty- 
eight children born. To Sophia Magruder and Philip Hill, eleven; to 
Isaac Grandison Magruder and Margaret Elizabeth Hill (our "Aunt 
Betsey" of blessed memory), six; to John Beall Magruder and Mary 
Ann Hill, one; to Mary Thomas Magruder and William Wilson Hill, 
nine. 

In fancy I can see little Mary Thomas, the pet and darling of them 
all, always sweet and dainty. She was fitted by nature for such a place 
in the family. She had great refinement of character and feature, 



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94 



American Clan Gregor Society 



was slight of form and of medium height, with soft chestnut hair and 
keen brown eyes, and possessing all of the attributes of lady-hood. 

A woman of rare good judgment and perspicasity, her counsel and 
advice were sought and followed, especially by her nieces and nephews, 
by whom she was called *'Aunt Mary Tom" to distinguish her from 
"Aunt Mary Jack" uncle John Beall Magruder's wife. 

I remember her always as fragile and sweet, sitting in her room where 
she held court, she seldom came down-stairs, and it was an event when 
she presided at table, the actual housekeeping being in the capable 
hands of her daughter, Virginia Magruder (Aunt Jennie); and in the 
evenings the family assembled in her room to talk over the events of 
the day, to tell of Joseph Jefferson in "Rip van Winkle," or Kate Claxton 
in "The Two Orphans," or Fritz Emmet, or some other celebrity seen 
in Washington the evening before, or maybe to plan some other pleasur- 
able event to come. 

Aunt Betsey was always present, for I do not remember Glenway 
without Aunt Betsey, a sister of Granpa's with whom she spent the 
latter years of her life. She and "Mameta" were devoted friends and 
companions; their principal diversion being quiltmaking and "California 
Jack," the latter they played quite seriously. 

Soon after "Mameta" graduated from the Visitation Academy of George- 
town, D. C, where she was educated as the will of her father directed, 
she was married at home, in "The Forest" of Prince George's County, 
Maryland, to William Wilson Hill of "Glenway" in the same county. 
No doubt Patrick (Patrick Harris) drove the newly married pair to their 
home, and proud he was I am sure, for Uncle Pat, as we children called 
him, was one of the family in the sense that when he was five years 
old my grandfather was born, August 30, 1808, and great-grandfather 
(Richard Hill) gave Pat to the baby boy to be his body servant, and 
he remained faithful until his "Marsc William" passed away. Although 
a very old man by then, he slept outside the door of Grandpa's room 
and cared for him until the end, which came on July 11, 1894. 

Uncle Pat survived his master for several years, and after welcoming 
a new mistress to Glenway with an appropriate speech, on the occasion 
of her homecoming, and serving her for a year or two, he went to the 
home of the Catholic Priest at Hyattsville near by, where he lived for 
three years, visited frequently by his master's children to whom he 
was truly a member of the family, and when this good old man passed 
away Father Tower had him laid out in the parlor of the Rectory, such 
was the esteem in which he was held. 

Let me tell of "Glenway," for "Glenway" became the home of Mary the 
young bride, and I love to fancy her gentle spirit hovering o'er the 
place, for "Glenway," "Mameta," and Grandpa, mean the greater part 
of my childjiood. Tlie estate lies in Maryland one mile and a half 
from the stone marking the northeastern corner of the District of Col- 
umbia, and is a part ,of the original grant from the English Crown to 
Clement Hill who came from England in 1693 and known as "Baltimore 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



95 



Nfanor." The present house was built about seventy-five years ago 
by Grandfather, William Wilson Hill, son of Richard Hill and Margery 
Ann Wilson, and his descendants still hold the property. Always 
noted for its hospitality, it has sheltered many of the family when the 
vicissitudes of life have overtaken them, and more than one has spent 
his last days beneath its beloved roof. 

"Mameta's" Aunt Emma Corbett (Magruder) Berry, daughter of Isaac 
Magruder and Sophia Baldwin, who married Brooke M. Berry, made 
her home at Glenway after the death of Mr. Berry February 6, 1847, 
and their only child, William Isaac Berry, who died before his father, 
at the age of twenty-three years. When she passed away September 3, 
1870, having lived at "Glenway" more than thirty years, she left the 
bulk of her property to "Mameta" including the life-size portraits of her- 
teif and her son which still hang in the parlor of "Glenway." And in the 
year 1877 when Aunt "Mary Jack" passed to her eternal rest Uncle 
Jack (John Beall Magruder) came to Glenway to spend the remainder 
of his life, both he and Aunt Betsey passed away while making it their 
home. Aunt Betsey on March 20, 1888, and Uncle Jack on July 25, 1897. 

My grandfather left "Glenway" to his third eldest son, Edward 
Everett Hill, and a unique feature of his will is that he gave to his two 
unmarried daughters Virginia Magruder Hill, and Mary Therese Hill, 
their room so long as they remained unmarried. Aunt Jennie married 
in 1899 Edmund Wilson and went to live at his home in Landover, 
Maryland. Aunt Mary Therese still occupies her room in her father's 
house. 

As a child I remember the company that was always coming to "Glen- 
way," and the great occasions when the Priest from the old White Marsh 
church would come twice yearly, stay all night and celebrate Mass the 
next morning in the parlor where an improvised altar had been placed, 
all of the neighbors and the colored folks from the community would 
come, there being no Catholic Church nearer than Washington, D. C. 

And again in the wintertime, when the open Franklin stove roared 
its welcome especially at Christmas, and there was a stately Christmas 
tree of beautiful cedar for us grandchildren, bending as its head touched 
the ceiling beneath its load of beautiful paper chains, tiny wax candles, 
cornucopias of candies, candy animals of all sorts and kinds, while 
beneath it sat the toys and presents to gladden our happy childish hearts. 
We were always at "Glenway" for Christmas, and at the New Year we 
had another tree at the Washington home of our grandfather Geddes. 

I was more fortunate than most children for I knew all four of my 
Grandparents, and also my paternal great-grandmother, Elizabeth 
Travilla Matlack of Baltimore, Maryland. 

I remember vividly the Sundays in the summer with the great dinings, 
often a dozen or more guests, mostly cousins it seems to me, who came 
on horse-back, in buggies and light Dayton wagons, something new 
in that day, and in the evening the "Beaux" would come, and more 
young girls, the contemporaries of Aunt Jennie and cousin Alice Hill 



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Duckett who simply preferred to stay at Uncle William's and Aunt 
Mary Tom's, and made it her home until she married and went to ihc 
new home of the man of her choice. The young folks would play croqucl, 
a new game in that day, until dark, then there would be a bountiful 
country supper, with generally apple snow made early in the morning 
by Aunt Jennie and cousin Alice out in the ice-house, from whence ii 
would come cold and delicious. 

As I remember, the marriage of cousin Alice was the first break io 
the family circle, on April 20, 1881, she married James W. Whalen of 
Beltsvllle, Maryland, and then one by one through the lapse of years, 
by death and marriage, they passed from the old home until there only- 
remained Uncle Ned (Edward Everett) and Mary Therese. And then 
in good time the family has increased again, for on October 10, 1900, 
Uncle Ned married Miss Catherin E. Coad, daughter of Joseph Edwin 
Coad and Eleanor Ann Manning, both of St. Mary's County, Mary- 
land, and to them four children were born; two lingered only a few 
hours, and two are now grown to womanhood and manhood, Mary 
Allan Hill and William Wilson Hill. 

My mother was Anne Reed Hill, second child of "Mameta" and Grand- 
pa, the first child Sarah Ivlagruder, passed away at the age of five years, 
and our Historian, Mary Therese Elill was the youngest. There were 
also William Walter, Thomas Emmet (died in infancy), Virginia Ma- 
gruder, Clement Clarke, Edward Everett, and Alexander. 

"Mameta" left us many years ago, falling peacefully asleep on June 
29, 1885, at her town home after an illness lasting only a few days, 
while she was visiting her daughter Anne, who with her husband, Charles 
Wright Geddes and family, occupied the place. 

The descendants of "Mameta" are nine children, twenty-one grand- 
children fifteen great-grandchildren, and two great-great-grand-children. 

My "Mameta;" may her influence be felt and her high qualities be 
emulated by those who for generations to come will bear her blood, 
and may the present William Wilson EIIU fill her place fittingly, keeping 
the honor and prestige of old Glenway, and to the memory of my Mameta. 

Mary Thomas (Magruder) Hill was the daughter of Thomas Ma- 
gruder and Mary Clarke; granddaughter of Isaac Magruder and Sophia 
Baldwin; great-granddaughter of Nathan Magruder and Rebacca Beall; 
great-great-granddaughter of John Magruder and Susanna Smith; 
great-great-great-granddaughter of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall; 
great-great-great-great-granddaughter of Alexander Magruder and 
Margaret Braithwaite. 



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NINTAN MAGRUDER, PIONEER 

By Kenneth Dann Magruder, Pa. 

Ninian Magruder, born on July 1, 1772, in Frederick County, Mary- 
land, probably in the home — still extant — of his father, Samuel Brewer 
Magruder, is conspicuous among the many Magruders bearing this 
memorable Christian name. 

He began early to show an independent spirit, when he fell in love 
with a young English girl, Grace Townsend, who had been born on 
September 22, 1779. Her parents had planned to send her back to 
England in 1797 to complete her education; but the young folks found 
it unnecessary to wait until the "modern" era of the twentieth century 
for deciding otherwise. February 5, 1795, Rev. Thomas Rcade married 
Ninian and Grace in St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, Rock 
Creek Parish (now in Washington, D. C), where several generations of 
Ninian's ancestors had been pillars of strength. 

This marriage proved to be the final act before the self-reliance of 
Ninian Magruder led to his breaking the continuity of liistory in Mary- 
land supported by five splendid generations of forefathers. 

Youthful Ninian, the pioneer, purchased 160 acres of life-lease land 
from one Colston in Frederick, now Clarke Clounty, Virginia. This 
property was on the east side of the Shenandoah River, and on the 
western slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains, between Ashby's and 
Snicker's Gaps. 

Ashby's Gap is the lowest gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains, and 
was the first to be crossed by a white man. Local inhabitants believe 
that it was named for a reckless man, Ashby, who crossed over the 
Gap in a wagon without using a log to serve as a drag. All of this terri- 
tory was owned by Lord Fairfax, who inherited the northern neck of 
Virginia. Unlike Ninian Magruder, he had come to this wilderness, 
abandoning society, because- of disappointment in love. He arrived in 
1750, or perhaps earlier. He was the one for whom young George 
Washington surveyed the land in that region. 

Greenway Court, the farm occupied by Lord Fairfax, can be seen 
to this day on the west side of the Shenandoah River. Ninian with 
his wife and numerous slaves did not go so far. They settled on Pine 
Mountain — so named from its fine quality of pine timber — their land 
extending to the river, the river bottoms being fairly suitable for farm- 
ing. ^ 

Ninian lost no time in putting his slaves to work. A son, James Lyons 
Magruder, has left for posterity an excellent account of his development 
of the place. 

A grist mill was built, with a saw mill and distillery adjoining. All 
were operated by an over-shot wheel sixteen feet in height. A second 
saw mill was built, about two or three hundred yards below the first. This 
was operated by a flutter wheel. Both had upright saws and separate 



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mill ponds. The log carriage was run back by a rag wheel, which the 
children had to tread. It was four feet in diameter with pins placed 
as they would be for a ladder. The faster the children operated the 
wheel, the easier it ran; but it was difficult work for children, because 
of the large logs. 

The mill ponds were fed by springs about two miles up Pine Moun» 
tain. These springs ran under rocks until near the upper pond, where 
they emerged and formed quite a stream — as the writer also learned 
when he had to drive his Ford car through it at the time of his visit 
in 1925. Ordinarily, there was enough water for the mills if time was 
taken occasionally to gather a head; but during a rainy season, the 
mills were operated day and night. The overshot wheel served both 
mills at the same time. 

A milk-house was erected below the springs; and a spout to catch 
the water for house use was placed still farther below. Delicious drink- 
ing water was obtained from the spring above. Another spout lower 
down than the first was installed near the barn, carrying water for the 
horses. The water never froze at any of these spouts, even In the coldest 
weather. 

Four large chestnut trees were near the spring and spring-house; 
and another large one was near the barn spout. All of them, particularly 
the last named, bore tasty, little chestnuts in abundance, so that a 
large number of flourishing trees of this species which were scattered 
over the farm, were left standing. 

Ninlan Magruder built his dwelling-house near the upper mill, and 
another good residence near the lower mill. He also built a number of 
smaller houses for the slaves. 

He had a blacksmith shop which brought him more business than 
the towns of Upperville and Paris together had, on account of the 
extensive lumbering conducted on Pine Mountain. 

Part of the distillery was used for a cooper shop. 

A school house was erected on the farm; but it was torn down while 
Ninian's children were quite young, so they had to go two miles to 
school thereafter. This journey was a difficult undertaking when deep 
snow came in winter. 

Back of the garden was laid out the family graveyard, where also 
was located an orchard. Here are buried NInian Magruder; several 
sons — Samuel Brewer, Townsend, and David; a daughter, Eliza Amanda; 
a son by the second marriage of Ninian's second wife, Benjamin Franklin 
Pullar; and a beloved mammy slave, "Aunt Nan." Though their graves 
were marked with rough flat stones, unlettered, in 1925 they were 
pointed out to the writer by a local inhabitant who had been told about 
the Magruders by his mother. 

This ability to recall events of the past of such nature, about ninety 
years after the departure of the last Magruder, shows the Isolation 
of the Inhabitants from the bustling world without. No one, with- 
out knowing, could suspect the presence of these graves. Originally, 






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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



99 



as is still the custom, they were fenced in; but by 1925 all except one 
post had rotted away. The graves in this year were on property owned 
by Mr. Reese Lloyd. A small group of trees and underbrush had been 
allowed to grow where most of the gravestones appeared. 

The dwelling-house of the Magruders near the foot of Pine Mountain 
had its supply of firewood brought down by a chute from the top of the 
mountain. The kitchen, from which all that was cooked was taken 
to the dining-room, was about sixteen feet from the main dwelling. 

In place of carpets, the fioors were scrubbed, mopped clean, and 
sprinkled regularly until thoroughly covered with white sand which 
had all of the clay completely washed out. This method made sweep- 
ing- necessary only at long intervals. The floors looked like stone, be- 
ing covered evenly. 

All of this property which Ninian Magruder developed, became 
known as Magruder's Mills. Today, the post ofhce address is Berry's, 
Virginia. The crossing of the Shenandoah River at this point has 
long been known as Berry's Ferry, taking its name from the family of 
Berry which operated the ferry there. 

Grace Townscnd died on November 17, 1813, in Paris, Fauquier 
County, Virginia, about seven miles east of the Gap in which Magruder's 
Mills was located. Her death was a great loss to the family, because 
her background was one of refinement. She was a very able, polished, 
English lady, with good education and an unusually letentive memory. 
Her daughiers, Charlotte and Elizabeth, had earlier been buried in 
Paris. In addition to these two children, she had Townsend, Richard 
Deakins, Grace, Samuel Biewer, Rebecca, and Mary Ann, all of whom — 
with the exception of Samuel Brewer — lived to mature years. 

About a year after the death of his wife, Ninian Magruder added to 
his startling deeds; for he violated family tradltitm and established a 
new precedent by marrying a Methodist, Elizabeth Lyons, who was 
only seventeen years of age. Rev. Thomas Littleton performed the 
ceremony on November 10, 1814. Littleton in the beginning had been 
an Episcopalian; but by 1814 he was a Methodist. 

Elizabeth Lyons was born on Mount Carmel, January 30, 1797. This 
is located next to Pine Mountain, a few miles nearer Paris. She had 
received her education in an academy of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in 1811 had become a convert to its principles. 

The following anecdote was recalled by our lately deceased clansman, 
James Milton Johnson of Urbana, Ohio, in a letter addressed to the 
writer in June, 1926, when this grandson was seventy-seven years of 
age: 

*Tt appears that among the older generations of Magruders there 
were some Quakers; and it was a Quaker uncle who came to visit Grand- 
father Ninian shortly after his second marriage. On arriving at the 
house he said, 'Well Nin, I understand thee has married a poor girl.* 
Presently the bride was ushered into the. room and introduced. After 
a short interview she withdrew, and the men being left alone the uncle 



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100 • American Clan Gregor Society 

resumed 'Well I see thee has married a pretty girl, anyhow'; which I 
have no doubt was true, for she bore the marks of a beautiful woman 
in her old age." 

Her marriage to Ninian Magruder increased the size of the family 
considerably. Children born were Sarah Ann, James Lyons, Caroline, 
William Walter, Eliza Amanda, Thomas Jefferson, and David. The 
seeds of Methodism sown by the mother were cultivated and 
brought to fruition by her succeeding generations. 

Mount Carmel Church, which prepared the ground for this new era 
in the Magruder family, in 1925 was still well attended by inhabitants 
in the vicinity of Pine Mountain and Mount Carmel. The original, 
unpainted, one-room building was being used. Even the large Bible 
dated back to the time of the IVlagruders. 

Mount Carmel Church can boast, not only of its age and services^ 
but of its historic value. A marker bearing the inscription, 

Mt. Carmel Fight. Feb. 19, 186.S 
MosBY AND U. S. Cavalry 

stands below the church at the foot of the mountain. 

It is also a local tradition that Stonewall Jackson prayed in Mount | 

Carmel Church for victory. I 

Magruder's Mills was the scene of many battles during the Civil f 

War. Mosby passed through there frequently, repeatedly encountering | 

Union forces. One of his men was wounded by the spring-house of | 

Mr. John Lloyd's grandfather, who took him into his home and nursed 
him until he died. Sheridan's destructive march through the Shen- 
andoah Valley included Magruder's Mills. His program was to destroy 
everything of value to the Confederates, especially mills. In 1925, 
none of the Magruder buildings remained, except the charred ruins of 
the old blacksmith shop and of one of the two dwellings. The mill had 
been burned and had been replaced by another one. There is little room 
for doubt that "little Phil" was responsible for all of this havoc. Many 
men living in the neighborhood at that time could be thankful that 
all of their homes were not destroyed; because the women folks, to 
protect them from the Yankees, were accustomed to hide them under the 
eaves during the danger periods. 

The Civil War was not the only occasion for excitement at Pine 
Mountain. When the British sacked Washington, the capital, in the 
War of 1812, the rumor spread rapidly to Magruder's Mills that they 
were on their way to invade the Valley. In a panic, therefore, the 
Magruders buried their set of silver in the ground. Afterwards, they 
could not recall the exact spot where they had concealed it. A few 
years ago, one of the Lloyds, while ploughing, unearthed a spoon with 
Magruder Initials. It undoubtedly belonged to the long lost set. In 
1925, it was in the possession of Mr. John Lloyd's sister. 

After Ninian Magruder married the second time, Grace and Rebecca, 
children by the first wife, went to Maryland to live with their paternal 



Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 101 

aunt, Charlotte Beall, in Rockville. It was Charlotte Beall's husband, 
Kinsey, who met General LaFayettc on his visit to the town, and who 
led away his horse to the stable, according to Mrs. Prank Pelham Stone, 
historian, living in the home of Samuel Brewer Magruder near Cabin 
John Run. 

In 1823 or 1824, Ninian Magruder left his farm in charge of his first 
wife's sons, Townsend and Richard Dcakins, and moved to Paris for 
the purpose of schooling his younger children remaining with him. 
While there, he conducted a blacksmith shop. After a year, he and 
the children returned to their home. 

When James Lyons Magruder was a small boy, his father sent him 
and his sister Sarah to old Bob Garrison, the shoemaker who lived two 
and a half miles up the mountain, not far from the head of the Magruders' 
mill springs, in a low log cabin where conditions were almost unbelievably 

{primitive. Garrison supplied the winter shoes. Ninian Magruder, 
however, had to send him all the material, even the home-made thread, 
made from the flax which he had grown. Elizabeth Lyons spun the 
thread and bristles were obtained from the hogs raised on the place. 
Ninian would take the necessary measurements of feet with the aid 
of sticks and strings, and would give Sarah the instructions. It would 
have been useless for him to have written them to Bob Garrison, bc- 
i I cause it is doubtful if the old shoemaker could read. 

The leather made a big load for the children. The shoes for the 
women and girls were made of calf-skin; those for the men and boys, 
f f of upper leather. They fitted well and were made well, though they 

lacked a fine varnish on the soles. 

Emancipation and Prohibition, paradoxical in name only, had not at 
this period been experienced. Just as slavery was an accepted institu- 
tion, so liquor was freely accei)tcd even by representatives of "the 
strictest sect", Methodism. Ninian's home became a stopping-place 
for the preachers, though he and his eldest son, Townsend, were not 
much inclined to be religious until failing health seemed to necessitate 
for Ninian preparations for a future life. More as an insurance policy, 
Ninian then joined the Methodist church. 

But the Magruder distillery was an attraction to some of the preachers. 
It was customary for Rev. Thomas Littleton, when starting for the 
Sunday morning service, to step to the sideboard and fortify himself 
with a horn of peach brandy contained in a decanter there. This 
brandy was made at the Magruder distillery, and was noted for its 
excellence. The feeble old man depended upon it for sustenance in 
the work of leading his flock to the Kingdom of God. 

It remained for the boy, James Lyons Magruder, instead of the local 
lj[ preachers, to recognize the evil of intoxicating liquor. His story follows: 

"My father ran a distillery, on a small scale. After the whiskey 
was made on the lower floor, it was put in barrels and taken to the 
second floor. The bungs were left loose so we could take them out, 
so as to taste it. For a time that was my business. We used a long 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



proof vial with a string to it, so that we could plunge the vial in the 
bung hole to fill the vial, then take it out with our thumbs over the 
top and shake it and watch the beads. We generally tasted each 
barrel to be sure we were right. If it was not strong enough, we could 
add alcohol; if too strong, we would add low-wines. We aimed to 
have all of uniform strength. I was only ten or twelve years old, and 
after I had kept up tasting for a while, I found it was getting the upper 
hand of me. 

"It was growing on me so that I had formed the appetite and craved 
it. Although I was young, I happened to have the good sense to quit 
it in time, before it got too strong a hold on me. I had seen so much of 
the evils of drunkenness I thank the Lord that I have never used it as 
a beverage from that day to this." 

Ninian Magruder was very prosperous for a number of years, until 
his code as a Southern gentleman had obliged him to pay a security 
debt amounting to ^3,000, which gave him a back-set from which he 
never fully recovered. He had to sell part of his slaves to pay that debt. 

Ninian and his son Townsend were advisers for the mountaineers on 
all points — except religion. He was a well informed man, with good 
judgment, although he never had more than a common school educa- 
tion. He had some knowledge of medicine and always kept some in 
the house, with scales to weigh it out. Many of the mountaineers de- 
pended upon him for their medicine, which was free to all, since there 
was no doctor nearer than five miles and many of the mountaineers 
had no money with which to pay. 

Conditions in general in • 1925 appeared to be more primitive than 
they were in the truly pioneer days of Ninian Magruder. The differ- 
ence probably lies in the fact that Ninian was born in a more cultured 
atmosphere, which, combined with his energy and pioneering instincts, 
enabled him to transplant some of the advantages of civilization to 
his new home. 

Not the least of Ninian Magruder's advantages over the inhabitants 
of modern times was his unusually healthy physique. His death sick- 
ness was caused by exposure in chopping ice from the large over-shot 
wheel, which had frozen. He developed a cold, which led to pneu- 
monia. Quick consumption then followed. This first and last sickness 
gripped him in mid-winter, ending with his death on June 13, 1830. 

That he should have died at the age of iifty-seven years, always 
seemed unnecessary to James Lyons Magruder, who felt that with 
proper care, combined with his good health and strong body, he might 
have lived to a truly ripe old age. 

Of the children belonging to Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth Lyons, 
there was not one who became a black sheep. Though in certain ways, 
he departed from the accepted traditions of his family, Ninian Magruder 
was true to his blood to the very end. He was, in effect, a veritable 
pioneer and blazer of trails which have led unerringly to new fields 
of achievement and glory for his descendants. 






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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



103 



Ninian Magruder (1772-1830) was the son of Samuel Brewer Ma- 
gruder and Rebecca Magruder; grandson of Samuel Magruder 3rd and 
Margaret Jackson; great-grandson of Ninian Magruder and Elizabeth 
Brewer; great-great-grandson of Samuel Magruder and Sarah Beall; 
great-grcat-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, Maryland Immi- 
grant. 



LETTERS FROM U. VA. 



October 22, 1927. 
Mr. C. C. Magruder, 

Colorado Building, 

Washington, D. C. 
Dear Mr. Magruder. 

I enclose you the formal receipt of the Bursar for the check you so generously 
gave me in the name of the Clan Gregor. I want to thank you personally for 
your great kindness and hospitality and express tlirough you to the Clan my 
highest appreciation of the kind and generous personal attention shown me by 
everyone. The Medical Department appreciates more than 1 can express the 
generosity of this gift and are most grateful for tiiis substantial memorial to 
Dr. Edward May Magruder. 

With renewed thanks and best wishes, I am 
Faithfully yours, 

J. S. Davis. 



November 18, 1927. 
Mr. C. C. Magruder, Chieftain, 
American Clan Gregor, 

Colorado Building, 

Washington, D. C. 
My dear Mr. Magruder: 

The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia, at their annual meeting 
on November 11, 1927, requested me to send you their official gratitude and 
appreciation of tlie gift of $[,20i).00 from the American Clan Gregor, for the 
establishment of a scholarship in the Department of Medicine to be known as 
the "Dr. Edward May Magruder Scholarship in Medicine," and to assure you 
of their desire to cherish this gift and to devote it unreservedly to the uses for 
which it was given. 

Assuring you of my own personal appreciation and esteem, I am, 
Faithfully yours, 

E. A. Alderman, 

President. 



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104 American Clan Gregor Society 

GLENFRUTN 

(Feb. 7, 1603) 

By John Bailey Nicklin, Jr., Tennessee 

Twas in the darkest days of Gregor's Clan 
When Argyle made his plan 
To use MacGrcgor's migiit 
To aid him in his fight 
(Which he should ever ban) 
Against the Colquhouns one and all, 
Whom he desired to struggle and to fall 
And leave defenceless every hall, 
That he might punish there 
The foes he would not dare 
Attack alone in conflict fair; 
Never, never, never he 
Would attempt to win, 
For he could not win, 
Until he thus did see. 

II 

His charge he did forget 

And plunged the Clan in pain 

To take the field again i 

And pay his bitter debt. 

This Argyle, proud and vain. f;, | 

His hate of Colquhouns all " | 

Unto his craven heart did call ' 1 

And thus designed the fatal brawl 

That brought the cruel day when Gregor's Clan 

Assembled then each warring man 

And faced the Colquhouns on the field 

And would to larger forces never yield 

But faced the foe with fury then 

And beat him back with sudden loss of many bravest men. 

So to the King the weary women went 

With arms outstretched and widowed heads all bent 

And showed those shirts with blood all dyed and rent: 

With startled ears 

The sovereign hears 

And vengeance swears, 

So Colquhoun bears 

The power that ever sears. 

Ill 

The power of Colquhoun then was firm and strong and sure, 
The King's commission, with its evil lure. 



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PROCEIiDINCS OK EIGHTEENTH AnNUAL GATHERING 105 

Was balm and blessing to his heart, 

It soothed the soul and smoothed the smart. 

Flushed with his new-born power 

He sought the welcomed hour ' 

That offered him revenge on every part. j 

Colquhoun, ever proud and bold, ' 

Waited not for further word ' 

But hurried forth for vengeance there 

And soon beheld his foemen share 

The gallows bare : 

With death to fare, ; 

And all their punishment he heard. I 

IV 
The years have passed and Gregor knew 
His rightful place again to view 

And neither Argyle's cheat nor Colquhoun's hate again did brew 
To bid him suffer there again , 

Or know another lot of pain .... i 

And now across the ocean vast I 

With ne'er a thought of the bitter past, ' 

But hand in hand we see, i 

Amid the land of the free, ! 

The ancient foes no longer feel 

That lustful power of hate, j 

Clasping, clasping, clasping, clasping, j 

Clasping hands in friendship's state. 

No longer blades of steel i 

Are drawn, for in a newer land 

The quondam foes may ever stand , i 

Firm in friendly unity, j 

Freed fore'er of enmity ' 

And all the power of hate: 
For thus the years will come and go 

While Gregor and Colquhoun allied \ 

All the joys of friendship know. 
Whatever may betide. 

V 
At last the peace of friendship came 
To heal the wounds and blot the shame 
That once of old the warring clansmen knew, 
Upon far Scotland's rugged shore 
Where dwelt our sires in days of yore 
Now gone from earthly view: 
Let Gregor and Colquhoun rejoice 
Upon this festive day 
And sing anew with heart and voice 
For Peace has shown her way. 



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106 



American Clan GRiiCOR Society 



MAGRUDER GRADUATES OF THE UNITED STATES 

MILITARY ACADEiMY 

By Major Marshall Magruder, U. S. A., Illinois 



William Braxton Magruder, 
John Bankhead Magruder, 
William Thomas Magruder, 
John T. Magruder, 
Lloyd Burns Magruder 
Carter Bowie Magruder, 



West Point Class of 1827 

u jg57 

u J9Q5 

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This official list of only six graduates since the establishment of the 
Military Academy in 1802 might easily lead one to think, that the 
descendants of King Alpin, on the American continent, had, unlike 
their Scotch kinsmen, the MacGregor warriors, preferred to enjoy at 
any cost the peaceful pursuits of their civilian occupations. A casual 
reading, however, of the history of the clansmen wherever found will 
reveal the fact that they have always been quick to take arms in de- 
fense of their homes, liberty and justice. 

A glance at Page 14 of the 1913 Year Book, American Clan Gregor 
Society, reveals a most interesting story of the part the Magruders 
played in the early struggles to obtain our freedom from England, and 
later during our succeeding wars to enlarge and preserve the nation. 
So while only a few names are inscribed in the official register as having 
entered into the service of our country through West Point, 1 believe 
I am very nearly correct when I say that there was hardly a period 
since the founding of this nation that the Magruders were not repres- 
ented in the Army. If there were times when they were not represented, 
the periods were of very short duration. 

At the present time, there are five Magruders in the Army, two of 
whom entered by way of West Point. Less than forty percent of the 
officers in the Army are West Pointers. This paper has to do with 
those who graduated from the Academy so I must leave to some one 
else to sketch the services of many who served otherwise. 

General Cullum's biographical register of the Academy, which has 
been freely consulted in the preparation of the material for these short 
sketches, lists the first Magruder graduate as William Braxton of Vir- 
ginia, Class of 1827. Things were rather quiet at this time so he 
resigned from the Army at the end of his graduation leave and became 
sheriff of Jefferson County, Virginia until 1830. Virginia made use of 
his military training and talents by appointing him captain and ad- 
jutant of the state militia, until 1839. Farming near Shelbyville, 
Missouri, occupied most of his time from '39 to '50, but he continued 
his interest in the militia and was appointed a colonel in the Missouri 
Militia from '41-'50. From now on his business interests and vocation 
absorbed all his time. The next two years '50-'52 he was assistant 



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Coi.oNKi., IJ. S. A. AM) Ma.i()k-(h:n'krai,, C. S. a. 

1m->rx, \'irgi\ia, ISIO; l)li;i), TlOXAS, 1S71 



''This photo^^'rapli of (iciuTal John Banklicael 
\ra_i,M-iulc'i-, C. S. A., was prcseiUcd to Rev. James 
William Ma^'rudcr, J). 1)., my father, by Rev. John 
Collins of J'orrland, Maine, \'cteran on the Union 
side. His brother, William, known part of the time 
as Captain King, \vas a sp)' of the Confederate i\rmy, 
captured in Maine. More than an_\' other iihf)t<> 
gra[->hs of the general known to me, tliis likeness 
portra\s the \irilit\' and nt)bleness which charac- 
terized 'Prince John.' " 

Ivi'.NNMTH DaNN MAGRHnDR 



Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 107 

engineer of the Louisville, Kentucky, and Shelbyville, Missouri Rail- 
road. The field of education now held his interest, during, perhaps, 
the prime of his life. He was principal of Bourbon, Kentucky, Fennale 
Institute, 'S2-'57, and of Winchester, Kentucky Female Collegiate Insti- 
tute, '57-'60. Missouri apparently had a particular attraction for him for 
back he went to Shelby County as a farmer and died there August 4, 
1877 at the age of 69. 

The next graduate of the Academy, John Bankhead Magruder, was 
born in Virginia. He was raised and educated with the idea of enter- 
ing the Army. His cadet days at West Point were marked by brilliant 
scholarship and conscientious attention to duty. Upon graduation, 
1830, he was assigned as a second lieutenant of Infantry, but shortly 
thereafter studied at the Artillery School at Fort Monroe and became 
a full fledged Artilleryman. During the period 1831-46, he was busy 
mastering the military profession and served the usual routine details 
with garrisons in and around Washington, D. C, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, Maine and New York. Promotion to first lieutenant, 
First Field Artillery came in 1836. He gained valuable experience 
during the Florida War (1837-38), the Canadian border disturbances 
(1838-40), and in the military occupation of Texas, at Corpus Christi 
(1845-46). During this period, he became a great favorite wherever 
he served with both the officers and ladies. Flis social successes were 
many, but at the same time he was considered a most able officer. His 
military successes, however were to come later with the invasion of 
Mexico. The terse official record of his Mexican War service follows: 

"Promoted to Captain, First Artillery, June 18, 1846; in war with 
Mexico, 1847, being engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz, March 9-29, 
1847; in battle of Cerro Gordo, April 17-18, 1847; skirmish of La Hoya, 
June 10, 1847. Brevet Major, April 18, 1847, for gallant and meritori- 
ous conduct in the battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexico. In skirmish of 
Ocalaca, August 16, 1847; Battle of Contrevas, August 19-20, 1847; 
Battle of Molino del Rey, September 8, 1847; storming of Chapultepec, 
September 13, 1847; assault and capture of the City of Mexico, Sep- 
tember 13-14, 1847. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel September 13, 1847, 
for gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, 
Mexico." 

With the restoration of peace, and up to the outbreak of the Civil 
War, he served in garrisons in Maryland, California, Texas, Louisiana, 
Rhode Island, Kansas, and Washington, D. C. Service at the western 
garrisons during this period was real frontier duty with plenty of skirm- 
ishes with hostile Indians. 

Miss Wynne says in her splendid account of the life of General 
Magruder, "That during these years of peace, he devoted himself largely 
to the pleasures of society, and won and sustained the title of "Prince 
John" on account of his lordly bearing, courtly manners, and brilliant 
ability to bring appearances up to the necessities of the occasion." 



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Captain V. S. A. and Captain C. S. A. 

Killed in Pickett's chaive :it Celtysburi^, July 3, 1863 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



109 



try. Old "Prince John" was thoroughly at home in, and an attractive 
addition to the royal household where he was held in high esteem. 

With the downfall and execution of Maximiliian, it seems old age 
had taken some of the bitterness out of his heart, and love of native 
land and home drew him back to the United States. After several 
years spent in lecturing about his adventures in Mexico, he moved 
in 1869 to Houston, Texas, to spend his last days with the people he 
had learned to love so well during his occupation of their city. He 
died February 19, 1871, and was burled in Galveston, Texas, beneath 
a magnlficient monument that stands a mute witness to the love and 
admiration of a grateful people. (P'or more complete details of his 
life and genealogy, see the 1913 Year Book, American Clan Gregor.) 

William Thomas Magruder, a Marylander, graduated July 1, 1850, 
and was assigned to the Dragoons. The following year was spent at 
the Cavalry School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He too, like General 
Magruder, had considerable frontier duty during the fifties, in the 
western states. Being a cavalryman, he was almost continually in 
pursuit of hostile Indians. These skirmishes and scouting expeditions 
extended from along the Mexican border to Minnesota and also car- 
ried him to California. At Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, he killed a 
Chippewa Indian with his own hands. In spite of his military prowess, 
promotion to first lieutenant did not come until 1855. Promotion was 
very slow in those days. 

He marched from New Mexico to California in 1856 and was on 
frontier duty there when promoted captain in 1861. Coming east, 
he served from July 1 to August 3, 1862, in the Army of the Potomac. 
Apparently, it troubled him a great deal to be fighting against the 
Confederacy, for he obtained a leave of absence and at the end of it, 
October 1, resigned from the United States Army to throw his lot with 
the South. 

President Davis ordered his appointment as a Captain of Cavalry 
to date from October 17, 1862. He also had an appointment as assist- 
ant Adjutant General with rank of Captain to date from November 1. 
As he was killed in Pickett's charge at Gettysburg, July 3, he probab- 
ly gave up his cavalry commission and was present at the battle as an 
infantry officer. General Davis sa}'s in a report on the battle that "Cap- 
tain W. T. Magruder .... was in action and rendered valuable service.'* 

John T. Magruder was born in Virginia and upon graduation, was 
made, according to custom, a Brevet Second-Lieutenant and assigned 
to the cavalry. As a rule, they had to attend a school of the arm to 
which assigned for special training, for another year as a student before 
being appointed second-lieutenant. So Magruder attended the Cavalry 
School at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1857-1858. He died June 28, 1858, 
at Marysville, Nebraska, at the age of 21. 

So far all the graduates have fought in the old branches of the army, 
Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry. Now, we have one who has served 
entirely in the Coast Artillery. 



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110 AMiiRrcAN Clan Grkgor Socikty 

Lloyd Burns Magruder was born in Washington, September 18, 
1882. Upon graduation, he was assigned at once as a second-lieutcnani, 
Artillery Corps. During the period up to our entrance in the WorlJ 
War, he served with Coast Artillery troops. Torpedo Planters, as Dis- 
trict Ordnance Officer, Inspector-Instructor, and as student in the 
Coast Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia, where he graduated 
in 1911. He was made a first-lieutenant in 1907 and a captain in 1916. 

In July, 1916, he was ordered to Hawaii for a tour of duty and re- 
mained there until March when he was ordered to the Inspector- 
General's office at Washington, D. C. December, 1917, he was ap- 
pointed a temporary major. After a few months in Washington, he 
was ordered to France via England, arriving there June, 1918. The 
following month, he was made temporary lieutenant-colonel. While 
overseas he held very important posts as an Inspector-General in the 
District of Paris, Headquarters of the A. E. F. in France and also in 
Germany. He lost his war rank July 1, 1920, and was given his per- 
manent commission as major. Returning to the U. S. in 1923, he 
continued on duty as an Inspector-General in the Ninth Corps Area 
at Presidio of San Francisco. From August 1924, to July 1925 he 
served with the organized reserves, Ninth Corps Area. It now became 
necessary to go to school again, so back he went to Monroe to take 
the advanced course in 1926. One school in the Army now, usually 
leads to another so he was sent to attend the Command and General 
Staff School at Leavenworth, Kansas, where he graduated June 24, 
1927. 

Awards — Distinguished Service Medal. *'For exceptionally meritor- 
ious and conspicuous service; as Inspector of the District of Paris, he 
conducted many intricate and delicate investigations with noteworthy 
ability, and solved many involved problems arising among the Ameri- 
can Expeditionary Forces with sound judgment. The zealous and 
able manner with which he pursued the manifold details of his office 
was an important factor in raising the morale of the Expeditionary 
Forces in Paris. He has performed services of special significance for 
the American Expeditionary Forces." 

French Legion d'Honneur (Chevalier) by Presidential Decree of 
July 26, 1919, with the following citation: "vVn American officer whose 
merit was most especially marked in his relations with the French 
Authorities." 

Montenegrin Ordre du Prince Danilo Dcr (Commander), Royal 
award of May 7, 1919. 

Panamanian Medal of La Solidaridad (second class). Presidential 
award of August 30, 1919. 

Our most recent graduate. Carter Bowie Magruder, was born in 
London, England, April 3, 1900. He held an emergency commission 
as a second-lieutenant of Infantry from September 16, 1918, to Decem- 
ber 14, 1918, when he was honorably discharged soon after the Armistice. 
During this short period of service he was an instructor at the Army 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



111 



Training Corps at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, and at Cooper Union Day Technical School, New York 
City. 

His interest in the Army was now thoroughly aroused. He secured 
an appointment from Oregon to the Military Academy to spend four 
years and learn the profession from the ground up. He graduated 
June, 1923, and stood high enough to be assigned to the Field Artiller/ 
and was fortunate to draw the famous old Sixth Field Artillery at Fort 
Hoyle for his first station. The Army transport Somme took him via 
the Panama Canal to Camp Lewis, W^ashington, for station with the 
Third Field Artillery Brigade. During the summer of 1926 he was 
away on temporary duty playing polo. In December, 1926, he sailed 
for a three year tour of duty at Scholfield Barracks, Hawaii where he 
is now. 



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112 



American Clan (jrf.gor Society 



JAMES BAILEY MAGRUDER 
By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., Georgia 

James Bailey Magruder was born at Thomasville, Georgia, on Novem- 
ber 11, 1859. He was son of Cephas Bailey Magruder and Sarah Frances 
Smith, who were married in Thomas County, Georgia on October 4, 
1855. Llis mother died in Jefferson County, near Monticello, Florida, 
in January, 1865. 

The early life of this enterprising man was that of all the pioneers 
of Florida. The family removed from Georgia to Rockledgc, Florida, 
in December of 1873, when Bailey was but fourteen years of age and 
the entire section was a wilderness. His father planted one of the 
original orange groves that have made the "Indian River Orange" 
famous. 

James Bailey Magruder, became a trader early in life, starting a 
houseboat store, which operated on the Indian River, and for years 
this was the only way the residents of that section were able to secure 
goods, even the Seminole Indians traded with him for a long while. 

Thus early in life the spirit of self-help was developed within him, 
and it was evident that there was iron in his character as well as in 
his blood. Flardness of will, rigidity of purpose and firm self-mastery 
were outstanding traits of his strong character. 

After reaching manhood, he moved to Maitland, in Orange County, 
Florida, and from thence to Sanford, Florida, in 1880, where he went into 
the livery business and soon became one of the leading business men 
of the city. 

Following the calamitous cold wave that desolated Florida and laid 
the business of Sanford in ruins, Mr. Magruder in 1900 moved to Or- 
lando, Florida, where the remaining years of his life were spent, and 
where by his habits of industry and thrift, and his splendid business 
ability, he amassed a fortune and became one of the foremost and most 
successful business men of the city. 

It required a brave man to be the first to move forward in any enter- 
prise, and especially when that man was much in the condition finan- 
cially that all others were, nearly all of them having lost hope as well 
as property, for the devastating freeze not only destroyed crops and 
business, but demoralized every department of trade and building 
operations. 

Mr. Magruder was a remarkable character in the matter of foresight, 
hope and enterprise, to say nothing of bravery in the face of defeat 
and calamity. 

He bought various properties, mostly on paper, and improved them 
as he was able, and among them he built what is known in Orlando 
as the "Old Arcade." This was a migluy undertaking at that time 
and elicited all sorts of comment, mostly adverse. But it proved to 
be a paying enterprise and was the beginning of a new era in the town. 






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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 



113 



His next venture was the building of the Lucerne Theatre, which 
for a number of years was the only real playhouse in the town, and 
was thought to be the biggest thing undertaken in those days. 

The next venture he undertook was the buying of all the property 
now occupied by the Empire Hotel, and the building of what was then 
the largest hotel, next to the San Juan. 

By this time the people of the city began to see changes for the better 
and the hotel enterprise was approved by those who had come to learn 
that Mr. Magruder was no mere dreamer but a real builder. 

In addition to these buildings Mr. Magruder erected Oak Lodge, 
perhaps the first rooming house in the city, and also built up various 
sections in the residence district. 

His large orange grove interests adjoining the Country Club and 
golf links have long been a property of note and for years Mr. Magruder 
went to various cities and marketed his own fruit. 

James Bailey Magruder was married on November 28, 1883 at Silver 
Lake, Florida, three miles from Sanford, to Josephine Telford, the 
youngest daughter of Rev. W. B. Telford, who was then pastor of the 
Silver Lake Presbyterian Church. 

In his early manhood he had united with the Methodist church under 
the preaching of Rev. Robert Barnett, and was an active member of 
this church until after his marriage, when he transferred his member- 
ship to tlie Presbyterian Church, of which his wife was a member. 

Mr. Magruder was the father of a large family, eight children being 
born to this union, four of whom survive, Mrs. Sue Magruder Bledsoe, 
Chessley G. Magruder, Clarence E. Magruder and Richard S. Magruder, 
all of Orlando, Florida. Two children William Telford Magruder and 
Carrie J. Magruder, died in infancy, James Bailev Magruder, Jr. 
1890-1915) was drowned, and Robert T. Magruder '(1893-1918) died 
in service of the United States Army during the World War. 

Mr. Magruder had a kind and tender heart that always felt and 
responded to the appeal of the helpless and those in real need and 
distress. In his will he left a substantial sum each to the Thornwell 
Orphanage and the Children's Home at Jacksonville, Florida, 

No man ever made a braver fight for life, or endured so uncomplain- 
ingly, and with such rare fortitude the sufferings and increasing in- 
firmities that marked the last two years of his life. 

The iron resolution and the old unflagging spirit of cheerfulness that, 
through all the years enabled him under any and all circumstances to 
get up cheerfully in the morning and to go to bed reasonably contented 
at night, never failed him. He never murmured or complained. He 
never despaired. But these years of failing health were years of growing 
grace. The Bible was his daily companion, as his heart was ripened 
by pain and sorrow and mellowed by grace, until he could say: "Not my 
will but Thine be done." 

Surrounded by members of his family the end came peacefully at 



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114 American Clan Gregor Society 

midnight on January 7, 1925, when he closed his eyes on the things 
of this world and went to be "forever with the Lord." 

Funeral services were conducted by Rev. Robert L. Telford, brother 
of A4rs. Magruder, and interment took place in the Orlando, Florida 
Cemetery. 

James Bailey Magruder (1859-1925) was the son of Cephas Bailey 
Magruder (1828-1910) and Sarah I'rances Smith; grandson of George 

Magruder ( 1836) and Susannah Williams; great-grandson of Ninian 

Offutt Magruder (1744-1803) and Mary Harris; great-great-grandson 
of Ninian Magruder (1711-1805) and Alary OfTutt; great-great-great- 
grandson of Ninian Magruder 1686-1751) and Elizabeth Brewer; great- 
great-great-great-grandson of Samuel Magruder (1654-1711) and Sarah 
Bcall; grcat-great-great-great-great-grandson of Alexander Magruder, 
the Immigrant. 



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Pkoceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gatjiering 115 

WILLIAM REARDEN MAGRUDER 
By Mrs. Sue Magruder Smith, Ala. 

The incidents related below were gathered by me, from my father, 
William Rearden Magruder, during many conversations. 

William Rearden Magruder was an interesting conversationalist, having 
a good memory well stored with a vast amount of information. 

He was a man of honor and integrity, had the courage of his con- 
victions in all things worth while, and was altogether a genial companion. 

Precision was one of his strong traits. Even in planting fruit trees, 
they must stand like soldiers in straight rows, so many feet apart to the 
inch. 

He was personally neat, but not flashy in his dress. His mother related 
an incident that happened when he wore his first pants. The shirt waist 
was trimmed with a double ruffle down the front. She had William 
dressed and seated in the family carriage. She noticed that he did not 
relish the ruffles but thought he would soon forget them. When he 
arrived at church and William was lifted out, to her amazement, she 
discovered that he had cut the ruflles off as well as he could with a toy 
knife. As a man, he wore his broad cloth suits, full bosom shirts and 
velvet "waist coats", but no frills. 

When I hear of a person, I always want to know how he looks so 
you shall have a description of his personal appearance. His usual 
weight was 165 pounds, medium height, erect figure, full chest, firm 
elastic step. His complexion fair, medium shade of brown hair and the 
finest of frank, sky blue eyes, that fairly sparkled during conversation. 
His was a hearty, merry laugh, and he possessed a keen sense of humor. 

Zadock Magruder, of Maryland, a soldier of the American Revolution, 
later a prosperous planter of Georgia (judging from the distribution of 
his large estate) was William Rearden Magruder's father. His mother 
was Tracy Rearden, of Charleston, South Carolina, Zadock Magruder's 
second wife. 

The children by this marriage were Martha Ryons Magruder and 
William Rearden Magruder. 

Martha Ryons Magruder (1806-1863) married John McGar, of Au- 
gusta, Georgia, who was a successful business man and money broker. 
According to my father's description, McGar was a man of striking 
appearance, very large, with a fine strong face. Martha, his wife was 
a tall, handsome blonde, whose face was not especially pretty, but whose 
beautiful hands were a sculptor's model. She became the mother of 
seven sons and three daughters, all of whom lived to present her with 
a bevy of grand-children. Martha Ryons Magruder and John McGar 
were married in 1825 in Columbia County, Georgia. 

William Rearden Magruder was eight years younger than his sister, 
and was born in Columbia County, Georgia, June 10, 1814, and died 
at his home in Tuskegee, Alabama, Macon County, on November 28, 



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1888, surrounded by his entire family and many grand-children, who 
grieved to see him go. His remains lie buried in the fine old cemetery 
in Tuskegee, Alabama. 

He was educated in the schools of Augusta, Georgia, and by religious 
faith was a Presbyterian. His maternal grandfather, William Rearden, 
of Charleston, South Carolina, was an Englishman, a soldier of the 
American Revolution. 

He and his sister Martha, were minors at the time of their father's 
demise, and Doctor George Magruder, their father's brother, was ap- 
pointed guardian for them. Administration papers on the estate of 
Zadock Magruder were granted February 8, 1820. 

After Mrs. Tracy (Rearden) Magruder (1775-1868) widow of Zadock 
Magruder, was married to Captain Samuel Paul of Augusta, Georgia, 
June 13, 1822, Dr. George Magruder relinquished the guardianship of 
her two children to their step-father, Captain Samuel Paul. 

William Rearden Magruder's mother, Tracy, told him when she was 
three years of age, her mother carried her to a fort, to bid her father 
William Rearden goodbye before he left Charleston. The incident was 
impressed upon her memory by the pressure of his arms about her, 
followed by the gift of a pair of tiny red morrocco shoes which he put 
into her hand. 

In 1835 the pioneer spirit took possession of William Rearden Magruder 
and he rode horseback, unarmed, from Augusta, Georgia, to Grand Gulf, 
Mississippi, passing unmolested, through the habitations of many Indian 
tribes. While riding along a lonely trail, he found a belt with pockets, 
such as prospectors of that time used for carrying valuable papers and 
money. Spuring his horse on he soon overtook three young men, gay 
and carefree, who were jogging along after their mid-day *'snack". He 
hailed them and asked if they had lost anything. Immediately, their 
hands sought the waist line and one belt was missing. When William 
Rearden Magruder produced the belt, the young man, overjoyed at 
getting it back, opened the belt and begged Magruder to help himself. 
William Rearden Magruder assured him that he had no need of any 
reward, but found pleasure in restoring the lost belt to its owner. 

It seems that this trip failed to tempt an investment in Mississippi, for, 
the same year, 1835, found him, together with his mother and her second 
husband, crossing the Georgia state line into Alabama, where they made 
their home in the town of Tuskegee, the county seat of Macon County. 

At the same time, his brother-in-law, John McGar, also removed his 
family to Tuskegee, purchasing the home of General Thomas Woodward, 
of Indian War fame in Alabama. 

The rich lands and abundant water system of this state was attracting 
wealthy men of the finest stamp from the states of Virginia, the Caro- 
linas and Georgia. 

In 1832, General Woodward sujK^rvised the survey of a large square, 
now called Confederate Square, to be the heart of the embryo village 
for while citizens. It must have been a thrilling event, for, in celebra- 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 117 

tion of the occasion, a spirited game of Town ball was played on the 
clearing by young men of five friendly Indian tribes, whose homes 
surrounded the White settlement. One of the tribes was called the 
"Tuskegees", so the White settlement was named Tuskegee. 

It is situated on a long, high range, overlooking scenery to the north- 
east, as beautiful as that of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Ours are hills 
instead of mountains, but the sky-line, together with intervening valleys, 
are just as beautiful. Tuskegee, founded as a settlement in 1832, grew 
and prospered to such an extent, that 1840 found it a very aristocratic 
town and educational center. 

In 1861, when men of the South were called to arms, Tuskegee fur- 
nished two volunteer companies, the Light Infantry, who joined the 
Third Alabama Regiment, and led by Tenant Lomax of Montgomery, 
Alabama, they served four years under General Robert E. Lee of Virginia 
(Archives of Alabama at Montgomery, Ala.) while the Zouaves joined 
the Forty-Fifth Alabama Regiment that served in the western army 
along the Mississippi River under General Hood. Tuskegee gave many 
a gallant soldier to the cause of our Southland. 
I Apparently one of the most pathetic phases in the history of Alabama 

'■ was the forceful removal of the Indians from their native homes to the 
■ Reservations in Indian Territory in 1836. The Indians in Alabama 
I were friendly, intermarrying with negroes on the large plantations and 
I often working with the slaves, that is, when they felt like working. It 
I proved to be a bad combination however, for their descendants were 
I mostly known to be "sassy" negroes who had often to be taught better 
j manners. 

1 When the Seminoles of Florida became beligerant, crossing the State 

I line making raids in Alabama, even Indian warriors volunteered to help 
I the State Government quell the uprising. In the Archives of the State 
i at Montgomery, Alabama, will be found a letter from four Indian Chiefs, 
I written at their request by three gentlemen of Tallassee, 18 miles from 
i Tuskegee. A tone of sadness is brought out in the letter in the request 
I that the Indian warriors who had volunteered to assist in quelling the 
I raids of the Seminoles, be placed under the command of friends, who 
\ were acquainted with the customs of the Red Men. The letter clearly 
* shows the loyalty of those Indian warriors to their white friends and 
j the State. 

I "Tallassee, Ala. 

I 27 August, 1836. 

f "To Maj. Gen'l Jessup. 
Brother: 

Our young warriors being about to embark in the warfare now raging 
in Florida, having volunteered their services on the part of their white 
friends, we would respectfully represent that in addition to the officers 
sent in command of them by you, we are desirous that there should 
bo associated, a gentleman of our own immediate seleciion, with whom 
both our young warriors and ourselves have, for tlie most part, an 



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intimate acquaintance and in whose friendly care and superintendancc 
we have unlimited confidence. This request is made from apparent 
necessity and not from any discontent or dissatisfaction towards the 
officers already appointed to the principal command, on the part of the 
United States, and to whom the conducting of the expedition is to be 
entrusted. The gentleman we allude to is Mr. P. L. Gerald, of this 
place. The presence of an old acquaintance, who has also proved a 
friend, will inspire our young warriors with a higher degree of confidence 
and better reconcile them to the dangers and fatigues before them, than 
if left to the entire guidance of strangers. We are about to be separated 
from them. While they are marching to the battlefields, periling their 
lives in behalf of their brethren, the whites, we shall be journeying 
toward the far west, abandoning our homes and the consecrated sepulchres 
of our forefathers, never again to return. We have not many more 
requests to make of our friends here; it is natural therefore that we 
should feel solicitude for our young men whom we thus leave behind 
us. It is hoped that our request may be listened to and granted. 
Very respectfully, your friends and brethren: 
Signed: 

Hopothl Yoholo. 

Little Doctor. 

Tuckabatchee Micco.* 

Mad Blue. 
*Micco means Chief in the Indian Language. 
H. W. Russell. 
George Boyd. 
Spire M. Hagerty. 
Writers of letter. 



It was 1839 before all of the Indians were removed and William 
Rearden Magruder said that this same Chief, Hopothl Yoholo, stood like 
a bronze statue, delivering a most eloquent speech to his people, gathered 
about him for comfort and encouragement. William Rearden Magruder 
understood the dialect in which the speech was made. His interpretation 
was this: "The pale face has planted his foot upon our lands, he has 
come to stay, we shall be driven farther and farther towards the sun- 
down shore, till, like terrapins on a log, we shall fall off and be seen 
no more." This is only a short quotation from a long discourse. 

William Rearden Magruder made liberal investments in Alabama 
lands and prospered. Having the energy of his Revolutionary ancestors, 
he spent an active life supervising liis over-seers in clearing land and 
making it fit for cultivation. He was a large slave holder and a kind 
master. His slaves were well cared for, and they loved him. Christ- 
mas meant a great deal to them when "Marster" would kill the fatted 
calf and they would jubilate for a solid week. 

Products of his lands were graded and seed saved from the best. His 
animals were kept in fine condition, with sheds and houses for everything 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 119 



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that needed protection. He was hard-headed on the subject of hogs, 
however, and would not pay big prices for high bred hogs from another 
state. His theory was to develop native stock. His razor back hogs ran 
the swamps, raised litters that had never seen the clearing, till at "fatten- 
ing time" they were taken up and put through the process which he 
thought best and then yielded pork that looked like cows stretched on the 
gambrel poles. Once in awhile a new comer would ask Mr. Magrudcr 
why he did not invest in Berkshire stock and his reply would be that 
[ ^ "Berkshire corn makes Berkshire hogs." The red gravy that flowed into 
the frying pan proved the quality of the delicious hams produced on 
William Rearden Magruder's plantations. 

William Rearden Magruder was fond of the hunt and led the fox 
chase at the age of seventy-two. The vital issue of "Fox vs. I'at Hen" 
was eventually settled by the landed gentry. Deer hunting also was a 
great sport many years ago and he had the honor of bringing down the 
last buck killed in Macon County, in 1879. In the long ago, that animal 
also, was a nuisance. 

At the age of thirteen, already a good shot, he was allowed to join a 
hunting party and was given a stand where he might see the animal go 
I i by. After a monotonous waiting, the chasing hounds were heard. Com- 
[ ,! motion was in the air, a trampling of hoofs sounded near, when lo, a 
bounding buck sped by. What of the boy, did he have the initial "Buck 
ague?" His sure aim brought down the game, the "Buck ague" came 
afterward. What cheering and congratulations. Then followed the 
baptism of blood, his initiation into the full privileges of the stag hunt. 
He left home that morning a little boy, he returned a hero, whose face, 
hands and garments were besmeared with blood, a full fledged huntsman. 
That was as the grown folk saw it. His version was that a rabbit hunt 
is just as exciting to a boy as a stag hunt is to men. He had killed many 
a squirrel or rabbit before it could get away. It was the cheering and 
excitement of the men that unnerved him afterward. 

After they reached home, in the presence of the hunting party, his 
stejvfnthcr, Captain Paul, presented him with a handsome gold watch, 
attached to a silken cord, with gold clasp and slide, saying: William, 
this was your father's watch. It was to have been given you on your 
twenty-first birthday, but I have taken the liberty of giving it to you 
now; for a boy who has the nerve to bring down a buck, surely is able 
to care for a watch." That watch was "worn by William sixty-one years, 
descending through his son. Dr. William Perry Magruder to his grand- 
son, William Rearden Magruder II. It is still running and in perfect 
condition. 

William Rearden Magruder, in politics, was an Old Line Whig, later 
a Democrat. He was alive to the issues of his day, and was an inveterate 
newspaper reader, and we respected his wishes not to rumple his papers. 
On one occasion, however, one of his daughters enlarged her bustle, a 
fashion of the day, and laid hold of the latest of those precious papers. 



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I shall never forget the look of astonishment, followed by amusement, 
when the culprit was discovered. 

He was altruistic, had plenty of temper, and they say sometimes 
"cussed", but at home he was kind and courteous, and I can truthfully 
say, never a profane word passed his lips in the presence of his family. 

For ten years, he enjoyed life among the "creme dc la creme" of 
society, but managed to escape all snares set for the rich young batchclor. 
When asked by his intimate friends why he did not marry, his answer 
was *'I have not met my girl yet". The background of that statement 
was, that several years previous, he was riding near Columbus, Georgia, 
and saw two boys with tlieir little sister wading in a branch that ran 
through the suburbs then, but now within the city of Columbus, Georgia. 
She was a brilliant brunette, with wonderful eyes and long wavy brown 
hair. There was the type his future wife must be. Several years passed, 
his vision had become a dream. In passing a select school taught by an 
elegant English family in Tuskegee, Alabama, he saw a girl who was a 
reproduction of the beautiful child who had bewitched him. He lost 
no time in locating her, and discovered that her widowed mother lived 
on a large plantation on the Columbus road leading out of Tuskegee. 
Mysteriously, he became very much interested in people who once lived 
in Georgia. He inspired his mother to call on them In order to make his 
appearance at the proper time. When vacation came, all of the young 
gallants were Ink'rested in the pretty girl and there were constant visitors 
out her way. So Mary Ann Perry captured the elusive bachelor, a 
courtship followed and before she was seventeen, she was William Rear- 
den Magrudcr's wife. 

She was the idol of his heart to the day of his death. They were 
married seven years before their eldest child was born. He lived to 
see his six daughters and one son married, with noisy, healthy children 
in their homes. 

During the year of 1857, Captain Paul, with his wife (William Rear- 
den Magruder's mother) removed from Alabama to the State of Texas, 
and William decided in 1863 to follow them. Just about the time he 
had set to make the change, the blockade of all Southern ports was 
ordered to be made more stringent. There was nothing to do but await 
the close of the War. About that time Confederate victories were 
inspiring. Everyone was confident that the Confederate forces would 
win the war. The Confederate Government floated bonds, that no 
patriot would refuse to purchase, for were not all signs of victory point- 
ing our way.'' Alas and alas, many fortunes were swallowed up in the 
tragedy of defeat! 

The declaration of war found William Rearden Magruder a volun- 
teer, but being above the age, with a large family, he was held In reserve. 

His hand was ever ready to help the needy and all during the war his 
smokehouse was a veritable commissary for the poor people whose hus- 
bands and sons were fighting for the South. He was finally called into 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 121 

active service in Company II, 45th Alabama Regiment, and was honorably 
discharged in 1863 because of failing health. (Archives of Alabama). 
[ I Though physically unfit for strenuous military service, he sent a sub- 

stitute to take his place and supported those he left at home. After the 
war, though stripped of his wealth, he never lost the poise of an elegant 
gentleman. On seeing him approach, on one occasion, an ex-slave was 
heard to say "Dar cum Marse Billy — ground holdin up money now." 
Just a halo of other days. 

My mother owned a tract of land that was left from the crash, 1900 
acres, and with every difficulty imaginable in his way, he succeeded in 
supporting and educating a large family. There was more than a genera- 
tion intervening between his children and himself, so we remember him 
in full middle life and in his declining years. None of the grouches of 
infirmity ever marred his companionship, and his mind was ever youthful. 
He was active until a few months before the end came. He was fond 
of company and never shown to greater advantage than as host at his 
own table, surrounded by the elite of Tuskegee, as in the days of my 
early childhood. Hoopskirts were in vogue and at table a gentleman 
seemed to have lost his lower extremities, seated between two ladies, 
very bouffant and befiounced. 

The long table seemed fittingly balanced by our beautiful mother, 
seated at the opposite end. 

Mary Ann Perry, was the daughter of Shadrach Perry of Virginia and 
Georgia, who was born in the latter part of the Eighteenth Century and 
died in Macon County, Alabama, in 1838. He was a member of a land 
company that bought and sold the new lands of Alabama. At one time 
he owned stock in the Dahlonega gold mines of Georgia. Mary Ann 
Perry's mother was Elizabeth Douglas, born 1804 in Georgia, died in 
1867, and married Shadrach Perry in 1823. He was a cousin of Oliver 
Hazard Perry of Lake Erie fame and it was for him he named one of his 
sons, who was born in 1833. 

Shadrach Perry was born in Virginia on the border line between that 
state and North Carolina. His forefather, together with two brothers, 
were among the Huguenots who left France on account of religious per- 
secution and settled in the Colony of Virginia. Shadrach Perry was the 
only son. He had two sisters. His father died when he was quite young, 
so taking with him a negro slave about liis own age, he told his mother that 
the attraction of the new lands in the State of Georgia seemed urging 
him to venture. She did all she could to add to his comfort and saw 
her boy with his "body servant" mount their horses and ride away. They 
managed to reach their goal safely and in the course of time young 
Shadrach Perry developed into a busy, successful man. Several years 
after his departure from home, the news of his mother's death reached 
him through a letter from his sister. She was begging that he would 
come home and divide their property, but the way was rough, long and 
tedious and he knew that his mother had been buried before the news 
of her death reached him, so he answered his sister's letter, telling her 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



not to consider him in the division of property as he was prosperoui 
and in business and was glad to give them his share. Shadrach Perry 
was too busy accumulating to think of matrimony till he was quite a 
bachelor and was possessed of a snug fortune. Where he met Elizabeth 
Douglas, I do not know other than in the State of Georgia. Plis home 
at that time was near Columbus, Georgia. 

Shadrach Perry moved his family to Macon County, Alabama, where 
he purchased from the Government 5,000 acres of land, lying ten miles 
east of Tuskegee, on the Columbus road. There he lived for a few years 
and died in 1838, leaving his family well provided for. 

Mary Ann (Perry) Magruder was a member of the Baptist Church of 
Tuskegee, Alabama. She at home withstood the shock of changing 
conditions, the nerve racking of Reconstruction that dragged through 
fifteen years, like a brave soldier. She was a comfort to her husband 
in times of disappointment, and managed by the power of her brain to 
guide her children into the lines of lofty ideals and proper association3. 
She was a brilliant woman even in her extreme age. She died March 
17, 1909, just three months after her eighty-first birthday. Her body 
was laid to rest beside that of her husband and a double monument 
marks their graves. 

The children of William Rearden Magruder and his wife Mary Ann 
(Perry) Magruder are: 
Tracy Elizabeth, born November 19, 1851, married William Peter 

Hutchison of Mobile, Alabama. 
Martha Louisa, born September 10, 1853, married Thomas Henry 

Cobb of Kingston, Georgia, later of Atlanta, Georgia, now 

of Virginia. 
Sue, born August 14, 1855, married Dr. Milton McGrath Smith, of 

Tuskegee, Alabama. 
Mary, born December 27, 1857, married Robert Samuel Pope, of Col- 
umbiana, Alabama, later of Atlanta, Georgia. 
Georgia, born June 12, 1859, married Clarence Watson Abercrombie, 

of Tuskegee, Alabama. 
William Perry Magruder, M. D., born June 5, 1861, died June 14, 

1923, married Pauline Burke of Tuskegee, Alabama. 
Annie Zuleika, born September 16, 1868, married Joseph Oswalt 

Thompson of Tuskegee, Alabama. 
William Readen Magruder was the son of Zadock Magruder and his 
second wife Tracy Rearden; grandson of Ninian OfTutt Magruder and 
his wife Mary Harris; great-grandson of Ninian Magruder, Jr., and 
his wife Mary Offutt; great-great-grandson of Ninian Magruder, Sr., 
and his wife Elizabeth Brewer; great-great-great-grandson of Samuel 
Magruder and his wife Sarah Bcall; great-grcat-great-great-grandson of 
Alexander Magruder, Immigrant. 






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Proceedin^gs of ErcHTEENTH Annual Gatherfnc 123 

DESCENDANTS OF MAGRUDER REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS 
FROM MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND 

PART I. (To be continued.) 



ARCHIBALD MAGRUDER 
By Marion M. Harrison, Ohio 

Archibald^ Magruder (John"*, Ninlan^ SamucP, Alexander^) eldest 
child of John and Jane Magruder, born Frederick County, Maryland, 
April 11, 1751, died testate July 1, 1842, Bullitt County, Kentucky. 
Married in Maryland Cassandra OfTutt, born in Maryland November 
25, 1760, died in Bullitt County, Kentucky, April 23, 1835. Archibald 
was a Private, 4th Company 29th Battalion, Montgomery County, 
Maryland, August 29, 1777. Subscribed to "Patriots' Oath", Mont- 
gomery County, Maryland, 1778. 

Issue: 

I Eleanor^, married Troutman; no further data. 

II Ezekiel^, no data. 

III Ursula 6 

IV Levi« 

V Cassandra^, married 1st Thomas, issue Nancy, 2nd, 

Miller, issue Eleanor. Cassandra died before 

1832. No further data. 
VI Archibald « 

VII Caroline Pinkney^, married William Harris. No further 
data. 

Ill Ursula^, married Troutman, Bullitt County, Kentucky. 

Issue: 

1. Upton ^ 

2. Jacob "^ 

3. Joseph'' 

4. Cassandra'' 

5. Archibald 7 

1. Upton ^ Troutman, married Mary Ann Hagan, issue: four 
children of whom James ^ P. Troutman, born Bullitt 
County June 9, 1835, married 1859 Mary E. McMurtrey 
of Washington County, Kentucky. She died 1870. 
Issue: 

Edgar », born October 1, 1860. 
Lizzie \ born March 29, 1862. 
Annie ^ born May 14, 1864. 
Louis*, born December 19, 1867. 
Gertrude ^ born April 14, 1870. 
James* P. next married Mrs. Mary E. Childers, October 
24, 1871. 



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124 American Clan Cregor Society 

Issue: 

Effie », born October 27, 1872. 
Johnnie^, born July IS, 1877, died young. 
IV Levi^ born Maryland, March 6, 1796, died May 2, 1868, 
Bullitt County, Kentucky, married 1st Elizabeth Aud, 
born November 6, 1797, died June 13, 1839, Bullitt County, 
daughter of Ignatius and Ann Cissell Aud of Maryland. 
Issue: 

1. Levi^, died young. 

2. Letitia' 

3. Elmira^ 

4. Ferdinand^ 

5. Perrv^ 

6. William' " 

7. Zurilda' 

8. Mary 7 

9. Joseph'' 

10. Linnie' 

11. Francis Marion' 

Levi next married Catherine, born December 14, 1815, died 
January 4, 1863, Bullitt County, Kentucky, daughter of 
James Straney and widow of 1st Richard Simmons, 2nd 
Brown. 

Issue: 

12. George', soldier in War between the States, not heard 

of since. 

13. Melvina' 

14. David A.' 1 twins. 

15. EzekielM.' j 

16. JohnT.' 

17. Sexton P.' 

18. Henry Harvey,' died unmarried. 

19. RhodaAnn' 

Levi next married Mary E. Straney, born May 2, 1833, died 
July 29, 1899, In Bullitt County, Kentucky. Mary was a 
sister of Catherine. 

Issue: 

20. Frank' 

21. Albert' 

22. J. Levi' 

2. Letltia', born April 1, 1819, died January 30, 1902, married, 
October 27, 1842, Wilhite Carpenter, born March 25, 
1817, died P^bruary 1, 1898, Bullitt County, Kentucky. 
Issue: 

a. Sarah Elizabeth ^ born July 7, 1843, died April 30, 
1923, married June 9, 1870, Wm. Barrickman, 
born P\'bruary 12, 1824, died August 30, 1901, 



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Proceedings of Eightlknth Annual Gathering 125 

Issue: 
I I Wilhoitc C, Lillian, Mary, Samuel (died in infancy). 

Jane and VViiliani Marion. 
b. Rhoda Ann^ born February 11, 1845, died July 14, 
1914, married November 11, 1873, William O. B. 
McCarty. Issue: Oscar \V. and Dr. William C. 

3. Elmira"^, born about 1821, married John Masden. Issue: 
Ellen, Levi, Mack, Marion, Bertha, Bemis and Christian. 

4. Ferdinand^, born about 1823, married Angeline Downs. 
Issue: Alice, John, William, Sedley and Archibald. 

5. Perry '^, born about 1825, married Mary Pottinger. He 
practiced medicine in Owcnsboro, Kentucky, and died 

I I there June 27, 1854, leaving two children. 

6. William^, born about 1827, married Drucilla Masden. 
Issue: William, Bettie, James, Edward, Nannie and 
Minnie. 

7. Zurilda^, born about 1829, married William Lutes. 
Issue: 

Levi^ born November 16, 1850. 

Joseph^, killed in accident. 

Hite^ born February 1, 1855. 

Betty ^, born February 2, 1858, married Philip Henderson. 

Issue: Guy Russell, Philippa, 15ess and Robert. 
Linnie^ born March 26, 1860. 
Jefferson ^ 
Ella 8 
Perry 8 
Claude 8, born June 6, 1869. 

8. Mary^, born about 1831, married William Roby. Issue: 
Bettie, Noel, Levi and William. 

9. Joseph'', born about 1833, married Ella Whelan. Issue: 
John, Bettie, William, Ida, Josle, Lee, Daisy and Arthur. 

10. Llnnie^, born about 1836, married Jetfcrson Burch. No 
living children. 

11. PVancis Marion^, physician, born March 22, 1839, Bullitt 
County, Kentucky, died Daviess County, Kentucky, 
July 5, 1905. Married, Daviess County, April 25, 1867. 
Nancy Jane Mobberly, born November 25, 1849, Daviess 
County, died December 16, 1890. 

Issue: 

a. Minnie^, born July 10, 1868, married February 21, 
1883, James William Llarrison, born Daviess County, 
July 20, 1861. Issue: Marion Alyrl and Nannabelle. 

b. Nora Hale*^, born July 6, 1871, married John Haley. 
Issue: Roy, Hettic Belle, Alma, Lionel and Elizabeth. 

c. Lulled born June 19, 1874, married Peter Haley. 



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Issue: James, NAncy Belle, Marion, Wilfred, Kath- 
erine, Cora Lee and Orion. 

d. Mamie Belle ^ born March 3, 1878, married Guy Kelly. 

Issue: Clarence, Vernon, Anna Rhoda, Rita and 
Milburn. 

e. Orion Noel^ born December 23, 1879, married Willie 

May Stallings. Issue: Lina Belle and Jane Noel. 
/. Samuel Peyton ^ born July 6, 1885, married 1st Hen- 
rietta Whittaker, no issue; 2nd Lucille Darden. 
Issue, Lucille Peyton. 

13. Melvina^, married Joseph Sedley Downs. Issue: James, 

Maud, Claude, Bessie and Tilden. 

14. David A.^ born April 26, 1848, Bullitt County, Kentucky, 

married Daviess County, Mary C. Yeiser, October 10, 
1871. 
Issue: 

a. Helen 8, born July 10, 1872. 

b. SalHe BelP, born July 23, 1874, married Joseph D. 

Pegram, Daviess County, Kentucky, May 4, 1899. 
Issue: Mary Malvina and Josephine Hardwick. 

c. Carrie^, born March 2, 1877, died January 18, 1881. 

d. Pearl 8, born April 9, 1879, died January 4, 1881. 

e. William Marion ^ born April 9, 1879, married Augusta 

Jane Tong June 27, 1906. Issue: Mary Alicne, 

William Eldon, Marion Milton and Jane Marie. 
/. NoeP, born March 12, 1883, married Annice Hall, 

February 28, 1906. Issue: Mary Louise, Alma 

Lee, Noel Harlan, Margaret, Martha Elizabeth, 

Ina Davis and Paul. 
g. Ferdinand®, born July 8, 1885, married Euphronia 

Troutman, February 13, 1910. Issue: Robert and 

Maurice Keith. 
h, Englehart^ born December 4, 1887. 
J. John Boyett^, born March 25, 1890, married Mae 

Chapman, December 23, 1916. Issue: Catherine 

Harl and Ruth Ellice. 
;'. Ruth Griffith ^ born September 11, 1892, married 

Malcolm M. Harl, June 27, 1917. 
k. Roy Gilbert ^ born February 26, 1895. 

15. Ezekiel M.^ born April 26, 1848, Bullitt County, Kentucky, 

married 1st Downs. Issue: Boyd. 2nd Kate 

Shields. Issue: Rhoda, James and Sedley. 

16. John T. '' last heard of in California. 

17. Sexton P. ^ married Minerva Burbridge. Issue: two children. 
19. Rhoda Ann^ born September 25, 1858, died August 12, 

1919, Daviess County, Kentucky; married April 19, 1873, 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 127 

Charles Kirtley Yeiser, born June 15, 1854, died March 

16, 1923. Issue: 

a. Mary Alice ^, born September 14, 1875, married George 
Huebner. Issue: Charles D., Martin F., J. W., 
Shelburn C, Edward D., Philip and Phyllis (twins) 
and Rhoda R. 

b. Vinie^, born June 10, 1878. 

c. Daniel F. ^ born 1881, married Clara Walker. Issue: 

Fred, Mary, Martha and Norman (twins). 

d. Newton^, born 1883, married Sudie Brown. Issue: 

Pauline, Hillary, Howard, Beverly and Bertha. 

e. Bertus^, born June 10, 1889, married Elizabeth Benton. 

20. Frank^ born May 2, 1864, married May 9, 1888, Susan M. 

Stone. Issue: 

a. Curtis C. « born April 21, 1889. 

b. Maude ^ born February 2, 1891. 

c. Heber H. » born June 26, 1893. 

d. Hallie M. 8 born June 22, 1898. 

e. Willie 8, born March 26, 1902, married Louise Patterson 

December 10, 1924. 
/. OnieB.^born June6, 1906. 
g. Grace K.» born November 13, 1910. 

21. Albert^ born May 29, 1866, died August 7, 1899, after 

graduating at Notre Dame. 

22. J. Levi'^, married Minnie Powell. Issue: Lucille. 

VI Archibald ^ born Bullitt County, Kentucky, August 18, 1800, 
died Bullitt County, October 2, 1849, married May 13, 1824. 
Verlinda Van Swearingen, born Kentucky, June 9, 1806, 
died Bullitt County, January 9, 1884. Issue: 

1. Susan '^, married 1st Merriman; 2nd Gatton. 

No further data. 

2. George', died 1897, married Julia Coombs. Issue: David, 

Henry and Samuel. 

3. Elizabeth'^, born 1831, died 1849, no issue. 

4. Henry O. ' born February 8," 1840, died April 8, 1864, no 

issue. 

5. Mary', married 1st Charles Samuels. Issue: Lee, Kate and 

Josie; 2nd Christopher Barrall; no further data. 

6. Samuel Frederick' 

7. William Levi', died age 11 years. 

8. Ezekiel E.' born July 9, 1844, killed by train March 27, 

1863. 

9. Archibald F.' died October 8, 1855, age 8 years. 

6. Samuel Frederick', born Bullitt County, December 10, 1837, 
lives in Ballard County, Kentucky, married October 8, 
1861, Rebecca Ann Forman, born Nelson County, Kentucky, 



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American Clan Grkgor Socikty 



January 4, 1843, died March 15, 1924, Ballard County, 
Kentucky. Issue: 

a. Mary Elizabeth®, born September 17, 1863, married. 
Metropolis, Illinois, 1885, James Bradshaw. Issue: 
Albert, James and Clark (all of Kentucky). 
h. James Archibald*, born near Quincy, Illinois, Sep- 
tember 15, 1865, married February 19, 1890, Annie 
Dance. Issue: Mattic Elizabeth and Mary Rebecca. 

c. Philip Lee^, born Ballard County, Kentucky, March 

18, 1868, married, Metropolis, Illinois, August 20, 
1893, Mary Thomas Lanier of Kentucky. Issue: 
Redmond Madison, Katherine Elizabeth, Benjamin 
Clarence, and Philip Lee. 
(Mrs. Philip Lee* Magruder is the noted poetess 
Mary Lanier Magruder.) 

d. Verlinda*, born Ballard County, Kentucky, Novem- 

ber 23, 1870, married Floyd Fiest. No issue. 

e. Samuel Coleman*, born Ballard County, Kentucky, 

December 12, 1873, married November 1900, Sarah 
Margaret Rossington. Issue: Samuel Rossington. 

/. George Swearingen*, born Ballard County, Kentucky, 
March 6, 1876. Unmarried. 

g. Huston*, born Ballard County, April 5, 1880, married 
Grace Darling Ross. Issue: Jessie Michaels, 
Bonnie Josephine, Eugene Ross, Huston Edwin 
(1917-19) and Lee Alexander. 

{Notf. This paper was made possible by the kindness of many members of 
the family in Kentucky. Thanks arc due particularly to Mrs. Philip Lee 
Magruder, Kevil, Kentucky; Mr. Frank Magruder, Deatsville, Kentucky; Miss 
Aliene Magruder, Lexington, Kentucky, and Mr. W. C. Barrickman, Dallas, 
Texas.) 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 129 

DOCTOR DANIEL MAGRUDER 

By Willett Clark Magruder, Kentucky 

Dr. Daniel Magruder^ (Hezekhh^, Alexander^, SamueP, Alexander 
born Frederick County, Maryland, February 27, 1763. Died Frederick 
County, Virginia, March 16, 1842. 

He was a Private in 1st Company Lower Battalion, Montgomery 
County, Maryland, Col. John Murdock Commanding, July 15, 1780. 
Married (1st) Sarah Barry, born February 24, 1764; died 1797. 
Issue: 
I Plezekiah Magruder — Married William Braxton. 
II Theadorus Barry Magruder — Served in the War of 1812. 
Ill Josiah Flarding Magruder, born Frederick County, Virginia, 
January 15, 1795; died in Shelby County, Kentucky, Sept- 
ember 2, 1873. Married Elizabeth Cardwell, Shelby County, 
Kentucky, September 22, 1822, born Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, September 13, 1800, died Shelby County, Kentucky, 
January 7, 1873. 
He was a farmer and served as Justice of Peace, County Judge, 
and Commissioner of Common Schools in Shelby County, 
Kentucky. In 1848-49 he represented Shelby County in the 
Legislature. 
Issue: 

1. George Cardwell Magruder, born May 11, 1825; died Dec- 

ember 7, 1909. Married Kate Zarring May, 1864. Died 
February, 1906. 

2. W. D. Magruder, born June 23, 1828; died July 13, 1828. 

3. Sarah Frances Magruder, born October 18, 1829; died July 

13, 1850. 

4. Susan Amelia Talbott Magruder, born Shelby County, 

Kentucky, October 24, 1831, died Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, August 3, 1913. Was never married. 

5. Maza E. A. Magruder, born Shelby County, Kentucky, 

December 5, 1833; died Shelby County, Kentucky Octo- 
ber 9, 1870. 

6. Josiah Harding Magruder, Jr., born Shelby County, Ken- 

tucky, May 28, 1835; died Shelby County, Kentucky, 
January 16, 1893. Was in the Confederate Army with 
General Morgan. Married Lulie Thornton. 
Issue: 

Bessie Magruder 

Thornton Magruder 

William D. Magruder 

7. Jacob Thomas Magruder, born Shelby County, Kentucky, 

March 14, 1837. Never married and in good health May 
24, 1927. 



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8. William Robert Magruder, born Shelby County, Kentucky, 
January 7, 1840. Married (1) Luclnda Clark, November 
29, 1870, born Shelby County Kentucky, August 18, 1849; 
died Shelby County, Kentucky, May 27, 1878. 
Issue: 

a. Willett Clark Magruder, born Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, August 31, 1871. Married Eva W. Liter, 
January 17, 1895, born in Louisville, Kentucky, March 
28, 1873. Willett Clark Magruder and Eva W. Liter 
had: 

Willett Clark Magruder, Jr., born Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, January 14, 1906. Class of 1924 Louisville Male I I 
High School. Washington and Lee University, Class | j 
1928. 
h. Mary Elizabeth Magruder, born Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, June 16, 1873. Married Larsc Ericson in M. E. 
Church, Graefcnburg, Shelby County, Kentucky, 
December 19, 1894, who was born in Elf Dal, Sweden, 
May 24, 1854, died Shelby Coujity, Kentucky, April 
2, 1925. 
Issue: 

Anna Lucinda Ericson, born Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, October 27, 1895. 

George Robert Ericson, born Shelby County, Ken- 
tucky, March 8, 1898. Married Mary Alma Rlcker, 
July 26, 1924, St. George's Chapel, Clarenden, Virginia; 
born Spotsylvania County Virginia, June 26, 1900. 
c. Lucinda Edna Magruder, born In Shelby County, 
Kentucky, February 7, 1876. Married Robert Hancock 
September 1, 1899, born in Franklin Countv, Kentucky, 
March 24, 1858; died November 9, 1922. ' 
Issue: 

Lucile Hancock, born in Franklin County Kentucky, '; j 

April 7, 1912. 

Eva Victoria Hancock, born in Franklin County, 
Kentucky, November 25, 1913. 

Robert Allen Hancock, Jr., born in Franklin County, 
Kentucky, August 24, 1915. 

8. William Robert Magruder, married (2) Harriet E. Tinsley, 

born Franklin County, Kentucky, May 4, 1843; died 
August 25, 1898. 
William Robert Magruder, married (3) Elizabeth Cardwell, 
September 5, 1899. 

9. Mary Elizabeth (Bettie) Magruder, born Shelby County, 

Kentucky, November 16, 1843; died November 30, 1925. 
Married (1) Samuel Ritchie (no issue). 
Married (2) William Arnold (no Issue). 



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Proceedings of Eightieenth Annual Gathering 131 

IV Violinder Magruder, married Mr. Wrenn. 

Dr. Daniel Magruder^, married (2) Elcnor Davenport. 
Issue: 

V Thomas George Magruder, married. 
Issue: 

Robert D. Magruder 
I I James David Magruder 

VI Daniel A. Magruder, married. 

VII William Braxton Magruder, married Margrute Jack (no issue). 
VIII Robert Seamore Magruder, married Harriet Blake, 
IX Samuel Adrian Magruder, married Virginia Jacobs (of Missouri). 
Issue: 

Charlie Magruder 
Thomas Magruder 
Francis Magruder 
Ellen Magruder 
(Several others) 
X Francis W. Magruder, married William Taulbert. 
XI Ellen Magruder, married Fielding Neel, Shelby Count/, Ken- 
tucky. 
Issue: 

Roberta Magruder 
XII Susan Amelia Magruder, married Cornelius McDaniel. 
XIII Maza Magruder, never married. 



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132 American Clan Gregor Society 

JOHN BEALL MAGRUDER 
By Caleb Clarke Magruder, Maryland 

John Beall Magruder ^ (Nathan^, John', Samuel', Alexander^) \ 

was born in Frederick County, Maryland. Was Private, 2nd Co., 29th i 

Battalion, Montgomery County, Maryland, Militia, Col. John Murdock, \ 

Commanding, August 29, 1777. He subscribed to ''The Patriot's ' 

Oath" in Montgomery County, ^laryland, in 1778, and was Private : 

in the Middle Battalion of Montgomery County, Maryland, Archibald ! 

Orme, Colonel, July 15, 1780. He died intestate in Montgomery ) 

County, Maryland, March 30, 1826. I 

A bill in Equity, filed September 29, 1829, reveals that his next of j 
kin and heirs at law were his brothers and sisters and their descendants. 



NORMAN BRUCE MAGRUDER 
By Caleb Clarke ^Iagruder, Maryland 
Norman Bruce Magruder ^ (Zachariah^, SamueP, Samuel-, Alex- 
ander^) was born in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1754, and died 
in Switzerland County, Indiana, February 16, 1836; married in Wash- 
ington County, Maryland, December 25, 1783, Nancy Paugh, born 
1767, died in Lexington, Kentucky, 1845. She received pension from 
Federal Government as widow of Revolutionary Soldier. 

Norman Bruce Magruder was Private in the Lower Battalion of 
Montgomery County, Maryland, John Murdock, Colonel, in 1780 and 
1781; and Private in Col. Wm. Deakins Regiment of Montgomery 
County, Maryland in 1781. He was pensioned by U. S. Government. 
Norman Bruce Magruder and Nancy Paugh had issue; 
Mary^ born December 30, 1784, dead in 1814. 
James ^ born February 12, 1786, dead in 1814. 
Sarah ^, born May 2, 1789, married Amos Gilbert 



NINIAN BEALL MAGRUDER 
By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., Georgia 

(For descendants, see "Nlnian Beall ATagruder," by Robert Lee Magruder, 
Jr., Page 67 of this Year Book.) 

Ninian Beall Magruder^ (Samuel 3rd*, Ninian ^, Samuel", Alexander^) 
Ninian Beall Magruder, born Prince George's County, Maryland 
November 22, 1735; died Columbia County, Georgia, 1810; married 
Prince George's County, Maryland, Rebecca Young (daughter William); 
died Columbia County, Georgia. 

Ninian Beall Magruder signed "Patriots' Oath" in Montgomery 
County, Maryland 1778; and was Private Lower Battalion of Mont- 
gomery County, Maryland, Col. John Murdock Commanding, July 
15, 1780. "Minutes of Governor and Council of Georgia" (State House, 
Atlanta), December 17, 1790 — October 31, 1791 show appointment 
of "N. B. Magruder" as First Lieutenant of Militia. 



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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Ga.thering 133 



NINIAN (OFFUTT) MAGRUDER 
By Robert Lee Magruder, Jr., Georgia 

Ninian (Offutt) Magruder^ (Ninian^ Nlnian^, SamueP, Alexander^). 

Ninian (Offutt) Magruder^, born Prince George's County, Maryland, 
1744; died Columbia County, Georgia, 1803; married Mary Harris, 
daugliter of Thomas Harris and Sarah Offutt of Maryland. He signed 
the Patriots' Oath in Montgomery County, Maryland ,1778; and was 
Third Sergeant, 2nd Company, Lower Battalion, Montgomery County, 
Maryland, Col. John Murdock, Commanding, July 15, 1780. 

Ninian (Offutt) Magruder^ and Mary Harris had: 

1. Zadock Magruder'' 

2. Archibald Magruder^ 

3. Basil Magruder^ 

4. George Magruder^ 

5. John Magruder^ 

6. Sarah Magruder^ 

7. Eleanor Magruder® 

1. Zadock Magruder^ (Ninian (Offutt)^, Ninian'', Ninian'\ SamueP, 
Alexander^). 
Zadock Magruder ^ born Prince George's County, Maryland; 
died Columbia County, Georgia, May 23, 1819; married (1) Miss Talbot; 
married (2) Tracy Rearden (1775-1868). 

He signed the Patriots' Oath in Montgomery County, Maryland, 
1778; and served as Private with Georgia soldiers during the Revolu- 
tion. (A certificate of his service, dated July 20, 1784, signed by Col. 
Benjamin Few, is on file in the Archives of Georgia.) 

1. Zadock Magruder® and Talbot had: 

a. Ninian Talbot Magruder^, married a Miss Hitt of Augusta, 

Georgia. 
h. Sophrina L Magruder^, died single, 1830. 

c. Salina T. Magruder'', died single, 1824. 

d. Eliza Magruder^ (1803-1872), married Peter Knox, 
(d) Eliza Magruder '^ and Peter Knox had: 

Dr. Oscar Knox, married Susan Kendall. 

Cephas P. Knox (1830-1864), married Lizzie Marshall. 

James Knox. 

Ellison B. Knox, married Hopp Tillery. 

Mary Ann Knox, married (1) Leonard Bassford; (2) B. R. 

Benson. 
Amanda M. Knox (1838-1907), married Zach Kendrick. 
Georgia Catherine Knox (1840-1913) married John Lampkin 

Zachry. 
(1) Zadock Magruder® and Tracy Rearden had: 

e. Martha Ryons Magruder'^, married John McGar in Augusta. 

Georgia, 1825, died in Texas, 1863. 



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134 American Clan Gkicgor Society 

f. William Rearden Magruder' (1814-1888), married Mary Ann 

Perry 6f Columbus, Georgia, in 1845. 
Martha Ryons Magruder' and John AIcGar had: > 

Sophronia Jane McGar (1828-1901), married Walter Warren, \ 

Talbot McGar (1832-1895), married Mary C. HItt. ; 

William W. McGar (1835-1901), married Georgia Perry. | 

John Leith McGar died 1894, married Lucy Traylor. { 

Henry B. McGar, born 1842, married Sallie Smith. { 

Josephine Philoqua McGar, born 1840. 

Charles L. McGar (1845-1900), married Virginia L. Taylor. ^ 
Paul McGar (1850-1894), married Maud R. Martin. 
Estelle McGar, born 1847, married (1) Edward Chambers; 

(2) J. Adair Murray. 
(f) William Rearden Magruder'^ and Mary Ann Perry had: 

Tracy Elizabeth Magruder^, born 1851, married William 

Peter Hutchison. 
Martha Louisa Magruder^, born 1853, married Thomas H. 

Cobb. 
Sue Magruder^, born 1855, married Dr. Milton McGrath 

Smith. 
Mary Magruder®, born 1857, married Robert Samuel Pope. 
Georgia Magruder^, born 1859, married Clarence Watson 

Abercrombie. 
Ann Zuleika Magruder^, born 1868, married Joseph 0. 

Thompson. 
William Perry Magrudcr^, born 1861, died 1923, married 

Pauline America Burke. 

(2) Archibald Magruder® (Ninian (Offutt^), Ninian'*, Ninian^ Sam- 

uel^, Alexander^). 
Archibald Magruder^ born Prince George's County, Maryland; 
died Columbia County, Georgia, 1839, unmarried. 

He was Private, 1st Company Lower Battalion, Montgomery County, 
Maryland, Col. John Murdock Commanding, July 15, 1780. 

In his will, recorded in Will Book W, Pages 424-5-6-7, Columbia 
County, Georgia, his brother George Magruder was named as Executor 
of his estate, which was left to his nclccs and nephews. 

(3) Basil Magruder'^ (Ninian (OlTutt''), Ninian ^ Ninian 3, Samuel ^ 

Alexander^). 
Basil Magruder ^ born Prince George's County, Maryland; died 
Columbia County, Georgia, 1801; married Elizabeth Magruder, daugh- 
ter of Ninian Beall Magruder and Rebecca Young; no issue. 

He signed the Patriots' Oath in Montgomery County, Maryland, 
1778; and was Private 3rd Company, Middle Battalion, Montgomery 
County, Maryland, September 4, 1777. 

(4) George Magruder^, born Prince George's County, Maryland, 

died Columbia County, Georgia, 1836. Married (1) Eleanor 
Shaw; (2) Susannah Williams in 1800. 



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Proceedings of Eighteentii Annual Gathering 135 

George Magruder^ and Susannah Williams had: 

a. Mary Agnew Magruder^, married Dr. Cephas Batty. 

b. I'hyrza Magruder^, married Dr. Thomas K. Slaughter. 

c. George Milton Magruder^, married (1) Mary E. Heggie; 

(2) Mrs. Matilda E. (Walker) Lamar, widow of Dr. Ezekiel 
Lamar. 

d. Emma Magruder*^, married Bradley Slaughter. 

f. Susan Ann Magruder^ married (1) a Mr. Blount; (2) Brad- 

ley Slaughter (her widower brother-in-law). 
/. Joseph Alva Magruder^, married (1) Ann Edwards; (2) a 
iMiss Mitchell. 

g. Archibald jVIagruder'^, married Edna Cleghorn. 

h. Cephas Bailey Alagruder'', married (1) Sallie Smith; (2) 
Cornelia Smith (sisters). 

(5) John Magruder^ born Prince George's County, Maryland, died 

Columbia County, Georgia, 1826, married Sarah Pryor. 
John Magruder^ and Sarah Pryor had: 

a. Mary Magruder'^, born 1801, married Aquilla Flint. 

b. Eleanor Magruder'^, married Hiram Drane (son of William 

and Cassandra (Magruder) Drane. 

c. John Archibald Magruder^, married (1) Rachel Shaw; (2) 

Mary Ann Wilder. 

d. Sarah Magruder'^, married Elias Scott. 

f. Parmelia Magruder'', married (1) Thomas J. Wright; (2) 

Washington W. Stone. 
/. Martha Magruder '', married Owen B. Baldwin. 

(6) Sarah Magruder'', born Montgomery County, Maryland, 1779, 

died Columbia County, Georgia, November 19, 1833, married 
John Olive. 
Sarah Magruder*^ and John Olive had: 

a. Ann E. Olive (1804-1880), married (I) John Anderson; 

(2) General Vinson; (3) Dr. John W. Jones. 

b. Mary Magruder Olive (1807-1875), married John P. Eve. 

c. Martha Burt Olive, born 1809, married Andrew J. Miller. 

d. Young Burt Olive (1813-1895), married Beulah Childs. 
(f. Fabians J. Olive (1815-1852), died unmarried. 

/. Louisa E. Olive, born 1817, married P. Southerland. 

g. Evelina T. Olive (1820-1880), married Trowbridge. 

(7) Eleanor Magruder^, born Maryland, died Greene County, Alabama, 

1850; married Williamson Wynne of Columbia County, Georgia. 
Eleanor Magruder^ and Williamson Wynne had: 

a. Erasmus Wynne, born 1807. 

b. Williamson Wynne. 



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136 American Clan Gregor Society 

WILL OF ARCHIBALD MAGRUDER 

(Copy of the will of Archibald » Magruder— Recorded in Will Book "C" page 221- 
Bullitt County Court Clerks Office in Sliepherdsviile, Kentucky.) 



In the name of God Amen: I, Archibald Magruder, being of sound 
mind and disposing memory, but knowing the uncertainty of life and 
the certainty of death, do constitute and ordain this my last will and 
testament, hereby annulling and revoking all others heretofore made 
by me. 

Item 1st — I give my soul to God the author of its being and my 
body to its mother dust, to be intered in a decent Christian like manner. 
2nd — To my beloved wife, Cassandra, should she out live me, I give 
and bequeath the use for life, of the plantation on which I live, the use 
for life of all the negroes, horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, household and 
kitchen furniture and farming utensils of which I may die seized and 
possessed. 

3rd — I give and bequeath to my eldest child Eleanor Troutman 
one bed and furniture and one cow — also one-third of the price of my 
boy Tom who is to be sold by my executor for the best price he will 
command and one-third of that price is to go to my said daughter, 
Eleanor Troutman as aforesaid. 

4th — I give and bequeath to my son, Ezekiel Magruder my negro 
fellow John to him and his heirs forever. 

5th — 1 give and bequeath unto Upton Troutman, Jacob Troutman, 
Joseph Troutman, Cassandra Troutman, and Archibald Troutman, 
children of my deceased daughter Ursley Troutman, one-third of the 
price of my boy Tom arising from the sale of him to be made in the 
manner before described, to be equally divided among them all or the 
survivors of them at my death. 

6th — I give and bequeath unto my son, Levi Magruder, one negro 
woman named Lucinda and her son named John and one boy named 
Washington to him and his heirs forever. 

7th — I give and bequeath to my son, Ezekiel Magruder my negro 
woman Candess to him in trust for the use of my grandchildren, Nancy 
Thomas and Eleanor Miller children of my deceased daughter Cassan- 
dra, to be by him the said Ezekiel after the death of myself and wife, 
hired out and the money arising therefrom, together with all or any 
children the said Candess may have born after my death, together with 
herself be delivered over and conveyed to the said children when they 
shall all have arrived to the age of twenty-one years or should either 
of them marry before the youngest is twenty-one, then the trustee shall 
pay to the one married his or her portion of the money then on hand 
for the hire aforesaid and should either of the children die before I do, 
or before they are married, the interest of such shall pass to the survivor 
or survivors. 



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Prockkdings of Seviontki^nth Annual Gathering 137 

8th — I give and bequeath to my son, Archibald Magrudcr in trust 
for the use of my daughter, Caroline Pinkney wife of William Harris, 
my negro girl Elizabeth and the remaining third part of the value of 
Tom, the right to remain in him the said Archibald, and the use to her 
the said Caroline during her natural life and after her death the said 
negro girl and her increase to be conveyed to the children of the said 
Caroline and should the said Caroline die before myself and wife, then 
the said negro and increase to be the proj^erty and pass to the said 
Archibald in trust for and to the use and benefit of the children lawfully 
born of the said Caroline and also one cow and bed and furniture 
to be held and pass in manner and form as the negro girl aforesaid. 

9th — I give and bequeath to my son, Archibald Magruder all the 
residue of my estate, real personal and mixed not heretofore devised, 
to have and to hold to him and his heirs forever. 

10th — I constitute and appoint Archibald Magrudcr the executor of 
this my last will and testament. 

In witness that this and this only is my will I have hereunto set my 
hand and affixed my seal at my own house on this the seventeenth day 
of July, Eighteen Hundred and thirty two. 

Archibald Magruder (Seal) 

Test. 

Robt. Brashear 
Maurice Orme 
W. R. Grigsby. 

State of Kentucky 

Bullitt County Court July 18th 1842 

The last will and testament of Archibald Magruder Sen., deceased, was pre- 
sented to Court by the witness Robert Brashear and at the instance of Archibald 
Magruder the executor therein named was duly proved agreeably to law by the 
oaths of said Robert Brashear and William R. Grigsby the two subscribing wit- 
nesses thereto, in Court to be the true last will and testament of said Archibald 
Magruder Sen., deceased and as such ordered to be recorded as fully proved. 
Whereupon said will and this certilicate are truly recorded in my ofhcc — Witness 
my^hand as Clerk of the Bullitt County Court. 

Attest N. C. Summers Clerk B. C. C. 

State of Kentucky 

County of Bullitt Set. 

I, Lindsay Ridgway,Clerk of the Bullitt County Court in the State of Kentucky* 
certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of the last will and testament 
of Archibald Magruder which was probated in said Court and duly recorded in 
my said office — all of which appears from the records in my office. 
Witness my hand, this the 11th day of June, 1924. 

Lindsay Ridgway, Clerk 
By E. E. McCormick, D. C. 






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138 American Clan Gregor Society 

LONG STRUGGLE BUILT DEFENSE HIGHWAY 

By Donald McDougal 

{The Washington Times {D. C), July 15, 1927) 

When General Washington selected the present site for the National 
Capital, the need for a direct route between Annapolis and the Federal 
City became apparent. Surveyors were at work on the project before 
the year 1800, but the existence of the Old Stage Road between the 
two cities blunted efforts to proceed with the actual construction. 
Time Sand money were frittered away patching up the rambling round- 
about, boggy old trail, instead of building a new one. 

This old road was part of the Colonial postal route leading from 
Boston through New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Annapolis, George- 
town, Belle Haven (now Alexandria) and Fredericksburg to Williams- 
burg, the one-time Capital of Virginia. 

In 1839 the Elk Ridge Railroad was opened, connecting Annapolis 
with the Baltimore and Ohio at Salvage Station, thus offering (for 
those days) a very rapid and efficient means of communication be- 
tween Annapolis and the nation's Capital. Thus the advocates of a 
highway between the two cities received another set-back. 

During the Civil War, the facilities of both the old stage road and 
the steam line were over-taxed and the idea of a great, broad highway 
was revived by Judge Daniel R. Magruder, Chief Judge of the Seventh 
Judicial Circuit and Associate Judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals. 

The project met with the same lethargy and *'we-can-get-along- 
somehow" attitude that smothered the previous attempts, but Judge 
Magruder kept the idea going to the day of his death, when the project 
was continued by his kinsman, C. C. Magruder, Clerk of the Court 
of Appeals. 

Young Magruder worked on the plan for years, and at last won over 
State Senator Frank M. Duvall, who introduced and secured the pass- 
age of a bill that authorized construction of the Defense Highway, 
thus putting the Magruder idea into effect. 

On signing the bill Governor Flarrington remarked to Magruder: 
"This achievement is the result of your untiring efforts through many 
years, in testimony whereof, I present you with the pen that signed 
the bill." 

This pen is now in possession of C. C. Magruder, son of the man 
whose work was so highly appreciated by the governor. The Defense 
Highway runs through Mr. Magruder's estate near Buena Vista and 
in the old house, a few hundred yards from the road, the pen is kept, 
along with many other interesting mementos of the family. 

Through more than a quarter of a century of opposition, or worse 
still, lethargy and indifference, the two Magruders fought for the high- 
way, and the success of their struggle will be celebrated with the dedi- 
cation ceremonies at Priests Bridge July 16th. 



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Proceedings op Eighteenth Annual Gathering 139 

The tenacity of purpose that has added a new highway to the State 
i belongs honestly enough to the Magruder family. They are lineal 

descendants of a highly tenacious, invincible stock — Clan Gregor. 
I . i Two days before his death, Judge Magruder, in a conversation with 

f i W. Meade Holliday, the editor of the ''Annapolis Capital," reviewed his 

I ] work on the project, and outlined his matured plans for its final accom- 

I I plishment. 

I I He pictured the highway as a great boulevard 80 feet wide, enclosed 

! I by gigantic iron fences. His plan included the purchase of adjoining 

f I property for the development of home sites and towns along the route. 

I I Motor transportation at that time was grudgingly admitted to be a 

possibility. The judge expressed his belief that before many years 

motor vehicles would be running at the rate of 100 miles an hour and 

up. That was why the fences and the wide roadway would be needed, 

he said. 

When Mr. Holliday questioned the possibility of such speed, "My 

Lord, man!" the judge commented, "look how fast the world is going 

'round." 



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Judge Daniel Randall Magruder was a member of American Clan Gregor 
Society. A sketch of liis life appears in the Society's Year Book containing 
the Proceedings of 1915. 

Caleb Clarke Magruder was Ranking Deputy Chieftain of American Clan 
Gregor Society from its organization until his death in 1923. — Editor's note. 



A GOOD FIGHTING NAME 

From the Springfield Republican 

\ I Magruder is a good fighting name, and nobody bearing it is likely 

to be afraid to stand up and be counted. 



A DEED OF GOOD CITIZENSHIP 

Mr. William Pinkney Magruder, Deputy Chieftain for the State of 
Maryland, recently gave to the citizens of his home city, Hyattsville, 
a tract of twelve acres of land for the establishment of a children's 
park. A gathering of 665 youngsters of Hyattsville and vicinity pre- 
sented him with a basket of flowers in token of their appreciation of 
his generous gift. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



THE COLONEL AND THE BIBLE 

W. C. WooDALL in the Columbus (Mississippi) Enquirer-Sun^ 

January 11, 1928 

Colonel B. P. Nicklin, formerly of Columbus and Fort Bcnning 
and beloved in both town and camp, is getting in the papers. The 
possession of a very rare Bible, of the "Breeches" type is bringing the 
Colonel this new, and no doubt, richly deserved fame. 

Colonel Nicklin commanded the Twenty-fourth Regiment at Benning 
for several years. During that period the most reliable method of 
suicide known was to speak slightingly of the colonel in the presence 
of any one of his men — they loved him just like that. 

But back to the Bible — a West Virginia paper, the Ilerald-Dispatch, 
tells the story: 

"An authentic copy of the rare Geneva Bible, commonly termed the 
^Breeches Bible' from Its rendering of Genesis, third chapter, seventh 
verse, was discovered in Huntington yesterday. 

"The owner, who is more than proud of his treasure, is Colonel B. P. 
Nicklin, United States army recruiting ofRcer for the West Virginia 
district, and an amateur bibliophile of note. 

"Historically, the 'Breeches Bible' which was Issued in 1560, was the 
work of William Whittingham and others. It contains notes of a dis- 
tinctive and aggressive Calvinlstic trend, and from the outstanding 
influence on English thought and literature and from its perculiar textual 
rendering in Genesis, it has become almost priceless. 

"Colonel Nicklin's copy is in an almost perfect state of preservation. 
It Is finely printed in black letter on folio. The book commences with 
the order of evening prayer while the title to the Old Testament is 
missing. 

, "The much discussed verse for which this version has become dis- 
tinguished reads: 'Then the eyes of them both were opened, and they 
knew that they were naked and sewed lig leaves together, and made 
themselves breeches.' 

"The modern King James version reads 'and they sewed fig leaves 
together and made themselves aprons.' 

"The book is profuse with marginal notes and contains a great number 
of wood cuts. 

"The sixth verse of Genesis also has a peculiar textual construction 
reading, 'So the woman, seeing that the tree was good for meate, and 
that It was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to get knowl- 
edge, tooke of the fruit thereof and did eate, and gave also to her husband 
with her and hee did eate.' A foot note referring to Adam eating the 
forbidden fruit says, 'Not so much to please his wife as moved by ambi- 
tion at her persuasion.' 

"Under the head 'Prayers for the Kings Majestic' is a prayer recom- 
mended to the loyal subjects of King James. Partly it reads, 'most 






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Proceedings of Eighteenth Annual Gathering 141 ' 

heartily wee beseech Thee with Thy favour to behold our most gracious 
Soueraigne Lord King James, and to replenish him with the grace of 
Thy Holy spirit — .' 

"Under the head 'Private Baptism of them that are to bee baptized 
in private houses in time of necessitie, by the minister of the parish 
or any other lawfull minister that can bee procured' the following is 
noted: — 'the pastor and curate shall admonish the people that they 
defer not the Baptisme of the infants any longer than the Sunday or 
other Holy day next after the child be borne, unless upon a great and 
reasonable cause disclosed to the curate and by him approved — and 
then the child being named by some one that is present, the said lawfull 
minister shall dip it in water, or pour water over it — .' 

"Colonel Nicklin has owned this rare Bible for six years, having bought 
it from an antique dealer in Grand Rapids, Michigan. At the time 
he purchased it he knew its rarity but never suspected it great value." 



i AN ANCIENT MACGREGOR HEIRLOOM BRINGS LARGE SUM 

< From the Herald-Tribune London Bureau 

I (Copyright, 1927, New York Tribune, Inc.) 

I London, November 18. — The United States is believed to be the 

j destination of the fifteenth century "Mazer" bowl, the largest and 

I probably the oldest extant, the property of Sir Malcolm MacGregor, 

Chief of the MacGregor Clan, and which was knocked down for a record 
price of ^50,000 at Hurcomb's auction rooms here today. The pur- 
chasers were Messrs. Chichton, Bond Street dealers. 

The bowl, which belonged to the MacGregor family for almost 500 
years is of maple trimmed with silver and bears the inscription: "One 
Lord's Castle, Isle of Bute." The highest previous price brought by 
a "Mazer" bowl was 340,000. 

There are about sixty of these bowls in existence, most of them in 
possession of universities and city companies. The term is derived 
from the German word, maserale, meaning maple, of which the bowls 
are made. 

In connection with the above item from the New York Tribune it 
may be noted that Sir Malcolm MacGregor has many relics and heir- 
looms in his home at "Edinchip" of interest to the MacGregors. 

Among them the gun which shot down the last MacGregor who was 
killed before the repeal of the Proscription Act (1822); a letter from 
King Charles I (beheaded 1649) written to an ancestor of Lady Helen, 
his mother, who was a daughter of the ninth Earl of Antrim; and 
the chair in which Admiral Nelson died aboard the Victory (flag-ship) 
in the battle of Trafalgar (1805), which ship was in command of Sir 
Macolm's paternal great-grandfather, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Mas- 
terman Plardy, "Nelson's Hardy." 






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List of Mi^mhkrs 



143 



LIST OF MEMBERS 



Figures indicate Enrollment Members. 

"a" indicates Associate Members. 

Maiden names of married members are in parenthesis, 

397 Adams, Mrs. Jane A. Magruder, Charlotte Hall, Md. 
255 Addison, Mrs. Arthur D., Eastvillc, Va. 

51 Bailey, Miss Maria Forrest, 1221 Mass. Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
469 Barrett, IVTrs. Eugenia R. (Maude Smith), 214 Wyoming Apartments, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 
f 45 Bairett, Mrs. Florence Magruder (Wynne), 505 E. Jefferson St., Dallas, 

i Texas. 

I 638 Barrickman, Wilhoite Carpenter, 112 N. Mont Clair Ave., Dallas, Texas. 

f 641a Barrickman, Airs. Wilhoite Carpenter (Harriet Theobold), 112 N. Mont 

I Clair Ave., Dallas, Texas. 

275 Bethel, Mrs. Edwin (flelen Magruder Bukey), 209 Maryland Ave., N. E., 

Washington, D. C. 
474 Bethel, Major Edwin Alexander, in care of AGO, War Dep't., Washington, 

D. C. 
476 Bethel, Lieut. John Magruder, in care of AGO, War Dep't., Washington, 

D. C. 
570a Beall, Elmer E., 204 N. Washington St., Greenville, Ohio. 

568 Beall, Mrs. Elmer E. (Julia Taylor), 204 N. Washington St., Greenville, Ohio. 

569 Beall, Julia Taylor, 204 N. Washington St., Greenville, Ohio. 
317 Beall, Mrs. Margaret Dorsey, Olney, Md. 
196 Beall, Ruth, Winchester, Ky. 

419 Beall, Virginia Louisa, 507 Roxboro Place, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

420 Beatty, Mrs. Philip A. (Edith Worley), 214 Essex Ave., Narberth, Pa. 
18 Berry, Mrs. Jasper M. (Minnie Lee Magruder), 2806 Chelsea Ave., Balti- 
more, Md. 

181 Birckhead, Cornelia Rachel Magruder, Proffitt, Va. 

192 Birckhead, Edgar Best, 2204 Center St., Dallas, Texas. 

374 Birckhead, Edward F., Jr., Winchester, Ky. 

1H2 Birckhead, Mary Eli'/.a, ProHit,"Va. 

97 Birckhead, Robert George, Proffit, Va. 

96 Birckhead, Miss Thea Sallie, Proffit, Va. 

170a Birckhead, Mrs. Thomas Graves (Annie Leonidine Clowes), ProfRt, Va. 

133 Black, Bryan, Jr., 1449 Arabella St., New Orleans, La. 

132 Black, Elizabeth H., 1449 Arabella St., New Orleans, La. 

130 Black, Mrs. Henrietta Kingsley Hutton (Cummings), 1449 Arabella St., 
New Orleans, La. 

131 Black, Laura Kingsley, 1449 Arabella St., New Orleans, La. 
247 Bonnie, Mrs. Clara Bruce (Haldeman), Naples on the Gulf, Florida. 
597 Bowie, Mrs. Agnes Louise, Upper Marlboro, A'Td. 
237 Bowie, Brank Bakewell, 183 Barrington St., Rochester, N. Y. 
Ill Bowie, George Calvert, 1001 Fifteenth St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
139 Bowie, John Francis MacGregor, 1001 Fifteenth St., N. W., Washington 

D. C. 
438a Bowie, Mrs. John F. M., 1001 Fifteenth St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
235 Bowie, Margaret Bakewell, 183 Barrington St., Rochester, N. Y. 






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144 American Clan Grecor Society 

157 Bowie, Nathaniel Mortimer, 183 Harrington St., Rochester, N. Y. 

234 Bowie, Nathaniel Mortimer, Jr., 183 Barrington St., Rochester, N. Y. 

233 Boyd, Ida, 909 E. Court Street, Pendleton, Oregon. 

273 Boyd, Leroy Stafford, 604 Harvard St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

615 Brown, Mrs. Arthur (Winifred D.), Box 93, Macomb, 111. 

327 Brooks, Mrs. W. P. (Mary Sophonia McCormick), Box 155, Route 4, Ben. 

ning, D. C. 

276 Brandon, Mrs. Nellie Walles, 505 N. Pearl St., Natchez, Miss. 

49 Bubb, Mrs. Ralph S. (Elizabeth Cummins Magruder), North Woodside, Md. 

490 Bushinger, Mary Gilbert, Monte Vista, Col. 

567 Chappalear, Mrs. Harry C. (Edith Robertson Cox), Hughesville, Md. 

496 Chewning, Henry Magruder, Jr., 420 Chestnut St., Norfolk, Va. 

193 Chewning, John William, Concord, Fla. 

150 Christian, Mrs. George M. (Susan Elizabeth Killam), Shelbina, Mo. 

527 Clarke, Mrs. Elmer Sterling (Virginia Mayne), 303 E. Sixth St., York, Neb. 

345 Cockey, Edward Thomas, 580 W. 183rd St., New York City. 

565 Cockman, Mrs. T. Ray (Margaret T.), 635 East Drive, Woodruff Place, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

523 Cooper, Rosabella, 2920 Hawthorne Ave., Richmond, Va. 

599 Corse, Mrs. Gladys Magruder, Greenway Apts., Baltimore, Md. 

356 Cox, Mrs. W. D. (Mamie Staunton Wynne), 505 E. Jefferson St., Dallas, Tex. 

119 Cummlngs, Laura Lee, 1449 Arabella St., New Orleans, La. 

109 Cummings, Mrs. Laura Turpin (Ilutton), 1449 Arabella St., New Orleans.- 

La. 

149 Dale, Mrs. William Edward (Jennie Morton), 828 Clay St., Shelbyville, Ky. 

500 Daniels, Smith Coffee, 418 N. Clinton Ave., Dallas, Texas. 

183 Deemy, Mrs. Bessie Riddle, 317 Chillicothe Ave, Bellefontaine, O. 

186 Deemy, John Riddle, 317 Chillicothe Ave., Bellefontaine, O. 

185 Deemy, Josephine Saxton, 317 Chillicothe Ave., Bellefontaine, 0. 

187 Deemy, Ruth Gortin, 317 Chillicothe Ave., Bellefontaine, O. 
619 De Jarnette, Elliott Howes, Jr., Orange, Va. 

354 De Jarnette, Horatio Erskine, Princeton, W. Va. 

351 De Newberry, Mrs. Fannie Taylor, Cordoba, Argentine Rep., South America. 
579 Dlsharoon, Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay (Magruder), Port Gibson, Miss. 

260 Donnan, Maxwell Kenan, 13 Perry St., Petersburg, Va. 

261 Donnan, Sallic Ward Branch, 13 Perry Street, Petersburg, Va. 
207 Dorsett, Telfair Bowie, 234 E. Street, N. E,, Washington, D. C. 

206a Dorsett, Mrs. William Newman (Roberta Hoxton Coome), 234 E. Street, 

N. E., Washington, D. C. 

642 Drake, Claribel, Church Hill, Miss. 

238 Drake, Joseph Turpin, Port Gibson, Miss. 

30 Drake, Winbourne Magruder, Church Hill, Miss. 

640 Drane, Hiram Walter, 624 Woodlawn St., Memphis, Tenn. 

623 Drane, Dr. Miriam Magruder, 1108 Madison Ave., Memphis, Tenn. 

537 Dudrow, Mrs. Newman H. (Katherlne Magruder), Landover, Md. 

352 Evans, Mrs. David E, (Bernice Churchill Hedges), Craig, Col. 
100 Ewell, Alice Maude, RED, Haymarket, Va. 

310 Ewell, Charlotte, RED, Haymarket, Va. 

22 Ewell, Helen Woods, Ruckersvllle, Va. 

88 Ewell, Jesse, Jr., Ruckersvllle, Va. 

103a Ewell, Mrs. Jesse (Mary Jane Ish), Ruckersvllle, Va. 

134 Ewell, Mary Eleanor, RED, Haymarket, Va. 



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List of Members 145 

172 Fcrneyhough, Fannie Ashley, Washington, D. C. 
448 Ferneyhough, Henry Hutton, Warrenton, Va. 
: 'I 27 Ferneyhough, John Bowie, 4020 Northrop, Forest Hill, Richmond, Va. 

28a Ferneyhough, Mrs. John Bowie (Elizabeth Waller), 4020 Northrop, Forest 
Hill, Richmond, Va. 

395 Ferneyhough, Mae Lavinia, Warrenton, Va. 
202 Ferneyhough, Dr. Robert Edward, Warrenton, Va. 
394a Ferneyhough, Mrs, Robert Edward (Margaret H.), Warrenton, Va. 

396 Ferneyhough, Robert Edward, Jr., Warrenton, Va. 

385 Field, Mrs. Grace xMcLaughlin, 261 Alsina, Buenos Aires, Argentine, S. A. 
577 Fisher, John Gordon, 232 Broadway, Hanover, York County, Pa. 
573 Fisher, Miss Mary Amelia, 232 Broadway, Hanover, York County, Pa. 
635 Flint, Elizabeth Ross, 609 Rutledge Ave., Charleston, S. C. 
613 Flint, John Thomas Wightman, 609 Rutledge Ave., Charleston, S. C. 
618 Flint, William Haden, 1677 Rock Springs Road, Atlanta, Ga. 
625 Foster, Mrs. William Hill (Ida Magruder), Louisburg, Kansas. 
387 Frisbee, Mrs. Mamie Button, 804 Sixth Street, Sheldon, Iowa. 
466 Fuller, Mrs. Robert Waight (Elizabeth Smoot), 2333 Ashmead Place, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

321 Gallaher, Eleanore Magruder Briscoe, 630 Wayne St., Waynesboro, Va. 

602 Gallaher, Frances Amelia Briscoe, Waynesboro, Va. 

i 322 Gallaher, Juliet Hite, 630 Wayne St., Waynesboro, Va. 

630 Gantt, Alvin Elliott, East Falls Church, Va. 

60 Gantt, Helen Woods, 407 B. Street, N. E., Washington, D. C. 

629 Gantt, Yolande Yvette, East Falls Church, Va. 

538 Garth, Mrs. Charles P. (Annie Lewis Birckhead), Proffit, Va. 

487 Garth, Frances Walker, Route 1, Derwood, Md. 

252 Gassaway, Mrs. Plelen Muncaster, 1519 Linden Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

254 Gassaway, Rosalie Hanson, Route 1, Derwood, Md. 

177 Golladay, Dorothy Katherine, 4508 Fourteenth St., Washington, D. C. 

165 Golladay, Mrs. Rose Virginia (Ferneyhough), 4508 Fourteenth St., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

447 Golson, Mrs. Eustance (Martha Moxley), 617 Magnolia Ave., Shelby- 
ville, Ky. 

287 Goodwyn, Mrs. Samuel (Dora Hodges), 1713 E. 13th Ave., Denver, Col. 

603 Graves, Ella Bowie, 1621 Grove Ave., Richmond, Va. 
421 Gregory, Alora W., 32 Camden St., Rockland, Maine, 
267 Grifhn, Annie Mary, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 

123 Griffin, Caroline Hill, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 

124 Griffin, Eleanor Bryan, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 
126 Griffin, Elizabeth Marshall, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 

125 Griffin, Frances Fenwick, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 
122a Griffin, Robert Bryan, Spring St., West Falls Church, Va. 
121 Griffin, Mrs. Robert Bryan (Mary Edelweiss Marshall), West Falls Church 

Va. 
347 Griffith, Arthur Llewellyn, Halldon, Cumberland Mills, Md. 
583 Griffith, Benjamin Frederick, 2825 Freemont Ave., South Minneapolis, Minn. 
547 Griffith, Mrs. Ernest Sharp (Virginia Hughes), 2600 Dupont Ave., South 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

586 Griffith, Ernest S., Jr., 2600 Dupont Ave., South Minneapolis, Minn. 

587 Griffith, Mary Virginia, 2600 Dupont Ave., South Minneapolis, Minn. 
23 Hamilton, Mrs. John N. (Laura Susan Lavinia Ewell), Ruckersville, Va. 



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146 American Ci.an Gregor Society 

19 Hammond, Mrs. Walter C. (Minnie Magruder Berry), Mercer & Bucks Ave., 

Baltimore, Md. 
369 Harding, Mrs. Nannie Bowie, 3803 Jocelyn St., Chevy Chase, Md. 
433 Hardy, Mrs. George F. (Johnetta Beall), Cryder's Point, Whitstone Land 

ing, Long Island, N. Y. 
627 Harriman, Mrs. J. W. (Minnie Magruder), 2312 S. Frederica St., Owensboro 

Ky. 
598 Plarrison, Marion Myrl, 334 Merriman Road, Akron, O. 
604 Harrison, Mrs. Marion Myrl (Kernan Ware Bedford), 334 Merriman Road 

Akron, Ohio. 
480 Higgins, Jesse Alexander, Rockville, Md. 

561 Fliggins, John James, Jr., 3800 Keokuk Ave., Chevy Chase, Md. 
562a Higgins, Mrs. John James, Jr. (Clare Lipscomb), 3800 Keokuk Ave., Chevy 

Chase, Md. 
218 Higgins, Mrs. Laura Cooke (Muncaster), Rockville, Md. 
563 Higgins, Robert Barnard, 100 S. Third Street, Richmond, Va. 
564a Higgins, Mrs. Robert Barnard (Marie Helen Brown), 100 S. Third St., 

Richmond, Va. 
479 Higgins, Walter Muncaster, care of Republic Radiator Co., Baltimore, Md, 
148 Hill, Albert Sidney, 3674 Seventh St., San Diego, Cal. 
162 Hill, Frederica Dean, Upper Marlboro, xMd, 
147 Hill, Henrietta Sophia May, Upper Marlboro, Md. 
lid Hill, Mary Alice, Landover, Aid. 
142 Hill, Mary Theresa, RFD, Landover, Md. 
518 Hill, Regina Magruder. 
375 Hill, William W. 3rd, RFD, Landover, Md. 
146 Hill, William Skinner, Upper Marlboro, Md. 
541 Lloffman, Mrs. Lester Chenoworth (Anna Beall Silver), Martinsburg, W. Va. 

11 Hooe, Mary Bernard, Croome, Md. 
137 Hooe, Mrs. R. H. (Augusta Magruder), Croome, Md. 

628 Hoover, Mrs. L J. (Nannabclle Harrison), 425 W. 13th St., Owensboro, Ky. 
584 Hughes, Anna Virginia, 2825 Frcemont Ave., South Minneapolis, Minn. 
582 LIughes, Robert Shelton, 2825 Freemont Ave,, South AJinncapolis, A^TInn. 
576 Humphreys, Mrs. C. D. (Fannie Magruder), Port Gibson, Miss. 
446 Hundley, Mary Ewell, RFD No. 1, Midlothian, Va. 
101 Hundley, Mrs. Mary Ish (Ewell), RFD No. 1, Midlothian, Va. 
437 Hutchison, Mrs. W. P. (Tracy Magruder), 988 Government St., Mobile, Ala. 
626 Hutton, Mrs. Catherine MacGregor, 200 College Ave., East, Waukesha, Wis. 
616 Hutton, Henry Kingley, 701 FVanklin St., Natchez, Miss. 
286 Jenkins, Mrs. E. Austin (Adelaide Love), 1300 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md. 
492 Johnson, Edward McGar, 12 Paseo Redondo, Tucson, Ariz. 
43a Jones, Mrs. Elizabeth Dunbar, Eastham, Va. 
521 Jones, Mrs. Howard O., 2920 Hawthorne Ave., Richmond, Va. 
639 Jones, Mrs. Victor Hiram (Annie Beall Hurst), Johns, Miss. 
136 Keyser, Mrs. William L. (Caroline Dejarnette), Washington, Va. 
341 Kollock, Airs. Elizabeth Olivia Wolfe, Warrenton, Va. 
398 Laverty, Airs. Annie Magruder, Congress Heights, D. C. 
343 Leadbeater, Mrs. Janet Boyd, 329 Washington St., Alexandria, Va. 
636 Lee, Earle Portness, 12 East Parkv\ay, Rochester, N. Y. 
257a Lee, Mrs. Elizabeth (Dysart). 
50 Lesher, Mrs. William Anderson (Margaret Magruder), 3320 Eastside Ave., 

Cincinnati, O. 
112 Lewis, Airs. J. C. (Matilda Frances Beall), Louisville, Ky, 






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List of Members 



147 



494 Lummis, Mrs. Evalina Norris (Magruder), in care of Geo. M. Magrudcr, 

Keswick, Va. 
372 Lyles, Mrs. Albert L. (Stella Pendleton), Virginia, Cass County, 111. 
350 MacGregor, Alaric Ridout, Stafford, Va. 
359 MacGregor, Eleanor Barstow, 295 Spring St., Portland, Me. 

163 MacGregor, Elizabeth, RED, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

164 MacGregor, Ellen Ewell, RED, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

592 MacGregor, Elizabeth l>owman, 1615 Jefferson St., Madison, Wis. 

280 MacGregor, John Alaster, Stafford, Va. 

428 MacGregor, Malcolm Parker, Rayvillc, La. 

201 MacGregor, Rebecca Mason, 501 Second St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

580 AlacGregor, Rob Roy, Hyattsville, Aid. 

368 MacGregor, Rosa Lee, 3S03 Jocclyn St., Chev>' Chase, D, C. 

179 MacGregor, Sarah Louise, RED, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

346 MacGregor, Thomas Burnett, Frankfort, Ky. 

406 MacGregor, Thomas Henry, 239 Stone Ave., Shreveport, La. 

426 MacGregor, Mrs. Thomas Henry, 239 Stone Ave., Shreveprot, La. 

427 MacGregor, Thomas Henry, Jr., 239 Stone Ave., Shreveport, La. 

461 Mackall, Laidler Bowie, 3401 Woodley Road, N. W., Washington, D. C. 
135 Mackall, Mrs. Laidler B. (Evelyn Bowie), 3401 Woodley Road, N. W., 

Washington, D. C. 
460 Mackall, Mary Bruce, 3401 Woodley Road, N. W., Washington, D. C. 
468a Magruder, Mrs. Alexander Covington (VVinfred Carlton), 1331 Nevada Ave., 

Colorado Springs, Col. 
431 Magruder, Alexander Dalton, 751 Estcs Ave., San Antonio, Texas. 
129 Magruder, Allaville, Charlottesville, Va. 
451 Magruder, Arthur, Choctaw, Okla. 

13 Magruder, Arthur Hooe Staley, Gunther Building, Baltimore, Md. 
544 Magruder, Augustine Freeland, Starkville, Miss. 
08 Magrudcr, Barbara May, 430 E. 11th St., Long Beach, Cal. 
453 Magruder, Mrs. Lyles (Betty Elizabeth Magrudcr), 2345 19th St., West 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 
513 Magruder, Major Bruce, 1445 Park Ave., N. W. or in care of AGO, War 

Dept., Washington, D. C. 
531 Magruder, Lt.-Com. C. W., in care of Navy Dept., Washington, D. C. 

5 Magruder, Caleb Clarke, Jr., Colorado Building, Washington, D. C. 
128 Magruder, Calvert, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass. 
493 Magruder, Carter Bowie, in care of Navy Dept., Washington, D. C. 
589 Magruder, Betty Allen, Charlottesville, Va. 
617 Magruder, Denton Adlai, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, 0. 
475 Magruder, Donald D., 73 Townsend Ave., Stapleton, N. Y. 
588 Magrudcr, Douglas Neil, in care of Sentinel, Yazoo City, Miss. 
225 Magruder, Edward, Beltsville, Md. 

488 Magruder, Edward Keach, 16 Water St., Cumberland, Md. 
143a Magruder, Mrs. Edward May (Mary Cole Gregory), Charlottesville, Va. 

4 Magruder, Egbert Watson, Royster Bldg., Norfolk, Va. 
532a Magruder, Mrs. Egbert Watson (Frances Byrd Alvey), 721 Raleigh Ave., 

Norfolk, Va. 
319 Magruder, Elizabeth Dunbar, Eastham, Va. 

55 Magruder, Eliza Nicholson, 114 Duke Gloucester St., Annapolis, Md. 
318 Magruder, Mrs. Ernest Pendleton (Maryel Alpina MacGregor), Balqui- 

hidder, Scotland, U. K. 
355 Magruder, Ernest Pendleton, Jr., Balquihidder, Scotland, U. K. 






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Amkrican Clan Gkkgor Society 



128 
536 
533 
258 
81 



Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
82a Magruder, 
624 Magruder, 
520 Magruder, 
524 Magruder, 
104 Magruder, 
325a Magruder, 
414 Magruder, 
3a Magruder, 
265 Magruder, 
264 Magruder, 

Fla. 
361 Magruder, 
362a Magruder, 
Magruder, 
25 Magruder, 
248a Magruder, 
301 Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
607a Magruder, 

Cal. 
486 Magruder, 
507 Magruder, 
212 Magruder, 
610a Magruder, 
336 Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
48a Magruder, 
178 Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 
Magruder, 



403 
35 
228 
591 
382 
332 
508 
609 



304 
335 
314 

54 

57 
227 
370 

90 
413 

47 



452 
305 
435 

522 



Evelina, Charlottesville, Va, 

Frederick Birely, Myattsville, Md. 

George Archibald, Navy Dept., Washington, D. C. 

George Corbin Wasiiington, Choctaw, Okla. 

Dr. George Mason, Keswick, Va. 

Mrs. George Mason (Isadora Carvalls Causton), Keswick, Va. 

George Milton, Appling, Ga, 

Hamline, 55 Townsend Ave., Stapleton, N. Y. 

Helen Eugenia, 11 Townsend Ave., Stapleton, N. Y. 

Herbert Staley, Port Gibson, Miss. 

Mrs. Herbert Staley (Rosalind Geddes), Port Gibson, Miss. 

Herbert Thomas, 5 Nassau St., New York City. 

Mrs. Horatio Erskine (Julia May Chewning), Keswick, Va. 

Hubert Johnston, Box 815, New Smyrna, Fla. 

Mrs. Hubert Johnston (Lula Barnes Magruder), New Smyrna 

Rev. James Mitchell, D. D., Annapolis, Md. 
Mrs. James Mitchell (Margaret M.), Annapolis, Md. 
James Mosby, Annapolis, Md. 
James Opie, Lynchburg, Va. 

Mrs. James Opie (Rosa Williamson), Lynchburg, Va. 
James Person, 1512 Calhoun St., New Orleans, La. 
James Taylor, 1420 Washington Ave., Fort Worth, Texas. 
Dr. James Wilson, Mechanicsburg, Ohio. 
Jane Beall, Bcltsville, Md. 

Kenneth Dann, 61 W. Ross St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Lilburn Duerson, Bradenton, Florida. 

Col. Lloyd Burns, incareof AGO, War Dept., Washington, D.C. 
Lyles, 2345 19th St., West, Oklahoma City, Okla, 
Marion West, 430 E. 11th Street, Long Beach, Cal. 
Mrs. Marion West (Ester Ida Post), 430 E. 11th St., Long Beach, 

Marjorie Lockhart, 1359 Fairmont St., N. W., Washington, D. C 

Lt.-Col. Marshall, 102 Armory Ave., Champlaine, 111. 

Mary, Sandy Spring, Md. 

Mrs. Mary Estelle (Dann), 61 Ross St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Mary Louise, Rome, Ga. 

Mary Harrelson, 131 Glenwood Court, San Antonio, Texas. 

Mary Lynn, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 

Mary Martin, Guilford Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

Mary Nicholson, 114 Gloucester St., Annapolis, Md. 

Mary Randall, 207 Hanover St., Annapolis, Md. 

Mary Theresa, Beltsville, Md. 

Mattie Beall, Box 93, Chipley, Ga. 

Nannie Hughes, Port Gibson, Miss. 

Nathaniel Hawkins, Bentonia, Miss. 

Oliver Barron, Silver Spring, Md. 

Mrs. Oliver Barron (Margaret Jane Graham), Silver Spring, Md. 

Oliver Graham, Silver Spring, Md. 

Paul Julian, Ponca City, Okla. or Route 2, Choctaw, Okla. 

Richard Brooke, Clatskanie, Oregon. 

Richard Johnston, 1428 Crittenden St., Washington, D. C. 

Robert, 11 Townsend Ave., Stapleton, N. Y. 



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List of Members 149 

485 Magruder, Robert, Jr., 58 Valley St., Arrochan, S. I., New York. 

113 Magruder, Robert Lee, Sr., Box 93, Chipley, Ga. 

330a Magruder, Mrs. Robert Lee (Nannie Gates), Box 93, Chipley, Ga. 

91 Magruder, Robert Lee, Jr., Box 93, Chipley, Ga. 

46 Magruder, Roger Gregory, Charlottesville, Va. 

120 Magruder, Rosa, Port Gibson, Miss. 

105 Magruder, Rosalie Stuart, 2 Prescott St., Cambridge, Mass. 

225 Magruder, Russell, Bcltsville, Md. 

525 Magruder, Sallie Isora, in care of Howard Studio, Orlando, Fla, 

320 Magruder, Sallie Watson, Eastham, Va. 

230 Magruder, Sarah Cummins, Beltsville, Md. 

IS Magruder, Thomas Nalle, Mitchellville, Md. 

12 Magruder, Rear Admiral Thomas Pickett, in care of Navy Dept., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

331 Magruder, Dr. Thomas V., 812 Jefferson Bank Bldg., Birmingham, Ala. 

34 Magruder, Vesalius Seymour, Mechanicsburg, Ohio. 

306 Magruder, Virginia Williamson, Lynchburg, Va. 

530 Magruder, Walter Drane, 593 City National Bank, Canton, Ohio. 

489 Magruder, Warren Keach. 

94 Magruder, Willett Clark, 647 S. Third St., Louisville, Ky. 

144a Magruder, Mrs. Willett Clark (Eva Liter), 647 S. Third St., Louisville, Ky. 

95 Magruder, Willett Clark, Jr., 647 S. Third St., Louisville, Ky. 
484 Magruder, William Augustine, RFD No. 3, Moore, Okla. 

349 Magruder, William Belhaven Plamilton, 1215 McCullough Ave., San An- 
tonio, Texas. 

313 Magruder, Dr. William Edward, Jr., Baltimore St. & Guilford Ave., Balti- 
more, Md. 

434 Magruder, William Howard, U. S. War Dept., Washington, D. C. 

450 Magruder, William Pinkney, Hyattsville, Md. 

644a Magruder Mrs. William Pinkney (Dorothy Wilson), Hyattsville, Md. 

424 Magruder, William Robert, Route 6, Shelbyville, Ky. 

425a Magruder, Mrs. William Robert (Elizabeth Wright Cardwell), Route 6 
Shelbyville, Ky. 

302 Magruder, William Thomas, 1512 Calhoun St., New Orleans, La. 
549 Magruder, William Wailes, Starkville, Miss. 

556a Magruder, Mrs. William Wailes (Clemmie Henry), Starkville, Miss. 

557 Magruder, William Wailes, Jr., Starkville, Miss. 

558a Magruder, Mrs. William Wailes, Jr. (Rachel Mclnnls), Starkville, Miss. 

552 Marshall, Mrs. James (Maria Minor Dejarnette), Front Royal, Va. 

99 Marshall, Mrs. Caroline Hill (Magruder), 1134 31st St., N. W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

303 Martin, Mrs. J. R. (Anna Dalton Magruder), Box 357, Rosenberg, Tex. 

79 Martin, Mrs. H. G. (Ruth Elizabeth Wade), in care of J. B. Magruder, 2821 

North Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 
478 Martin, James Woodwood, 212 Alamosa Ave., San Antonio, Texas. 
477 Martin, Randolph Magruder, 212 Alamosa Ave., San Antonio, Texas. 
621 Martin, Mrs. William Augustine (Mary Magruder), Lookout Mountain 

Tenn. 
239 Maynard, Mrs. Richard H. (Henrietta Maria Clarissa Follansbee), Gam- 
brills, Md. 
208 McCallister, Mrs. Susie Mitchell Dorsett, 1607 Lamont St., Washington, 

D. C. 



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150 American Clan Grecor Society 

282 McColl, Mrs. Susie Mitchell, Tudor Hall, 10th & Mass. Ave., N. VV., Wash 
ington, D. C. 

409 McCormick, Mrs. William G. (Annie Magruder), Prairie Grove, Ark. 

575 McCready, Mrs. I. J. (Mary E.), 719 10th St., Beaver Falls, Pa. 

509 McDonald, Mrs. John (Dorothy Higgins), Rockville, Md. 

503 McDougall, Margaret / ., Port Gibson, Miss. 

204a McDonnell, Dr. Kenry Barnett, College Park, Md. 

203 McDonnell, Mrs. Henry Barnett (Julia Magruder), College Park, Md. 
29 McFarland, Mrs. Ike B. (Mae Magruder Wynne), 1313 Castle Court, Hous- 
ton, Tex. 

291 McFerrIn, Mrs. Margaret Roberts, Shelbyville, Tenn. 

153 McKeige, Mrs. John Anderson (Margaret Muncaster), 163 Montrose Ave., 
Rutherford, N. J. 

574 McKown, Amelia 'C, Bunker Hill, W. Va. 

383 McLaughlin, Mrs. Mary Rebecca Long, 1552 Calle Peru, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina, S. A. 
73 McMurdo, Mrs. A. Keith (Sarah Gilmer), Wilsall, Montana. 

308 Merryman, Lillian, Bradshaw, Md. 

309 Merryman, Marvin, Hagerstown, Md. 

612 Middleton, Mrs. Ashley Irving (Edith Magruder Voorhees), 17 Fulton St., 

Monticello, N. Y. 
611a Middleton, Ashby Irving, 17 Fulton St., Monticello, N. Y. 
307 Mitchell, Mrs. Andrew (Lizzie Magruder), 812 Montrose Ave., Chicago, III 
20 Moore, Mrs. Claude R. (Elizabeth Ruff Berry), 2896 Chelsea Ave., Balti- 
more, Md. 
169 Morgan, Mrs. Arthur B. (Agnes Chewning), 230 N. Person St., Raleigh, N.C. 
499 Morgan, Arthur Butt, Jr., 230 N. Person St., Raleigh, N. C. 
411 Morrison, Mrs. Mary Shipman. 
620 Moxley, George Barrett, 101 S. 14th St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

151 Muncaster, Alexander, 482 Louisiana Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
632 Muncaster, Emma Waters, RFD No. 5, Rockville, Md. 

198 Muncaster, John Edwin, RFD No. 5, Rockville, Md. 

199 Muncaster, Mrs. John E. (AUetta Magruder Waters), Rockville, Md. 
215 Muncaster, Margery Ivolve, Cumberland, Md. 

455a Muncaster, Mrs. Otho Magruder (Mary Rittcnhouse Nourse), Kew Garden 
Apts., Washington, D. C. 

152 Muncaster, Dr. Stuart Brown, 921 15th St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
213 Muncaster, Walter James, Cumberland, Md. 

214a Muncaster, Mrs. Walter J. (Mary Ivolve Spear), Cumberland, Md. 

430 Murphy, Mrs. Alice Hartwell (Magruder), 706 W. 24^ St., Austin, Tex. 

75 Myers, Mrs. Abram Tern (Jessie Waring Gantt), 407 B. St., N. E., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

631 Myers, Waring Gantt, 407 B St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

405 Nally, Elizabeth E., Landover, Md. 

566 Neale, Mrs. James P. (Lucy Beall Cox), 1324 Emerson St., Washington, D.C 

501 Nicklin, Col. Benjamin P., 1241 Charleston Ave., Huntington, W. Va. 

348 Nicklin, Capt. John Bailey, Jr., 516 Poplar St., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

138 Norris, Mrs. J. T. (Helen Swann Bowie), Aquasco, Woodville, Md. 

553 Nye, Mrs. William C. (Ella V. Lee), 120 W. Winter St., Delaware, Ohio. 

442 Offutt, Mitchum Webb, Engineer's Club, 32 W. 40th St., New York City. 






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List of Mlmdf.rs 151 

441 Offutt, Reuben Ford, Maplevvood, Georgetown, Ky. 

440 OfFutt, Dr. Wilson Nelson, 230 N. Broadway, Lexington, Ky. 

417 OfTutt, Winfield Roach, 1200 Cherokee Road, Louisville, Ky. 

j 643 Ogden, Mrs. Eleanor E. Gregory, 1926 First St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

622 Olive, John Magruder, Camden, Miss. 

i 324 Olmstead, Henry Hall, Front Royal, Va. 

; 389 Olmstead, Mrs. Henry Plall (Frances Arabelle), Front Royal, Va. 

I 223 Osburn, Eugenia Hilleary, Manassas, Va. 

'i 191 Palmer, Mrs. H. E. (Joanna Mayne), 219 Main St., Dayton, Ohio. 

i 209 Parker, Mrs. Bedall (Fannie Gaines), 86th St. & Broadway, New York City. 

I 31 Passano, Edward Boteler, Tow son, Md. 

444 Pendleton, Gertrude Owen, Route No. 1, Boonville, Mo. 

550 Perman, Carrie Ophelia, RFD No. 8, Anderson, S. C. 

506 Permenter, Mrs. Shinn (Alabel Magruder), 1916 Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

535 Pollock, Mary Caroline, 601 Oneida St., Denver, Col. 

578 Pollock, Suzanne Helen, 601 Oneida St., Denver, Col. 

377 Pollock, Tom L., 601 Oneida St., Denver, Col. 

415 Poole, Katherine Riggs, Hammond Court, Washington, D. C. 

416 Poole, Martha Sprigg, Hammond Court, Washington, D. C. 
64 Pope, Milton Smith, Tuskegee, Ala. 

63 Pope, Mrs. R. S. Jr. (Olive Magruder Smith), Tuskegee, Ala. 

423 Powell, Dr. Llewellyn, 201 N. Washington St., Alexandria, Va. 

292 Powell, Mrs. Mary Crawford, 201 N. Washington St., Alexandria, Va. 

637 Price, Mrs, Fred L. (Eva Maude Smith), 373 Marshall Ave., Columbus, O. 

381 Puckett, Lorelle, 422 N. Burnett Ave., Dennison, Tex. 

380 Puckett, Mrs. Laura V. (Magruder), 422 N. Burnett Ave., Dennison, Tex. 

594 Ouillian, Mrs. J. W. (Lucy Zachry), P. O. Box 218, Decatur, Ga. 

528 Rea, Mrs. Martha Magruder, Landover, Md. 

357 Rees, Mrs. George S. (Eugenia Farr), 602 Beverly Drive, Beverly Hills, Cal. 

288 Reynaud, Mrs. William A, (Sabra Louise Wynne), care of C. P. Jackson 

Seed Co., Houston, Tex. 

391 Rhea, Mrs. William F. (Rosa Smith Turpin), Grove Ave. & Boulevard, 

Richmond, Va. 

593 Rhoades, Mrs. Mabel Taylor, 1634 Argonne Place, Washington, D. C. 

514 Robertson, Clifford Hezekiah, Rockville, Md. 

290 Rodgers, Mrs. J. T. (Mary Beall Hedges), 1715 E. 13th Ave., Denver, Col. 

190 Scarff, James Gorton, 218 N. Main St., Bellefontaine, O. 

189 Scarfl, John Edward, 218 N. Main St., Bellefontaine, O. 

388 Scoggan, Vernette Wilson, 166 State St., Louisville, Ky. 

216 Seesford, Mrs, Henry W. (Mabel Calire MacGregor),'l410 M. St., N. W., 

Washington, D. C. 

141 Sessions, Mrs. William Croft (Cornelia Frances Magruder), 2510 Palm 

Drive, Tampa, Fla. 

462 Shell, Mrs. Brooke E. (Rosa Smith), 136 Wheeling Hill, Lancaster, 0. 

171 Sheriff, Clement William, Benning, D. C. 

180a Sheriff, Mrs. Clement William (Anne Wade Wood), Benning, D. C. 

581 Sheriff, Philip Hill, 5324 Colorado Ave., Washington, D. C. 

328 Sheriff, Mrs. Philip H. (Walter Ann McCormick), 5324 Colorado Ave., 

Washington, D. C. 



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American Clan Gregor Society 



402 Sheriff, William Hall, Seat Pleasant, D. C. 

272 Short, George Ninian, 103 Lewisohn Bldg., Butte, Mont. 

539 Silver, Gray, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

555a Silver, Mrs. Gray (Kate Bishop), Martinsburg, W. Va. 

534 Silver, Martha Jane, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

418 Simmons, Mrs. Grant Gilbert (Nancy Graham Offutt), 461 Prairie Ave. 

Kenosha, Wis, 
572 Simpson, Edward J,, 841 Lafayette Parkviay, Chicago, 111. 
571 Simpson, Mrs. Edward J. (Elizabeth Phelps), 841 Lafayette Parkway, 

Chicago, 111. 
458 Singleton, Thomas D., 1819 G. St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
459a Singleton, Mrs. Thomas D. (Maude Sivier) ,1819 G. St., N. W., Washington 

D. C. 
390 Smith, Sallie Willie, Shadwell, Va. 
62 Smith, Mrs. Milton M. (Sue Magruder), Tuskegee, Ala. 
326 Smith, Mrs. William W. (Isabell Geddes), 3703 Ingoma St., Chevy Chase 

Md. 
408 Snively, Mrs. Henry, Jr. (Elizabeth Harrison), 2 Sixteenth Ave., North 

Yakima, Wash. 
107 Sowell, Mrs. Albert B. (Nancy Katherine Wade), 1325 Broadway, Paducah, 

Ky. 
605a Stabler, Robert Rowland, Kennett Square, Pa. 
585 Stabler, Mrs. Robert Rowland (Margaret Magruder Muncaster), Kenneth 

Square, Pa. 
274 Stevens, Mrs. Pierre C. (Sarah Goldsborough Magruder), 1302 I8th St., 

N. W., Washington, D. C. 
58 Stewart, Mrs. W. H. (Sallie Magruder), Charlottesville, Va. 
384 Stover, Mrs. Mary Keen McLaughlin, 1552 Calle Peru, Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentine, S. A. 
410 Stout, Robert Lee, Versailles, Ky. 
353 Stout, Mrs. Robert Lee (Florence Graham Offutt), Frankfort, Ky. 

471 Strong, Helen Augusta, Washington, D. C. 

219 Talbott, Mrs. W. Randolph (Laura Magruder Higgins), Rockville, Md. 

400 Talty, Mrs. Beall W., 1911 F. St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

526 Taylor, George Keith, 2101 Rose Ave., Richmond, Va. 

436 Taylor, Henry Magruder, 2304 Park Ave., Richmond, Va. 

601a Taylor, Mrs. Henry M., Richmond, Va. 

386 Taylor, Lucy Ann Gilmer, 2101 Rose Ave., Richmond, Va. 

548 Thompson, Rev. Enoch Magruder, 820 17th St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

268 Thompson, Mrs. J. O. (Ann Magruder), Roba, Ala. a 

269 Thompson, Winston Walker, Roba, Ale. 
169 Thrift, Elsie Magruder, Madison, Va. 

33 Thurman, Mrs. James Oscar (Marie Louisa Magruder), Eastham, Va. 
519 Tompkins, Mrs. Millard (Ethel Magruder), 242 Talbott Place, Staten Island, 

N. Y. 
367 Toulmin, Priestley, Jr., Cliff Road, Birmingham, Ala. 
245 Trescott, Mrs. George P. (Kitty Colman Magruder), Winfield, Mo. 

472 Trescott, Richard Truman, Winfield, Mo. 

502 Tutwiler, Bruce Clarence, 641 Keel Building, Memphis, Tenn. 
497 Tutwiler, Carlos Bowie, Street Railway Co., Memphis, Tenn. 
195 Tutwiler, Mrs. Edward Magruder (Margaret Chewning), 3030 Park Ave. 
Birmingham, Ala. 



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List or Members 153 

498 Tutwiler, Guy Isbell, Athens, Ala. 

i I 559 Tutwiler, Herbert, 2224 Sycamore St., Birmingham, Ala. 

[ '; 560 Tutwiler, Mrs. Herbert (Mary Addison), 2224 Sycamore St., Birmingham, 

Ala. 

517 Vandenburg, Mrs. O. 0. (Sue Mae Geddes), 1410 M. St., N. W., Washington, 

D. C. 

456 Van Sickler, Mrs. Philip (Rachel Norse Muncastcr), North Fork, Va. 

154 Vest, Mrs. George (Edna Sarah Muncastcr), 15th & K. St., N. W., Wash 

ington, D. C. 

93 Voorhees, Mrs. Louisa Mason (Ferneyhough), Groton, N. Y. 

606 Wade, Levi Meredith, 6020 Prytania St., New Orleans, La. 

78 Wade, Mrs. Mary Sprigg Belt (Magruder), 2821 N. Calvert St., Baltimore 

Md. 

3(X) Wade, Thomas Magruder, Jr., St. Joseph, Tensas Parish, La. 

482 Wade, Thomas Magruder, 3rd, St. Joseph, Tensas Parish, La. 

596 Wall, Mrs. Mary Bowie, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

439 Walters, Mrs. Jacob E. (Sarah Elizabeth Drane), 1802 Hardy St., Houston, 

Texas. 

542 Warner, Mrs. C. Hopewell (Frederica Clagett), 15 E. Lanvale St., Baltimore, 

Md. 

365 Waters, Hannah Cochran, 1114 S. Fourth St., Louisville, Ky. 

481 Waters, Perry Etchison, Rockvllle, Md. 

515 Watterson, Dr. Charles Joseph, 1507 Cotton Ave., Birmingham, Ala. 
512 Watterson, Roderick J., 110 E. 42nd St., New York City. 
600 Weil, Mrs. Lucv Stull Jefferson 

297 Welton, Mrs. Tom (Clifton Ethel Mayne), 1911 24th St., Rock Island, 111. 

464 Whitacre, Mrs. Ira C. (Rachel Cooke), Silver Spring, Md. 

92 White, Mrs. Eliza Thrift (Andrews), White's, Va. 

404 White, James Andrev\, 233 Broadv^ay, New York City. 

289 Whitney, Mrs. George R. (Daisy Hedges), 453 Logan St., Denver, Col. 

614 Wilkinson, Mrs. Robert J. (Lillian Carswell), 952 Greene St., Augusta, Ga. 

633 Williams, Mrs. Virgil G. (Annie Lou Dunlap), Grantville, Ga. 
401 Wilson, Mrs. Edward (Fannie Ewell), Lone Tree, Montana. 

' 529 Wilson, Mrs. John N. (Anne Magruder), Landover, Md. 

89 Willard, Mrs. Mary Magruder (Tarr), ]\)olsvllIe, Md. 

244 Wilcox, Mrs. Caroline Magruder (Sowell), Paducah, Ky. 

68 Witherspoon, Dr. Ezra Offutt, 2114 Edgehill Road, Louisville, Ky. 

156a Witherspoon, Mrs. Nell Newman, 2114 Edgehill Road, Louisville, Ky. 

72 Wolfe, Helen, Route 1, Warrenton, Va. 

595 Wolfe, Mrs. Marcia Cecil Magruder, Warrenton, Va. 

221 Wood, Eleanor Magruder, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

220 Wood, Mrs. Grace Magruder, Forestville, Va. 

281 Wood, Roberta, Upper Marlboro, Md. 

634 Woodberry, Mrs. John H., 3529 Quebec St., Washington, D. C. 

241 Woodward, Edith, 11 W. 51st St., New York City. 

242 Woodward, Elizabeth Ogdcn, 11 W. 51st St., New York City. 
42 Woodward, William, 11 Nassau St., New York City. 

229 Woolf, Elizabeth Kinzer, 1722 Kilburn St., Washington, D. C. 

516 Wright, Mrs. Clayton M. (Alice Rodgers), 68 Berwick St., Worcester, Mass. 
249 Zimmerman, Martha Eggleston, 325 S. Fourth St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 



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DECEASED MEMBERS 

32 Allen, Mrs. Dorothy Edmonston (Zimmerman) . Born 

80 Andrews, Mrs. Sallie Magruder (Ferneyhough) . Born 

432 Arnold, Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Magruder) Born 

364 Ballard, Mrs. Varnett (Reynolds) Born 

106 Birckhead, Ella Bowie Born 

159 Birckhead, Thomas GravTs Born 

590 Berry, Mrs. Louisa Virginia (Magruder) Born 

110 Bowie, Mrs. Agnes Wood (MacGregor) Born 

145 Bowie, Richard Somervell Born 

98 Bowie, Thomas Trueman Somervell Born 

236 Bowie, Thomas Somerville Born 

37 Bukey, John Spencer Born 

161 Campbell, Mrs. Ellen Jane Lynn (Magruder).. .Born 

344 Chapman, Mrs. Julia Gregory Born 

16 Chewning, Charles Dudley Born 

263 Clarke, Mrs. Laura Wolfe Born 

61 Clopton, Mrs. Mary (Boyd) Born 

334 Coleman, William Magruder! Born 

259 Davis, Mrs. Adclina Magruder ( Wyatt) Born 

184 Deemy, Margaret Saxton Born 

393 Dorsett, Mrs. Belle (MacGregor) Born 

205 Dorsett, William Newman Born 

26 Drake, Elijah Steele Born 

17 Ewell, h^lcanor Mildred Bcale Born 

21 Ewell, Dr. Jesse Born 

279 Ewell, John Smith, Jr Born 

262 Ewell, John Smith Magruder Born 

102 Ewell, Robert Alexander Born 

74 Gantt, Mrs. Helen Woods (MacGregor) Born 

114 Green, Rev. Ivan Marshall Born 

1 16 Green, Ivan Marshall, Jr Born 

118 Griesscr, Mrs. Mary Ridout (Green) Born 

52 Grimes, Mrs. Mary (Magruder) Born 

246 Ilaldeman, Mrs. Elizabeth Robards (Offutt) Born 

69 Henry, Mrs. Kate (Kearney) Born 

457 Hunter, Mrs. Julia Bradley (Singleton) Born 

342 Johnson, Mrs. Isabel (Gregory) Born 

511 Johnson, James Milton Born 

217 Jones, Colonel Spencer Cone Born 

140 Jones, James Dixon Magruder Born 

299 Knibb, Mrs. Elizabeth (Boyd) (Crockett) Born 

551 Leonard, Walter Magruder, Jr Born 

251 Linthicum, Ella Magruder (Stonestreet) Born 

329 MacGregor, Donald Fitz Randolph Born 

294 MacGregor, Harlan Page Born 

283 MacGregor, Mrs. Mary Eliza Born 

467 Magruder, Alexander Covington Born 



1846 


Died 1917 


1848 


Died 1914 


1843 


Died 1925 




Died 1920 


1857 


Died 1921 


1852 


Died 


1847 


Died 1925 


1845 


Died 1918 


1871 


Died 1924. 


1842 


Died 1910 


1907 


Died 1924 


1845 


Died 1919 


1834 


Died 1911. 


1842 


Died 1912. 


1868 


Died 1912. 


1875 


Died 1917. 


1S34 


Died 1910 


1874 


Died 1921. 


1846 


Died 1921. 


1899 


Died 1912. 


1841 


Died 1923. 


1872 


Died 1925. 


1841 


Died 1914. 


1832 


Died 1916. 


1853 


Died 1921. 


1874 


Died 1915. 


1828 


Died 1919. 


1887 


Died 1910. 


1856 


Died 1925. 


1881 


Died 1911. 


1910 


Died 1917. 


1886 


Died 1915. 


1851 


Died 1916. 


1856 


Died 1917. 


1840 


Died 1919. 


1871 


Died 1925. 


1839 


Died 1916. 


1849 


Died 1927. 


1836 


Died 1915. 


1828 


Died 1912. 


1857 


Died 1918. 


1920 


Died 1927. 


1867 


Died 1926. 


1857 


Died 1921. 


1845 


Died 1922. 


1831 


Died 1916. 


1867 


Died 1924. 



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429 Magruder, Alexander Leonard Covington Born 1871 Died 1924. 

6 Magruder, Caleb Clarke Born 1839 Died 1923. 

14 Magruder, Mrs. Elizabeth Rice (Nalle) Born 1842 Died 1922. 

270 Magruder, Judge Daniel Randall Born 1835 Died 1915. 

1 Magruder, Edward May Born 1858 Died 1925. 

7 Magruder, Dr. Ernest Pendleton Born 1871 Died 1915. 

24 Magruder, Franklin Minor Born 1870 Died 1913. 

337 Magruder, George Hillary Born 1865 Died 1914. 

250 Magruder, Dr. George Lloyd Born 1848 Died 1914. 

2 Magruder, Horatio Erskine Born 1846 Died 1924. 

16 Magruder, John Burruss Born 1840 Died 1913. 

540 Magruder, John Holmes Born 1850 Died 1925. 

56 Magruder, John Read Born 1829 Died 1916. 

483 Magruder, Julian Born 1860 Died 1924. 

155 Magruder, Mrs. Martha (Lumsdon) Born 1837 Died 1920. 

36 Magruder, Mary Blanche Born 1854 Died 1918. 

399 Magruder, Mary Emma Born 1881 Died 1927. 

412 Magruder, Paul Kleinpeter Born 1873 Died 1924. 

472 Magruder, Richard Chewning Born 1896 Died 1919. 

338 Magruder, Simpson Fouche Born 1867 Died 1917. 

158 Magruder, Dr. William Edward Born 1834 Died 1914. 

314 Magruder, William Edward 3rd Born 1903 Died 1912. 

298 Mayne, Harry Teas Born 1853 Died 1912. 

224 Metz, Mrs. Fannie Buchanan (Osburn) Born 1856 Died 1912. 

53 Morton, Mrs. Elizabeth Ann (Logan) Born 1826 Died 1910. 

363 Muncaster, William Edwin Born 1839 Died 1922. 

70 Mundy, Mrs. Laura (Offutt) Born 1842 Died 1917. 

40 Peter, Thomas Alan MacGregor Born 1891 Died 1915. 

311 Pollock, Mrs. Caroline (Mayne) . . . Born 1842 Died 1922. 

188 Scarff, Mrs. Margaret Gorton (Riddle) Born 1870 Died 1916. 

271 Short, Mrs. Mary Rutan (Magruder) Born 1855 Died 1923. 

108 Sowell, Albert Bingham Born 1849 Died 1915. 

443 SpiUer, Mrs. Cynthia MacG. (Boyd) Born 1847 Died 1920. 

59 Stewart, Colonel William Henry Born 1838 Died 1912. 

470 Strong, Mrs. Maria Julia (Turner) Born 1880 Died 1922. 

454 Suit, James Alexander Young Born 1870 Died 1918. 

173 Thomas, Mrs. Caroline Hall (Stonestreet) Born 1865 Died 1920. 

373 TIndalc, Mrs. Frances Virginia (Magruder) . . . .Born 1887 Died 1918. 

175 Toulmin, Mrs. Grace Douglass (Chewning) . . . .Born 1870 Died 1911. 

194 Tutwiler, Major Edward Magruder Born 1846 Died 1925. 

312 Veirs, Mrs. Rebecca Thomas (Biays) Born 1834 Died 1917. 

200 Wallace, Mrs. Sallie Willie (Chewning) Born 1849 Died 1925. 

366 Wade, Mrs. Anna Thomas (Magruder) Born 1862 Died 1918. 

166 Waters, Mrs. Mary Emma (Magruder) Born 1844 Died 1927. 

323 Waters, Rev. William Magruder Born 1861 Died 1915. 

197 Williams, Mrs. Rebecca (Rutan) Born 1848 Died 1917. 

67 WItherspoon, Mrs. Mary Edmonia (Offutt) . . . .Born 1845 Died 1920. 

41 Woodward, James Thomas Born 1837 Died 1910. 

240 Woodward, Mrs. Sarah Ablgal (Rodman) Born 1840' Died 1913. 



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INDEX 



Page 

Arthur's Seat 8 

Address at Rockville, C. C. Ma- 

gruder 33 

Address at Rockville, Hon, Wm. 

Tyler Page 38 

Address at St. Barnabas' Church, 

C. C. Magruder 87 

Alderman, E. A., Pres 103 

Berry, Mrs. Louisa Virginia Ma- 
gruder 83,91 

Bowie, John Francis MacGregor. 11, 87 
Bowie, Mrs. John Francis Mac- 
Gregor 11,87 

Burkhart, Frank J 11 

Burkhart, Herbert V. A 11 

Burkhart, Mrs. Joseph 11 

Casper, Professor 87 

Cockey, Edward T 83 

Cooke, Elizabeth Magruder 8, 23 

Davis, Dr. John Staige 84,86,103 

Defense Highway 138 

Descent of Alpin King of Scotland 8, 28 
Descendants of Magruder Revo- 
lutionary Soldiers (Mont- 
gomery Co., Md.) ,123 

Dillon, Daniel 83 

Dunblane 52 

Dunblane (Scotland) 88 

"Edinchip" 88 

Ewell, Miss Alice Maude 10,52,84 

Gallaher, Miss Julia Hite 8, 28 

Glenfruin 84,104 

Harding, Miss Rosalie Mac- 
Gregor 9 

Harrison, Marion Myrl 88,123 

Hill, Miss Mary Therese 7 

Hill, Mrs. Mary Thomas Ma- 
gruder ;... 83,93 

''Island Home" 15 

Johnson, James Milton 83, 92 



Page 
Leonard, Mrs. Elizabeth Cook 

Magruder 14 

Leonard, Dr. Walter Magruder.. 14,83 

Letters from U. Va 103 

List of Members 143 

List of Deceased Members 154 

MacGregor, Lady Gylla Con- 
stance Susan (Rollo) 14 

MacGregor, Sir Malcolm 14,88,141 

Magruder, Archibald 88,123,136 

Magruder, Bazil 88 

Magruder, Carter Bowie 106 

f 8, 9, 16, 

Magruder, Caleb Clarke.... 1 33,83,84, 

1 87,88,89, 

[ 103, 132 

Magruder, Cephas Bailey IS 

Magruder, Mrs. Cornelia Smith. 75,81 

Magruder, Dr. Daniel 88,129 

Magruder, Enoch 87 

Magruder, E. W [7,8,84, 

\ 87,88,90 

Magruder, Florence Hall 87 

Magruder, G.C.W... 8,23 

Magruder Graduates of the U. S. 

Miliiary Acad(Muy 84,106 

Magruder, Herbert Staley 8^ 

Magruder, Isaac 8,1^ 

Magruder, James 8' 

Magruder, James Bailey 88,1 K 

r7,9,10» 
Magruder, Rev. James Mitchell 1 11, 34, 

I 83,84, 
[87.91 

Magnider, James William 9,43 

Magruder, John 87 

Magruder, John Bankhead 106 

Magruder, John Beall 88,132 

Magruder, John Holmes 7,12 

Magruder, John T 106 






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American Clan Crecor Society 



Magruder, Kenneth Dai 



Page 

. . / 9,43, 
\ 84,97 

Magruder, Lloyd Burns 106 

Magruder, Miss Mary 7 

Magruder, Major Marshall 84,106 

Magruder, Ninian 84,97 

Magruder, Ninian Beall f 67,84, 

\ 89,132 

Magruder, Ninian (Oflfutt) 89,133 

Magruder, Norman Bruce 89,132 

Magruder, Mr. and Mrs. Robt. 

Lee 74 

■ 8,64,67, 
Magruder, Robert Lee, Jr. .1 81,84,88, 
I 89,112, 
132,133 
64 



Magruder, Samuel, 3rd. . . 
Magruder, Thomas, of 

Forest" 

Magruder, William Braxton . 

Magruder, William Clark 

Magruder, William Pinkney. 
Magruder, William Rearden . 
Magruder, William Thomas . 
Magruder, Zadock 



The 



8,16 

106 

88,129 

84,139 

88,115 

106 



Magruder, Col. Zadok, 

"Mameta" 

Martha Jefferson Hospital. 

Ma/.cr liuwl 

McDougnl, Donald 



f 8,10,54, 
\ 89,115 



9 

93 

7 

...• 141 

... 138 

Memorial, Dr. Edward May f 7,11,84, 

Magruder \ 85,103 

Memorial Tablet at Rockville. . . 9 

Memorial Tablet at St. Barnabas' 

Church 87 

Muncaster, Alexander 8,10 

Muncaster, J. E 7 



Page 

Nicklin, Colonel B. P 140 

Nicklin, John Bailey, Jr / 9,35, 

\ 84,104 
Ode to the Patriots of Mont- 
gomery County 35 

Officers Appointed, 1926 10 

Officers Appointed, 1927 89 

Officers Elected, 1926 8 

Officers Elected, 1927 89 

Page, Hon. William Tyler 9,38 

Palmer, Mrs. Joanna M 13 

Patterson, Mrs. Gertrude B 91 

Proceedings of Gathering, 1926. . 7 

Proceedings of Gathering, 1927. . 83 

Queen Anne Parish 87 

Rees, Mrs. Eugenia F 84 

Riker, Rev. M. W 87 

Rollo, Plonorable Eric Norman. . 14 

Rules, Changes in 8 

St. Barnabas' Church 84,87 

Sessford, Miss Claire 8,9,90 

Short, Mrs. Mary Rutan 7,13 

Shrewsbury, Rev. M. J. C 87 

Smith, Mrs. Sue Magruder. . . f 10,54, 

\ 88,115 
Talbott, William Randolph, Jr.. 9 
Thompson, Rev. Enoch Ma- 
gruder 7,8,84,87 

Tutwiler, Major Edward Ma- 
gruder 58 

University of Virginia 84,85,103 

IJrner, Judge Hammond 9 

Will of Archibald Magruder .... 136 
Wallace, Mrs. Sallie Willie 

(Chewning) 7,15 

Van den Berg, Mrs. Susie May. . 83,93 

Wilson, George H 11,87 

Wolfe, Miss Helen 12 

Woodall, W. C 140 



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